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Islam,Terrorism and Jihad (22 Oct 2013 NewAgeIslam.Com)

Call For International Fatwas To Declare The Terrorists Who Advocate Wanton Killing Of Innocent People In The Name Of Islam As ‘Terrorist Apostates’, Like The Kharijites Of Early Islam



By Muhammad Yunus, New Age Islam

October 23, 2013

(Co-author (Jointly with Ashfaque Ullah Syed), Essential Message of Islam, Amana Publications, USA, 2009.)

The al Shabab’s target shooting of non-Muslim shoppers in the Nairobi Mall adds an expressly religious dimension to the most heinous phenomenon of terrorism. It renders the global Muslim community a tacit and unsolicited ally of the terror outfits and is designed to globalize Islamophobia, fuel anti-Muslim hatred provoking alienation of and radicalisation in Islam and thus helping the terrorists recruit fresh blood and expand their network. There can be no doubt that it was an ingenious strategy to earn the terrorists a permanent though shifting space in the political landscape of the world, facilitated by heavyweight counter terror measures and drone attacks. As this new development purports to serve the interest of the War Industrial complex, the Islamophobes, the Israel Lobby, the external and internal enemies of Islam keen to keep the Ummah in a state of perpetual anarchy, to the grave detriment of common peace seeking Muslims globally, it must be resisted. All that is needed is to call a spade a spade and expose the true nature of the terrorists by digging into their historical roots.

Terrorism under the ambit of Islam can be traced to the ideology of its first breakaway faction. ‘al-Khwarij’ or the Kharijites, meaning those who seceded from the faith, an euphemism for apostasy. It was a brutally fanatic sect, and as recorded in the annals of history, “it raised swords against the caliphs and made lawful their blood and their wealth and justified the killing of the children of polytheists, one’s own parents, and all the non-Muslims of the world [1] and “caused rivers of blood to flow in the first three centuries of Islam” [2]. The present day terror outfits seem to have appropriated the terroristic ideology of this sect.   

It is relevant here to summarily introduce the Kharijites giving as little detail of history as possible to avoid taxing the lay readers.

The Kharijites emerged in the immediate aftermath of the Siffin war (657 AD) in which Caliph Ali had agreed to an arbitration with Muawiya, his rebelling governor of Syria. A group of his fanatic followers argued that Ali, as a Caliph, defied the word of God by conceding to reconcile with a rebel who was to be fought and subdued. They rose in arms by quoting the statement of Qur’anic verse 6:57 "… command rests with none but God…” (6:57) and added a homicidal dimension to the notion of Takfir by treating any Muslim who opposed their political or theological opinions as apostate and enemy of Islam, deemed worthy of being killed. Thus, they called for killing Caliph Ali, Mu'waiya and all those who participated in the arbitration and any other Muslim who differed with them. Initially the non-Muslims did not feature in this scheme as the entire Arabia had come in the fold of Islam.

Today’s terrorist factions do not identify themselves as the Kharijites, but their express policy to kill all those Muslims who differ with them and innocent civilians in places of worship - mosques and churches, and public places - cafes, busses, trains, railway stations, hotels, and office buildings, let alone planes and the Twin Tower are emblematic of the Kharijite doctrine.

The loud self identification of these terror groups with Islam as echoed in their Arabic titles, their conspicuous display of the Shahadah on their arms and foreheads, their waving out of the Qur’an held in their hands and uttering of Qur’anic invocations from their mouths while boasting of their suicide bombings and terror attacks, and the target shooting of non-Muslims in Nairobi Mall virtually overturns the image of Islam from a religion of peace to a religion of violence and brushstrokes with terrorism the global Muslim community, which is no less averse to and remote from terrorism as the rest of humanity.

The early Kharijites conceivably belonged to the same genre of nomadic tribes whom the Qur’an finds – in the context of the revelation, intense in Kufr (denial of truth) and hypocrisy (Nifaq) (9:97), describe as Rijz (disgrace) (9:94) and Fasiq (9:67, 9:96) and condemns eternally (9:68, 9:95).

