certifired_img

NEW COMMENTS

  • Dear Ghulam Ghaus Saheb, you seem to be overreacting to what I wrote to Naseer Saheb. You told me something like that reading too much ...
    ( By SultanShahin )
  • To Naseer sahib and Sultan Shahin sahib, I do not think myself a scholar. I am a student. I read both classical and modern presentation ...
    ( By Ghulam Ghaus Siddiqi غلام غوث الصديقي )
  • Sultan shahin sahib, in your comment you say to me, “However, Ghulam Ghaus Saheb says no verse in Quran asks kafirs to be killed, the order ...
    ( By Ghulam Ghaus Siddiqi غلام غوث الصديقي )
  • Though almost correct, the following needed to have been added, in bold: “What Trump has done will have terrible consequences on the region for years to ...
    ( By Rashid Samnakay )
  • Mulims r always thinking backwards - similar examples can be given in Israel and Palestine conflict. Lot is misses....
    ( By Raman )
  • Dear Naseer Saheb, as I have said before, my heart is with you and I wish this to be established: " The Quran permits war ...
    ( By Sultan Shahin )
  • Naseer sab's post is full of "I", "I", "I". His tafsir is in fact nothing but an ego trip. The fact that he has not ...
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • The Indian Penal Code requires that the bridegroom and his family be arrested by the order of a magistrate....
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • Hindu Man Raised £3,500 After Video of Him 'Murdering a Muslim Man' Went Viral" The fact that someone....
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • Excellent article! Instead of taking positions that cater to the community's emotionalism our leaders should think....
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • Out of curiosity, I was just scanning through the various Tafsirs on Surah 98 Al-Bayyinah. Raza Ahmad Khan Barelvi....
    ( By Naseer Ahmed )
  • The Quran permits war against only the oppressors. It also allows alliances with all likeminded people irrespective of their faith, to put up a united ...
    ( By Naseer Ahmed )
  • Shahin sb, The following ...
    ( By Naseer Ahmed )
  • As far as I know, a carpenter has to create idol based on the "mantra" and other specifications mentioned in Tantra vidhi ....
    ( By A Hindu )
  • As far as I know, a carpenter has to create idol based on the "mantra" and other specifications mentioned in Tantra vidhi or Agama shastra ...
    ( By A Hindu )
  • سیدنا سعید بن جبیر شاگرد عبد اللہ بن عباس رضی اللہ عنہم کو راستہ میں ایک بد مذہب ملا ،....
    ( By Ghulam Ghaus Siddiqi غلام غوث الصديقي )
  • Allah the Most High says, “And O listener (followers of this Prophet) when you see those who argue in Our verses, turn away from ...
    ( By Ghulam Ghaus Siddiqi غلام غوث الصديقي )
  • Ghaus Sb is repeatedly quoting verses like: “So the clear proof and guidance and mercy have come to you, from your Lord; so who ....
    ( By Naseer Ahmed )
  • Mr. Sultan Shahin, You say to me, “Then you say Muslims follow Quran and will continue to follow Quran, no matter what. You ....
    ( By Ghulam Ghaus Siddiqi غلام غوث الصديقي )
  • Shahin sb, The context of verse 3:151 is the battle of Uhud. Casting terror into the hearts is relevant only for the enemy who stands ...
    ( By Naseer Ahmed )
  • Sultan Shahin sahib, You say to me, “Dear Ghulam Ghaus Saheb, You quote verses from Quran 7:37, 6:157, and 39:32 in an attempt to prove ...
    ( By Ghulam Ghaus Siddiqi غلام غوث الصديقي )
  • 1) I am surprised to see that Qunatity of the Muslims is presented as miracle. 2) A single word of Quran is not changed. Story behind this ...
    ( By Aayina )
  • We should be neither text-centered nor shrine-centered. Our approach to text and....
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • Dear Ghulam Ghaus Saheb, You quote verses from Quran 7:37, 6:157, and 39:32 in an attempt to prove that mushriks are kafir in Quranic terminology ...
    ( By Sultan Shahin )
  • Dear Naseer Saheb, let me try and understand this better. Wherefrom do you get the idea of kafir being religious persecutor in the following example. ...
    ( By Sultan Shahin )
  • हमें ही क़त्ल करते और हमें ही दहशत गर्द कहते है, बेगुनाह का क़त्ल कर क़ातिल खुद को मर्द कहते हैं...
    ( By Abidi Zafar )
  • Sultan Shahin shab thank you very much. If time permits me I shall write.
    ( By Shahnawaz Warsi )
  • Welcome Shahnawaz Warsi, to this forum and the comments section. Instead of just summarising and expressing...
    ( By Sultan Shahin )
  • I have spent a lengthy time over Islamic scholarship. A few days ago I discovered the debate on this website. I have ....
    ( By Shahnawaz Warsi )
  • English Translation of the earlier quoted Arabic Excerpt from the Mutazilite Tafsir “Al-Kashaf” on the verse 98:1 "The kuffar had two groups, (1) the people ...
    ( By Ghulam Ghaus Siddiqi غلام غوث الصديقي )
  • In my comment yesterday, I said that to say “The Mushrikun are Kafirun” is an oxymoron and therefore, you will not find such a verse ...
    ( By Naseer Ahmed )
  • Dear Sultan Shahin sahib, If we study the Rumiya and Dabiq magazines of ISIS, we find their ideologues also use terms, “tawaghit” (plural of taghut, ...
    ( By Ghulam Ghaus Siddiqi غلام غوث الصديقي )
  • Their 'major response' will be in Arabic language spoken with forked tongue!'
    ( By Skepticles )
  • Shahin sb says : But the idea of extirpating shirk is always there. So much so that in some of the last verses to be ...
    ( By Naseer Ahmed )
  • Dear Ghulam Ghaus Saheb, I do not use words like Kafir and Mushrik in a pejorative sense, if at all I ever use them. I ...
    ( By Sultan Shahin )
  • Dear Sultan Shahin sahib, The terrorist kharijites of ISIS and their like-minded groups kill the mushrik, kafir, Muslims, especially .....
    ( By Ghulam Ghaus Siddiqi غلام غوث الصديقي )
  • A misleading article. “According to UK law, Nikah on its own is not enough, and a civil ceremony is a requirement...
    ( By Rashid Samnakay )
  • Sultan Shahin sahib, Whatever Sufis may have done I do not subscribe to the ideology of offensive Jihad for the sake of establishing Islam’s domination ...
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • Ghaus sab, I agree with you that there should not be fighting over these terms. Moreover I believe that we should discard these terms and proclaim ...
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • Ghulam Mohiyuddin So Arabs are planning a major response to Trump's
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • LATEST ARTICLES

