By Sultan Shahin, Editor, New Age Islam
9 Jan 2015
We seem to be living in an era of Islamist terror. Massacre of journalists in Paris has followed the massacre of children in Peshawar. Thirteen years after 9/11, the world is facing a more complex, more diverse and a more dangerous threat. While the world has focused on fighting the terrorists militarily, the challenge of their ideological narrative has gone essentially unchallenged.
The Jihadis have worked out a complete theology of violence, a coherent narrative of hate and intolerance, totalitarian and akin to fascism that is capable of attracting large numbers of gullible Muslim youth and desensitize them to human instincts of compassion and kindness. Normally, persuading someone to commit suicide should be the most difficult job in the world. But an army of suicide bombers emerge from Muslims societies, capable of untold cruelty, wherever and whenever some determined, resourceful group needs them. This is obviously the attraction and power of the Islamist ideology, vastly different from the understanding of Islam the overwhelming majority of Muslims have had for centuries.
Under mystical, Sufi influence, Muslims have prided themselves on having an inclusive, tolerant religion which came to reiterate and revalidate the truth of all previous religions. Muslims believe their religion is a blessing for mankind.
So when a supremacist, exclusivist, intolerant interpretation of Islam started being propagated with the establishment of Saudi-Wahhabi monarchy early in the last century, Muslims rejected it out of hand. But the phenomenal oil wealth and cold war imperatives helped the ideology spread rapidly. The international community did not hamper the process even after 9/11. Indeed it even created several new swamps for terrorists to prosper.
However, despite rapid radicalisation, many Muslims still remain moderate, firmly anchored in the Sufi traditions, who consider Islam a spiritual path to salvation, an ethical, moral standard to follow. They believe in modernity, inclusiveness, pluralism, gender equality and democracy. Prophet Mohammad called his community ummatan wasata, the median community, centred and balanced. Extremists have existed among Muslims throughout Islamic history. But ultimately, the peaceful majority has always defeated them. Hopefully, we will defeat the powerful Petrodollar Islam and its offshoot Jihadism too.
But this is easier said than done. Moderate Muslims are facing an uphill task. The methods Sufi saints used to spread moderate, mystical Islam cannot work in the internet age. Sufis used to emphasise the positive teachings of Islam and simply ignore the rest. But the age of brushing things under the carpet is gone.
Moderate Muslims have to think of new strategies. I believe that moderates must expose the radical ideology in all its perversity, and refute it, along with emphasising Islam's moral teachings.
Jihadism's enormous success in capturing Muslim imagination lies in the following core beliefs, among others.
a) For several centuries now Ulema have encouraged Muslims to develop an unquestioning belief in the Quran as an uncreated, divine book, almost like God.
This is a dangerous proposition. If Quran is created, that is, if it is a compilation of verses that came from time to time to guide the prophet as the need arose, the contexts of the verses become important and only verses that do not require a context to be understood assume universal applicability.
But if it is uncreated, as all the madrasas teach, then each and every verse is of eternal applicability and has to be followed without reference to the context. The very distinction between essential, constitutive part of the revelation and the contextual, instructive part is lost, making it easier for extremist ideologues to misuse the contextual as essential, the instructive as constitutive.
That is why all our madrasas that teach the uncreatedness of Quran are creating radical literalists who see no reason why they should apply their mind. So, If the Quran says somewhere, in whatever context, "kill the kafir," they can go out and kill the kafir, regardless of the fact that this exhortation was made in a certain historical context and was valid only for that time. No wonder all Jihadi ideologues quote a number of combative verses of Quran in their justification and use them for indoctrination of the gullible literalist. Unsurprisingly , they have an army of killers available who are prepared to make even suicidal strikes for killing innocent men, women and children, believing that they will be in heaven soon.
b) Great reverence is attached to Hadees or so-called sayings of the Prophet. Jihadi literature makes full use of a large number of possibly fabricated ahadees to further their cause. Compiled up to 300 years after the demise of the Prophet, Ahadees simply cannot represent authentic sayings of the prophet, though it is possible that the prophet said something like what is narrated in some of the ahadees.
No wonder, a number of apparently fabricated ahadees are used to justify indiscriminate killings of civilians as what is now called collateral damage (for instance, Bukhari Volume 004/Book 052, Hadees 256 or 019/4321), though there are also many more ahadees that prohibit such killings in any situation. Indeed another hadees (for instance, Bukhari, 021/010 (Mu’watta) prohibits not only killing "women or children or an aged, infirm person," but also asks not to "cut down fruit-bearing trees, destroy an inhabited place, slaughter sheep or camels except for food, burn bees and scatter them."
When God perfected our religion (Qur'an 5:3) in the last days of the Prophet, who are we to create new scriptures like Hadees centuries later?
c) Muslim scholars of all persuasions give Shariah divine status. In fact it is a man-made body of laws, codified by different ulema over a century after the Prophet's demise and has been changing since. There is no question of it's being divine.
The malaise of Islam is clearly far deeper. The problems are basic, fundamental to Islam. But ulema, the supposed custodians of faith, continue to be in denial.
What does the larger society do? I think the world needs to first inform itself of what is going on within the Muslim community. We should have credible surveys to find out the extent of radicalisation, monitor Friday sermons, study text books of different madrasas, and confront the ulema with the fundamental questions raised here. If the ulema really want to save Islam from being considered synonymous with terrorism, they should at least make the following commonsensical declarations, which are also consistent with the faith:
1. Quran is a created book of God, not divine as God Himself;
2. contextual, particularly militant verses, in Quran are no longer applicable to Muslims;
3. Hadees is not an Islamic scripture a la Quran.
4. Shariah cannot be considered divine.
What the ulema, intellectuals and politicians have done so far amounts to nothing more than a cosmetic endeavour; they have been hoping and perhaps praying that the issues will go away. But radicalism is deepening and intensifying. It is attracting more and more converts.
