I had a simple question for you as you used to ask dozens of questions to others.
If Abdullah means a Muslim, Aayina means what ???
You are a Diploma holder in manipulating the points in hundreds of way, but you will not answer a simple question where you are stuck in rough weather.
Please don't try to involve unconcerned people in your reply. You are FAKE, accept it and don't judge others by a name.
What 's in a name?
The second great prophet in Islam whose name is mentioned 25
times in Holy Koran. said “You shall know the truth, the truth will set you
free” Sultan Sahin tries to bring us some truth so that people can live with
less tension and hatred and develop good relationship with others in the 21st
Muslims in the West have become less radicalised towards US
and Israel. They know that US lost 400,000 soldiers in WWII to redeem the world
from Nazism and fascism. Again US lost more than 100,000 soldiers in Korean and
Vietnam wars in order to defeat Communism. While Soviet Union kept East
Germany, US helped West Germany to establish democracy in West Germany and it
became the 4th largest economy in the world, similarly Japan became
3rd largest economy and South
Korea the 11th largest. US wanted to establish democracy in Iraq as
a model in the Middle East but failed miserably. Muslims with sunny-shia
divide, love for dictatorship reacted differently: still no one could find an
alternative leader for Bashir Assad, Saddam Hussain, or Hosni Mubarak, Colonel Gadhafi.
That is the curse in the Middle East, for dictators never allow anyone to
compete with them. However tiny Sri Lankan democracy found an alternative
leader who now supports India not China.
Muslims in the West also know that the total population of
Jews is only 14 million against 1600 million Muslims. 6 million in US and
another 6 million in Israel. The UNO after the massacre of 6 million Jews in
gas chambers helped Jews to establish Israel in their ancient land where many
of their prophets were born. Its area is only 9000 sq. miles compared to 5
million sq. miles of Arab lands.
Muslims in the West ask why the ulemma is so much bothered
about the plight of the Palestinians when 35 millions of Kurdish Muslims in the
four adjoining Islamic countries are left in the lurch. Instead of finding a
way to grant regional autonomy Turkey started bombing Kurdish Muslims. This has
aggravated the already tense situation in the Middle East and received
terrorist attacks in Turkish cities. Is this not a curse of Allah?.
You shall know the truth, the truth will set you free.
My clarion call is that we can’t claim to love Allah while
we hate His creatures and abuse them.
What makes us different from all other
species is our intelligence. It is intelligence that helps us establish what is
right and what is wrong. Right and Wrong are the tools that were given to us by
Allah the Creator of the Universe to elucidate through the times of times, how
to survive and thrive. Intelligent
people will always ask the right kind of question. Mr. Sultan Sahin asks the
'Can Muslims with 7th century mindset coexist with the followers of other religious communities?' Under this debate, which has been conducted many times before too, many commentators have expressed their views in favour or against it.
Generally speaking, Muslim readers are in favour and the Non-Muslim readers are against the motion.
A remarkable point can be observed in these more than two hundred comments that the question still lies fully unattended and unanswered or I can say no party is able to convince the other one as people avoid looking into the prevailing situation to realise the bare facts regarding the Muslims' positions in the world in general and specifically in India. The Muslims have been living in India for almost a millennium or so quite peacefully in a harmonious atmosphere and are mingling with other followers, as well.
Before Islam the society of Arabs were worse
, murdering and raping is general ,murdering of their daughters ,beating and murdering
of wives ,they use to marry as they want no limit 50 ,100 etc , wars between
one tribe to others is general after war they killed men of enemy tribe and
take custody of women for slavery and sex slavery , purchasing and selling of
slaves and girls , big drinkers etc ,in short Arabs society were so barbaric
and uncivilised that no one even want to rule on them , we r in 21 st century
but system of slavery ,selling and purchasing of girls, prostitution ,killing
of female child's , killings of innocent people in war ,I think today's humans
r more barbaric than old ones because today some countries r bombarding on
civilians no hesitation in killing children and women ,no hesitation in using
atom bombs etc ,honour killings still going on today humans calling themselves
civilised society but I think the conditions r same.
