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Interfaith Dialogue (12 Nov 2018 NewAgeIslam.Com)

Encourage the Prophetic Models of Peaceful Coexistence



By Ghulam Ghaus Siddiqi, New Age Islam

12 November 2018

Muslim clerics are required to clarify the universal message of Islam and the Prophetic models which encourage peaceful coexistence with all communities. They are required to do so in the best way both in words and actions, in order to curb the rising hatred and disorder [Fasad] in the land. Based on the established major maxims of Islamic jurisprudence supported by the Quran and Sunnah, as they learn in their Islamic seminaries, they should step to the fore and help the multi-cultural society live with positive mindset. 

The role model that Muslims must follow for developing coexistence is the beloved Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him), as God Almighty says about him in the Quran “There has certainly been for you in the Messenger of Allah an excellent pattern for anyone whose hope is in Allah and the Last Day and [who] remembers Allah often”. (33:21)

Historically analyzing we find that the beloved Prophet has left Muslims with four significant models of developing coexistence with non-Muslims whether they live in minority or majority, in or out of Islamic country. We find the first model in the Makki period where patience and coexistence were characterized as the major rules of conduct. The model of Abyssinia is the second model where loyalty was the dominant value. The third model can be seen in the first stage of Medinian period which featured pluralism and peaceful coexistence. The fourth exemplary model is the second stage of Medinian period where justice and intellectual insight were striking features of this model.    

These four models are completely ignored in the methodology adopted by the extremist think-tank living in our modern time. Strange as it is that these extremist mindsets take refuge in Non-Muslim countries and enjoy protection, yet they repeatedly stick to using ill words directing to the original natives of such countries. Such extremists make much negative speech and persistently express their hatred and bigotry towards them for not being Muslims. This is the main reason that incites negative feelings of hate, prejudice and bigotry against Muslims and Islam.

Such extremists are actually working against the Quran which asks to follow in the footsteps of the beloved Prophet (peace be upon him), as God Almighty says, “There has certainly been for you in the Messenger of Allah an excellent pattern for anyone whose hope is in Allah and the Last Day and [who] remembers Allah often”. (33:21). This Quranic verse teaches to follow the Prophetic models but sadly enough, the extremists who claim to follow the Quran do not follow the four main models of the beloved Prophet as discussed above.

It is also important for the Muslim clerics and scholars to tell their followers that after the Prophet (peace be upon him) migrated to Medinah, the Muslims not only achieved religious freedom but also ensured that freedom and security for all Medinian communities including Muslims, Jews, Hypocrites and Pagans. They must keep in their mind that the beloved Prophet established what is popularly known as the Meethaq-e-Madina (the Constitution of Medinah). This Constitution focused mainly on four principles; 1) peaceful and secure environment for all regardless of religion, caste, culture etc, 2) protection of religious freedom for all communities, 3) equal opportunity for public participation in the spheres of economy, military and politics, and 4) an affirmation of individual responsibility. This inspired the groundwork for a “social contract” comprising a commitment to equal treatment to all the Medinian citizens. 

A regular Columnist with NewAgeIslam.com, Ghulam Ghaus Siddiqi Dehlvi is an Alim and Fazil (Classical Islamic scholar) with a Sufi background and English-Arabic-Urdu Translator.

URL: http://www.newageislam.com/interfaith-dialogue/ghulam-ghaus-siddiqi,-new-age-islam/encourage-the-prophetic-models-of-peaceful-coexistence/d/116855

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  • Naseer sb.,

    I have already given my responses to your article "The Correct Understanding of the so called 'Sword' verses of Surah Taubah"  in the comment section of that article.

    By Ghulam Mohiyuddin - 12/20/2018 1:01:53 PM

  • GM sb,

    Educate yourself by reading:

    By Naseer Ahmed - 12/20/2018 3:27:42 AM

  • Naseer sb.,

    Don't you think considering the following two verses to be divine is calumny against God?

    (1) "And when the sacred months have passed, then kill the polytheists wherever you find them and capture them and besiege them and sit in wait for them at every place of ambush." 

    (2) "Fight those who do not believe in Allah or in the Last Day and who do not consider unlawful what Allah and His Messenger have made unlawful and who do not adopt the religion of truth."

