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Islam and Spiritualism (08 Dec 2014 NewAgeIslam.Com)

Uphold Active Quranic Morality


By Kazi Wadud Nawaz, New Age Islam

08 December, 2014

The revelation of the holy Quran is a great event in the history of mankind. It starts with a call for knowledge towards understanding the creator (Sura Alaq: 1-6) and finishes with the declaration of perfection of Islam as a creed and code of life and guide to action. (Verses 5:3, Sura An-Nasr: Ayat 110, Sura Baqara: 2:281).

The development discourse of Islam towards perfection as religion follows a pragmatic process of integration of Theory and Practice. The basic philosophy and fundamental concepts of Islam have been elaborated in the verses revealed at Makkah classified as ‘Makki’. The verses revealed at Medina Classified as ‘Madani’ provide the strategic principle applicable in all historical stages, and a tactical line of action suitable for specific historical age, geographical area and community, to build up a society and state on the basis of fundamental Quranic principles as expounded in “Makki Verses”. Translating Fundamental Quranic concepts into reality through establishment of an Islamic State and society initially at Medina and finally conquering Mecca and establishing a Muslim state there marked the completion of the mission of the holy prophet (pbuh).

This is a history which bears clear testimony to the fact that the Holy Quran as a book of divine guidance is meant for real action; for transforming the world, human life and society. Islam does not permit any passive process of inner purification through self exclusion detached from the real life.

There is no room for any assumption or conjecture in the holy Quran. Whatever Allah has   said in the holy Quran is based on truth and reality.  Entire nature and universe, all physical processes and history have been presented by the holy Quran before us as admonition and object of demonstration, to convince humanity on the existence of ALLAH as the creator and sustainer of the universe and deepen our understanding of divine attributes and purpose of creation. This divine purpose of creation and accountability of the mankind to the creator form the foundation of Quranic Morality. Helping the ‘Cause of Allah’ is the moral responsibility of mankind as His representative on earth. The holy Quran proclaims: “O, you who believe! If you will help (the cause of) Allah, We will help you and plant your feet firmly” (47:7). Helping the Cause of Allah means discharging one’s duties as His ‘Vice-regent’ on earth. Helping the Cause of Allah means fighting for establishment and restoration of the ‘Universal Balance of justice’.

As Muslims we believe in the fundamental concepts and principles of the Holy Quran and try to shape our lives and reality according to those principles. We stick to the fundamental principles of universal balance of justice and a set of fixed ideological and moral codes.  Many great scholars and scientists consider morality as a Social phenomenon. Of course, morality is a social phenomenon so long as it is linked up with human welfare related to material life encompassing   man, nature and society. From Quranic point of view the real welfare of humanity lies in its potential of extension in spiritual domain and serve the ‘Divine Purpose’.

The History has proved that the concept of morality as a social phenomenon devoid of its extension in spiritual domain has entered into a blind alley of sectarian and class interests. The world and humanity as a whole has painfully tasted the bitterness of major scientific inventions in the name of morality and human welfare. The present concept of human rights based solely on material welfare has turned out to be a hypocritical jargon to serve any class or group interests.

Quranic Morality stems from divine purpose of creation –truth and justice. The holy Quran upholds active morality. And any attempt to turn it into a passive escapist strategy for individual peace and spiritual salvation forgetful of their duties and responsibilities for establishing Universal Balance of Justice (Meezan) as viceroy of Allah on earth, is an act of hypocrisy and strongly discouraged by the holy Quran.

From Quranic point of View moral transformation or inner purification   can only be achieved through persistent struggle against evil forces in worldly life. Inner purification and struggle against evil forces in worldly life are inseparably connected with each other.

The holy Quran in Sura Ash-Shura verses [221-226] has clearly identified the followers of Satan and described their characteristics.

These are liars and wicked persons having keen interest in following the footsteps of evil-doers. The hypocrites, whose words are at variance with their deeds, are also the followers of Satan, the Symbol of Evils and Immorality.

 Allah is pure, infinite and eternal source of light for the heaven and the earth [24:35]. All creatures of the universe and every Ayat of the Holy Quran reflect this light sublime. Every Human soul does possess the capacity for receiving this light in the form of admonition excepting the followers of Satan. Satan descends on their soul and makes them blind.

