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Books and Documents

Islamic Society

Fasting from dawn to sundown during Ramadan is one of the five pillars of Islam, along with: Tauheed, a Muslim’s declaration of faith in one Allah; Salah, the saying of prayers five times a day; Zakat, a religious obligation for all Muslims who meet the necessary criteria of wealth, which is considered a sort of tax or obligatory alms; and the Hajj pilgrimage....

 

Secularists are behaving as if anything that we touch even distantly related to religion will defile the constitution. They forget what the Father of the Nation said: “I am ready, I am a Bengali, I am a human being, I am a Muslim.”  He was secular and he was a Muslim. We never fought, as many would say, to get rid of religion, but to get rid of exploitation in the name of religion.....

 

Educational Construct of ‘Me and the Other’ Must Be Changed To Tackle Racial and Religious Extremism
Dr Mohd Tajuddin Mohd Rasdi

Rules and laws cannot ensure a permanent solution as the attitudes of the minds of the people must be changed from centuries of the narrow educational construct of ‘me and the other’ in social and political relationships. Knowledge of science and technology are not the real keys to a proper civilisational success. Those who wield the tools and knowledge of science and technology must be imbued with the quality of human and humane constructs...

How Pakistan Weaponised ‘Love for Prophet Muhammad’
Kunwar Khuldune Shahid

That this gauntlet of radical Islam continues to be inherited and used by Pakistani leaders underscores the cause behind the shambles the state continues to find itself in. That this self-mutilation is carried out as manifestation of “love” for the Prophet of Islam is emblematic of the fatal inertia against reform of Islamic theology in the Muslim world...

 

Islamist Terrorism Wanes in Pakistan, but Religious Fervour Threatens National Unity
Pamela Constable

While Pakistani officials claim to have eradicated Islamist extremism and terrorism from their country after years of conflict, a new threat to public order and religious peace has risen in their place. The Movement in Service to the Prophet, which professes the benign agenda of defending Muhammad as the final prophet of Islam, also exhorts followers to violence in that cause and targets members of the Ahmadiyya Muslim sect, called Ahmadis, as dangerous heretics because they believe in a later prophet....

 

Saudi Reforms Wind Yet To Impress Indian Clerics
Areeba Falak

“These are not reforms and this is no reformation of Islam. This is restoration of Islam to the religion it was meant to be which until now was distorted by the Saudis. Changes like banning polygamy or making divorce formal could have been considered as reforms. But as much as we welcome the end of the ban on women driving, we cannot call these reforms.”...

Sighting the New Crescent: Time to End the Chaos of the ‘Night of Doubt’
Nidhal Guessoum

The problem lies with religious authorities, who need to accept the idea of replacing night-of-doubt sighting of the crescent with advance calculations. We need to move on from the old injunctions (“sight the crescent”) — and their literal applications — to a more objectivist (Maqasidi) interpretation of the intention (i.e., “use your best tools, including telescopes and computers, to ascertain the start of the month”) on the part of the Muslim authorities....

 

Iraq’s 'Tree Of Knowledge' Draws Visitors across Faiths
Wassim Bassem

A convoy from Babil province travelled nearly 250 miles in early April to visit Adam’s Holy Tree, also known as the “Tree of Knowledge.” For the thousands of Muslims who come each year, praying at the tree brings blessings, forgiveness and realization of their dreams. It also draws Christian tourists who believe it is the tree Eve ate from in the Garden of Eden....

 

The Profound Normalcy of a Day at the Movies in Saudi Arabia
Haifaa Al Mansour

Women seemed suddenly visible, working in shops and dressed with splashes of colour. They have identities. They are not afraid to be seen. I thought of that girl waiting outside a video store. She is now part of the government’s efforts to bring arts to a society starved for culture. It is surreal and overwhelming. But soon, like all great changes after normalcy returns, it could seem like the most basic right in the world. That will be when the real work begins, when we push ourselves to move beyond normal to create something extraordinary....