So at that time Arabs were so uncivilised
and barbaric after the coming of Islam and Quran they started some type of
humanity ,one person came to prophet and start crying and said oh prophet
before accepting Islam I killed my three daughters two of them were in her
early ages and I killed my one Daughter when she was 8 years old when I ready
to put her in grave she told me oh father u r killing me because I am a girl
and he started crying more loudly , prophet said now u pray to god for mercy
and live your rest life with good deeds and Allah has most gracious and merciful
,so after coming of Islam Arabs finished slowly all their bad habits ,in short
after Islam Arabs start to live like humans .
should protect such secular minded Muslims, unlike Bangladesh, where many are
killed for posting such liberal thoughts.
One of the rapidly growing problems in India is stemming from the
Media circles where people play the role of Supreme Court’s judges. The judges
in Supreme Court have not yet given their judgement but unfortunately sometimes
some of our Media circles give their categorical judgement without knowing the
fact and proof and thus they consider sometimes the innocent Muslims as “terrorists”.
The Media circles should present the news and not the judgment. I have
read a news today about a Muslim boy namely Nisar who has been released after
23 years of jail after the Supreme Court ordered his immediate release by
acquitting him from all charges and quashing the sentence of life imprisonment
ordered by the lower court. Nisar is breathing freely but he believes that “23
years in prison have murdered the man he was” he told the Indian Express: “I
have clocked 8,150 days of the prime of my life inside jail. For me, life is
over. What you are seeing is a living corpse.”
Mr Vasant Kadam! You give a judgment saying “All are fanatic”. But
this is not true. It is simply shows your angry thought.
You say "All Muslims are alike. No
difference. Either ISIS or common people"
I do not agree with you. According to
your thought, if Muslims too start thinking the way you have done that
"All Hindus are alike. No difference. Either Bajrang Dal, Rss or common
people". What would be the result then?
If Muslims had been alike, they would
not have faced the disastrous situations in Iraq, Syria, Pakistan, and other
countries of the world. And similarly if Hindus had been alike, they would not
have faced the controversies, mutual disagreement and caste-based
As being Indians, we should have
positive thought for our co-nationalists.
Mr. Sultan Shahin
Yes Islam came as a rahmat (blessing) for the world, but
how many other than true Muslims believe its rahmat. After reading the words of
the commentators like ‘Sunny’, ‘Hindu Reader’ and others, I am sure they do not
believe its rahmat. Another question is not to be asked whether Hindus,
Christians, Jews and Budhdhists believe and adopt this rahmat. If they believe
its rahmat, why some of them are found sometimes as the killers of innocent Muslims
as a cause of religious issue.
The questions are: Was this rahmat only applicable in the 7th
century and not applicable now? And on what criteria this rahmat is still applicable
and why the defensive meaning in the war-related verse cannot be applicable
even today? If the defensive thought is bad, why every country of the world, especially
of those who claim to promote peace and tolerant, is reproducing nuclear bombs
and dangerous weapons. Can you ask them not to produce such nuclear weapons in this
21st century, because this is not applicable today? It is another issue that when America makes
weapons it is called for defence, but when Iran makes any such weapons it is
blamed for being dangerous for the world’s safety. As far as the Muslim
countries are concerned, we know they have become much weaker than ever, even
in matter of defence.
The terrorists such as ISIS, Taliban and Al-Qaeda are misusing and
defaming Islam. On the other hand, the anti-Islamic people are looking for some
excuses to abuse and blame Islam. At this tumultuous time, I want Muslims like me
to be far away from both types of anti-Islamic people and their literature, comments
and remarks if he really wants to enjoy peace, because reading such unwanted
words will give only tension to them.
I have written dozens of articles in refutation of ISIS, Taliban, Boko
Haram and their likes. My Sufi-minded-Ulemas too have refuted and issued fatwas
against them. More than that, we pray “May Allah Almighty establish peace in
the world”. They have done their duty and thus they are good, but it will be
better if they refute more.
Sectarian division is a bitter fact in Muslim community. I belong
to Sunni-Hanafi-Sufi-minded “Barelvi” jamaat. I am open and clear since i
started writing articles for this website. In this sense, i am a staunch
believer to the point that I will never leave my maslak and my jamaat. But since
then i have not yet known about you. Your writings do not represent any groups
of Muslims. On many doctrines, i do not agree with you. I agree with you on
peace-promotion work, but after all, i do not agree with the way you want to
promote peace and tolerance.