 Everything between the heaven and the earth as creation of Allah reflects this light in the form of divine attributes. Only we need a pure heart to receive this light. There is light everywhere and no darkness in the universe, as all reflect the divine attributes. Darkness lies only in human heart that has lost the capacity of receiving this light. The only way to regain that capacity is to guide our actions and enlighten our hearts with the divine light of the holy Quran. The Holy Quran says in the verse 47:24

“Do they not earnestly seek to understand the Quran, or is that there are locks upon their hearts?” To help the cause of Allah unlocking of the hearts is a must and it needs earnest endeavour towards action-oriented study and research on the holy Quran.

Engr. Kazi Wadud Nawaz is an NGO Development Consultant

URL: http://www.newageislam.com/islam-and-spiritualism/kazi-wadud-nawaz,-new-age-islam/uphold-active-quranic-morality/d/100379



  • To complete the discussion:

    The word “nutfa” is used in the following verses and has invariably been translated incorrectly by most translators as referring to sperm/semen  alone betraying their lack of knowledge of the biological process. However, the dictionary meaning of “nutfa” is seed, sperm, ovum, fertilized ovum and when the Quran uses nutfa alone, it means fertilized ovum as in the following verses.

    16:4, 18:37, 22:5, 35:11, 36:77, 40:67, 53:46, 80:19,

    The word the Quran uses for sperm or semen is “mani” and not “nutfa”. The word nutfa (نطفه) in Arabic means "small drop " and it is a reference to the mixture of the male's sperm and the women's egg.

    Cosider: 75:37 “ Was he not a drop of sperm emitted (in lowly form)?”

    أَلَمْ يَكُ نُطْفَةً مِّن مَّنِيٍّ يُمْنَىٰ


    Here the Arabic words are nutfatan min maniyyin which is correctly translated as a drop of sperm/semen and it cannot be denied that man starts his journey as a drop of semen. When the Quran intends to say sperm/semen alone, it uses the expression “nutfatan min maniyyin” and not just nutfa or nutfatan.


    And from 76:2 which uses the term “Nutfah Amshaj” the Quran clearly implies that the word “nutfah” means both the seed of man as well as woman meaning sperm and ovum or more specifically the fertilized ovum.

    76:2 (Verily, We have created man from Nutfah Amshaj,) meaning, mixed. The words Mashaj and Mashij mean something that is mixed together. Ibn `Abbas said concerning Allah's statement,

    ﴿مِن نُّطْفَةٍ أَمْشَاجٍ﴾

    (from Nutfah Amshaj,) "This means the fluid of the man and the fluid of the woman when they meet and mix.'' `Ikrimah, Mujahid, Al-Hasan and Ar-Rabi` bin Anas all made statements similar to this. They said, "Amshaj is the mixing of the man's fluid with the woman's fluid.''



    Consider (23:13) “Then We placed him as a nutfa in a place of rest, firmly fixed; (14) Then We made the nutfa into a clot of congealed blood; then of that clot We made a (foetus) lump; then we made out of that lump bones and clothed the bones with flesh; then we developed out of it another creature. So blessed be Allah, the best to create!

    Nutfa clearly means fertilized ovum here and not sperm as incorrectly translated by most translators.

    Verse 80:19 "From a nutfa (نطفه) He created him (man) and estimated him (فقدّره).
    قدّر = To estimate, completely figure, determine,

    All the inherited genetic characters of the embryo are determined in the "nutfah" stage which can only mean the fertilized ovum.

     (This is the third time, I have given a complete demonstration of the art and science of correctly interpreting the Quran which leaves no room for any doubt)

    By Observer - 12/28/2014 2:07:18 AM

  • Placing the comment in its right context.

    By the way Rational, the incorrect interpretation by the translators and commentators of the verses 86:6,7 is proof that the verse is not authored by man. At no point in the history of mankind did man think that conception takes place from a fluid that emanates from “between the ribs and the backbone” of a man. Clearly, therefore, any verse authored by man would have been worded differently and none of the commentators and translators understood their own version of the translated verse. It is easy to see how they went wrong. If the verse had contained only the word `sulb’, 100% of the commentators/translators would have translated it as “from the loins of man”. For example, no translator/commentator has gone wrong in the case of verse 4:23  “ ….wives of your sons proceeding from your Aslabikum (which is translated as loins by all) …..”. In this verse, the reference is only to sons of the man irrespective of their mother and therefore there is no place for the word “taraib”.

    Also consider:


    (76:2) Verily We created Man from a drop of mingled sperm, in order to try him: So We gave him (the gifts), of Hearing and Sight. - Yusuf Ali

    Verily, it is We who have created man out of a drop of sperm intermingled  (with the female ovum) –Asad

    The earlier translators only wondered what mingled sperm meant but did not clarify. Asad went a step further and added in explanation what you find in the parenthesis.