So clearly Muslim theologians will need to go beyond superficial statements, walk further in the direction of rationality, prepare a coherent theology of peace and moderation and propagate it among the masses of Muslims, if they want Islam to survive as a moderate religion, a moral standard, and a spiritual path to salvation rather than allow Islamic scriptures to degenerate into terrorist manuals.
If the ulema do not agree to walk their peaceful talk, the larger society should encourage and support those few moderate, progressive Muslims who are willing to go out on a limb, perhaps putting their heads on the chopping block in this process. This section should be able to go to the community directly, bypassing the ulema and campaign for sanity.
Sharing this letter to Brother Yusuf Estes
having the link of this article in order to educate him out of any support to
agents of Saud engaged in killing Muslims pledged to Mowla Ali ,Imam Hussain
and all aulias: Brother Yusuf, Save yourself from hellfire since this woman
Gulshan Aalani is a criminal slave of those who do not accept the Luminous
existence of prophet Muhammad PBUH and HP. She is pledged to terrorist Wahhabis
engaged in killing Sufi Muslim Singer of prophet SUH and HP being NOOR e
MUJASSAM which means LIGHT of Allah SwT embodied. I am pledged to SUFI chain
here in India affirming the Fatimid Leader of aal e Ibraheem in aal e Ali
Imraan Abu Talib decreed in verse 3:33,34 for global allegiance being the Hand
of Allah, Rope of Allah SwT. ismailignosis.com/2014/10/02/who-succeeded-imam-jafar-al-sadiq-seven-proofs-for-the-imamat-of-imam-ismail-ibn-jafar/
is the proof for the presence of divinely chosen leader. We are confronting
usurpers of the idenity of Khalifa of Allah SwT as momineen always following
the Sunna of Momineen in this regard. You may find this article instructive
since reformation of faith is not possible
without pledging allegiance to Imam e Zamana for all not belonging to the
community of Momineen pledged to Imam e Zamana. '
Singhji Bedi, Somehow one of my comments on this page as an answer to Naseer
Saheb Observer's one observation has got published as an article by you and is
available on at least two widely available pages, one by Yahoo and another by
I am going
to use this comment or part of it, in an edited version, in one of my speeches
at the UN Human Rights Council.
I would not
like people to think that I have stolen these paragraphs from your write-up. I
would be grateful if you get it removed by these sites or change the writer's
name, although I didn't really want it to go as an article by me. At least
people will think I have stolen from my own article, I am referring to the
following comment I made in this article in response to a comment by Observer.
referring to the following comment I made in this article in response to a
comment by Observer:
“A literal reading of verses like La ikraha fid Deen (There
is no compulsion in religion or Lakum Deeanakum waleya Deen (For
you your religion, for me mine) is a cornerstone of every moderate's
philosophy. These are constitutive verses of the Quran and eternal in
significance. They are valid for us for all time.
The problem arises with contextual and allegorical verses when
they are taken literally or even interpreted according to one's own
understanding. The problem arises when so-called militant verses are taken
literally, considered valid for all time as exhortations of God to all Muslims
forever, and followed as they are today. ISIS leaders may have their own
designs, but our children and youth, boys and girls who are running away from
our well-appointed homes and private schools are doing so out of a literal
reading of these so-called militant aggressive verses and considering them
universal in nature. Being uncreated, all Qur’anic verses are considered and
taught in madrasas as having eternal value as guidance for all time to come.
One allegorical verse is being interpreted to mean that Malhama (Armageddon)
is only two years away. Daesh (Islamic State) is said to be fighting the
end-time battle Malhama. This is also one reason why
our youth are running away to engage in the battles end-times, the Malhama.
“I therefore, think, merely literal reading of all Qur’anic
verses, without reference to the context of contextual verses, or even
personal, contorted interpretations of allegorical verses will be a
disaster, is already leading to disaster.
We must treat Quran as a created work by God which contains constitutive,
contextual and allegorical verses which have to be treated by us in different
times and different contexts differently. Which means that we should observe
Qur’anic advise that we use our rationality and think all the time before
accepting anything blindly. A literal reading of all Qur’anic
verses cannot be acceptable.
By Sultan Shahin - 3/10/2015 5:48:17 AM
This part of the comment
appears as your article at least in the following links:
To: Respected Muslim Readers @
New Age Islam
Slowly but surely, the real
character of “Secular Logic,” will be known to all. At one given point
in time, the person claimed to be a wife of “Hats Off – S. Jeelani.”
Now, the reference is made towards “Gay.”
Let’s look at the two words about
Islam, that is, “powerful idea.” In fact, that is how the bigoted person
looks at it. Isn’t it amazing for an educated person to come to such a
For sure, one can admire Hinduism
without believing in God, but at the same time, one can never, I repeat
never, have any good things to say about Islam, no matter what moderate reasoning
is presented. Yet still, the whole idea behind reading the “Secular Logic,”
comments, is that this very person opens the windows of the world for the
Have patience, my fellow Muslims.
More bigoted views will flow through. I will be keeping an eye on any “Twisted
Logic,” that are posted on New Age Islam forum. Take care.
Mohammed Rafiq Lodhia