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Books and Documents

Islam and Tolerance

A Half-Victory for Tolerance in Indonesia

Ahok’s opponents seem to have concluded that the surest path to victory is to pander to the sectarians. Both Mr Baswedan and Mr Yudhoyono attended dawn prayers with Mr Shihab at the latest rally, even though moderate Muslim groups had told their members to stay away. Mr Baswedan, who was once feted as a model of tolerance, also gave a speech at FPI’s headquarters in January alongside Mr Shihab, who has twice been convicted of hate speech and used to be shunned by mainstream politicians....

 

We need to take a hard look at our Blasphemy Law and discuss whether, as a society, we want to have a law that allows the imposition of a majority’s subjective religious right at the expense of others’ basic rights with little or no limitation, and a society whose culture of rightful subjective imposition is unchallenged and unmoderated. Hopefully, the answer is no....

 

A number of new factors, however, are contributing to an increasingly intolerant trend. One has been the rise of Salafism, a conservative, often puritanical, movement within Sunni Islam originating mainly from Saudi Arabia. In Southeast Asia, despite certain differences, the term is frequently used interchangeably with Wahhabism, a branch of the Islam often associated with ISIS and Al-Qaeda....

 

Religious Extremism and Intolerance in Pakistan
Malik Muhammad Ashraf

Pakistan has become hostage to the self-proclaimed righteous guardians of the religious tenets as interpreted by them against the spirit of Islam, which believes in building social harmony, peace and protection of the minorities living in an Islamic country.….

 

In Pakistan, Voices of Tolerance Are Clamouring To Be Heard Amid the Dominant Extremist Rhetoric
Haroon Khalid

At least in the popular imagination, Sindhi culture is seen as the last vestige of religious and cultural syncretism that was once spread all over Pakistan, including Jhang. For example, Jhule Lal, a deity of the Sindhi community, is revered by Muslims and Hindus alike. Lal Shahbaz Qalandar a Muslim mystic who tapped into Shaivistic asceticism and translated it into a Muslim ethos...

Politics, Plurality and Inter-Group Relations in Indonesia: Strengthening Tolerance
Jeremy Menchik

Indonesia’s plural legal system is similar to those of India, Switzerland, Canada, Belgium and Spain in providing a mixture of individual and collective forms of recognition. Indonesia’s mass Islamic organisations are similar to those of Senegal, Egypt, and Turkey as well as to mass Christian organisations in Northern Europe and Latin America….

 

Indonesia’s Blasphemy Laws

The use of blasphemy laws is linked to rising religious intolerance. In recent years hard-line Islamists have become increasingly assertive, railing against deviants, heretics and their ilk. Muslim parties in parliament have pushed laws against alcohol, pornography and sexual minorities. Yet it is not at all clear that these moves have widespread support….

 

Death of Debate: Unfortunate That Intolerance Is Considered A Characteristic That the Holy Quran Teaches
Durdana Najam

Our entire religious discourse revolves around worshiping the name of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) rather than following in his footprints. The whole life of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) was an epitome of tolerance, and that too with everyone including the non-believers. Not everyone embraced Islam neither was it required of the scheme of God when Islam was revealed. ....

Bringing Religious Intolerance Down to Earth: The Case of the Sunni-Shia Schism
Louay Fatoohi

The issue of whether ‘Alī or Abū Bakr should have succeeded the Prophet is completely historical and absolutely irrelevant to our world today. Any attempt to use it to take a view on today’s world is an attempt to manipulate history to serve present interests and/or to take the world 14 centuries back in time. In both cases, it is ultimately about exercising power and control. There is nothing godly or religious about playing out this difference of the past in today’s world......

Religious Tolerance: Muslims Must Stop Being Provoked By Allegations of Blasphemy, Instead, Recognise Efforts of the Occident to Bridge the Gap through Interfaith Harmony
S M Hali

Islam lays great emphasis on religious tolerance but currently, it is at its lowest in many Muslim societies. Islamic State’s (IS's) destruction of churches and massacre of members of the Shia faith has also tarnished the image of Islam. In Pakistan too, certain segments of society show a lack of tolerance towards other sects of Islam and other religious and ethnic minorities....

There is Zero Tolerance for Hate Speech in Pakistan, Even If You are a Cleric!
Zara Hafeez

In Pakistan, stirring religious hatred is unlawful. The law clearly states that any act or speech which instigates sectarian odium, whether inadvertently or wilfully, can lead up to a possible prison sentence for nearly seven years. Yet, there are hundreds of these clerics on the loose, who incite hatred every day....

 
Bangladesh: Freedom and Death
S. Binodkumar Singh

Bangladesh: Freedom and Death
S. Binodkumar Singh

"Al-Qaeda in Indian Sub-Continent (AQIS) is taking responsibility of killing Ananta Bijoy." AQIS, in another message posted on justpaste.it declared: "We want to say to atheist bloggers! We don't forget and we will not forget others who insult our beloved Prophet Muhammad and Allah. Another file closed! Stay tuned for next target....