 

Being the vicegerents of God, it is time we all took this responsibility seriously through initiating a daily routine of Muraqaba (Meditation), Zikr (Remembrance of God), Tafakkur (contemplation) on the signs God has left for us in this universe through His marvellous creations.” The simplicity of his message was profound. The smiles of exuberant joy began to play on the faces of the participants realizing what they seek is not far away but within their own selves....

 

Orientalist Art A Window into Majestic, Vibrant Arab World
Zaid M. Belbagi

With the Arab world arguably more unstable and indeed violent than during the pre-colonial era that the orientalists depicted, there is a case for encouraging artistic exchanges to broaden the artistic record and thereby opinions of the Arab world. Archaeological surveys and curation of artwork both from and about the region require development and the skills gap that remains in this regard is especially pertinent...

 

Conquest and Cordoba: The Sort of Freedom That Exudes From Every Pore of the Mosque of Cordoba Has Remained Elusive
Rafia Zakaria

The simultaneous sense of wonder and grief still radiates from the Moorish arches of the mosque of Cordoba today. While Iqbal’s sense of loss was particularly poignant, he grew up in a united India still languishing under the yoke of British colonialism. Muslims ruled Spain for nearly 700 years; the British had been in India for nearly 200. The Muslims of South Asia did throw off their colonial yoke, but the Mosque of Cordoba evokes a moment in Islamic history that goes far beyond mere independence or the control of the borders of this or that nation state....

 

The Islamisation of Turkey
Rauf Baker

The Turkish regime is gradually transforming into a developed, complicated, and more dangerous version of the al-Qaeda organization. The rhetoric and approach seem convergent or even identical. The difference is that Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan is leading a country of significant geopolitical importance, not a militant group scattered across Afghanistan’s mountains....

 

A Perspective of Pak-Saudi Relationship
Dr Muhammad Khan

King Fahd, took over the Kingdom at a decisive stage in 1982, once there was Arab world was facing a new challenge; the Islamic revolution in Iran and Iran-Iraq war which lasted from 1980 to 1988. It was the most decisive period and the Kingdom played a very crucial role in the regional stability of the Arabian Gulf. Pakistan supported the Saudi role and provided all out assistance to the Kingdom at political, military and diplomatic level....

 

How Teaching Philosophy in Tunisia Protected the State
Fahad Suleiman Shoqiran

He states: “For a purely individual characteristic of Kant’s mind is a remarkable love of symmetry, which delights in a varied multiplicity, so that it may reduce it to order, and repeat this order in subordinate orders, and so on indefinitely, just as happens in Gothic churches.” Thus, choosing this text in the secondary curriculum of philosophy is a boost to sharpen and awaken the mind....

 

Every Sufi Master Is, In a Sense, a Freudian Psychotherapist
Omnia El Shakry

Even in the most revolutionary thinkers, you will find the uncannily familiar. Sigmund Freud was no exception. Arabs recognised in Freud’s body of thought ideas from classical Islamic thinkers. In the 1940s and ’50s, when intellectuals translated Freud’s work into Arabic, they reached out to Ibn Arabi, the great 12th-13th-century Sufi mystic philosopher. The Egyptian playwright and novelist Tawfiq al-Hakim dates the impulse to blend traditions as far back as Alexander’s conquest of Syria and the eventual translation of philosophical works from Greek to Syriac....

Calling to Prayer with Loud Voice: Azan Is Fard Kifaya not Fard Ain
Fahd Al-Ahmary

Shariah experts say Adhan is neither a basic condition for Salah nor one of its principles or pillars. Adhan is Fard Kifaya or a legal obligation discharged by the Muslim community. Unfortunately, some people who do not know the difference between Fard Kifaya and Fard Ain and the difference between condition and pillar give strange opinion creating confusion among the faithful....

Al Israa' Wal Miraj Is A Time For Reflection
Nasif Kayed

In the same year, the Lord in His infinite wisdom revealed to Prophet Muhammad what is now commemorated as the Night Journey, when on the 27th of Rajab, in the seventh month of the lunar calendar; the Archangel Jibrael visited him at night and took him on Al Burraq (the name of an angel). They travelled from Makkah to Jerusalem, to the furthest mosque today called Al Aqsa. There, he met with all previous Prophets who had struggled with their peoples to deliver the same message of submission. He led them in prayer:...