Personally I think ‘peace-work’ is meaningless when it contradicts
the majority mainstream Muslims’ views. Peace needs mutual agreement, so, which
kind of peace it may be when it does not have any mutual agreement with the majority.
Peace and violence are inherent in the behaviour of all the human
beings including Muslims, Hindus, Christians, Jews and all. It is also a bitter
fact. When sensing such a bitter fact, I should and others too can simply pray “May
Allah Almighty establish peace in the world”!!!
precisely what I am telling you and other ulema, Ghulam Ghaus Saheb. If
you base your religion on Meccan Islam with its foundational verses of Quran
recited in chronological order, giving primacy to peace and pluralism, patience
and perseverance, and no permission for war and instruction to kill the kafir
and Mushrik, and no recorded ahadees that present the Prophet (saw) as ordering
killing of innocent civilians, we (including Ghazali himself) reach a very different conclusion about Islam
from what Ghazali and other luminaries like Ibn-e-Taimiya, Sarhandi, Wahhab,
Shah Waliullah, etc conclude while inspired by later Medinan verses.
We will have to
engage with this discrepancy in our scriptures and our theology. Our religion
should not provide refuge to terrorists and their ideologues. This is what it
does at the moment.
You know what the consensus theology as revealed in the
Encyclopaedia of Islam says about Jihad: “Terminologically, Jihad means to
fight against a non-zimmi unbeliever
(kaafir) after he rejects the call
towards Islam, in order to establish or raise high the words of Allah.” Isn’t
the statement in the ISIS video, asking non-Muslims to convert or pay Jizya or
be killed saying the same thing. How can you oppose ISIS and support the
conclusions reached in the Kuwaiti Encyclopaedia?
was prepared after half-a-century’s efforts by a bevy of ulema from different
schools of thought and different parts of the world. It has a 23,000-word
chapter on Jihad. This chapter does not have anything to say about what we
moderates call Greater Jihad (struggle against one’s own negative ego).
the state of the current theology by consensus of all schools of thought. So
merely quoting Quranic verses from Mecca or peaceful passages from theologians like
Ghazali based on Meccan Quran cannot help. By virtually a consensus Meccan
verses are now considered abrogated and replaced by Medinan verses. The Sufi or
moderate ulema will quote Meccan verses of peace and pluralism but will not say
that the Doctrine of Abrogation is false. This is not going to help. You must
understand that in the age of internet you cannot hide anything.
That’s why I am
constantly asking ulema, particularly those like you who want to promote peace,
to think, introspect, brainstorm with other ulema, engage with and resolve
these contradictions. Denial and obduracy of the kind displayed by both Maulana
Tahirul Qadri and you is
not going to help Islam and its perception by the Muslims and the world at
Please realise the state we are in at the
moment. Islam and terrorism have become virtually synonymous. Islam came as a rahmat (blessing) for the world. We have turned into more than a zahmat (mischief). It has become an object of fear.
And this is not
happening because of the terrorists, but because of the double dealings of our
ulema. On the one hand they say that there is no place for terrorism in Islam
as even killing one innocent person amounts to genocide in Quran and on the
other they keep silent and support when Taliban scholars justify their terrorism
by pointing to Hadees that says that Prophet (saw) himself ordered killing of innocents
at Taif. When this Hadees is put before ulema they merely say, well, this
Hadees is certainly in sihah-e-sitta (all six authentic books of Hadees). They do
not say that it is impossible for the Prophet to himself violate the Quranic principle
that killing of even one innocent amounts to genocide. Ghaus Saheb, you and other ulema will have to find a
way to reconcile this contradiction.