    Islamic World News

    BHU MA Paper: Discuss Triple Talaq as a Social Evil in Islam

    Pro-Peace Pak Activist Raza Mahmood Khan 'Disappeared' From Lahore

    Arab Ministers Demand Reversal of Trump Jerusalem Decision

    French ISIS Fighters Move to Afghanistan after Facing Defeat in Syria

    India

    Rajasthan Hacking: Over 300 Activists Protest In Delhi against the Killing of Muslim Labourer

    Pakistan

    CPEC Funds Halted: China Wants Pakistan Army To Take Over Projects?

    Arab World

    Syria: ISIL Terrorists Capture Al-Nusra Positions in Idlib for First Time

    South Asia

    Taliban Militants Blown Up By Own Explosives in Laghman

    North America

    Murder of Muslim Labourer In Rajasthan Sparks Outrage Among Indian Americans

    US After Hatching New Plots Against Muslims

    Mideast

    President Rouhani: Iran Not to Keep Silent on US, Israeli Plots against Al-Quds

    Iran Says 'Good Relations' Possible If Saudi Arabia Ends 'Friendship' With Israel

    Southeast Asia

    Thousands of Indonesians Rally At US Embassy over Jerusalem

    Compiled by New Age Islam News Bureau

    For Details and More Headlines from All Regions, Please click, ‘More

    Islam, Women and Feminism

    Pakistani-American Kathak Dancer Farah Sheikh Gives Captivating Performance on Mughal Empress Nur Jahan's Life

    Our Marriage Proves That Idea of Love Jihad Is Fake, Says Indian Hindu Woman Who Wed Muslim Man

    Jerusalem … From Hitler to Trump, Between Them, Women’s Fashion And Guns

    CEO Of Twofour54 Honoured As Role Model for Women

    Causes Week 2017: Code For Success: Getting Women to Be Techies

    Compiled by New Age Islam News Bureau

    Spiritual Meditations

    Western philosophy, as Heidegger pointed out, is oblivious to the ground of being. It is not open to the sacred mystery of Being. It is not the philosopher but the poet who can show the track of the holy, to the sacred mystery of Being. Nothing in the world of known can express the Divine Darkness. All quests end in wonder. In the last analysis man knows nothing to its depth by means of senses and reason....

