certifired_img

Books and Documents

Islam and Science

We are told of the vastness of Paradise and Hell in the Quran. Keeping in mind the structure of Cosmic bodies as well as the stated size of the Angels and Allah’s Throne in the Quran, it can be inferred that Paradise and Hell are immense structures, much like the massive Black Hole Gargantua in Interstellar. According to the theory of relativity, time dilation occurs near vast structures due to their strong gravitational fields. Hence, the slowing down of time in Paradise and Hell relative to the passage of time on Earth may be seen as an example of Gravitational Time Dilation....

The science that descended from Copernicus — the origins of modern Western science — are the product of international, multilingual, multicultural exchange and collaboration, with a special debt to Muslims. Restrictions on such exchange will ultimately damage science. We did not get where we are on our own. We would not have got here at all without Muslim scientists. And we still need each other....

 
Islam Can Be Reconciled With Darwinism
Alper Bilgili
Islam Can Be Reconciled With Darwinism
Alper Bilgili

Then Ertugrul claimed that the creation story in the Quran was open to an evolutionary interpretation. For instance, he believed that the several Quranic verses stating that man was created out of clay did not necessarily refer to direct creation. If God had created any earlier simpler forms of living beings from clay and if man evolved from those beings, then God could be said to have created man out of clay by means of evolutionary mechanisms....

Related Stories:

Darwinism is Consistent with Qur’anic Insights on Man’s Origin

Muslim History of the Theory of Evolution: A Challenge to Traditional Adam Story

Albert Einstein defined time “as something that we measure with clock. Time passes slowly within objects moving at speeds close to that of light and stops altogether at the speed of light. Time also slows near massive objects like earth, very dense stars called neutron stars and almost stops inside the super massive stars, the Black Holes. Time has a direction, it always moves towards the future. We see rains falling down from the sky, objects breaking up, people getting older, and people dying. We do not see a glass being unbroken, or anyone returning from the land of the dead. That could happen if Time ran backwards.”....

Sciences whose knowledge is deemed Fard Kifāyah comprise [all] sciences which are indispensable for the welfare of this world such as: medicine which is necessary for the life of the body, arithmetic for daily transactions and the divisions of legacies and inheritances, as well as others. These are the sciences which, because of their absence, the community would be reduced to narrow straits....

 

Ghazālī makes this very clear in the introduction to the Tahāfat al-Falāsifa: he is not contradicting philosophers on points of semantics and definitions, nor does he disagree with them on issues that have no religious significance (such as eclipses). His major disagreements pertain to questions with three fundamental theological implications: (a) has the universe existed forever? (b) Does God know all particulars? And (c) is bodily resurrection possible? It is in this topic and its likes, not any other, that one must show the falsity of their doctrine....

Related Articles:

Science and Religion

Deen-e-Islam or the Moral Way of Living in Islam

 
History of Arabic-Islamic Science and Fuat Sezgin
Hakan Arslanbenzer
History of Arabic-Islamic Science and Fuat Sezgin
Hakan Arslanbenzer

Though Fuat Sezgin had started with the Islamic aesthetics and hermeneutics, "Geschichte des Arabischen Schrifttums" concentrates on natural sciences undertaken by Muslims for more than seven centuries. However, the 17 volumes' study introduces poetry, history, Quran and Hadith studies, Sufism, Islamic theology together with natural sciences including medicine, pharmacology, zoology, chemistry, mathematics, botanic, astronomy, meteorology and such....

 

For Muslims, science was essential for cognitive and spiritual advancement. Since the glory of divine creation was superior to the lesser triumph of worldly discoveries, Muslim scientists delved into mysteries of divine creation to unravel un-manifested aspects of reality. This spirit of discovery contrasted starkly with mediaeval Europe where scientific inquiry was clawing out of the dark ages...

Especially during the last fifty years, developments in various scientific fields such as palaeontology, microbiology, genetics and comparative anatomy, and new discoveries show that the theory of evolution is untrue and living beings appeared on earth all of a sudden in their distinct and perfect forms. Therefore, there is no reason to suggest that God employed the process of evolution in Creation. God created every species individually and at one moment, with His command of “Be!” This is a certain and explicit fact....

In fact, the believer’s critique of modern science can be nothing short of “radical”. Full scale attacks have thus been launched against this brand of science, “which has shown itself unable to coexist with anything”. In the criticisms of many scholars, many common themes can be found revolving around the proper position of science, reason, and man in the worldwide scheme of things. They also focus on the evils of a godless science that demurs not to the Divine, but to the vicious desires of godless men....

 
Reconciling Faith and Sciences
Dr Muhammad Maroof Shah

In his analysis of the nature of prophecy, he reminds us of Ibn Arabi, Al-Farabi, Shah Wailiullah and Iqbal on the nature of prophecy that largely bridges – in practice/consequences – the division between saints/sages and prophets. He defends, like Shah Wailiullah in case of Islamic Sharia, rationale of every detail of the Sharia of Moses, its universality and its essentially unchanging foundations and deeper structure without sounding rather unduly apologetic...

The Deferred Promise of Islamic-World Science
Ehsan Masood and James Wilsdon

But amid the talk of paradigm shifts, as we know now, many brave women and men were crushed, often brutally, as existing regimes sought to reassert control. With the exception of Tunisia, their cries for freedom have largely fallen silent. And the subsequent rise of ISIS meant that many regimes parked other priorities – including science – in favour of spending on security, defence and deradicalisation.....

Even if Muslims had been developing science for centuries, their science could not have been exactly classified as modern: their practice was fused with a spiritual and religious understanding of the world, of man’s position as the vicegerent of God on earth. They didn’t share in the later European conceptions of nature as a raw force to be conquered and endlessly exploited to serve man’s needs….

 
Science and Technology in Islam
Mohammad Hashim Kamali
Science and Technology in Islam
Mohammad Hashim Kamali

Some of the Maqasid, especially in the Zaruriyaat (essential purposes) category, are taken from a general reading of the Quran and Sunnah, and are, therefore, textually based. There are five essential Maqasid of Shariah — protection of life, faith, intellect, property and lineage — and a sixth is added according to a variant reading. A minority opinion adds protection of honour to the list.....

Science and the ‘Sinful’ Eclipse
Nawar Fakhry Ezzi
Science and the ‘Sinful’ Eclipse
Nawar Fakhry Ezzi

The “heavens” and “celestial objects” have intrigued human beings on different intellectual levels throughout history. Mathematicians, physicists and astronomers have been interested in unravelling their scientific mysteries while ancient cultures attempted to understand them through myths and legends....

 

He recites plenty of verses from the Holy Quran, which could be scientific. The verses are then compared to myriad scientific theories from several disciplines for example: Medicine, Astronomy, Geology etc. But in the first place, why does Zakir Naik require scientific evidence to prove that Quran is a book of God or that it was never fabricated or altered for centuries?  Does faith require scientific validity? Zakir Naik and his acolytes should read Karl Popper’s Science as Falsification. It is a bizarre idea to use scientific principle to justify religion.…..

Talking further about human creation in terms of time, Quran tells us; “He is, Who has created you (human) from clay, then he spent a term of time (away from you), and (it is) a specific term he determined. Yet, you doubt (his ability)!” (6:2) Thus, the word ‘Then’ (Fa) prefixed to each stage represents a period of time between the stages. The question is what were the durations of time-periods between those stages? Being a divine book, the Quran talks in cosmic time which is different from how we perceive time. That is why, in places, it uses the term Kun Fia Kun which in scientific terminology is a time-space Warf, where time and space and the physical laws which govern them lose their existence.....

To start with, it challenges our intelligence about our existence in pre-life form when it says, “Do not man remember that We created him before, while he was naught (nothing, non-existent)?” (19:67). T his verse clearly points at existence in non-life form. What was that non-life form? Quran puts it in chronological order by saying: (1) “He created you of dust,” (30:20) corresponding to the initial phase of earth when its atmosphere was filled only with dust. (2) “We created man from sounding (noisy) clay,” (15:26)....

In what they hope will be a spark of light in years of darkness, a group of scientists circulated a beam of electrons around a ring in Allan, Jordan, in January. The group, called Sesame, is made up of physicists from several countries that rarely talk to one another — Cyprus, Egypt, Iran, Israel, Jordan, Turkey and Pakistan — and also from the Palestinian Authority, but whose scientists are determined to collaborate.....

 

The Quran places great emphasis on individual and collective research. It gives great importance to ‘men of understanding’ – scientists and engineers – whom it frequently refers to as ‘men who are wise’, ‘people of knowledge’, ‘the ones who consider’ and ‘those who understand’. No wonder Islam’s inspiration for scientific investigation served as a catalyst for the Muslim spirit of enquiry in the heyday of their civilisation. They made revolutionary contributions to scientific thought and activity at a time when the pursuit of science was considered taboo and punished like witchcraft elsewhere in the world.....

 

There is unanimity among philosophers and researchers that Muslim world is currently lagging behind in key scientific and economic areas. The question can be raised why the second most populous human community of world is not able to contribute in science irrespective of the fact that many countries have immense natural resources. The sad part of the story is that the Muslim World, which once was at its peak in scientific endeavours...

While Europe was in an intellectual coma, the Islamic empire which stretched from Moorish Spain, to Egypt and even China, was entering their “Golden Age”. Astronomy was of particular interest to Islamic scholars in Iran and Iraq and until this time around 800 AD, the only astronomical textbook was Ptolemy’s Almagest, written around 100 AD in Greece. This venerable text is still used as the main reference for ancient astronomy in academia to this day...

There is certainly no reason to admire a science which counts insects and atoms but is ignorant of God; which makes an avowal of not knowing Him and yet claims omniscience by principle. It should be noted that the scientist, like every other rationalist, does not base himself on reason in itself; he calls “reason” his lack of imagination and knowledge, and his ignorance are for him the “data” of reason.  He sarcastically remarks that “too many “believers” consider that it is time that religion should shake off “the dust of the centuries”, which amounts its “liberation” from its very essence and from everything which manifests that essence.”...

I recall the first verse that was revealed to our beloved Prophet from the holy Quran. This opening verse came with a direct message urging us to seek knowledge and keep on challenging ourselves and surroundings. I no longer have doubts regarding my scientific career as the Almighty; Allah (swt) has said in His Holy Book that the works of the righteous people will never go to waste.....

 
How Muslim Inventors Changed the World
Paul Vallely
How Muslim Inventors Changed the World
Paul Vallely

Other borrowings from Muslim genius included ribbed vaulting, rose windows and dome-building techniques.  Europe’s castles were also adapted to copy the Islamic world’s — with arrow slits, battlements, a barbican and parapets.  Square towers and keeps gave way to more easily defended round ones.  The architect of Henry V’s castle was a Muslim.....

1 2 3 4 5


Get New Age Islam in Your Inbox
E-mail:
Most Popular Articles
Videos

The Reality of Pakistani Propaganda of Ghazwa e Hind and Composite Culture of IndiaPLAY 

Global Terrorism and Islam; M J Akbar provides The Indian PerspectivePLAY 

Shaukat Kashmiri speaks to New Age Islam TV on impact of Sufi IslamPLAY 

Petrodollar Islam, Salafi Islam, Wahhabi Islam in Pakistani SocietyPLAY 

Dr. Muhammad Hanif Khan Shastri Speaks on Unity of God in Islam and HinduismPLAY 

Indian Muslims Oppose Wahhabi Extremism: A NewAgeIslam TV Report- 8PLAY 

NewAgeIslam, Editor Sultan Shahin speaks on the Taliban and radical IslamPLAY 

Reality of Islamic Terrorism or Extremism by Dr. Tahirul QadriPLAY 

Sultan Shahin, Editor, NewAgeIslam speaks at UNHRC: Islam and Religious MinoritiesPLAY 

NEW COMMENTS

  • Naseer sb., It is good that you say you will be happy to be called a Hindu...
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • Naseer sb., What I said in my previous comment was not silly. However I understand...
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • Pakistan Court Orders State to Take Custody of the Girls, Forcibly Converted From Hinduism." Good judgement...
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • "It is necessary that Pakistan provide its citizens with equal footing in terms of human...
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • The Quran does not allow an Islamic government to force Islam or any religion on its people. What is ....
    ( By Naseer Ahmedn )
  • This comment has nothing to do with compulsion. Define Hinduism....
    ( By Naseer Ahmed )
  • The ancestor of every living Muslim was a non-Muslim. They chose to adopt the latest revelations recognizing....
    ( By Naseer Ahmed )
  • GM Sb, The prophetic mission of Jesus (pbuh) and Muhammad (pbuh) are not comparable. Why is that ....
    ( By Naseer Ahmed )
  • Hats Off says, " this contempt for polytheism and idolatry are so completely internalized, most muslims ...
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • Hats Off's irresponsible hate attacks on authors of articles are devoid of rhyme or reason and reflect poorly on him.
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • Do you read an article before commenting on it? Neither Ms. Rizvi (who is critical of Wahhabism) ....
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • has mr grd read al-beruni's book? al-beruni's descriptions of indians....
    ( By hats off! )
  • soft jihadi, hiding under a clean shaven facade. it will soon slip and probably...
    ( By hats off! )
  • the prophet also is supposed to have died as an after effect of a jewish....
    ( By hats off! )
  • are you trying to lie through your teeth? then don't clench them so. keep them slightly open....
    ( By hats off! )
  • Is Hats Off trying to look smart or is he just venomous? Or both.
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • Naseer sb., When you say that Jesus could not protect himself, are you...
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • Naseer sb., A common thread does run through all religions but that thread...
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • Naseer sb., It is true that a warning is not a compulsion but a warning from God...
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • Excellent article
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • Also, we can learn from Christians.
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • talk about the thousands of muslims who were killed for opting out...
    ( By hats off! )
  • The whole write up is utterly nonsense with full of prejudice against Madrasahs...
    ( By Mohammad Khalid )
  • Thank you Kaniz Fatima for a refreshing comment. Your article is a good read indeed....
    ( By GRD )
  • Jesus (pbuh) lived all his life under the rule of the Pagan Romans. He was...
    ( By Naseer Ahmed )
  • GM Sb is a determined denier of the truth of Allah's religion and the fact that a common thread...
    ( By Naseer Ahmed )
  • Salam alaykum May I have any email, website,...contact info of sister Zainab Taylor ? We have a shia community ....
    ( By Sina Fadaei )
  • Sultan Shahin Sahab is welcome to his brand of Islam and he should respect the others too. He can ....
    ( By Sulaiman Yakub )
  • Self-delusion. The head of the government of an Islamic state can never take the side of the persecuted minority.'
    ( By Apurbajyoti Majumdar )
  • Covilakam Islam is essentially intolerant. It should be wiped out of the world. If the modernists....
    ( By Madhuraj Patinhare )
  • (2:256) Let there be no compulsion in religion: Truth stands out clear from Error: whoever rejects evil and believes ....
    ( By Naseer Ahmedn )
  • Sultan Sb. is very right. All of South Asia and especially Indians must be worried about the withdrawal of US troops ...
    ( By Arshad Alam )
  • “Where is Baghdadi?” Most likely in USA or Saudi Arabia.
    ( By Skepticles )
  • Hats Off thinks his juvenile mudslinging puts him above mediocrity....
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • My responses are quite relevant to your irrelevant execrations.
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • A Muslim Wahabbi is running a web in tamil with name 'suvanappriyan' .I have copy pasted this article to light wisdom on their dark mind.
    ( By Dr.A.Anburaj )
  • all other folks are not every day shouting from roof tops that theirs...
    ( By hats off! )
  • I congratulate Mr.Parvez for this lovable article.It is an eye opener for all particularly Wahhabis. Every religion/sect ....
    ( By Dr.A.Anburaj )
  • Good article! Islam stresses moderation and balance in all aspects of life; in beliefs, worship, conduct, relationships, ideas, ...
    ( By Kaniz Fatma )
  • Islam means peace and Muslims believe and should believe in peace. '
    ( By Kaniz Fatma )