    The word “taraib” in 86:7 is what confused the earlier commentators/translators lacking full knowledge of the biological process. We also know from William Lane’s lexicon, that “taraib” most definitely refers to female anatomy but the commentators had no knowledge of the role of ovum in conception and therefore took the word “Taraib” also to refer to male anatomy.


    Now consider the various meanings of Sulb from William Lane’s lexicon:


    Sulb:  said of a thing (and of a man) , It (and he) was or became hard, firm rigid, stiff, tough, strong, robust, sturdy or hardy.


    The back-bone ie the bone extended from the base of the neck to the rump bone. And any portion of the back containing vertebrae and particlularly the lumbar portion; the loins.

    Example of phrase of the Arabs: These are the sons of their loins; because the sperma of the man is held to proceed from the sulb of the man as is said in the Ksh & c in (86:7).


    Taraib: The plural noun tara'ib, rendered by Asad as "pelvic arch", has also the meaning of "ribs" or "arch of bones"; according to most of the authorities who have specialized in the etymology of rare Quranic expressions this term relates specifically to female anatomy (Taj al-'Arus).


    The commentators and translators not having knowledge of the role of ovum in conception, and taking both “sulb” and “taraib” to refer to male anatomy made the obvious incorrect conclusion that if the liquid came from between “sulb” and “taraib” it could not be between loins and ribs but between the backbone and the ribs and as usual when bewildered, may have added under their breath "Allah knows best"!


    Now consider the correct translation in accordance with the most obvious and common usage of the words “sulb” and “taraib” in Arabic which is correctly rendered by Asad.


    86:5 LET MAN, then, observe out of what he has been created: (6) he has been created out of a seminal fluid (7) issuing from between the loins [of man] and the pelvic arch [of woman].


    The wrong translation is itself proof that the verse is not authored by man! If it was authored by man, it would have omitted the word “taraib” and like in 4:23, used only “Sulb” which then would have been translated by all as “issuing from the loins of man”


    By Observer - 12/27/2014 10:59:32 PM

  • Why does Mr Moderate not explain to us the underlying message of the verse quoted by Rational? Oh no, he won't do that. Just shake his head (and fist) from time to time. 
    By secularlogic - 12/24/2014 12:57:09 AM

  • Rational says, "Is God and His so called holy book in need of any sympathy? Are you or Karen above God?" . . .

    Discussing anything with literalists is so unrewarding. They seem to be inherently incapable of deriving the underlying message because they are hell-bent on saying something nasty!  

    By Ghulam Mohiyuddin - 12/23/2014 3:07:20 PM

  • GM
    Is God and His so called holy book in need of any sympathy? Are you or Karen above God?

    Those who disbelieve from among the People of the Book and among the Polytheists, will be in Hell-Fire, to dwell therein (for aye). They are the worst of creatures.

    Does above verse need any sympathy?

    By rational mohammed yunus - 12/23/2014 2:01:59 AM

  • dear secularlogic
    no person can push me into insanity. no matter how much effort they do. there is no dearth of people who take me in respect and often seek help from me in different matters. that is enough for me to live a fulfilled life.
    here i am not to clap for believers. these moments have come before and will continue to come.they themselves need professional help not me.

    By rational mohammed yunus - 12/23/2014 1:55:24 AM

  • The Koran is filled with hate crazed and obsessive diatribes against idolators, polytheists and adulterers and apostates and and and and. Who should the author of that masterpiece be seeing. And the ones who refuse to recognise these hate filled masterpieces as hate filled masterpieces - is there any specialised medical system to cure them?

    Rational - murkhon ke darbaar me sayane ko murkh theheraate hai. 

    Don't ever doubt your own sanity.

    By secularlogic - 12/21/2014 10:15:52 PM

  • Rational says, "Why the Quran needs sympathetic view?" . . .

    It does not need any sympathetic review from you, but your hate-crazed and obsessive diatribes do call for a fitting answer as well as advice for you to see a doctor. 

    By Ghulam Mohiyuddin - 12/21/2014 2:53:17 PM

  • Why I should? 
    Why the Quran needs sympathetic view? Is it unable to face the criticism? 
    The Quran is no where sympathetic to nonbelievers or apostates. It stands on pile of abuses towards nonbelievers.

    By rational mohammed yunus - 12/21/2014 5:19:40 AM

  • Rational says, " Do you remember I quoted one para from Karen and you reacted badly." . . .