     
    Islamic World News

    His Defense of Hindus Was to Kill a Muslim and Post the Video

    Terrorist Groups Vow Bloodshed over Jerusalem Decision, ISIS, Less So

    Perak Politicians, Islamic Activists Rally Against Trump to ‘Save Jerusalem’

    Syria: Infighting in Idlib, Hama Leaves over 440 Terrorists Dead

    JUI-S Chief Says Muslim World to Resist US Move

     

    India

    "Can't End Terror Until We Uproot Islam," Said Union Minister, Old Video Surfaces

    Mideast

    US Isolated At UNSC As Allies Condemn Trump's Al-Quds Decision

    Southeast Asia

    Malay NGO Wants UN Security Council to Block Trump’s Jerusalem Move

    Arab World

    Saudi Film Wins Top Prize for Raising Awareness against Extremism

    Pakistan

    China Warns Citizens in Pakistan of Possible Terror Attacks

    South Asia

    'Enforced Disappearance' Suspected In Bangladesh

    Taliban’s Major Treatment Facility Busted in Wardak Province

    Europe

    UK Criticizes Muslim Brotherhood, Defends Western Policy

    Muslim Dutch Politicians Blast US' Jerusalem Move

    Africa

    Africans Enjoy Turkey's Religious Freedom

    North America

    Trump’s Travel Ban Takes Effect as Muslim Americans Face Increased Attacks

    Muslims Pray Outside White House to Protest Trump Jerusalem Move

    Compiled by New Age Islam News Bureau

    For Details and More Headlines from All Regions, Please click, ‘More

    Islam, Women and Feminism

    Saudi Arabia Allows First Public Concert by a Female Performer, and Saudi Women Go Crazy

    Afghan Interior Minister Asked to Boost Women’s Role in Police

    SLATE Organises Lecture on Muslim Women Empowerment

    Nightclubs, Cafes Still Risky Business for Iraqi Women

    Turkey Marks Women’s Rights Day

    Turkey: Dried Fruit Business Provides Jobs to Women

    Muslim Women's Council Slams US’ Jerusalem Decision

    Compiled by New Age Islam News Bureau

     
    The War Within Islam

    Return of a Spectre Called Blasphemy
    Farzana Shaikh

    But they also brought to fruition a state-sponsored policy, active since 9/11, of quietly empowering Barelvi groups to counterbalance so-called “hardliners” among Pakistan’s proliferating Deobandi and Salafi groups. They were seen to have grown increasingly independent of their handlers within Pakistan’s military and security establishment, whose authority it was said they were now prone to question. It is no wonder that eyebrows were raised when Pakistan’s army chief, General Qamar Javed Bajwa, declined to act in support of the government claiming the protestors were ‘our people’....

     
    Islam and Sectarianism

    The Barelvi Bandwagon: Pakistan Establishment’s Misuse of Religion Has Paved the Way for Sectarianism
    Khaled Ahmed

    When and if the law took its normal course, the courts were made to realise that the clerics could not be challenged. The government was scared of prosecuting them and the judges soon got the message. This immunity led to the criminalisation of religion in Pakistan. Madrasas, funded lavishly from outside the country, became more assertive and enslaved poor disciple-students through free lodging and boarding.....

    Islam and Spiritualism

    Why, 600 Years after Death, Saint Of Kashmiri Syncretism Lives On
    Sameer Arshad Khatlani

    The faithful have been chanting the Aurad-ul-Fatiha in Kashmir’s mosques since the 14th century saint Mir Syed Ali Hamdani, who popularised Islam among the masses, introduced the practice. The converts, Tully wrote in India In Slow Motion, missed “their temple worship with its occasional singing and dancing”, so Hamdani collected an anthology of Quranic verses and the Prophet’s sayings for them to chant in mosques. This was a departure from the Muslim practice of silent worship.....