The Flawed and Force-Fitted Fatwas of Islamic Terror Apostates

Pioneering terrorist outfits like al-Qaida and Taliban have their Ulema issuing ‘Fatwas’ (religious rulings) to justify killing of innocent civilians such as in 9/11 attacks. But as noted under the conclusions of an exhaustive part by part refutation [3] of a recent 8 part fatwa by their ideologue, Yousuf al-Abeeri, “the concluding claim of the Fatwa of being authenticated by the Qur’an and the Hadith is a blatant lie…, and the eight parts cumulatively do not table a single Qur’anic verse or authenticated (Sahih) Hadith narration (such as from Imam Bukhari or Muslim) to support its theme - though any Hadith narration would not have lent it any credence as the Qur’an refutes each part of the Fatwa and all the eight parts cumulatively .”

The concluding part of the Refutation [4] of their Fatwa “AZAN: Call To Jihad On The Road To Khilafah” declares: “In light of the Qur’anic clear testimony borne by a cross section of its verses, it follows that any notion of terrorism is simply antithetic to the Qur’anic message. Hence, the call to militant Jihad by killing innocent civilians in terror attacks or instigating sedition and home-grown terrorism constitute a grand betrayal, if not complete hijacking of Islamic faith.”

The conclusion of the Refutation of Part-1 [5] of Yousuf al-Abeeri’s 8-part fatwa declares: “A deadly spiritual potion is thus being brewed under the cloak of a fatwa which contradicts the Qur'an on many counts, is self contradictory, bizarre and untenable on others, suicidal for Islam and the broader Muslim community and a grave threat to human civilization.”

Conclusion: In consideration of the foregoing historical and Qur’anic analogy, and the concluding remarks of the Refutations of two recently issued comprehensive global Fatwas by the al-Qaida and Taliban terror ideologues, it may be a fitting response to declare the al-Qaida, Talibans, al Shabab, Boko Haram and others, including lone terrorists who justify killing of innocent men, women and children in terror attacks and suicide bombing as apostates and renegades of Islam and refer to them as  Terrorist Apostate of Islam rather than Islamic terrorists, unless they commit to abjure terrorism and militant jihad and embrace the greater jihad of Islam that the Meccan Muslims were commanded to launch at the back of the Qur’an such as by promoting peace and harmony in the world, vying with other faith communities in goodness (2:148, 5:48), forgiving past enemies (5:2), and acknowledging the plurality of human society (49:13) – to cite just a few examples.  

The writer of this paper has simply discharged his responsibility to bear witness to the truth as honestly as standing before God and it is for the terror ideologues to think how they will defend their position in the divine court.

Finally, the readers of this proposal are reminded of the following concluding remarks of a recent publication [6] to see the phenomenon of terror in its historical perspective without blaming the beautiful faith of Islam or the common peace loving Muslims of the world:

“The violent extremists – the modern Kharijites6 and Qaramites,7 of Islam are no more than poisonous sediments of history, and like their counterparts of almost a millennium ago, they are bound to be increasingly marginalized, and eventually jettisoned from the world of Islam.”


1.       Abdul Quader Jilani,  Ghunit al-talebin, Urdu translation by Shahir Shams Barelwi, Arshad Brothers, New Delhi p.178-180.

2.       Philip K. Hitti, History of the Arabs, 1937, 10th edition; London 1993, p. 247.

3.       Summing Up: Refutation of Sheikh Yousuf Al-Abeeri's Fatwa Supporting Wanton Killing of Innocent Civilians under Special Circumstances and Thus Justifying the 9/11 Attacks – Part - 8

4.       A Comprehensive And Conclusive Refutation Of “AZAN: Call To Jihad On The Road To Khilafah”



Refutation of Sheikh Yousuf Al-Abeeri's Fatwa Appearing In Taliban Website Nawa-E-Afghan Jihad Supporting Wanton Killing Of Innocent Civilians And Thus Justifying The 9/11 Attacks - Part-1