 

The ‘Muslim-First’ Doctrine: Pakistan’s Free Fall Continues Under Politicians, Judges Who Represent State’s Dark Side
Khaled Ahmed

Already, in the middle-class-dominated markets of Lahore, many shops say “Ahmadis not allowed”. The community is under siege and is trying to flee the country before being subjected to collective violence. The judge is a fundamentalist Muslim dreaming of winning paradise by making Pakistan a “Muslim first” state. Malaysia-based Islamic scholar Javed Ghamidi — who thinks Pakistan is a nation-state and not a Khilafat and is therefore committed to treating all its citizens equally — can no longer live in Pakistan after being attacked in Lahore....

Is Saudi Arabia Turning Against Wahhabism?
Eleanor Beever

Some resistance to religious reform is inevitable. But the best friend of liberalization, however gradual, is its own practice. Whilst the House of Saud is unlikely to be brought down by jihadist attacks in the near future, it should learn the lessons of history if it wants to avoid empowering the very force it claims to be fighting....

Countdown to the Opening of Cinemas in Saudi Arabia
Mohammed Al Shaikh

When we call for openness and for dealing with the issue of what is allowed and what is forbidden with free minds without accusing people of infidelity or heresy, i.e. when we accept pluralism, we’d be setting our foot on the first path of reform and civilization. We must also admit that our country has several components with different orientations, some of which have contradicting jurisprudential orientations....

 

Saudi Reforms Are a Way to Preserve Its Political Order but They Are Still Welcome
Sameer Arshad Khatlani

The focus needs to shift to the Islamic mandate of the creation of an egalitarian society based on forgiveness. The focus should go back to the bigger jihad, the struggle against evil within and to dissuasion from fighting (Qital or Harb) that features in the Quran 70 times against the reference to jihad (41 times). This spirit underlined by the Quranic verse calling the killing of an innocent akin to slaying all of humanity has to prevail to rid the world of destabilising scourge of terrorism and Islamophobia....

 

Crisis of Faith: Disillusioned Young Muslims Are Opting For Atheism
Hasan Suroor

Admittedly, there’s no way to verify all of ex-Muslims’ accounts or the real scale of the phenomenon, but even allowing for exaggeration, it doesn’t make a pretty picture. Attracting extremists while losing educated and liberal followers, threatens to exacerbate Islam’s already serious existential crisis in the absence of any serious effort to halt the slide.

Moderation means to adopt a middle path between two extremes in all walks of life. Islam stresses moderation and balance in all aspects of life; in beliefs, worship, conduct, relationships, ideas, customs, transactions, daily activities and human desires. Principled moderation has been reiterated in the Quran whether explicitly or implicitly as a good character in Islam.

Allah Almighty said: “Thus, We have made you a justly balanced community” (2:143)....

Islamic Scholarship: Humility Is One of the Requirements
Nikhat Sattar

Humility is one of the requirements of being an Islamic scholar. It is absolutely essential to be able to express doubt or lack of one’s own clarity about a particular issue, and not appear to know everything there is to know about religion or even the Quran. There are innumerable Mufassirs (exegetes) who have written interpretations of the Quran, but rare is the one who may have referred to an interpretation differing from his or who may have suggested that a particular verse could possess more than the meaning s/he is inclined to see....