    Islam and the West

    When Washington Cheered the Jihadists
    Daniel Lazare

    The forum is particularly well known for its Campus Watch program, which targets academic critics of Israel, Islamists, and – despite Gambill’s kind words about “suicide bombings and roadside bombs” – anyone it considers the least bit apologetic about Islamic terrorism. Double your standard, double the fun. Terrorism, it seems, is only terrorism when others do it to the U.S., not when the U.S. does it to others....

    Islam and Politics

    'Children of the Stones': The Day Palestine Was Reborn
    Ramzy Baroud

    My name is Ramzy, and I am the son of Mohammed, a freedom fighter from the Nuseirat Refugee Camp, and the grandson of a peasant who died of a broken heart and was buried beside the grave of my brother, a little boy who died because there was no medicine in the refugee camp's UN clinic. My mother is Zarefah, a refugee who could not spell her name, whose illiteracy was compensated by a heart overflowing with love for her children, a woman who had the patience of a prophet. I am a free boy; in fact, I am a free man....

     
    1 2 ..4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 ... 13 14 15 ....


    BEST OF BEFORE ARTICLES

    Islam and Spiritualism

    Put Every Effort First Into Establishing Peace—Peace At Any Cost
    Maulana Wahiduddin Khan for New Age Islam

    This principle is taught in Islam, too. It was exemplified in the life of the Prophet Muhammad. For instance, in the case of the Hudaibiya Treaty, the Prophet agreed to the conditions set by his opponents, and in this way secured peace. The Quran refers this treaty as Itmam-e Naymat (48:2). This means that the treaty signed at Hudaibiya was a sign of completion of God’s favour to the Prophet. Why does God call the treaty Itmam-e Naymat? This is because now that peace had been established because of the treaty, it provided the opportunity to do other, constructive things, using peaceful methods....

     
    Ijtihad, Rethinking Islam

    Quran is Not the Source of All Problems but It Must Be Brought within the Ambit of History
    Arshad Alam, New Age Islam

    However, the reason that Hassan Radwan gives for historicizing the Quran is simplistic and problematic. Firstly, it is not true that one cannot beat the traditionalists in the game of selective quotation from Quranic passages supporting moderate and liberal voices. Scholars, both modern (like Amina Wadud) and traditional (like Fazlur Rahman) have shown how a different hermeneutical reading of the Quran is possible: one that is consistent with a modern and liberal worldview. It is true that in most of the Muslim countries, such interpretations have either remained marginal or have altogether failed....

    Related Articles:

    Is Islamic Reform Possible? 'Should We Just Accept That Quran Is Not Perfect, Infallible Word of God, If Nearly All Muslims Misundetstand It?'

    The Quran Is the Perfect, Infallible Word of God, Even If All the Muslims Misunderstand It

    Some Muslim Intellectuals of This Era Cry Lies or Half-Truths against Islam Creating Doubts and Suspicions against It – Ignorantly or Fraudulently - God Knows Best

    Islamic Society

    The Sufis: Islam’s Anti-Terrorists

    Sufi orders formed in the ninth and tenth centuries as spiritual movements to bypass the legalism of the Ulema and the worldliness and luxury of the caliphate. At a time when Islam was becoming dogmatic, claiming that Muhammad’s religion was the only true faith and that the Qur’an was the only valid scripture, Sufis saw God everywhere, even in pagan traditions. At a time when the Ulema had closed the gates of Ijtihad, regarding revelation as complete, Sufis sought new revelations from God. At a time when the Ulema preached a God of law, Sufis spoke of God as love....