6.       Muhammad Yunus and Ashfaque Ullah Syed, Essential Message of Islam, Amana Publications, USA, 2009, p. 364.

Muhammad Yunus, a Chemical Engineering graduate from Indian Institute of Technology, and a retired corporate executive has been engaged in an in-depth study of the Qur’an since early 90’s, focusing on its core message. He has co-authored the referred exegetic work, which received the approval of al-Azhar al-Sharif, Cairo in 2002, and following restructuring and refinement was endorsed and authenticated by Dr. Khaled Abou El Fadl of UCLA, and published by Amana Publications, Maryland, USA, 2009.

URL: http://www.newageislam.com/islam,terrorism-and-jihad/muhammad-yunus,-new-age-islam/call-for-international-fatwas-to-declare-the-terrorists-who-advocate-wanton-killing-of-innocent-people-in-the-name-of-islam-as-‘terrorist-apostates’,-like-the-kharijites-of-early-islam/d/14090



  • Thanks yunus sir.
    By Moderate - 10/26/2013 10:51:22 PM

  • Dear Moderate,

    I thought I explained to you why the two identical root words come side by side. The opening part of the verse can also be translated as follows:

    Ya aiy yuhal ladhina aamanu [O those who believe (in this revelation)], aaminu bil Lahi was rusulihi .. (believe in God and His messengers...)

    I must tell you that some of the Qur'anic verses are of evocative nature and cannot be reduced to a singular meaning. Conceivably, the Qur'an expects its readers to reflect over them and speculate on their deeper meaning. I hope this is ok with you.  

    By muhammad yunus - 10/26/2013 9:11:15 PM

  • Dear yunus sir, i am waiting for your answer to the question that i asked. ok no problem i can wait for  a long time. This article is very nice and indeed these terrorists should be called apostates, i think, be considered disassociated from islam.

    By Moderate - 10/26/2013 8:48:31 PM

  • Dear Moderate,

    I think your confusion will be over if you connote the second 'aminu' with 'holding fast to' and read the opening part of the verse as follows: 'You who believe, hold fast (unto your belief in) God..'

    The Qur'an uses the root AMN (alif mim nun) with the connotation of security in the verses 2:126, 2:239, 3:154, 7:99, and the same  shade of meaning applies for the verse you quoted.

    You can always consult Muhammad Asad's 'The Message of the Qur'an' that you can read online.

    With this, let the discussion on your query terminate here and we get back to the crucial theme of the article.

    By muhammad yunus - 10/26/2013 7:47:32 PM

  • Dear Moderate,

    The verse you quote without numbering is the 136th verse of Surah al-Nisa.

    I really wonder how you connect it with this article that deals with a most urgent and pressing issue of the era.

    As for the verse you quoted, to me it appears perspicuous, but you want exegetic detail, kindly consult the following link but please read the above article and post your comment about it to help roll the debate forward.



    By muhammad yunus - 10/26/2013 7:52:51 AM

  • Dear Yunus sb, could you please explain the following verse? In this verse Allah Almighty has twice mentioned 'believer believe Allah' why he said so?
    "O you who have believed, believe in Allah and His Messenger and the Book that He sent down upon His Messenger and the Scripture which He sent down before. And whoever disbelieves in Allah , His angels, His books, His messengers, and the Last Day has certainly gone far astray".

    By Moderate - 10/26/2013 5:31:51 AM

  • Dear Sultan Shahin Sahab,

    I fully agree with you that the terrorist outfits are quoting Syed Qutub, Maududi, Abdul Wahab and Ibn Taimiyyah in their terror narratives and drawing inspiration from them, it will be virtually impossible to make a case akin to apostasy against the present day terror outfits unless we connect them directly with the archetype of terror in Islam, that were regarded as those expelled from the pale of Islam (as their title denotes) - one member of which assassinated Caliph Ali - the Kharijites.