    Don't you think it is our duty to fight any slanders against God in our Holy  Book?

    By Ghulam Mohiyuddin - 12/19/2018 12:34:07 PM

  • You are not interested in understanding anything but only in calumniating the Quran. Why would I discuss the verses in my articles if I didn't consider them divine?
    By Naseer Ahmed - 12/19/2018 12:18:42 AM

  • Naseer sb.,

    I am not going to read any articles in order to move a discussion forward. The question I asked you was simple. Do you think those two verses are of divine origin? Is it not demeaning to God to ascribe such verses to Him?

    By Ghulam Mohiyuddin - 12/18/2018 11:36:29 PM

  • The verses that you have cited have been discussed fully in the cited articles for anyone interested in understanding them. Show that you have read and  understood the articles  before discussing any further.

    The religion of Islam was completed and perfected and a completed and perfected religion must contain guidance on when to wage war and how to deal with the vanquished. Verses 9:1 to 9:29 cover the subject of how to deal with the vanquished enemy and must be read together to understand this subject.

    By Naseer Ahmed - 12/18/2018 10:24:35 PM

  • Naseer sb. does not want to answer my questions so he has now started a campaign of lies and calumny and calls me an apostate and keeps referring me to his articles instead of using this column for a mature dialogue. For me, anyone who can think that God Almighty, the benevolent and the merciful, would say words like the ones I had quoted is worse than a hypocrite or an apostate.

    By Ghulam Mohiyuddin - 12/18/2018 11:10:20 AM

  • @Miss Kaniz Fatma,

    You asked the question “Did Akbar become so secular because it was best for expansion of his kingdom?”


    Naseer sb answered you.


    I would like to add what I read somewhere that Jahangeer sought his forgiveness, commanded the jailer to release Mujaddid Alf Sani. But Alf Sani had placed some conditions before he was released. Jahangeer readily accepted the conditions, abrogated some conditions imposed on the Muslims and thus the religion initiated by Akbar came to an end.

    By Ghulam Ghaus Siddiqi غلام غوث الصديقي - 12/18/2018 2:14:25 AM

  • GM sb the hypocritical apostate, heaps calumny on the Quran by misquoting it. If he has anything meaningful to say on the subject he can comment under the articles in which these verses are discussed.

    By Naseer Ahmed - 12/18/2018 12:12:52 AM

  • Ghaus Sb,


    The events as per the Quran, the instructions as per the Quran and every act of the Prophet (pbuh) is in accordance with the Quran and in violation of the cited hadith. The cited hadith is therefore a forgery and falsely attributed to the Prophet (pbuh)


     If he was commanded to fight until they accepted Islam, why does the Quran say: (8:61) “But if the enemy incline towards peace, do thou (also) incline towards peace”?. This verse makes no exception based on the enemy - not even if the Muslims feared deception form them. (8:62) “Should they intend to deceive thee,- verily Allah sufficeth thee: He it is That hath strengthened thee with His aid and with (the company of) the Believers;”



    In 628 CE, the Prophet signed a 10-year truce called the Treaty of Hudaybiyah with the Meccans. Why did the Prophet sign the treaty for a period of 10 years with the people against whom he was commanded to fight until they accepted Islam? Why is he disobeying the command to keep on fighting and entering into treaties of peace?


    The Meccans broke the treaty and the Prophet conquered Mecca in 629.When they entered Mecca, Sa’ad ibn Ubada said this is the day of massacre but the Rasool corrected him and said 'this is a day of mercy and granted amnesty. Why did he declare amnesty when he was commanded to fight until they recited the Kalma?


    The worst of the polytheists are those covered by 9:5 on whom is the death penalty. But even these polytheists are granted a four-month period of amnesty (as per 9:2) during which they can move around freely and migrate to a neighbouring country to save their lives and retain their polytheistic faith if they so wish. So, who are those polytheists against whom the Prophet fought until they accepted Islam? None. If there was even one such polytheist against whom the prophet fought until he accepted Islam, the command in verse 2:256 “let there be no compulsion in religion” is violated. This did not happen.


    If the Prophet is seen to be consistently not following the alleged command contained in the hadith, but always in accordance with the Quran, what is it except a concoction of Satan to defame the Prophet (pbuh) and Islam?