 

You can Never Kill Ideas: An Anonymous Blogger on the Deaths of Secularists in Bangladesh
Ananda Bijoy Das

Ananda Bijoy Das was killed just two days ago in Sylhet, Bangladesh for simply saying, writing and expressing his opinions. Bangladesh had a strong secular tradition which is now being eroded. I was always proud of the fact that Bangladesh hadn't fallen to the scourge of Islamic fundamentalism….

 

Why Secular Expression is Being Killed in Bangladesh, One Blogger at a Time
K. Anis Ahmed

In the long and ongoing contest between an intolerant conception of Islam and a rationalist idea of what it means to be Bengali Muslim, the bloggers sadly are not the first victims. Sceptics, including prominent literary figures like Daud Haider in the 1970s and Taslima Nasreen in the 1990s, have faced strong Islamist backlash and have had to leave the country for good....

 

Is Bangladesh Following Pakistan Into Extremism?
Ananda Bijoy Das

The group have been marked for death by Hefazat-e-Islam, quite an effective arm of Jamaat-e-Islami, the religious-political organisation that wants Bangladesh to become like Pakistan, the country it broke away from. Ananda Bijoy Das has been hacked to death, meeting the same fate. He was walking out of his home in Sylhet when four people chased him and clobbered his head with machetes....

 

The Former Head of Germany’s Anti-Islam PEGIDA Movement Says ‘Sorry’ to Muslims
Rick Noack

She continued to condemn the mainstream media who continue to "severely criticize Muslims and their religion" and to use them as scapegoats. Ironically, during her time with PEGIDA, Oertel had condemned the media for not being critical enough of Islam, immigration and the rising numbers of asylum seekers in Germany....

In conversations with scholars, many pinpointed the frailty of institutions and economies compared to those of other world powers as the source of intolerance in the Arab world. “We are weak,” says Mohamed Farag, a journalist from a Muslim family who describes himself as agnostic. “We need something to protect ourselves from the outside world and Islam is the only option we have....

 
Religious Tolerance in Islam
Sayyid Muhammad Rizvi

The Prophet of Islam faced much difficulty and opposition in his own birth- place, the city of Mecca. He was eventually forced to migrate to Medina. But in spite of all the oppo­sition and even physical torture that his followers suffered in Mecca, Prophet Muhammad always approached the unbelievers of Mecca with tolerance....

 

Islam Does Not Preach Intolerance
Md. Asadullah Khan

Devout Muslims are always shocked to hear that the name of their faith, which means submission to Allah, can summon up such images of violence. Despite all the past visions of Saracens battling Crusaders, today's confrontations, as we see, is not a devotional conflict but a clash between perceptions of reality....

 

Bangladesh, historically a country of sedate Muslims who, more or less, believed, till recently, in peaceful coexistence of many faiths and many beliefs, has started losing the collective tolerance bit by bit....

 

Because I am a Pakistani
Sajeer Shaikh

Every religion preaches forgiveness, but there comes a time when forgiveness is no longer the answer. There is no room for forgiveness, as far as justice is concerned. The finger that pulls the trigger and the hand that throws the acid or grips the knife must be cut....

 

A Letter Concerning Muslim Toleration
Mustafa Akyol

Over the past decade, headlines from the Middle East have reintroduced Westerners to terms from centuries past. “Heresy,” “blasphemy,” “apostasy” — these are some of the charges that the radical Salafist group known as the Islamic State invokes when it executes its enemies, sometimes by crucifying or burning them alive. Some Muslim governments, including United States allies, also mete out harsh punishments for similar offenses. The liberal blogger Raif Badawi was publicly flogged in Saudi Arabia last month on a charge of heresy, which he allegedly committed by criticizing the oppressive Saudi religious establishment.

Rising Intolerance in Indonesia
Ahmad Sueady

Indonesia’s religion problem is part of a broader regional trend. In nearby Brunei, the government has banned at least eight “deviant” religions and fines schools for teaching any non-Islamic religious subjects. Similarly, Malaysia has banned 56 “deviant” interpretations of Islam, including Ahmaddiyah, Islamailiah, Shi'a, and Bahai. In Myanmar, the government has dealt harshly with Rohingya Muslims and Buddhist religious leaders……

 

In Islam, tolerance is to respect the religious difference though not approving it. Concretely, for instance it is like this that although Islam prohibits drinking for Muslims, it allows its non-Muslims community to consume it if their religion does not forbid doing so. Islam’s attitude towards non-Muslim is, “for you is your faith, and for me my faith” (109:6). Islam is completely against forced conversion. The Holy Quran states, “There is no compulsion in faith. The correct way has become distinct from erroneous”… (2:256). Islam even proscribes reviling the deities of other religions…..

 

Islam's Tolerance of Religious Minorities
Syed Farid Alatas

The Ottoman Empire (1299-1023) went beyond tolerance and accepted non-Muslim minorities, granting them protection and religious freedoms. By the 16th century, the Ottomans established control over large parts of Europe, ruling over large Christian populations. Sultan Mehmed developed a system in which each religious community, or millet, elected its own leader and enforced its own religious laws. Orthodox Christians constituted a millet; the Jews another. A proper approach to the interpretation of Quranic texts, involving a correct contextual understanding of its meanings, and the study of Islamic history, will reveal that tolerance and acceptance of non-Muslim minorities were the norm…..