    Besides, if we bring in too many historical figures in our ideological assault or counter-terror discourse, it will be like killing a scarecrow and expanding the constituency of terrorists and lumping the terrorists with many ordinary people who venerate the above noted Imams. Lastly, if any group/ faction is closest to the present day terrorists both in ideology, political ambition, courage and determination, ruthlessness, it is the Kharijites. Though the detailed narratives supporting this sect may not be on hand, suffice it to know that one of its chiefs was the selfsame person, Hurqus ibn Zuhair, who had the temerity to rebuke the Prophet after the battle of Hunain over sharing the spoils of war (the chief source of revenue for that era) (9:58-59, 9:76-77).

    As regards your concern about mosques and madrasas bearing the name of Imam Ibn Taimiyah, you have to bear in mind that as a religious person, he has gone down the history as one of the most pious and greatest Imam of his era. There is no doubt that some of his rulings are being quoted by the terrorists, but in all probability they were in the context of the terrifying atrocities that were inflicted upon the Muslims by its twin ‘enemies’ of that era – the Mongols and the Crusaders that any half way educated person will know. So the common Muslim people who venerate him may hardly know any of the rulings that are attributed to him as is true for their ignorance of the sword verses of the Qur’an. Thus, questioning the peacefulness of any Muslim venerating Ibn Taiyama will be no different from questioning the peacefulness of a lay Muslim reciting the Qur’an – a question most non-Muslims unaware of the common Muslim’s reverential remoteness from the Qur’an often entertain.      

     You must understand that in a pluralistic world we must be inclusive rather than exclusive. We will have to accept Wahabis as a sect of Muslims, or else we commit the same error of Takfir as the Kharijites. All that the Wahabis and specially the Saudi monarchy must do is to launch an international campaign to reinvigorate the spirit of the non-violent and internally directed ‘greater jihad’ as the Qur’an commanded the Meccan Muslims to wage (25:52), and elaborated in my article referenced below the opening and concluding stipulations of which are noted below :


    Languishing in stagnancy of Symbolism and Ritualism, deluded by a quixotic dream of world domination through  militant jihad  – the Muslims have turned misfit among the civilizations of the world and urgently need a major paradigm shift in their religious thoughts to the dynamic spirit of the Greater Jihad.

    Concluding Remarks:

    The condition of the minority Muslim communities in predominantly non-Muslim or secular countries – in many ways, is akin to those of the Meccan Muslims in the Prophet’s era. Though not necessarily physically abused or oppressed institutionally as citizens of secular world, they remain utterly deprived and marginalized as any realistic statistics on asset/ real estate ownership, academic performance, and representation in administration, civil service, armed forces, professions, upper echelons of corporate business world, and arts and sports arena is bound to reveal. This abysmal social, educational, cultural and performance decline together with the advent of militant jihad and the cancerous outgrowth of radicalization adversely affects the peace, prosperity and wellbeing of the global Muslim community and must be resisted by reviving the true spirit of the Greater Jihad. This, in light of the Qur’an’s key enunciations of its concluding phase, needs be attained through cultivation of exemplary conduct and behavior and excellence in good deeds and all forms lawful pursuits in positive competition with the global community (49:13, 5:48), and broad compliance with the social, moral and ethical paradigms of the Qur’an as it had directed the Meccans in the Prophet’s era (25:52 above).

    Ref:    The Qur’anic Perspective on Jihad and Greater jihad: SOS to Global Muslim Community      


    PS: I know you did not mean it literally when you speculated: “It is possible that Kharji ideology was one of the inspirations of Ibn-e-Taimiya. But hardly any Kharji literature was available even in Ibn-e-Taimiya's time half a millennium ago.” I think with what was unfolding before his eyes and with his level of scholarship and erudition, he did not have to borrow any ideology from the Kharijites – but this is a digression from the theme and between you and me.