Terrorists are successful because their
ideology is based on current theology of consensus. We moderates and progressives
are not able to keep our youth safe from these marauders because we are not
clear where we stand. How can Quran be against killing of even one innocent
person and the Prophet order killing of scores of innocents at Taif? Why do
you have to insist that Hadees is sacrosanct, even ‘akin to revelation’? How
can it be ‘akin to revelation’ when it was collected up to 300 years after the demise
of the Prophet? How can the Prophet violate the Quran? Are the ulema telling us
that the Prophet too believed that the peaceful Meccan verses had been
abrogated? And if they are saying so, then what is the difference between them and the
Sultan Shahin sahib,
have quoted Imam Ghazali various times in your articles. You quoted to tell the
readers about his “offensive” interpretation. I too have quoted him in my
articles but for proving that the war-related verses were in fact
defensive. Do please tell me, how you
would characterise the following quotes:
Muhammad al-Ghazali writes his commentary on Surah 9:5
are therefore basically opposed to war and are never the ones to start it. By
the imperative of their own religion, they are taught not to impose their
beliefs on others by force. Their mission is to impart and communicate God’s
message, leaving people free to decide whether to believe or reject it. Those
who refuse to believe are free to pursue their lives in peace as long as they
do not pose any obstacle or threat to Islam and the Muslims, who perceive their
faith as the strongest and most vital binding relationship between God and
humankind and that it is their responsibility to make others aware of it and
provide them with the opportunity to understand and appreciate it.
is the basis of the relationship between Muslims and non-Muslims in Islamic
society. God says elsewhere in the Qur’an: “Therefore, if they (the
unbelievers) do not trouble you and cease their hostility towards you and offer
you peace, God gives you no authority over them” [al-Nisa: 90]. Those who take
up arms against a Muslim state or parts of it must be met with force, and if
they are overcome, they should be disarmed. Once that is achieved, they are
free to lead their own lives and practise their beliefs in peace and security
under the protection of the Muslim authorities, in return for which they have
to pay a levy.
is the background against which prescription of the Jizyah, or exemption tax,
came into being. It is not due from those who are neutral and have never taken
up arms against the Muslim state. The Qur'anic verse gives ample explanation
for the reason behind the establishment of this tax, for it stipulates who
should pay it. They are those “who do not believe in God and the Last Day, who
do not forbid what God and His Messenger have forbidden, and who do not follow
the true religion, until they pay the exemption tax unreservedly and with
humility.” (Shaykh Muhammad al-Ghazali, “A Thematic Commentary on the Qur’an”
[The International Institute of16: Islamic Thought, Second Printing, 2005], pp.
183-184, “Jihad: a war against all Non-Muslims or not? By Kevin Abdullah
Muhammad al-Ghazali concludes his commentary on Surah 9:5
natural disposition and tendency favour peace, harmony, and stability among
relatives, neighbours, and friends. However, while condoning and encouraging
these tendencies, the Qur’an also says: “…Much as you dislike it, fighting has
been prescribed for you. But you may despise something that is good for you,
and you may love something that is bad for you. God knows, but you do not …”
[2:216]. Peace is to be welcomed when rights are protected and beliefs are
respected; but if peace means abject surrender and subjugation, it cannot be
easily defended on moral or realistic grounds. This delicate balance is well
presented in the verse: “… They ask you whether fighting is permitted during
the sacred month. Say, ‘fighting in it is a grave matter’ …” [2:217], meaning
it is not permitted. However, what should be done if aggression is perpetrated,
terrorizing peaceful communities and jeopardizing their rights of worship and
belief? Should not aggression be repelled, in order to protect one’s rights?
The verse continues: “….but to deny God and debar people from His path and
prevent them from worshiping in the Holy Mosque, and to drive its inhabitants
away, is far graver in the sight of God…” [2:217]. In short “...sedition
(Arabic: Fitnah) is a greater threat than killing...” [2:217] and fighting or
armed resistance should be permitted in “defence” of one’s integrity and
beliefs. However, in circumstances in which we are faced with enemies who will
not be satisfied until we forsake our religion and way of life and adopt
theirs, defensive action becomes obligatory and the blame for instigating the
conflict will not fall on us but on those who were the cause of it.
introductory remarks enable us to appreciate fully the meaning of the following
verse: “…fight for the cause of God those who fight against you, but do not
commit aggression because God does not love the aggressors…” [2:190]. This is
an eternal principle, and everything else the Qur’an has to say on this subject
agrees with it. Some commentators have been erroneously misled into believing
that Surah al-Tawbah contains injunctions that contradict this principle. The
command given in that Surah to undertake to fight back does not, however
prescribe fighting against fair-minded, neutral, or reasonable people. It
condones it against groups who have grudges against the Muslims and are
actively undermining their peace and security and inflicting harm upon them.