    By Naseer Ahmed - 12/18/2018 12:07:06 AM

  • Naseer saheb has no answers to what I had posted so he is back practicing his obnoxious takfiri! He is not ashamed to ascribe to the Almighty God, the benevolent and the merciful, lines such as: "And when the sacred months have passed, then kill the polytheists wherever you find them and capture them and besiege them and sit in wait for them at every place of ambush," and, "Fight those who do not believe in Allah or in the Last Day and who do not consider unlawful what Allah and His Messenger have made unlawful and who do not adopt the religion of truth." If someone says that God could not possibly have said those words, Naseer sb. jumps to question that man's faith! When I ask him directly whether he thinks God could have said such words, he disappears. He has never answered that simple question!

    By Ghulam Mohiyuddin - 12/17/2018 11:42:31 PM

  • @Kaniz Fatma,

    The hadith “I have been commanded to fight the people [some specific people] until they say there is no god but Allah” was specifically meant for some specific people.

    I am writing a piece on this subject and insha Allah you will be able to understand it properly, much in agreement with the Quran which forbid forceful conversion and ahadith which forbid killing of non-Muslims.

    A passage of my article to be published soon is here for you, “It was stipulated that even during the wartime if anyone came and uttered ‘there is no god but Allah’, the fighting would not be waged against him. This stipulation was not primarily or purposely for forceful conversion, but rather it was because the pagans of Makka had exceeded in their enmity against Muslims so much that they, being pagans of Makka, could not tolerate the faith of Muslims. This excessive enmity of the pagans was properly understood by the Prophet (peace be upon him) and he knew that these specific pagans would not refrain from attacking him and his followers living as civilians of Madina and that the Quran verse 2:190 had allowed him to fight back in defence, so he declared, “I have been commanded to fight the people [specific pagans of Makkah] until they say ‘there is no god but Allah....”

    From this hadith one can’t take out the meaning of forceful conversion as this was specific only for wartime that took place between the early Muslims and the pagans of Makkah.       
    By Ghulam Ghaus Siddiqi غلام غوث الصديقي - 12/17/2018 10:56:56 PM

  • GM Sb,
    If you find the Quran not the speech of Allah, and its claims false, why do you then cling onto Islam?

    By definition you are a hypocrite and an apostate. Why don't you then openly apostatize and move away from Islam?


    By Naseer Ahmed - 12/17/2018 10:03:02 PM

  • Naseer sb.,

    By not replying directly to my post of December 13 you have again shown your devious methodology.

    The four points that you raise have been answered by me umpteen times before and I shall answer them again for you.

    (1) We say there is no compulsion in Islam but then we threaten dire consequences to those who deviate.

    (2) Your explication of the word "kafir" is neither deep nor valuable. We should stop using such words.

    (3) The misogynistic verses should be seen as a reflection of the culture of 7th century Arabia. We do not have to consider them to be of divine origin. Your attempt to explain them away is laughable. We should instead assert the fact that all are equal in the eyes of God.

    (4) The Quran says, "And when the sacred months have passed, then kill the polytheists wherever you find them and capture them and besiege them and sit in wait for them at every place of ambush," and, "Fight those who do not believe in Allah or in the Last Day and who do not consider unlawful what Allah and His Messenger have made unlawful and who do not adopt the religion of truth." I  consider the sword verses to be inoperative today. The essence of Islam lies in the Meccan or pre-Hegira verses.

    By Ghulam Mohiyuddin - 12/17/2018 1:16:46 PM

  • GM sb, You are the one who runs away from specifics. You have not clarified whether you agree with me when I say  based on the Quran that:

    1. There is no compulsion in religion is an eternal principle of Islam. This principle was never compromised by the Prophet in his prophetic mission.

    2. Kafir does not mean non-Muslim in the Quran. It is a faith neutral term and is also used for the “believers” and never to refer to all the polytheists.

    3. The Quran is not misogynistic in any of its rulings and there is wisdom behind all its rulings.

    4. The Quran does not sanction war against disbelief. It only allows war against oppression of any kind against any oppressor to help any oppressed. The religion of the oppressor and the oppressed is immaterial.

    By Naseer Ahmed - 12/16/2018 11:24:57 PM

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