    By muhammad yunus - 10/24/2013 9:23:18 PM

  • I agree with Mr Shahin's comment more. 
    The main problem with Muslims, not Islam, is that they don't apply what in literature is known as historical criticism: under what circumstances a particular thing was present at a particular period in time. I have known many people who say that Muslims are becoming 'defenders of Islam' (their term for "terrorism") after the War on Terror. But actually this is not correct from the historical point of view, we have many instances of terrorist activities before 9/11 also. The problem lies especially in not speaking up openly in public forum against such events. I must congratulate Mr Yunus for speaking up boldly. 

    By Syed Manzoor Alam - 10/24/2013 6:53:08 PM

  • Good article. A fatwa against terrorists would be logical and appropriate. It should expressly condemn all violence on innocent civilians as a grievous sin and as being un-Islamic.
    Muslims are rather good at calling each other apostates, so I am not in favor of doing that. An apostate is one who himself renounces Islam.
    Terrorists do not recognize any Islamic authorities except their own imams who specialize in preparing suicide bombers. Fatwas issued separately by various imams or various daruls may not be very effective.  If imams and muftis of different sects worldwide come together and issue a strong joint fatwa condemning wanton killings of innocent civilians, it would be a good step.
    By Ghulam Mohiyuddin - 10/24/2013 1:33:54 PM

  • Dear Yunus Saheb, Islamist terrorism has not come down from Kharjiites directly to Al-Qaeda, Taliban of today. There is a long chain. Islam has been there for 14 centuries. Takfirism and killing of those declared kafir among Muslims has had many practitioners down the ages. Even the terrorism of today, even its ideologues like Maulana Maudoodi and Syed Qutub learnt their lessons not so much from Kharjiites or Qaramites - hardly any literature of theirs justifying violence exists - but from Ibn-e-Taimiya and Mohammad Ibn-e-Abdul Wahhab. The literature produced by the latter are most influential. The leaders of al-Qaeda read this literature. Our youths today, even in Indian madrasas, are reading this literature. Major madrasas bearing the name of Ibn-e-Taimiya are being opened today. I just came to know of one very big one in north Bihar. I saw several last year in Kerala. Mosques and madrasas and even book-stores are being built in Kerala that declare themselves to be Salafi, something unthinkable a couple of decades ago.

    Salafi and Wahhabi text books exported by Saudi Arabia denounce Kharjiites. I agree with you that the starting point of Islamist terrorism is Kharjism. It is possible that Kharji ideology was one of the inspirations of Ibn-e-Taimiya. But hardly any Kharji literature was available even in Ibn-e-Taimiya's time half a millennium ago. So the ideological fount of Islamist terrorism today is the original and very influential work of Ibn-e-Taimiya and Mohammad Ibn-e-Abdul Wahhab. I can see that resemblance with Kharjism is unmistakable. But while kharjism can be mentioned as the original fount, we can't leave it at that. Of course, in a small article there is not much space for everything. But I just thought I should bring it up.

    By Sultan Shahin - 10/24/2013 11:07:44 AM

  • A sign of far-farsightedness I have traced in this article is a better solution to decrease the burden of moderate Muslims in a bid to save Islam from terrorists. Thanks Mr Muhammad Yunus for saying “it may be a fitting response to declare the al-Qaida, Talibans, al Shabab, Boko Haram and others, including lone terrorists who justify killing of innocent men, women and children in terror attacks and suicide bombing as apostates and renegades of Islam and refer to them as  Terrorist Apostate of Islam rather than Islamic terrorists”.

    We all peace loving Muslims should let the terrorists who justified killing of innocent lives be referred to as ‘Terrorist Apostate of Islam rather than Islamic terrorists’. 
    By Ghulam Ghaus غلام غوث - 10/24/2013 7:38:11 AM