That is the reason for the Qur’an’s condemnation that: “...Evil is what they
(the unbelievers) have done; they respect no pacts or agreements with the
believers and they are the aggressors…..” [Al-Tawbah: 9-10]
the Qur’an emphasizes the need to confront those aggressors in a just and clean
fight, by asking: “...Would you not fight against those who have broken their
oaths and conspired to drive the Messenger out, and attacked you first? Do you
fear them? Surely you should fear God instead, if you are true believers…”
[Al-Tawbah: 13]. It is difficult to see how this can be seen as prescribing
waging war against those who do not commit aggression, or that it overrides the
principle given in al-Baqarah which states clearly that fighting is undertaken
only in response to aggression.
– when propounded by some Muslims – is at best a misunderstanding, and at worst
an objectionable undermining of eternal Islamic principles, inviting noxious
charges against Islam, for which we have only ourselves to blame. Here it is
worth stressing that the Qur’an prescribes legitimate defensive war on
condition that it is undertaken for the cause of God and not for personal glory
nor to gain a special advantage; nor should wars be prescribed for the sake of
vainglorious and bigoted nationalist interests to prove that a particular
country is supreme and master of all ! Wars conducted in recent times have been
organized to usurp the wealth and the resources of weaker nations, and to
colonize and control their lands and destinies for the benefit of strong and
mighty ones. Far from being just wars, fought in the name of God, they are true
works of evil. (Shaykh Muhammad al-Ghazali, “A Thematic Commentary on the
Qur’an” [The International Institute of 16: Islamic Thought, Second Printing,
2005], pp. 18-20, see also “Jihad: a war against all Non-Muslims or not? By
Kevin Abdullah Kareem”)
read my full article:
Them Wherever You Find Them (2:191)': What Quran Actually Means By This
We Muslims believe that our Lord Allah
Almighty is able to do everything. Nothing is impossible for Him. As a creator
of the world, Allah Almighty has all good attributes; such as the knowledge of
Future and the knowledge of Unseen. We cannot disbelieve any attribute for Him.
That the holy Quran was in Lauhe Mahfooz is proved by the Quran itself. The
knowledge of Future is one of the attributes of Allah Almighty. He knew the
situation and context and everything that would happen in the era of the
prophet peace be upon him. The verses came down according to the need and
situation. This is very simple
idea. No believer can or should deny this attribute...........
All the verses you have quoted in your
recent comment were meant for fighting for defence, fighting for true justice. So,
if fighting for defence is considered intolerant, then not a single one is safe
from being intolerant in this 21st century.
Some verses from The Holy Quran used for brainwashing our youth and leading them on to what they are told is the path of Jihad and the way to Heaven are being reproduced below from a compilation made by Dr. Shabbir Ahmed of Florida along with his occasional commentaries (available at www.ourbeacon.com). While they may have great historical value and help us understanding the roots of our religion and the difficulties the Prophet had to face in carrying out his task and feel grateful for his perseverance and patience, most of them are clearly not applicable to us verbatim in our present situation and in the present age. Let us pinch ourselves hard and try and remember that we are not living in the seventh century Arabia, but in the 21st century post 9/11 world. There is no way we can go back in time and migrate to Prophet’s Arabia and help fight his battles and earn Allah’s blessings and probably a good accommodation in Heaven. We will have to find other ways of achieving that.
2:216 Fighting is ordained for you, even though it is hateful to you. But it may happen that you hate a thing that is good for you, and it may happen that you love a thing that is bad for you. For, God knows and you know not. [See 2:190-193, 22:39]
2:217 They ask you about fighting in any Month of Security. Say, “Fighting in the prescribed Months of Security is a great transgression. (2:194). However, repelling men from the Way of God, and rejecting His Command of peace in those Months and turning people away from the Masjid of Security and the Prescribed Way of Life, and evicting its people from there, are greater offences in the Sight of God. Persecution is a crime far greater than killing.” They will not cease from fighting against you until they make you revert from your Way of Life, if they can. He among you who goes back from his Deen and dies in disbelief these are the ones whose works are rendered vain in this world and the Hereafter. These are the companions of Fire, to abide therein.