     
    Ijtihad, Rethinking Islam

    Islam’s Reform:  Can Passages of the Quran Be Cherry-Picked — To Embrace What Is Appealing and To Skirt around What Is Not? That Is the Question
    Javed Anand

    But now enters a British Muslim, Hassan Radwan. In an article recently published by the online portal New Age Islam, he makes an altogether radical prescription for salvaging Islam from “the hard-line literalists undermining the soul of a loving, universal creed”. According to him, “Liberal and progressive interpretations depend mostly on nuanced readings of the Quran and Sunna, or forcing new meanings out of them. But by playing the extremists’ game of interpreting the texts, we allow them a semblance of legitimacy. We also give them the opportunity to come back with theological workarounds”. So, what is to be done? Radwan’s answer: “We Muslims need to take the bold step of challenging the very idea that the Quran and Sunna are infallible.” But how can the Quran, the word of God, be fallible? Simple. “The Quran is not the speech of God”, he maintains, quoting several modern-day Muslim scholars as also quite a few from the early period of Islam in support. According to Radwan, once Muslims accept that the Quran is not the Word of God, they can “unashamedly cherry-pick” from among the Quranic verses, accepting the good ones and rejecting the bad. Like the Christian reformists did 500 years ago?...

    Related Article:

    Is Islamic Reform Possible? 'Should We Just Accept That Quran Is Not Perfect, Infallible Word of God, If Nearly All Muslims Misunderstand It?'

    Radical Islamism and Jihad

    Refuting ISIS While Interpreting the Quranic Verse ‘Kill the Mushrikin Wherever You Find Them’
    Ghulam Ghaus Siddiqi, New Age Islam

    The fact that the biggest terrorists since the advent of Islam were the Kharijites, who used Islamic titles, appearances and mercilessly killed the rightly guided caliphs and Muslims, is also that ISIS as neo-Kharijites have adopted the same tactics to kill the modern-day Muslims and non-Muslims living under the peace-pact environment. These neo-Kharijites have shattered the true image of Islam, committed heinous crimes and distorted the historical fact of the rightly guided caliphate. In their mouthpiece “Rumiyah” magazine, they repeatedly misinterpret the war-related verses for terrorist propaganda and recruitment; it is, therefore, our responsibility as Muslims to correctly interpret those verses in a bid to thwart their ambitions....

    Islam and the West

    When Looking At Muslims, Westerners Completely Miss a Significant Part of the Community, the Converts
    Akbar Ahmed

    When looking at Muslims, Westerners completely miss a significant part of the community, the converts. In order to better understand the diversity and complexity of Islam in the West today, we will hear in this series over the next few weeks the voices of Western Muslim converts. They are natives of England, Denmark, and Germany and they too represent Islam. They include a Cambridge scholar, an imam, a music director and a television presenter and author. In short as diverse a group as one can expect...

    Books and Documents

    No culture has been—or can be—immune to change, no matter what self-styled purists may demand or expect. Change is a hallmark of human life, personal as well as collective.  Even if some people would like to preserve cultures intact, as in a museum, this can never happen. Internal developments as well as the impact of external events ensure that cultures are always in a process of flux....

    Islamic Ideology

    Reflections on Social Responsibilities in Islam – Part 3
    Muhammad Yunus, New Age Islam

    There is of course another way to look at the spending trend of this era. The people, who pay heavy taxes and are engaged in a time demanding and stressful job, need change and recreation to regain their energy with recreation, entertainment and travel – none forbidden in Islam. The Qur’an only forbids an obsessive craving to spending money with complete disregard of one’s social responsibilities. Such people, the Qur’an says, have no faith in God or the hereafter and are dominated by the Satan….      

    Islam and Politics

    Is Islam Inherently Secular?
    Inas Younis

    When we defend our secular ideals, we can afford to do so with the religious zeal that only sacred principles could inspire. Dualism is a function of a theology that sees man and nature as inherently evil and at odds with the superior spiritual and sacred dimension. Islam does not recognize this dichotomy. For many Muslims, the political philosophy that set the trajectory towards the creation of the United States is the greatest reconciliation of man’s nature and God’s will....

     
    Islamic Ideology

    It Is Completely Wrong To Say That in Islam Blasphemy Is a Crime That Merits Capital Punishment
    Maulana Wahiduddin Khan New Age Islam

    There is no such sentence in the Quran or in the Hadith. So, this claim that a person who blasphemes the Prophet should be killed is based entirely on Qiyas or Ijtihad. But, as pointed out earlier, in this matter, Qiyas and Ijtihad are not enough. For such a claim there must be a Nass, a textual reference in the Quran or Hadith, to support it, but since there is no such clear Nassin either of these two sources, it is completely wrong to say that in Islam blasphemy is a crime that merits capital punishment. The claim that blasphemy is a crime that merits capital punishment is the opinion of some Fuqaha or scholars of Muslim jurisprudence, but the mere opinion of these scholars is not enough to validate this claim of theirs....

    Islamic Ideology

    Islam and Mysticism: What Else Is Confused With Soul? (Part 3)
    Naseer Ahmed, New Age Islam

    What we have clearly seen, is that neither Ruh nor Nafs mean “soul” in the Quran, and there is no other word in the Quran that means “soul” by its primary meaning. This article once again demonstrates the methodology for arriving at a correct understanding of the Quran without ambiguity, even when the scholars and the translators, all the imams and the Mufassereen, and the beliefs that we have grown up with, are all wrong. That is the strength of the Quran. ....

     
    Islam, Women and Feminism

    Law, Morality, Triple Talaq
    Faizan Mustafa

    Thus striking down triple divorce as unconstitutional or holding it un-Islamic in itself will not help. We must educate people and the Board must ensure that all divorces henceforth happen as per the Quranic procedure. The best solution to remove the menace of triple divorce under the Hanafi School is to order the incorporation of an explicit condition in the Nikahnama that there shall be no instant triple divorce and the wife too will have a right to divorce....

    Islam and the West

    Stemming the Ever Rising Tide of Islamophobia in America by Removing Misperceptions
    Muhammad Yunus, New Age Islam

    In the perception of many Americans who are, if anything, more afraid of Islam today than before, the Sharia Law is inhuman and a threat to American civilization and must be banned. The perception, based on Islamophobic literature is reinforced by ISIS’s justification of its horrendous crimes by the Sharia Law of Islam. The American Muslims on the other hand glorify Sharia Law of Islam as a treasure-chest of noble rulings, without realizing that in the hands of the terror outfits and their ideologues of this era it has lost all its nobility and became an evil institution that is justifiably dreaded and abhorred by the lay Americans...

    Islamic Ideology

    The Qur’an as a whole, including all of its aspects and traits, is a miracle that no one other than God can compose. Emphasising the eloquence of Qur’an essentially reduces it to a literary masterpiece or a work of art. This is far from the whole purpose of the Qur’an. The Book is certainly a literary miracle, but that should be thought of as a secondary feature and a by-product of the real theme of God’s Book. Furthermore, the Qur’an is a miracle for all mankind, in all places and at all times...

     
    Islamic Ideology

    AN EPILOGUE TO THE RECENT ANTI-SHARIA LAW RALLIES ACROSS AMERICAN CITIES: The Dichotomy between Sharia Law of Islam (Islamic Law) and the Sharia of Islam
    Muhammad Yunus, New Age Islam

    So the Muslims of the world – especially its leaders and educated elite must clearly understand the black and white distinction between ‘Sharia of Islam’ and the ‘Sharia Law of Islam’ (‘Islamic Law’) as this paper attempts to expound in very simple but compelling terms - otherwise they will live in perpetual confusion and chaos and allow a handful of proponents of Sharia Law to form mini-Caliphates, terrorize the whole world and create mayhems in their own lands.....

    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 ... 28 29 30 ....


    TOP ARTICLE

    Get New Age Islam in Your Inbox
    E-mail:
    Most Popular Articles
    Videos

    The Reality of Pakistani Propaganda of Ghazwa e Hind and Composite Culture of IndiaPLAY 

    Global Terrorism and Islam; M J Akbar provides The Indian PerspectivePLAY 

    Shaukat Kashmiri speaks to New Age Islam TV on impact of Sufi IslamPLAY 

    Petrodollar Islam, Salafi Islam, Wahhabi Islam in Pakistani SocietyPLAY 

    Dr. Muhammad Hanif Khan Shastri Speaks on Unity of God in Islam and HinduismPLAY 

    Indian Muslims Oppose Wahhabi Extremism: A NewAgeIslam TV Report- 8PLAY 

    NewAgeIslam, Editor Sultan Shahin speaks on the Taliban and radical IslamPLAY 

    Reality of Islamic Terrorism or Extremism by Dr. Tahirul QadriPLAY 

    Sultan Shahin, Editor, NewAgeIslam speaks at UNHRC: Islam and Religious MinoritiesPLAY 

    Books and Documents