Islam and Sectarianism
The recent national meeting of the Indonesian Ulema Council (MUI) elected senior cleric Ma’ruf Amin as its chairman for the next five years, succeeding Din Syamsuddin, shortly after Ma’ruf was elected supreme leader or rais aam of Nahdlatul Ulama (NU).
reality is that Pakistan has settled its own nationals, besides Afghan, Chinese
and other nationals by thousand folds, to change the demography on one side and
multiplied its Army, Para Military and Punjab rangers on the other. After
demolishing Gilgit Scouts Pakistan also punished the NLI by sending them to the
civil war zones in Pakistan after 1999 Kargil war, when NLI demonstrated
tremendous bravery against Indian Army. Due to their courageous acts of bravery
in the war, Pakistan Army headed by General Musharraf realised the threat of
keeping NLI within GB and subsequently displaced NLI from GILGIT BALTISTAN and
dispatched them to the deeply troubled areas of Pakistan.....
Raza Habib Raja
Ahmedis are a relatively recent sect of Islam, and ever since their formation, they have been despised. However, before the passing of the Second Amendment, they had not been actively discriminated by the state, all of which subsequently changed. ...
total acceptance of the Truth and does not allow any partial acceptance. An opportunistic Trend of Partial Acceptance
creates a fertile ground for mushrooming hypocrisy which is more harmful than
total rejection of the Truth. There is no scope for hypocrisy in Islam, but
partial acceptance encourages hypocrisy and adds to their number within the
ranks of the Muslim Community. Total Acceptance and allegiance to the Quranic
Truth is an essential criterion of Faith of a Muslim and translating this Faith
into Action to serve the cause of Allah in this world, is the essence and most
fundamental strategy of Islamic Code of Life. ....
Islamic definition of what constitutes a believer in Islam is extremely simple:
La Ilaha Illallah Muhammad ur Rasulullah: a belief in God and Muhammad
as his Prophet (peace be upon him). There are no other stipulations or
conditions at all for belief. Even at the time of the Prophet, there were
differences of opinion between his Companions over his religious instructions
that were interpreted in different ways, even over sacred duties such as
prayers. The Prophet viewed those differences of opinions as healthy, as an
inevitable diversity, and even as a blessing of, the faith.
Yasser Latif Hamdani
Amendment to the Constitution of Pakistan is the fountainhead of sectarian
extremism. Not only did it violate all principles of citizenship and a
citizen’s relations with the state, it dealt a deathblow to Muslim unity in
Pakistan. Takfir (to declare someone an apostate) is not a recent phenomenon:
Muslims have been declaring other Muslims Kafirs (infidels) for centuries now.
In the 1940s, Jinnah was declared not just a Kaafir but the Kaafir-e-Azam or
the great infidel by the Ulema (clergy) opposing him. His crime was twofold....
Yes, technology has changed a lot of things; however, there are things it could not change such as one’s mind who is mainly responsible for what we commit, feel and say. Social media helps spreading and generalizing ideas but if we want, it can also be used to prevent the spread of racial ideologies and feelings of hatred.....
There is no
legal/constitutional judicial mechanism in place to protect the people against
mass human rights violations. Many indigenous people are facing death sentences
in Gilgit Baltistan Jails for their petty crimes without giving them access to
any legal/constitutional recourses like High Court and Supreme Court. On the
other hand, Pakistani terrorists who actually commit terrorism are never
brought to any of these illegal and un-constitutional courts set up in the
region. Some of Pakistani terrorists, who were actually caught by local Police
in defiance of the ISI......
Zeeba T Hashmi
harmonious and tolerant society, Balochistan is now marred by religious
bigotry, faith-based violent attacks and kidnappings for ransom. The
deteriorating law and order situation is forcing a large number of people to
flee the province, thus stalling the economic, religious and cultural vibrancy
of the province. ...
Sunni response in the aftermath of this attack has served as a powerful
rejoinder to the persistent primordial assumptions of "ancient-sectarian
hatred" as something that is integral to the region, existing since time
Dr. Khaled M. Batarfi
issues and events would be discussed, but often in an academic mode of respect,
tolerance and acceptance. Sermons were
carefully worded not to upset anyone. I miss that atmosphere, today, in the
lands of Islam. I see mosques assigned to each sect exclusively. I watch satellite channels promoting
sectarian disagreements. I hear highly respected scholars, who have a large
following, spreading hate speech......
.... Gulf state
leaders have come out publicly against the attacks against Shiites in Kuwait
and Saudi. But how many public figures, preachers and otherwise, have been censured
from actual supporting the radical sectarianism they promote or control, in the
context of conflicts in the region? Have all governments really taken the
necessary steps to curb the sectarianism that many in different parts of
officialdom do support, often materially, particularly via religious
theocratic Islamic nations, where the state machinery allies with the mosque
and imposes strict restrictions and codes on personal behaviour to make
religiosity overwhelming, Indonesia’s secular republic strove to emphasise that
Ramzan’s observation must not hamper the syncretic identity of the country. An
archipelago where 95 per cent of the population is Muslim was at pains to
ensure that the remaining five per cent should not feel elbowed out as
violence against these groups is a testament of President Joko Widodo’s failure
to keep his promises, which include protecting the rights of marginalized
communities and the principles of pluralism and diversity. Plurality and the
protection of minority is the raison d’etre of Indonesia’s existence and
continue to unite its people as a nation......
However, as the Ulama gained strength in PAS, a religious differentiation of sorts took place in the party with serious political ramifications. Malay/Muslims, especially the professionals came to be looked upon as the “real” enemy of the Ulama group. This differentiation became much more pronounced after PAS joined forces with DAP and PKR to form a loose coalition called Pakatan Rakyat....
It’s time community leaders came forward and reined in the aggressive ulema who want to replace Barailvi imams from mosques that cater to people who used to be overwhelmingly Barailvi until a couple of decades ago. Muslim graveyards should be available to all Muslims, regardless of sectarian beliefs or faith (aqeeda). No Mullahs have the right to decide who is a person of good aqeeda or bad aqeeda or practicing or non-practicing. Barailvi ulema too should be stopped from following their regressive and reactionary politics, damaging the society further, already reeling under a militant fundamentalist onslaught.
Indian Muslim society should not be following regressive trends in Pakistani society while we have not followed progressive trends from Pakistan as in the case of change in Personal Law which used to be the same Anglo-Mohammedan law in the sub-continent before General Ayyub Khan’s reforms in Pakistan.
Baloch insurgents allege that there are around 12,000 to 14,000, and the Islamic militants allege that there are several thousand enforced disappearances. There is little evidence to support such exaggerated numbers. Firstly, the second Commission of Inquiry on Enforced Disappearance had 801 alleged enforced disappearance cases pending before it as of October 2013. Secondly, there were about 721 alleged enforced disappearances cases pending before various courts as of December 2013, and these cases overlap with cases before the commission....
Therefore, when such a security set-up was tasked with also dealing with the Baloch insurgency, seen as secular in its ethos, the proxies that were sought out, armed and empowered had to have religion at their heart by definition. The loyalty of such proxies in Afghanistan and India-held Kashmir had been long established, even if the long-term disaster they turned out to be is hardly ever acknowledged by the creators....
Dr Mohammad Taqi
On the Shia/Hazara massacres issue, the duo consistently harps on about the security establishment’s line that it is ostensibly an ‘Iran-Saudi proxy war’ without ever showing how many — if any at all — the Hazaras have ever killed. On the other hand, in its two years’ stint, the sham nationalist dispensation of the NP has failed to apprehend and punish even a single killer of the Hazara Shias....
It is time
Muslims understood these warnings of the Quran and shunned sectarianism to move
towards real unity in the midst of a multitude of diverse ideas and
interpretations. It is simply not possible to have an entire community of 1.6
billion think alike on all issues. But it is possible to have acceptance of
differences, and happy coexistence, as is the case with civilised communities
the world over. Let us leave the seventh-century Arab tribalism that Islam came
If Hezbollah wants to protect the Shiites, then it must accept that a new reality is taking form in Lebanon and all around it. The party cannot enlist its community in perpetual war against its surroundings and hope to win. Nor should Christians go along with such a mad, suicidal project. For once Christians have a key role to play as conciliators between Sunnis and Shiites. That’s their best safeguard against elimination....
However, they don’t seem to bat an eye on the treatment meted out to our own minorities on home soil. Tell them the Rohingya Muslims identify as Shia Muslims or Ahmadi Muslims, and the fury and passion will magically dissipate in an instant. Some might even start justifying the persecution. For these right-wing Pakistanis, hypocrisy and double standards continue to be prominent themes even in issues related to human persecution....
The honour of Islam and Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) is misplaced when it kills Ahmedis, Shias or the Kalash people because of their faith. This honour is misrepresented when silence prevails over the killing of Palestinians and the Rohingya Muslims. This honour is misused when US-made weapons are used against the Muslims in Yemen by the Saudis to consolidate their power in the region. And honour is trampled upon when Islam is used in the name of blasphemy to extort profit or settle personal scores....
Terrorist attacks have become such an accepted reality in this country that we are now forced to find reasons about why people should not be killed. Since the attack on Ismailis in Karachi there have been conversations in the media, on social media, between family and friends, about why Ismailis should not have been harmed. These conversations are hinged on what Ismailis have done for Pakistan and how the religious sect contributes to society at large....
Amidst disappearances, torture and indiscriminate artillery attacks, the Baloch stand hardened in their separatist resolve. As the Government decides to further entrench militarization by launching its "grand operation", the ethnic problem in Balochistan is bound to worsen. The butchery in Mastung suggests that ethnic minorities are now at risk across the Province....