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Islam and Pluralism (14 Mar 2017 NewAgeIslam.Com)


The Quran and Acceptance of Other Religions



By Waris Mazhari

March 12, 2017

The Quran stresses acceptance of other faiths as a fact, this being an important Islamic principle. Acceptance here necessarily means that people should be not be coerced into following a particular religion. This is entirely in consonance with Islam. The Quran (2:256) insists ‘There shall be no compulsion in religion’. The occasion for the revelation of this verse further clarifies the Quranic understanding of religious acceptance. This verse was revealed in connection with a certain Muslim from among the ‘Helpers’ (Ansars) of Medina named Husain, who had two sons. Some traders from Syria had made them Jews when they were young, without their consent, and had had taken them to their land. Husain complained about this to the Prophet. He wanted that his children should be made to embrace Islam. This Quranic verse was revealed in this regard.

The Quran clearly states that human beings have the right to choose whatever religion or ideology they like. It is against God’s Cosmic Plan that everyone should follow one religion—Islam. Thus, the Quran says:

Had your Lord pleased, all the people on earth would have believed in Him, without exception. So will you compel people to become believers? (10:99) […]and had God so willed, He would have made you all a single community, but He did not so will, in order that He might try you by what He has given you (5:48)

It was He who created you; and some of you are those who deny this truth, and some who believe [in it] (64:2)It was He who created you; and some of you are those who deny this truth, and some who believe [in it] (64:2)It was He who created you; and some of you are those who deny this truth, and some who believe [in it] (64:2)It was He who created you; and some of you are those who deny this truth, and some who believe [in it] (64:2)It was He who created you; and some of you are those who deny this truth, and some who believe [in it] (64:2)It was He who created you; and some of you are those who deny this truth, and some who believe [in it] (64:2)It was He who created you; and some of you are those who deny this truth, and some who believe [in it] (64:2)It was He who created you; and some of you are those who deny this truth, and some who believe [in it] (64:2)In this way, the Quran has accepted both faith and denial as eternal and natural realities. The Quran (22:69) clearly states that God will judge with regard to faith and denial on the Day of Judgment:

On the Day of Resurrection, God will judge between you regarding your differences.

Meanwhile, in this world, even deniers have freedom in matters of religion. As the Quran (109:6) says:

          Say, ‘[…] You have your religion and I have mine.’

The deniers also have freedom of action in this world, as the Quran (42:15) says:

‘[…]we are responsible for what we do and you are responsible for what you do […]’

Further, the Quran (6:108) forbids the believers from abusing deities worshipped by others:

Do not revile those [beings] whom they invoke instead of God, lest they, in their hostility, revile God out of ignorance.

The Quran (16:125) advises Muslims to adopt a beautiful approach in reasoning with others:

Call to the way of your Lord with wisdom and fair exhortation and reason with them in a way that is best.

The believers are advised to always act justly:

Believers, be strict in upholding justice and bear witness for the sake of God, even though it be against yourselves, your parents, or your kindred (4:135)

The Quranic insistence on justice does not apply just among Muslims themselves. Rather, it relates to the whole of humankind, and Muslims are expected to act justly with everyone, irrespective of religion or community:

O you who believe! Stand out firmly for Allah and be just witnesses and let not the enmity and hatred of others make you avoid justice. Be just: that is nearer to piety, and fear Allah. Verily, Allah is Well-Acquainted with what you do (5:8)

The Quran provides for full religious freedom for members of other faiths, who also have the right to judge their affairs according to their scriptures. They even have the right to deal in things that Islam considers forbidden or Haram, such as alcohol and pork.

The Quran talks about two types of disbelievers. The first are those who have unleashed aggression and war against Muslims, who refuse to give Muslims their religious and social rights and who have made the Prophet and his Companions a target of their oppression, forcing them out of their homes and lands. The Quran advises stern measures against them, granting permission for engaging in war in defence against their oppression. On the other hand are those disbelievers or deniers of Truth who are not bent on waging war against Muslims and who have not compelled Muslims to leave their homes. The Quran (60:8) advises Muslims to deal with them with gentleness and goodness:

He does not forbid you to deal kindly and justly with anyone who has not fought you on account of your faith or driven you out of your homes: God loves the just.

It is important to consider here that the Quran considers even the fiercest enemy to be a potential friend. Thus, it says (41:34):

Good and evil deeds are not equal. Repel evil with what is better; then you will see that one who was once your enemy has become your dearest friend […]

This Quranic wisdom is related to the fact that every human being, even one’s staunchest foe, is born on the same natural state or Fitrah, and Fitrah has a tendency to like what is good. It is external factors that become a barrier to some people’s acceptance of goodness and truth. As the Prophet is said to have noted:

Every child is born in a state of Fitrah, then his parents make him into a Jew or a Christian or a Magian. 

The Quran basically addresses this Fitrah, which requires us to relate with others with love and gentleness, not hate and sternness.

Another expression of the Quranic spirit of tolerance is the fact that the Quran (31:15) commands Muslims who have non-Muslim parents to deal with them in a good manner:

Yet be kind to them in this world and follow the path of those who turn to Me.

Had your Lord pleased, all the people on earth would have believed in Him, without exception. So will you compel people to become believers? (10:99) […]and had God so willed, He would have made you all a single community, but He did not so will, in order that He might try you by what He has given you (5:48)The Quran, as is readily evident from this discussion, reflects a universal notion of religious tolerance. If this is not reflected in Muslims’ behaviour, the fault lies with Muslims themselves, and not with the Quran

Source: warismazhari.blogspot.in/2017/03/the-quran-and-acceptance-of-other.html

URL: http://www.newageislam.com/islam-and-pluralism/waris-mazhari/the-quran-and-acceptance-of-other-religions/d/110390




TOTAL COMMENTS:-   34


  • The concept of psychological projection is well grounded in classical psychology and continues to be as relevant today and used in modern psychology. 

