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Books and Documents

Islam and Sectarianism

The Return of Maliki and a New Sunni Insurgency in Iraq
Pieter-Jan Dockx

The counterinsurgency efforts intended to remove ISIS from the country are accompanied by a high degree of violence and repression aimed at the Sunni community. While violence is attributed to all groups fighting ISIS, the most prominent actor targeting the Sunni population is the Popular Mobilisation Forces (PMF), an umbrella organisation of predominantly Shia militias under the authority of the Iraqi state but with strong ties to Iran....

 

Dynamics of Ethnic Conflicts in Pakistan
Dr Raza Khan

Ethnic conflict is particularly likely in states in which ethnic groups are inadequately represented in the government and the political and judicial systems. Liberal democracies that focus on the ideals of pluralism, individualism, inclusion, political debate, and near consensus among all participants are less likely to experience rebellion or uprisings.....

 

End of Muslim Sunni-Shia Hostility: Qatar-Iran Alliance Brokered By France
Rahul Manchanda

Economics and human practicality have finally triumphed over backwards superstition and religious dogma underlying the Sunni-Shia conflict, which has caused 100s of millions of unnecessary deaths, war, global terrorism, and destruction over the past few hundred years....

It's Okay To Be Racist in Israel
Zena Tahhan

In the occupied West Bank and East Jerusalem, the Israeli army is responsible for controlling the lives of more than three million Palestinians through hundreds of checkpoints, raids of villages and homes, trial of civilians in military courts, demolition of homes, suppression of protests, and the killing and injuring of civilians, to name a few. ...

 

Kurram Agency: Sectarian Monster Revisited
Tushar Ranjan Mohanty

Despite the high security alert and arrangements, the devastating terrorist attack has exposed gaping holes in the security apparatus, and in the Government's claims of having neutralized terrorism in the tribal areas....

 

Burden of the Past: Sectarian Rivalry between Saudi Arabia and Iran Is Far From Over
Ramin Jahanbegloo

But now, rising anti-Shiite sentiment prevalent across social media in the Gulf states and anti-Iran media messaging will erode what little is left of Iranian soft power. Salafist Jihadism will fuel new recruits — not only satisfied with targeting Shiites, but also Iranian interests. The recent Tehran attacks indicate that the sectarian rivalry between Saudi Arabia and Iran is far from over....

 

Can US-Sunni Alliance Lure Baghdad Away From Tehran?
Adnan Abu Zeed

The United States and Iran have coexisted in Iraq since 2003, and this is likely to continue unhindered. On the basis of respect for sovereignty and non-interference in internal affairs, Saudi Arabia and Turkey — Sunni countries — are expected to give Iraq a chance to be an honest mediator to solve problems between them and Iran....

 

Sectarian Shiism versus Political Shiism Threat
Turki Aldakhil

The problem though lies within Shiite and Sunni extremism. It lies in belonging to Iran and in the holy sanctification of concepts related to the governance of the jurist and in claiming there is a “Muslims’ consensus over believing in the Imam Mahdi.” The latter was claimed by Hassan Nasrallah during his most recent speech. The dispute about Imam Mahdi is well-known in both Sunni and Shiite legacies, and anyone who is well-acquainted with Islamic legacy knows that…..

 
Balochistan: Unabated Bloodshed
Tushar Ranjan Mohanty

Balochistan: Unabated Bloodshed
Tushar Ranjan Mohanty

The attack on labourers is an act of desperation from the Baloch separatist as their struggle for a sovereign nation has been losing tempo with the recent surrenders of their cadres. Around 500 militants belonging to different banned Baloch militant outfits surrendered to authorities on April 21, 2017....

 
Ahraristan Not Pakistan
Yasser Latif Hamdani

Ahraristan Not Pakistan
Yasser Latif Hamdani

Jinnah’s public pronouncement buried the issue for a time but it came back full force after his death in form of the Anti-Ahmadiyya movement started by Majlis-e-Ahrar in 1949. This led to the 1953 Martial Law in Lahore and the disturbances which led to the downfall of Pakistan’s constitutional order. In 1974 Zulfiquar Ali Bhutto sought to resolve the issue by declaring Ahmadis Non-Muslim or so he thought.....

Between Dictators and Democrats, Pakistan’s Ahmadis Continue to Suffer
Lutful Islam

But when it comes to murders, both the target killings and vigilante actions are commonly attributed to the more militant organisations like Lashkar-e-Jhangvi, named after Haq Nawaz Jhangvi, a notorious anti-Shia cleric. It seems to be the main group responsible for Ahmadi and Shia killings across Pakistan. There is a whole spectrum of Deobandi groups, ranging from hard-line Taliban to the Punjab based Ahle-Sunnat-wal-Jamaat (ASWJ) which are known to have instigated or perpetrated violence against Ahmadis on a regular basis....

 

Cosmic war divides the world into good and evil, us and them. We do not have a middle ground; we have to choose a side. The terrorist groups like TTP, LeJ, LeT, Jamaat-ul-Ahrar have clearly chosen their sides. They aligned themselves with the forces of “good” that has been assigned a duty to destroy all those Pakistanis who are allies of “evil” (democracy, music, dance; art, culture and above all America)....

 

Kurram Agency: Sectarian Bloodshed
Tushar Ranjan Mohanty

Apart from the recent suicide attacks, the broad trend of decline in sectarian incidents has given some relief to locals. This has, however, come at the cost of a simultaneous increase in terrorist and militant activities from across the Afghan border. While the security situation has witnessed remarkable improvements, particularly after Army operations in North Waziristan, Orakzai and Kurram's adjacent areas of KP, the presence of TTP and IS on the abutting Afghan territory have created new threats for the Kurram Agency....

 
Honour the Baluch
Akbar Ahmed

Honour the Baluch
Akbar Ahmed

"A Baluch woman dressed in her wedding finery and wearing all her jewellery could walk alone from one end of Baluchistan to the other end without ever being molested." Baluch elders said this in response to a query on Baloch character while sitting with the-then Balochistan's Chief Minister, Jam Mir Qadir Khan of Las Bela. The image struck me as a metaphor; a literal sociological reflection on contemporary Pakistan. It has stayed with me ever since....

 

Sectarian Discourse in Iraq Is Reinforced as Iraq’s Sunnis Eye Post-IS Future under Regional Cover
Omar Sattar

As Sunni political parties move closer to adopting a unified Sunni stance on federalism and national reconciliation, and with Turkey proclaimed as a sponsor for Iraqi Sunnis (just as Iran is sponsoring Shiite parties), sectarian discourse in Iraq is reinforced. Even though some progress was made on the path toward settlement and Iran’s influence was successfully curbed by the US and Arab countries, the absent role of Iraqi national and civil parties on the political level is likely to serve the current sectarian and ethnic divide....

 
HashtagOscarsSoAhmadi
Kunwar Khuldune Shahid

HashtagOscarsSoAhmadi
Kunwar Khuldune Shahid

An Ahmadi won Best Supporting Actor, a Shia won Best Foreign Language Film, a woman won the Best Actress – if this is not a declaration of war against our sensibilities, what is? By highlighting Ahmadis, homosexuals, and women as representatives of Muslims, they’re trying to marginalise the Sunni Muslim straight men. Fun fact: Ahmadi actors now have 1 Oscar win, compared to zero for Sunni Muslims. But do not expect anyone in the West to create hashtags to underscore our plight....

What if Mahershala Ali visited Pakistan?
Kashif Chaudhry

Despite his extraordinary feat at the Oscars, many prominent Muslim activists refrained from celebrating Mahershala, with some even issuing outright condemnations because of his beliefs. Mahershala also identifies as an Ahmadi, a sect that faces severe persecution at the hands of Sunni supremacists across the Muslim world. ...

Trump’s Ban on Muslims Is Just as Offensive as Pakistan’s Racial Profiling of Pakhtuns
Raza Habib Raja

Every time there is a blast in the country, the ethnicity which gets the spotlight is the Pakhtuns, along with the Afghans. Over the years, the Pakistani public has developed kneejerk hatred against the Afghan Pakhtuns, which has permeated our cultural zeitgeist. There are news of incidents where even ordinary warnings issued by normal law and enforcement agencies openly draw the focus towards them, and reinforce the prevalent stereotypical views. ....

 

Religious Minorities under Muslim Rule
Tesneem Alkiek

Religious minorities are often depicted as oppressed and vulnerable victims of their Muslim rulers. This portrayal, however, is far from accurate. This brief paper seeks to reorient our understanding of the rights and responsibilities religious minorities possessed under Muslim rule....

Attack on Qalandar Shrine: Muslims Themselves are the Problem
Arshad Alam, New Age Islam

Isn’t it known for a fact that Salafi madrasas equate visitations to shrines as grave worship and therefore consider majority of South Asian Muslims as potential idolaters? The same hate is being peddled in the name of Islamic literature through cheap publications and sermons on televisions. Acts like bombing shrines are a direct result of what is going on in our homes, our schools and in our neighbourhood. There cannot be any dispassionate discussion on the causes of such brutality without asking tough questions about ourselves as to how our own hate mongering about different maslaks (sects) have acquired a new normality within our everyday discourses.....

Islam Vs Islam: What Is The Way Forward?
Hatem Bazian

I would like to situate the current period by referencing prophetic traditions that should provide a metaphysical grounding for what is being experienced. In a prophetic Hadith narrated by Abu Huraira, it is reported that the Prophet Muhammad said, "Time will pass rapidly, good deeds will decrease, miserliness will be thrown (in the hearts of the people), afflictions will appear and there will be much 'al-Harj." They said, "O Allah's Apostle! What is "al-Harj?" He said, "Killing! Killing!" Another prophetic Hadith states, "Islam will be fought with Islam." If taken together with the first one, then it can provide a better grounding to the crisis underway….

Turkey's Transformation as the Sunni Version of the Shia Theocratic Iran
Tufail Ahmad, New Age Islam

Till 1924, the Islamic world was led by the Ottoman Caliph based in Turkey. During the First World War (1914-1918), the Turkey-led Caliphate began disintegrating. Around this time, Indian Muslims led by Maulana Muhammad Ali Jauhar and his brother Maulana Shaukat Ali as well as Mahatma Gandhi and Maulana Abul Kalam Azad supported the Khilafat Movement for the restoration of the Caliphate, something the ISIS is trying to revive now. The Arab nations, having been mistreated by the Ottoman caliph, disliked Maulana Azad for supporting Turks, though he was respected for his scholarship.....

Pakistani society is still marred by racism and questions of caste, even among Muslims, despite the Qur’an setting out radical equality for all. Across South Asia, Muslims remain divided up by various hierarchical systems. This long trail of caste-related injustice goes back to the beginnings of sub continental societies and seems impervious to the intrusion of other sources of identity such as the nation state or religion....

The Battle for the Souls of Islam
Yasser Latif Hamdani

Most significantly blasphemy is a tazir offence and not a Hadd offence under Islamic law. No religious scholar of Islam will tell you otherwise. This is because the Holy Quran does not prescribe a punishment for blasphemy. This in itself makes the whole issue of blasphemy law a discretionary measure and not binding for a Muslim state to follow. The majority view in Islam has been for the 1000 years that death for blasphemy, in the rarest and most extreme of cases, can only be awarded to an unrepentant Muslim male unless he repents and there is always room for repentance under Islam....

Sectarian Cleansing Rears Its Ugly Face Again In Iraq
Baria Alamuddin

“Sunnis were grabbed in the streets or dragged from their homes and instantly killed. In the first week of the events, militiamen drove around with speakers shouting for Sunni men to come out of their homes. On Jan. 13, more than 100 men were taken and have not been seen since.”...

 
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NEW COMMENTS

  • GM Sb, You have a problem with the Quran. I don't have any. I find it lucid, clear, rational, just and perfect. Sort out your problem ...
    ( By Naseer Ahmed )
  • جانورں کی قربانی . ثُمَّ مَحِلُّهَا إِلَى الْبَيْتِ الْعَتِيقِ ﴿22/33﴾ اور پھر ان کو بیت العتیق کے پاس ذبح کرو- حج کا مقصد ۔۔۔۔۔۔۔ جَعَلَ ...
    ( By Mubashir )
  • Question: During Hajj, does some one keep a count of how many animals have been slaughtered and is the meat shared with the people? If ...
    ( By Mubashir )
  • By focusing on differences between the Quran and the Gospels are we trying to give a unique status to our Holy Book...
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • My comment was a response to your comment as well as that of GM sb. My response to you is in the first line. There was ...
    ( By Naseer Ahmed )
  • While Allah may forgive anything to anyone, why should...
    ( By Naseer Ahmed )
  • what has been attempted by mr. naseer ahmed is neither here nor there. i never brought in judaic...
    ( By hats off! )
  • Dear Arshad Alam, While what you write may be true - the marginalization of and tacit...
    ( By muhammd yunus )
  • Dear Mubashir, This is to quote from my jt publication, Essential Message of Islam to....
    ( By muhammd yunus )
  • If you don't find this to be one of the most damning and shameless acts in Pakistan's history,…...”
    ( By Skeptical )
  • Shaped by history is human, not divine, and can be reformed or discarded. Theology is shaped by humans and can be reformed/discarded.....
    ( By Naseer Ahmed )
  • Aayina, Muslims hate the Israeli Jews because of the Palestinian issue and not because their faith teaches them. After the Spanish Inquisition, the Jews found ...
    ( By Mubashir )
  • Simple.... The presence of "Love Jihad" philosophy has been simply proved from the horse's mouth. Hindus need to be cautious on this.'
    ( By Raju )
  • Plz clarify Quranist detailed aqeeda...'
    ( By Arif Qureshi )
  • Gulam Mohiyuddin is right, unless Pakistan does not declare India as friend, Indian Muslims cannot like India with full heart ...
    ( By Aayina )
  • We have Holy Books which, if properly used, can be useful guides. But Islam, Christianity and Judaism are not really "religions...
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • Sad state of affairs.
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • This will continue as long as Pakistan and India remain enemies.
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • Your well-argued article situates Muslims as a community within the contemporary social and political context. How long will such discrimination and...
    ( By Meera )
  • authenticity' is not a function of being 'shaped by history.
    ( By hats off! )
  • The subject of the article is reform using the historical approach. Can the ahadith be revised/reformed using the....
    ( By Naseer Ahmed )
  • i am afraid, as is usual with you, you will never ever answer in a direct and forthright manner. you are just rambling as you ...
    ( By hats off! )
  • गाय, बकरे, भेड़, उँट, को जन्नत पोहचाने के लीये सूक्रीया. बाकी रही, ईनसानो की चालू कर दो, बजाय काफ़िर, हीन्दू के ध्धीमी केहके मारने की बजाय, ...
    ( By Aayina )
  • Salam. Any subject like animal sacrifice can be open to discussion. However, when someone writes: "It is nothing but a Church/Clergy instituted con-job."...
    ( By Dr. Mohammad Omar Farooq )
  • Dear hats off! You raised the following two questions to Rashid Samnasky (shown in red ink). I have seen his reply, which....
    ( By muhammd yunus )
  • Remarkable similarities between Pakistan's Jamaat ud Dawa and India's RSS.
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • a good exposition of the "no true scotsman" fallacy. no true religion etc.,
    ( By hats off! )
  • self reference belongs in a category of paradoxes. one who would depend upon self ....
    ( By hats off! )
  • Dear Mubashir, Ghamidi is completely mistaken. The punishment was only to those who fought against the Muslims and broke their treaties ....
    ( By Naseer Ahmed )
  • The Quran says explicitly that it is produced by Allah....
    ( By Naseer Ahmed )
  • Jammu and Ladak is predominantly occupied by Hindus.There is peace .However in Muslims majority area ie Kashmir unrest....
    ( By DR.A.ANBURAJ )
  • Dear Naseer, Ghamidi says that the punishment would be from...
    ( By Mubashir )
  • A picture/idol of Lord Buddha sitting in Padmasanam is always a source....
    ( By DR.A.ANBURAJ )
  • Animal slaughter is a historical custom aimed at pleasing a deity/ God or a heightened gesture of hospitality in entertaining a guest over meal. ...
    ( By muhammd yunus )
  • I've signed an eye-donation pledge and a body-donation pledge, too. I have...
    ( By Haan )
  • Respected Rabbi, May God bless you immensely!
    ( By ji )
  • My dear hats off, if there is no detail given for say, church services, worship/puja and their associated rituals then....
    ( By Rashid Samnakay )
  • As far as I know, the Quran itself does not make any claim of being uncreated.
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • Welfare of mankind and protection of our home planet would and should figure prominently in any intelligent Muslim...
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • What does historicism mean? It does not mean that the Quran is not a historical document.....
    ( By Naseer Ahmed )