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NEW COMMENTS

  • Mr Arshad If Emanted from single source is right than only middle eastern and Abrhamic relgion cannot be only given ....
    ( By Aayina )
  • Gulam Mohyuddin always critisis Hatts off, but Hatts put bitter truth in bitter from. He/she/?? Who so ever Hatts off must be read and undesrtood. Mr ...
    ( By Aayina )
  • What I said is clear for everyone to see. The sole purpose of Hats Off's visits here is to create some stink.
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • starving syrian kids must have plenty of food for thought. probably so do the ethiopian kids. and of course the kids in the "islamic" republic ...
    ( By hats off! )
  • In modernist Islam spousal abuse, triple talaq and bigamy must all be banned.
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • Hats Off comes to this forum to call God "mean and nasty"! Being insensitive and unmannerly seems to....
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • Good article. He has addressed a burning issue which has divided the ummah. This is a severe issue but much has not been done to ...
    ( By arshad )
  • people with full stomach do not have much to think and so say things which do not have food for thought.'
    ( By arshad )
  • a god who gets satisfaction seeing people go hungry is not just mean, he is worthless, stupid and more like....
    ( By hats off! )
  • I am afraid this is the sentence we repeat numerous times in our daily discourse. But when the issue of blasphemy....
    ( By arshad )
  • Islam gradually became a violent religion because of the interpretation of certain extremist scholars...
    ( By s. arshad )
  • Mr Aayina, it is an effort to show that all the religions emanated from a single source and had similar rituals to please...
    ( By s. arshadS )
  • Great to start new idea to saw seed of diffrence rather than diversity in the mind of people by telling the diffrence of Saum and ...
    ( By Aayina )
  • Good article and very practical suggestions from Mr Shahin. He is pointed out the basis of the distortion of Quranic principles of peace and peaceful ...
    ( By s. arshad )
  • Mullahs who taught hate and supremacism stayed in Pakistan and became rich and powerful whereas scholars who endeavored to “present ....
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • Dealing with Islamic civilizational stagnation and espousing genuine modernistic modes of thinking require more guts than most of our ulema possess. Hence ....
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • The Furqan Force or Furqan Battalion was a uniformed fighting force of volunteers (khuddam-i-din[1]) in newly formed Pakistan, composed....
    ( By Shan94 )
  • The Crown Prince's liberalization moves seem to be phony....
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • The basis and inseparable principle of Islam is the followers of Non-Arabic religions are Khafirs. As long as Khafir concept is exist, No ...
    ( By dr.A.Anburaj )
  • Hats Off's venom has always been directed more at moderate Muslims...
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • Although we do not want to join the Ahmadi sect we should certainly try to learn what makes them better exemplars of peacefulness...
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • i know. you are one of the most moderate muslims since the prophet.....
    ( By hats off! )
  • To Mohmmad Rofiq. First I wish Mr sultan Shahin forward this to you. Indonesia and Malaysia ....
    ( By Aayina )
  • Historical Krishna or Mohmmad paigamber cannot be my ideal even Swami Ramdas says. This both had gave enough blunders in human life...
    ( By Aayina )
  • Article writer hiding its identity which tells thousand word how this Abrhamic tradition is hollow of non-violence had no example to ....
    ( By Aayina )
  • Abhrahmic violence technology is best why to use Dharmic relgions Non-violence notion when Abrhamic tradition and its God had establish it'd hegemony on ...
    ( By Aayina )
  • I do not need any anti-venom to spurn your hateful activity in this forum.
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • so your anti-venom is just like snake-oil.'
    ( By hats off! )
  • The venom spewers are just a distraction here. The would fit in nicely in any apostate website.
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • mr ghulam mohiyuddin comes to this forum to "spew" his anti-venom?
    ( By hats off! )
  • Iran and Saudi Arabia are equally to blame for the winds of war in the Middle East. We should condemn both equally.
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • Excellent article! Let us hope Malaysians heed it.
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • Islamophobics will always deny the existence of Islamophobia just as the worst racists deny the existence of racism. One's own....
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • Hats Off's bitter hate for Islam makes him blind to the whole person and the sum total of his achievements and makes him paint ....
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • yeah! caravan raiding is so generous. just like taking sex slaves is. also it was really generous of the prophet to to reserve....
    ( By hats off! )
  • Jehadi ideology has to be defeated. Using the holy platform of the mosque to spread such an ideology must be prohibited. Exposure...
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • I am hopeful Allah is with me." Zakir Musa. I would be very surprised if Allah is with you and your retrogressive ideas....
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • Comments of the PAS President and Hats Off are equally simplistic but the latter's comment is also mean-spirited.
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • To fix the me and other you have to fix your "Quran" first which has highest notion of me and other on nearly every page.' ...
    ( By Aayina )
  • This is what happens when Urbanisim, and mordernity was imposed on the Tribal India. I am against of all this public place encroachment but we need ...
    ( By Aayina )