    It is Hats Off who indulges in quack psychiatry when he attributes motives to Ibrahim (AS) and in the process reveals the source of the demons in his mind that has made him such a dedicated Islamophobe. He is fighting back his father who he thinks had murderous hatred for him. Hatred for his father's religion, beliefs, likes etc is a natural consequence.


    By Naseer Ahmed - 3/22/2017 11:24:21 PM



  • "some good news from morocco."

    Death penalty for apostates is really an Old Testament subject which was stolen by some hadiths. It behooves modern ulama to firmly reject it.


    By Ghulam Mohiyuddin - 3/22/2017 1:05:26 PM



  • Poor Hats Off! As if calling it 'pop psychaitry' would hide the fact that he is in denial!


    By Ghulam Mohiyuddin - 3/22/2017 12:52:18 PM



  • i don't enjoy playing pop psychiatry and quack psychology. and if he wants a lesson in freudian theory he can ask mr. ghulam mohiyuddin nicely. he might get some professional help. so i suggest mr. naseer ahmed better stick to exegesis and defending the indefensible verses of the Holy Qur'an. he did a good job of defending sex slavery and jizya. so let him shine in that department and leave the pop psychiatry to mr. ghulam mohiyuddin
    By hats off! - 3/22/2017 3:30:51 AM



  • some good news from morocco.
    jeuneafrique.com/mag/411892/societe/apostasie-peine-de-mort-chapeau-messieurs-oulemas

    By hats off! - 3/22/2017 3:25:56 AM



  • Hats Off's ignorance amazes me. Being ignorant is excusable but not knowing that he is ignorant makes him a dangerous fool. He could have looked up the meaning of projection in the sense it is used. He appears to be projecting his own perception of his father's murderous  hatred for him onto the relationship between Ibrahim (AS) and his son Ismail (AS). There is nothing in the story otherwise for any normal person to think that Ibrahim (AS) had anything but filial love for his son and certainly not "murderous hatred" as projected by Hats Off.

    Hats Off may google "Psychologiccal projection" to learn more about the subject.


    By Naseer Ahmed - 3/22/2017 2:00:08 AM



  • There may be some truth in saying that excessive and unreasonable hostility to a person or a group may have oedipal roots,  but such a formulation of course does not apply to everybody.


    By Ghulam Mohiyuddin - 3/21/2017 1:41:44 PM



  • mr. naseer ahmed never ceases to amaze.

    now he is a projectionist. i thought projectionists went out of work after digital theaters took over. but as i said mr. naseer ahmed never ceases to amaze. sometimes he is a market researcher. sometimes he is a dictionary writer. other times he is an amateur musician. mostly he is the defender of the indefensible. now and then he is the sole arbitrator of what the Holy Qur'an says to him. i do not know when he gets the time to be an engineer.

    these days he is an islamic psychopathologist slash psychiatrist.



    By hats off! - 3/21/2017 6:24:55 AM



  • I never said to Hats Off that his father tried to decapitate him. His unreasonable, intemperate and emotional outburst to the story of Ibrahim (AS) and Ismail (AS) in which both the son and the father willingly submit to what they think is God's command clearly suggests that the story triggers unpleasant dark memories in Hats Off's mind.  Hats Off accusing Ibrahim (AS) of murderous hatred for his son when the son came to no harm, makes sense only if this is a projection of Hats Off's perception of his own father as having murderous hatred for him.


    By Naseer Ahmed - 3/20/2017 11:41:46 PM



  • Abraham's story is a simple story to affirm the depth of his faith and to illustrate the grace of his God. Hats Off's attempt to use it to accentuate his hate propaganda against Islam and Judaism is despicable.

    By Ghulam Mohiyuddin - 3/20/2017 1:48:25 PM



  • as far as i remember, my father never took me anywhere with intent to decapitate me.

    your responses suggest that your actual gods are your prophets.

    By hats off! - 3/20/2017 10:45:49 AM



  • The correct story from the Quran is in my comment bellow By Naseer Ahmed - 3/17/2017 11:43:29 PM.

    We don't need Hats Off to tell us what it is based on the demons in his head about his own father.


    By Naseer Ahmed - 3/20/2017 6:58:41 AM



  • ok. i will rephrase it.
    abraham loved his son so much he was willing to slit his throat on the basis of a crazy dream.
    that should make mr. naseer ahmed feel better about violent impulses of crazed men revered as prophets of violent texts.

    By hats off! - 3/20/2017 5:03:23 AM



  • Hats Off says: "that would explain his (Abraham's) visions of murderous hatred for his son." 

    That is Hats Off's version and a projection of what he thinks his own father had for him - murderous hatred! No wonder Hats Off's hates his father and his religion so much that he has turned into a hostile apostate.

    By Naseer Ahmed - 3/19/2017 11:19:16 PM



  • Abrham was having vision, a new version of prophethood.

    Please someone can distinguish with this new version that God's Audio reciver phrophets  and God's  Visual reciver Phrophets.

    I am enjoying this new versions. Progress has been made from radio reciver to satellite receiver stories of God.

    Human seems much better than invented stories of  God because thousand of people can see the data transmitted from Audio or Visual stations.

    Humans are much even better becuse their are free and paid satellite services not like god selected station like Abrham, Jesues and tractional selected phrophets in Arabs lands.

    Good luck to Muslim for closed satation services ans their history to cut each other throats on whatever name. 
     



    By Aayina - 3/18/2017 3:07:54 PM



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