    No, I do not remember that. Why don't you just compare her sympathetic approach with your hate-crazed and mindless diatribes?

    By Ghulam Mohiyuddin - 12/20/2014 3:48:57 PM

  • So now you are bringing Karen to defend the Quran. Do you remember I quoted one para from Karen and you reacted badly.
    Why not other scholars who spent time in understanding the quran ? Neither they accepted it as their guidebook nor they recommended it to others.
    Why not hasan al banna and he was Sufi scholar of Islam. Arabic was his mother tongue. Shall I quote him?

    By rational mohammed yunus - 12/20/2014 3:28:57 AM

  • Rational says, " those who understand the quran and hadith either become terrorists or dormant terrorist or a supporter of terrorists in some way." . . .

    That is the exact opposite of the truth! You are talking about those who do NOT understand the Quran.

    Karen Armstrong rightly says, "God himself had insisted that the Quranic message must be understood as a whole and explicitly warned Muslims against drawing partial conclusions from the text. A far cry from the two British jihadis who ordered “Islam for Dummies” from Amazon when they traveled to Syria last May."

    By Ghulam Mohiyuddin - 12/20/2014 1:59:59 AM

  • some are taking shelter behind the literal interpretation of the verses. but the theme behind these verses is more lethal than the literal interpration.

    By rational mohammed yunus - 12/19/2014 10:45:14 PM

  • It is reported on the authority of Abu Huraira that the Messenger of Allah said: I have been commanded to fight against people so long as they do not declare that there is no god but Allah, and he who professed it was guaranteed the protection of his property and life on my behalf except for the right affairs rest with Allah. (Sahih Muslim, Book 001, Number 0030)

    Some Muslims say the prophet gave full freedom in beliefs and never fought against people on the ground of beliefs.
    in that case the prophet disobeyed Allah.
    these ahadith narrate what happened in prophetic time. now Muslims are shouting the prophet didn't do this and that.
    why pious Muslim |Imams would record such events.
    when the verses of the Qur'an and Hadith agree with each other it makes lethal weapon.
    so some are twisting the verses of the quran and rejecting ahadith just to paint the prophetic period peacful.

    By rational mohammed yunus - 12/19/2014 10:43:23 PM

  • Narrated Jubair bin Haiya:

    'Umar sent the Muslims to the great countries to fight the pagans. When Al-Hurmuzan embraced Islam, 'Umar said to him, "I would like to consult you regarding these countries which I intend to invade." Al-Hurmuzan said, "Yes, the example of these countries and their inhabitants who are the enemies of the Muslims, is like a bird with a head, two wings and two legs; If one of its wings got broken, it would get up over its two legs, with one wing and the head; and if the other wing got broken, it would get up with two legs and a head, but if its head got destroyed, then the two legs, two wings and the head would become useless. The head stands for Khosrau, and one wing stands for Caesar and the other wing stands for Faris. So, order the Muslims to go towards Khosrau." So, 'Umar sent us (to Khosrau) appointing An-Nu’man bin Muqrin as our commander. When we reached the land of the enemy, the representative of Khosrau came out with forty-thousand warriors, and an interpreter got up saying, "Let one of you talk to me!" Al-Mughira replied, "Ask whatever you wish." The other asked, "Who are you?" Al-Mughira replied, "We are some people from the Arabs; we led a hard, miserable, disastrous life: we used to suck the hides and the date stones from hunger; we used to wear clothes made up of fur of camels and hair of goats, and to worship trees and stones. While we were in this state, the Lord of the Heavens and the Earths, Elevated is His Remembrance and Majestic is His Highness, sent to us from among ourselves a Prophet whose father and mother are known to us. Our Prophet, the Messenger of our Lord, has ordered us to fight you till you worship Allah Alone or give Jizya (i.e. tribute); and our Prophet has informed us that our Lord says:-- "Whoever amongst us is killed (i.e. martyred), shall go to Paradise to lead such a luxurious life as he has never seen, and whoever amongst us remain alive, shall become your master." (Al-Mughira, then blamed An-Nu’man for delaying the attack and) An-Nu'man said to Al-Mughira, "If you had participated in a similar battle, in the company of Allah's Apostle he would not have blamed you for waiting, nor would he have disgraced you. But I accompanied Allah’s Apostle in many battles and it was his custom that if he did not fight early by daytime, he would wait till the wind had started blowing and the time for the prayer was due (i.e. after midday)." (Sahih al-Bukhari, Volume 4, Book 53, Number 386)

    By rational mohammed yunus - 12/19/2014 10:34:18 PM

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