  • Dear Hats off!
    Alas! My objective analysis based on hard historical facts and risk has not registered in your brilliant mind or I have failed to understand your  comment.
    The article has located the enemy inside the Muslim community. However, drawing on the precedent of history and on the exhaustive refutations of their (Terrorist ideologues') fatwas it is proposed to treat the terror outfits of today in the same manner as they were treated in early Islam. They are referenced in my joint publication which was approved by al-Azhar al-Sharif back in 2002 in these words as noted in the article: "the violent extremists – the modern "Kharijites6 and Qaramites,7 of Islam are no more than poisonous sediments of history, and like their counterparts of almost a millennium ago, they are bound to  be increasingly marginalized, and eventually jettisoned from the world of Islam."
    Hence your concluding remark "this tendency to blame others as an explantion of every problem is not only deplorable, it is mildly paranoid." really aggrieves - either i have failed in framing and selling the proposal of the article that puts my head on the line' or you have assumed that I was pointing my finger at others (notably America whom the terrorists/ ignorant Muslims regard as the enemy of Islam).
    Let me take this opportunity to cut/paste the comments that relate to America (the supposed enemy) tabled in the attached fatwas to remove any doubt from your mind that the referenced fatwas and the call for fatwas in this article are internally focussed and collectively designed to expose the true nature and inverted and corrupted doctrines of the ideologues of terror (accomplished by point by point refutations of their fatwas) and to put them where they belong based on historical precedent. There is no adverse or prejudiced remark against America and it is projected as a friend rather than an enemy.  
    1.      Refutation of Part-4 of Al-Abeeri’s Fatwa, point 3 has the following defensive comments in favour of America (in blue ink)
    “The maslah (principle) confuses America’s foreign policy with common American people. America’s foreign policy that plunges it into war and dictates sanctions is drawn by its political-cum-military bureaucrats and legislative bodies (Congress and Senate) based on their joint assessment of the political realities and global strategic issues and threats of the times. If anyone in America is to be held accountable for the terrible consequences of sanctions and wars, it must be those persons who were directly involved in policy making at the given historical points that saw sanctions and wars. Common Americans at those or later historical points (such as today) cannot and must not be held responsible. If the above maslah (principle) were accepted as a ground-rule for humanity, Bangladesh will have to take military action against Pakistan for its killing of allegedly three million civilians in the liberation war, Israel will nuke Germany to avenge Hitler’s barbaric and en-masse liquidation of Jews, China will annihilate Japan for its atrocities against Chinese citizens during the world war and all the nations of the world will be caught in a frenzy of retaliatory wars, massacres and genocides as the case may be against their past tormentors. Accordingly, in its concluding phase, the Qur’an espouses collective forgiveness of past enemies (5:2), personalized justice (5:8) and forbids killing of any innocent person except when found guilty of murder or abominable crime (5:32).
    The Fatwa also ignores historical relativism - hundreds of thousands of Muslims killed and many times more put to grievous suffering by their own Islamic regimes or neighboring Muslim invaders such as Bangladesh war of liberation, Iran-Iraq war, Iraq’s invasion of Kuwait, and oppression of Muslims outside of America or American sphere of influence - notably China, Russia, Albanian peninsula, the central Asian states in the erstwhile Soviet Russia. It also ignores America’s historic military role in defending and preserving the Albanian Muslims and thus ensuring the presence and growth of Islam in Europe and by extension, the Western hemisphere let alone its food aid, emergency relief, technological/ infrastructural development role in all Muslim countries, and being home to some five million Muslims – who enjoy greater political and religious freedom and civil rights than in any other Muslim country of the world.”
    2.      Part-7 of the Refutation (Al-Abeeri’s fatwa) defends the common American citizens under Refutation-2 as follows (in blue ink).
    “The Fatwa fails to recognise that America’s Presidential election is decided by the Electoral College, not by popular votes (number of votes cast), while the winning Presidential candidate receives hardly 30% of the total national tally of votes. Therefore, even notionally, the entire American population cannot be held responsible for America’s military decisions and seemingly anti-Muslim policies and treated as enemy to be killed indiscriminately. The Qur’an testifies that during the Prophet’s march to Mecca, God withheld the hands of the numerically and militarily superior Muslim marchers as this could endanger the lives of the small group of Meccans who had converted to Islam secretly and could not be distinguished from the pagans, their true enemy (48:24-26). Hence, any attack on the Americans, only a third of which may be notionally identified with the enemy stands in stark contradiction to the Qur’anic message.”
    3.      Under Summing Up of the Refutation of “Azan – call to global jihad, America is projected very favourably as follows (blue ink) without explicitly mentioning its name:
    In a grand irony of history the divine scheme has set the mightiest nation on earth to defend the faith of Islam on pressing political and terrorism grounds, but which country can be more suited for this noble task than the One that has the name of God engraved in each of its trillions of coins and billions of currency notes.
    I am sorry to load you with such heavy reading. You may ignore it but if you do chose to respond, kindly read all the Refutations to have an idea of the scope and the risk of this exercise.
    Anyway thanks for being the first to post a comment.
    By muhammad yunus - 10/23/2013 8:37:24 PM

  • Dear hats off, you probably didn't understand that Kharjiites were Muslims. Misinterpretations have also come from Muslims. Concocters of ahadees were also Muslims. Character assassins of the Prophet were also Muslims. The killers of prophets family were also Muslims. Mohd Yunus Saheb is actually trying to look within and not blaming outsiders.

    However, like Hindus, Christians and Jews, Muslims too have a habit of blaming the Other for their misfortunes. As Muslims are faced with more misfortunes today their tendency to blame the other is more in evidence. I am sure we ourselves are mostly responsible for our misfortunes, though outsiders have definitely played a role by interfering in affairs of Muslim countries. Has colonialism not played a role? Is neo-colonialism not playing a role? Is the Other not responsible at least partly for what is happening in Iraq, Libya, Syria, Palestine, even Afghanistan and Pakistan? Did the West not invest massively in creating the ideology of Jihadism and training, financing and arming the Jihadis and then left them alone to do what they liked? Is the US not supporting Saudi Arabia even after 9/11 in its massive export of Wahhabism? Is the US not financing Pakistani export of terrorism with which we Indians suffer most? Surely the US knows to what use Pakistan puts the billions of dollars it gets from the US. However, it's not the west that is asking Shias and Sunnis to kill each other, for Taliban to bomb Sufi shrines and girls schools, Malaysia to ban the use of the word Allah for Christians, the Egyptians to kill Christians and so on. So what we are facing is a war within Islam and it is Muslims who have to look within for the culprits as well as for solutions. But we can also not overlook the global environment in which we are operating.

    By Sultan Shahin - 10/23/2013 12:30:29 PM

  • despite the effort mr mohammad yunus has put in fighting ideology with ideology, what actually has transpired is that once again the exercise has simply produced another enemy of islam. at this stage it is not yet clear if the kharajites are going to be inside or outside islam.

    this type of problem analysis by always locating the source of the problem to external agencies has become the bane of all races, peoples, religions that have got the shorter end of the stick. like mr sadaf would have said the "progeny of the losers".

    this persistent refusal to look within is at the heart of the situation with the ummah. not just the ummah, with every religious community. every religion suffers this look outward policy. or more appropriately never look inside policy.

    because each time there is an issue with the umma or islam, the culprit always is either colonialism, hijacking of ideologies, deliberate misinterpretation, sabotage, palestine problem, kashmir problem or some problem whose locus is always external. only this time it is the karijites.

    in each and every case of islamic exegesis, the term "enemies of islam" has to crop up eventually. probably we all should start investigating why islam is attracting so many dedicated enemies. the whole koranic narrative sets the tone for this siege mentality. in koran it is always muslims vs mushriqs, muslims vs munafiqins, muslims vs unbelievers, muslims vs polytheists. this colors the world view of all muslims. they generally start believing they are under perpetual seige.

    this is classical case of (in transactional analysis) "i am ok you are not ok". this makes it difficult to get insight. also this prevents self analysis. sir syed tried looking inside, others also probably looked but did not like what they saw inside.

    this tendency to blame others as an explanantion of every problem is not only deplorable, it is mildly paranoid.

    By hats off! - 10/23/2013 10:07:11 AM

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