 
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  • Well written article. the author seems to have a clear idea of gender justice and women's co-....
    ( By muhammd yunus )
  • Dear Naseer Sahab, You have said, NAI could not take its ideas of reform to even University level. I will put it this ....
    ( By muhammd yunus )
  • The so-called Ulema do not have any means of considered independent understanding of ...
    ( By Asif Merchant )
  • this lady has just made out a perfect case for the legitimacy of islamophobia as well as the ...
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  • if that is mr ghulam mohiyuddin's argument, he should not complain of islamophobia.....
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  • She dislikes Muslim hip hop groups adopting the style and even the lyrics of what she ...
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • Aayina: You are a fake person, so your name, Aayina, is a misfit that talks of reality and....
    ( By Abdullah )
  • THE AUTHOR COULD NOT BE JOKING. Given the following academic credentials of the author of this article, one can hardly ....
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  • Mohd. Yunus/ Mohammed Arif First premises the Qur’an expounded for all humanity is the use of reason. From both of your ....
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  • Sultan Shahin ,founder editor; New Islam is a (Abusive word deleted..... Sub-editor) one he knows nothing about ...
    ( By Mohd Yunus )
  • Worshipping graves is shirk. And setting partners is the biggest crime in the sight of Allah....
    ( By Mohammad Arif )
  • does mr ghulam mohiyuddin really miss the underlying contempt this lady has for the ....
    ( By hats off! )
  • Mr Nayim Ahmd sahab, Your post tries to justify the blast at All kalandar mosque,and court ...
    ( By U.p. Ojha )
  • @U.P. OJha do you believe Terrorist listen to Mullas. do not put failure of anyone on ....
    ( By Naeem Ahmed )
  • I can mention the name of Ibn Taimiya a muslim mulla who propagated Taqfirism. It is ...
    ( By Sudhir Bharti )
  • wow new one Islamic non-Violence, I like this joke. The author miss to write down the source of inspiration of this Islamic Non-Voilence.....
    ( By Aayina )
  • To Abdulla Your source if relation with fellow humans is based on text which you completely obey if ...
    ( By Aayina )
  • Both Naseersaab and Hats Off make good points.
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • Hats Off's hostility to Muslims who have settled in the West continues unabated! He...
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • Good book review! It would be great if we can replace the ideology of jehad with the ideology of nonviolence.
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • "The absence of a clear cut hierarchy and an apex body of decision makers has not only....
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • Very brave article. Comments on the thread are on expected lines, not surprising
    ( By Soumyakanti Chakraborty )
  • @Soumyakanti Chakraborty aur islam ye bhi kehte hai ki kisi insaan ka qatl karne wale ki saja qatl hai aur rapist ki saja bhi ...
    ( By Imran Khan )
  • @Imran Khan, tu idhar udhar ki baat na kar, ye bata ki khafila kyun luta ? :) Salafis want...
    ( By Soumyakanti Chakraborty )
  • @Ghulam Mohiyuddin yes they should become like western liberals who killed and....
    ( By Imran Khan )
  • every religion is basically a commercial enterprise. this lady is peddling her identity politics as if a couple of hipsters ....
    ( By hats off! )
  • mr naseer ahmed should try making a youtube channel about his interpretation of the Holy Qur'an. in my opinion, the ....
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  • thank you mr ghulam mohiyuddin - for seconding my opinion.'
    ( By hats off! )
  • I join Hats Off in saluting Usmansaab!...
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • Rashidsaab, Yes, the biggest curse is the Shia/Sunni divide because it weakens us and diverts ....
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • Beyond articles in NAI, we have not been able to take our ideas for reformation even to the Universities where the young educated Muslims are ...
    ( By Naseer Ahmed )
  • Wel chronicled article.'
    ( By Comal Mahadevan Amrtheswaran )
  • We hate terrorist, but he wants to proof Muslim are terrorist
    ( By Nakib Saikia )
  • Why Islam has become totally xenophobic to the extent of madness.Yesterday shootout in paki court campus is an example.....
    ( By U.p. Ojha )
  • Our paid historians have written that Aurangazeb killed Dara Shikoh, his step brother, in ....
    ( By C M Amrtheswaran )
  • @ G.M, “…who feel lukewarm about  terrorism and are interested more in cursing Shias or Sunnis” You are right ...
    ( By Rashid Samnakay )
  • mr. muhammad usman, i salute you! may your kind multiply!'
    ( By hats off! )
  • Islam is like a Pandora box. Any set of views can be drawn from its labyrinthine archives. Its customs and practices over historical span are ...
    ( By muhammd yunus )
  • Every practice of discrimination must be condemned but a question such as "If this . . . then why not that?" is not valid. Every ...
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • Excellent plea to our ulema! Angela Merkel is right when she asks us to "find strong language" to differentiate Islam from the evil ISIS ideology...
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )