Sultan Shahin, Editor, New Age Islam
By New Age Islam Special Correspondent
Pune: 14 December, 2013
Islam is based on the foundation of mysticism, total trustworthiness of the Prophet and his social activism, fight against oppression and exploitation, said Sultan Shahin, founder and editor of the multilingual Islamic website NewAgeIslam.com, addressing a mixed gathering of intellectuals, activists and youths in Pune, Maharashtra.
Mr. Sultan Shahin was speaking on “Muslim: Education, Reform and National
Integration” at a talk organized by Dnyaneshwar Mulay Education Society at S M
Joshi hall in Pune on December 14. The lecture was organized as part of monthly
lecture series “Towards light”, in which distinguished people from all walks of
life around the country are invited to share their experiences with the local
populace. The session was chaired by Syed Bhai, president of Muslim
Satyashodhak Samaj, Pune. The founder of the Society Mr. Dnyaneshwar Mulay is
at present Consul General of India, New York and was earlier India's High
People who peddle hate and intolerance, exclusivism and fascism, in the name of Islam, should study the character of the Prophet (saw), his early life as much as his career as a prophet, said Mr. Shahin. He went on: "It is very important for us to study what the Prophet did before he was chosen by God to be his messenger. We don't know much but what we do tells us that he spent hours and days in mediation, in the way of our Sufis and Rishis, was considered a man of impeccable honesty by the people of Mecca including later his enemies and ran what today would be called a human rights NGO, called The Alliance of the Virtuous, fighting oppression, protecting the weak."
Mr. Shahin continued: "The mystic meditations of the prophet in the cave of Hira (Ghar-e-Hira) for weeks at a stretch are well known, and so are his personality traits like honesty and total trustworthiness, for which the Meccans had named him al-Ameen (The Trustworthy). But perhaps not many know about his social activism and his fond memories and moving descriptions of these activities during his days as prophet. The Prophet and his allies in the organisation were active in search of justice for all, particularly the wayfarers, traders from foreign soil who had been wronged by Meccans and other oppressed and exploited. "
"This group of Meccan activists The Alliance of the Virtuous," explained Mr. Shahin, "had been formed by the prophet's uncles Zubair and Abu Talib, in his presence, in a meeting at the house of Abd Allah ibn Judan. The circumstances in which this Alliance was formed and the purpose behind it is quite instructive. South African author Farid Esack quotes a narration by Ibn S'ad (1967,1, p., 144) to tell this fascinating story of pre-Islamic Mecca.
"A visiting Yemenite merchant had sold some expensive goods to a leading figure of the clan of Sahm in Mecca. The Sahmite refused to pay the agreed price. The trader was merely a visitor to Mecca and had no allies to turn to for help". In what Mr. Shahin likened to perhaps an early manifestation of Gandhi's Satyagraha, the foreign merchant stood on the slope of Mount Qubays near Mecca, told his story and appealed to the Quraish to see that justice was done to him. In response, several clans like Hashim, Zuhrah and Taym decided to come together and swore to fight for Justice for the oppressed like this merchant and other exploited and helpless. They decided to remain in solidarity with the weak and oppressed against the exploiters and oppressors, even if the latter belonged to the Quraish.
So with the formation of this Alliance of the Virtuous, said Mr. Shahin, not only this visiting Yemenite merchant got justice but a human rights activist group started working to safeguard the rights of the weaker sections of society. And, most important of all, for us, from its very inception, as founder-member, Prophet Mohammad (saw) played an active part in this struggle for justice for all and was always very grateful for having been able to do so. So it is for us Muslims to understand the foundations of Islam and strengthen them.
Regrettably, despite Prophet Mohammad's pronounced mystical inclination and practices, Mr. Shahin continued, Islam is being turned today into an exclusivist, totalitarian, fascist political ideology. Bearded thugs are taking control of the religion in many countries. Islam was going through a difficult phase at the moment, he said. The danger of extremism catching the imagination of many of our youth is growing. An extremist, exclusivist, political, fascist interpretation of Islam is being propagated in our country as much as in other parts of the world though a variety of media. A number of very well-funded TV channels and hundreds of websites and scores of newspapers and magazines have come up to propagate a Wahhabi-Salafi version of Islam with its extremist ideas that say that one cannot be a true Muslim living in the midst of non-Muslims and integrating in a multi-religious, multicultural society.
Recent reports of a Tehreek-e-Taliban, Hind, functioning in the south-western parts of the country, as well as the alleged involvement of young preachers from Saudi-supported ahl-e-Hadees sect being involved in Patna blasts, etc. are alarm bells for those in the community who will care to hear them.
Petrodollar Islam seems to be drowning out the voice of spiritual Islam. Mr. Shahin asked Muslims to choose between Islam that had been brought to them by our revered Sufi saints as a spiritual path to salvation and the supremacist, exclusivist, fascist, political Islam that was being propagated today with the help of massive petrodollars by a number of Salafi-Wahhabi organisations.
Mr. Shahin went on: "This was creating an impression in the world that Islam is an extremist religion. Islam is being linked with global terrorism today. Most of the visible terrorists of today's words do indeed belong to our religion, so we cannot avoid this linkage. As a result several conferences are being organised across the country and the word, one is going on even now in Delhi, describing Islam is a religion of peace. This is good as far as it goes. But it is not going far enough. Islamophobia continues to grow. The religion that had come as a blessing for humankind has started inspiring fear in the minds of a large number of people around the world. And the reason is not far to see. Even the terrorists say that Islam is a religion of peace. They claim to be establishing peace by killing "the first and foremost enemies of Islam," the moderate, spiritually-inclined Muslims, who do not believe in their fascist ideology. Thus it is imperative that Muslims make a choice between spiritualism and fascism and stand by it."
Mr. Shahin extended his appreciation and support to efforts being made by local organisations like Muslim Satyashodhak Samaj for reform in Muslim personal laws to bring an end to the un-Islamic practices like triple Talaq and polygamy in the name of Islam. He demanded that the government of India at least implement the reforms that were brought about by President Ayyub Khan's government in Pakistan and left untouched by the Nizam-e-Mustafa government of President Ziaul Haq who even implemented the criminal punishments of the Sharia laws. After its independence from Pakistan, Bangladesh has taken the reform process even further and codified the Anglo-Mohammedan law that goes in the name of Muslim Personal Law in India and made it more in conformity with the demands of our time and place.
Making Laws is a dynamic process and each age and each society makes its own laws in the social context of the times and place, said Mr. Shahin. He went on: "The various schools of Islamic Shariah laws too are based on the tribal-social-cultural context of the times in which they were instituted by the learned scholars of the time and place. But those who believe Sharia laws to be divine and thus valid for all time and place should be given the choice to follow these laws in full. This means that in cases of crimes too these people should be given the barbaric punishments of the various medieval Shariah laws like cutting off hands, being flogged or stoned to death. If Shariah laws are divine then its criminal punishments too are divine. Muslims should have a choice to be punished with Sharia law punishments or from the common laws of the country. You can't just hide behind the supposed divinity of Shariah laws in order to get rid of your wife quickly or to get multiple wives without fulfilling the conditions laid down by God while refusing to be flogged or stoned for adultery and getting your hands cut for theft and fraud."
Mr. Shahin likened the facility of triple Talaq given by the Anglo-Mohammedan law in India to a Damocles' sword hanging over the head of married Muslim women all the time. He said he had heard women being threatened every day with divorce by their barbarian husbands who would be brandishing the sword of triple Talaq all the time. Women cry out in pain, from their life that is a specimen of hell, but no one hears in the male-dominated Muslim society. And this when Prophet Mohammad (saw) has been rightly called the first person to qualify being called a feminist. Many right thinking Quran exegetes have pointed out that triple Talaq is un-Islamic but the community, at least in India is not willing to listen.
The New Age Islam founder-editor reiterated his demand that the government should implement in India at least the reformed personal law that is available in Pakistan or Bangladesh. He said Ulema in India belong to the same schools of thought as those in Pakistan; their reactions to events like the murder of former Punjab Governor Salman Taseer, for instance, on the issue of blasphemy, are the same as those of their counterparts in Pakistan. So why can't they be made to accept the reforms in personal law as implemented in Pakistan.
(From left to Right) Sayyid Bhai, Sultan Shahin, Kulbhushan Birnale and
Vinod Shirsath, editor, Sadhna, Marathi rationalist magazine.
In his presidential remarks, Syed Bhai, president of Muslim Satyashodhak Samaj, Pune, supported Mr. Shahin's ideas and spoke largely on his demands for reform in Muslim personal law. He has waged a heroic struggle in this regard. Sayyad Bhai founded the Muslim Satyashodhak Mandal in 1970 with the support of another well-known social reformer Hamid Dalwai and has been ceaselessly working for women’s rights and reform in Muslim society for the past 50 years. Sayyad Bhai was bestowed the Sudharakkar Gopal Ganesh Agarkar award 2012 at the hands of actor & rationalist Shriram Lagu on 29th July 2012. This annual award is given by the Maharashtra Andhashraddha Nirmulan Samiti (ANiS).
While Sayyid Bhai shared with the audience his experiences in this regards, Mr. Shahin later described him as a wise, and yet angry young man. Angry, he explained he has been for the last 60 years since he found himself all of a sudden one day saddled with a 16-year-old uneducated, unskilled, sister, already a mother of two, and divorced, a victim of this barbaric system of child marriage and triple Talaq. Young, he explained Sayyid Bhai should be considered as, at the ripe old age of 79, he still drives his two-wheeler all day long, going from meeting to meeting, from demonstration to demonstration, helping the distressed in the community sort out their issues, using his wide experience in dealing with personal and family issues. "We are lucky to have an activist like him in this part of the country and invite him on behalf of New Age Islam Foundation to come and work in Delhi,” said Mr. Shahin.
At the end of a lively question and answer session, the conference ended and local social activist Mr. Kulbhushan Birnale thanked the speakers and the audience on behalf of the organisers, the Dnyaneshwar Mulay Education Society. He expressed regret that Mr. Dnyaneshwar Mulay, our Consul General in New York could not even attend the conference through video-conferencing as had been planned on account of his extraordinarily busy schedule that day.
Age Islam, Islam
Muslim News, Arab
World News, South
Asia News, Indian
Muslim News, World
Muslim News, Women in Islam, Islamic
In Arab, Islamophobia
in America, Muslim
Women in West, Islam
Women and Feminism
Islam is not rigid, Satwa Gunamji, Islam allows
rethinking, indeed exhorts Muslims to do that as no more prophets are going to
come. We are told to adapt to new circumstances as they arise. You may like to
read Allama Iqbal's book on Ijtihad on this website. However, if Muslims close
the doors of rethinking on themselves, Islam can do nothing. It is against all
compulsion in matters of religion.
Please read this
book starting with this page:
The Reconstruction of Religious Thought in Islam By Dr. Muhammad Iqbal
Knowledge and Religious Experience By Dr. Muhammad Iqbal
Mr. Sultan Shahin has raised a very pertinent question in his speech: “………It is very important for us to study what did the Prophet do before he was chosen by God to be his messenger. We don't know much but what we do tells us that he spent hours and days in mediation, in the way of our Sufis and Rishis, was considered a man of impeccable honesty by the people of Mecca including later his enemies and ran what today would be called a human rights NGO, called The Alliance of the Virtuous, fighting oppression, protecting the weak."
This question has not yet been fully answered by the Muslim intelligentsia and is, of course, worth paying special attention to, at a time when Islam is being turned today into an exclusivist, totalitarian, fascist political ideology. Given this, I would want to base my upcoming piece on the very intellectual probe. I would also ask both the readers and writers of the NAI forum to seriously ponder over the subject so that we may offer a creditable retort to the extremist and violent interpretation of Islam by the people who peddle hate, intolerance, intolerance, exclusivisim and fascism, in the name of Islam.
Calling a spade a
spade, this article brings to light a truth-based part of the prophet (peace be
upon him) that will truly and really extinguish the fire of war, hate and fate
of prejudice, only if we and others are sincere to adopt it in a full swing.
KHURAN was not compiled as a book during prophets' time. So which the book referred in khuran?
The portrayal of Prophet Mohammad (pbuh) as a Sufi as well as a social activist, fighting oppression and exploitation along with a group of Meccan activists through the organisaion The Alliance of the Virtuous, is at least, for me, a novel concept. But it seems to make a lot of sense for what the Prophet did later in his life.
I knew about his mysticism and trustworthiness, but not about his human rights activism. This also brings into focus the great emphasis in Islam on hoququl ibaad (human rights).Thank you, Mr. Shahin.
People should make a serious attempt to understand the
message of the Quran as it is meant to be understood and then study whether the
message contains more/less wisdom than the `current wisdom’ on the subject.
There is no virtue in showing little faith in the wisdom of the Quran and
becoming a votary of meaningless ‘modernity’.
The effectiveness of the prison system in reforming criminals has
been extensively studied. It has been found that the system has failed to
reform criminals. Among nearly 300,000 prisoners released in 15 States in 1994,
67.5% were rearrested within 3 years. Sexual abuse and violence by prison
guards and other inmates is an open secret. Incidence of HIV, suicides and
serious psychiatric disorders are high. Every inmate is brutalized and suffers
far more than a person who is subject to a punishment by flogging in the
Islamic system. Besides, he is deprived of his freedom, chained or confined
like an animal, and made to live with other serious offenders. Denial of
freedom for several years by itself is much harsher than temporary physical
punishment. Besides, his family suffers on account of his absence and approximately
5 more persons are indirectly ‘punished’ with social isolation, humiliation,
loss of a bread earner, when their kith is in prison for as long as he is in
prison and even after his release. The high rate of recidivism is proof that it
is not easy to get back to normal life. The only humane thing about the prison
system is that all its horrors are out of public view.
Public physical punishments are in themselves a deterrent
for future criminals to attempt to commit the crime. “And in punishment, there
is life for you, O you who can comprehend” (Quran Chapter 2 Verse 179). Islamic
punishment not only prevents recidivism but also acts as a deterrent. The
prison system has not proved to have any deterrence value. The stark
difference, however, when Sharia law is applied versus the abject failure of
man-made laws, is the tremendous difference in the number of victims and criminals
between both systems. “A quick comparison between, let’s say, Saudi Arabia,
which applies these capital punishments, you will discover that the total
amount of punished criminals and crimes, for that matter, in all physical
capital punishments, is about 20 annually. This is not even one thousandths the
four hundred thousand armed robberies and their victims committed annually in
America alone. So in a closed, black box comparison, you would see, clearly,
the mercy of Sharia law, upon all humans, in any society”
There is considerable scope for defining the punishment for theft
where cutting off of the hands can be made applicable to the rarest of rare
cases and indeed this is so. The thief that gets his hand cut off is the
one who broke, entered, and stole materials that are worth more than one
quarter of a golden dinar, where in most of the cases, we would be talking
about armed robbery. All other kinds of thieveries are not punished by cutting
the hand, even though they are called thieves in western societies. Examples
like an embezzling accountant, a store clerk who steals merchandise, or someone
who steals from an open display – these have various fines and punishments, but
the hands of those thieves are not cut.
The punishment for adultery is however not open to ‘redefining by
means of deductions, inferences or any other considerations unconnected with
the plain wording of the Qur'an’
The following is from a translation by M Asad with his explanatory
A SURAH [is this] which We have bestowed from on high, and which
We have laid down in plain terms;1 and in it have We bestowed from on high
messages which are clear [in themselves], so that you might keep [them] in
AS FOR the adulteress and the adulterer - flog each of them with a
hundred stripes, and let not compassion with them keep you from [carrying out]
this law of God, if you [truly] believe in God and the Last Day; and let a
group of the believers witness their chastisement
1 I.e., "the injunctions whereof We have made self-evident by
virtue of their wording": thus, according to Bukhari (Kitab at-Tafsir),
'Abd Allah ibn 'Abbas explains the expression faradnaha in this context (cf.
Fath al-Bari VIII, 361). The same explanation, also on the authority of Ibn
'Abbas, is advanced by Tabari. It would seem that the special stress on God's
having laid down this surah "in plain terms" is connected with the
gravity of the injunctions spelt out in the sequence: in other words, it
implies a solemn warning against any attempt at widening or re-defining those
injunctions by means of deductions, inferences or any other considerations
unconnected with the plain wording of the Qur'an.
Yunus Sb., - Thanks for pointing out that the Qur'an offers a scope of flexibility (5:48) with the progress of civilization. It is an important point to remember.
Dear Sultan Shahin Sahab,
Un-Islamic rulings of Muslim family law/
notions in India’s traditional religious scholarship
As regards the rulings of Indian Muslim
family law and some of the popular notions that patently contradict the
Qur'an's message based on gender neutral, historic specific, intelligent (‘aql
driven) reading and introspective interpretation, I have done the following
articles that you may circulate around the major traditional schools. Unless
the Ulema there are bent on playing the believing desert Arabs of the Prophet's
era, who were intense in Kufr, they will read them seriously and search their
souls. They can fool the ignorant Muslims but they cannot fool God and He knows
His enemies and knows best how to punish them unless they repent and reform.
The Classical Islamic Law (Islamic Sharia Law) is NOT a Word
Notions Of Male Superiority, Domination And Beating Of Wife
Stand Un-Islamic Today
An Open Reminder To Ulama- Rejecting Universal Knowledge As
Un-Islamic Is Brazenly Un-Islamic And Kufr (Denial Of Truth).
Any Fatwa Imposing Full/Face Veil (Burqa/Niqab), Headscarf On
Muslim Women As A Religious Requirement Is Anti-Qur’anic.
The Opponents of the Right to Universal Education (RTE) to
the Muslims are the enemies of Indian Muslims.
The Qur’an Prescribes Monogamy As The Social Norm For
Qur’anic Sharia (Laws) On Divorce: Triple Divorce, Temporary
Marriage, Halala Stand Forbidden (Haram)
Love, Sex and Marriage in the Qur’an
The Zakat – A Pillar Of Faith, As Actualized Today Is A Grand
Mockery, If Not Fraudulent Realization Of Qur’anic Message On Wealth
Distribution And Social Justice.
A Call To Global Muslim Communities – Inciters Of Sectarian
Or Communal Violence May Stand 'Kafir’ In The Divine Court And Criminal On
The Qur’an Offers Protection And Coequal Personal Rights To
Women And Those Who Deny Them Such Rights Today Are The Deniers Of The Message
Of The Qur’an – Though God Knows Best.
The Grievous Impacts Of Hadith Sciences In The Later
Centuries Of Islam – A Soul Searching Exercise And A Final Call To The Muslim Ulema
And Intellectual Elite.
India’s Child Marriage Act 2006 Prescribing 18 As Women’s
Legal Age For Marriage Is Consistent With The Qur’an, The Personal Sunna Of The
Prophet And Does Not Infringe The Fundamental Religious Rights Of The Muslims In
The Opponents Of Women’s Equal Rights To Education And
Employment As Men This Day Are The Belated Proponents Of The Pre-Islamic Jahilliyah
And Thus Enemies Of Islam
Is it possible that you mail this comment
and the articles listed (in Urdu translation) to the heads of the major
traditional religious institutions in India?
Quran is neither a book of laws, nor a book of science, nor a book of medical practice. It is a call that requires us to be righteous, just, rational and compassionate. It illustrated those fundamental principles with practical examples which were suitable for the times. Twenty first century Muslims of India should formulate and support laws which are consistent with their ethos regarding righteousness, justice, rationality and compassion. Our laws should be such that they make us proud, not ashamed. In the 7th century our laws were ahead of the laws of other communities. We should try to recreate that situation again.
Dear Muhammad Yunus Saheb, Thanks again.
Clearly we have not been able to get your article read by as many people as we should be able to. These articles need to be read and re-read for their arguments and the conclusion:
The Classical Islamic Sharia Law is NOT a Word of God! (Part 1: How the Qur’anic Message Has Been Subverted)