2:244 Fight in the Cause of God, and know that God is Hearer, Knower.
[This is propagated as a verse of universal value, even forgetting the verse which says: Fight only in self-defence and against oppression since God does not love aggressors. 2:190-194]
8:37 God will distinguish the bad from the good, then pile the bad on top of one another and cast them together in the Hellfire. They are truly the losers. [The clans of rejecters will join hands to fight the believers, but the battleground will become Hell for them]
8:38 (O Prophet) Tell the disbelievers that if they cease hostilities, all their past will be forgiven. But if they return, they will meet the example of the old nations.
8:39 Fight and subdue those who persist in aggression until persecution is no more, and absolute freedom of religion is established. People must be able to adopt a religion only for God’s Approval, and as free choice (2:193, 12:108). If they cease from aggression, God is the Seer of their actions, and therefore you shall leave them alone.
2:246 (Sustained commitment to the Divine Order with wealth and person is not an easy undertaking.) After the times of Moses, some leaders of the Israelites promised their Prophet (Samuel), “If you appoint a king for us, we will fight in the Cause of God.” The Prophet said, “Is it your intention to refrain from fighting if it was decreed to you?” They said’ “Why should we not fight in the Cause of God when we have been driven out of our homes with our children?” Yet when fighting was ordained for them, they turned away all but a few. God is Aware of the wrongdoers.
3:13 (Only recently at Badr) there was a sign for you in the two armies that met in combat. One was fighting in the Cause of God, the other denying Him. With their own eyes the two armies saw each other as twice their number. But God strengthens people with His support according to His Laws. This must be a lesson for people of vision for all times.
3:167 And that He might mark out those afflicted with hypocrisy. They had been told, “Come! Fight in the Cause of God, or at least defend (the city).” They answered, “If we knew that confrontation was forthcoming, we would have indeed joined you.” On that day they were closer to disbelief than belief, uttering with their mouths something that was not in their hearts. But God was best Aware of what they were trying to conceal.
3:168 Those who sat at home said of their brethren, “If they had listened to us they would not have been slain.” Say (O Messenger), “Then avert death from your own selves if you are truthful.”
3:169 Think not of those, who are slain in the Cause of God, as dead. Nay, they are living! And by their Lord they are well provided for. [2:154, 3:156]
3:170 They are happy in the Bounty that God has given them - and pleased for those left behind, who have not yet joined them - that upon them shall be no fear, nor anything to regret.
3:171 They rejoice because of the favor from God and the Bounty. For, God never fails to reward those who have conviction in His Laws.
3:172 For those who respond to God and the Messenger even after harm has struck them - and continue to work for the betterment of humanity and live upright, is a tremendous reward. [8:24]
3:195 Thus their Lord accepts and answers their prayer, “Indeed, I never let the work of any worker, male or female, go vain. You are members, one of another. Hence, those who emigrate, and are driven from their homelands, and suffer harm in My Cause, and fight, and are slain, I shall certainly blot out their faults, erasing the imprints of their misdeeds on their ‘self’. And certainly, I shall admit them into Gardens with streams flowing beneath - a handsome return from God's Presence. For, with God is the fairest return of actions. [2:186]
2:191 Subdue them regardless of their tribal affiliations, and drive them out of where they drove you out. For persecution, (terror, torture, oppression) is a crime even more grievous than killing. Do not fight against them near the Masjid of Security (a haven of amnesty) unless they attack you therein. But if they attack you there, then you shall fight against them. Such has to be the rebuttal of those who reject (the Standard of Peace).
2:193 Hence, fight them only until there is no more harassment, and Deen may be adopted for the sake of God alone. And if they desist, then let there be no hostility except against those who replace peace with aggression.
2:194 You may fight during the Months of Peace and Security if you are attacked, for, a violation of sanctity will activate the Law of Just retribution. So, the one who attacks you should expect retaliation in like manner. Be mindful of God, and know that God is with those who live upright.
2:195 (Defence of the Divine Order calls for sacrifice of wealth and person.) Hence, keep open your resources in the Cause of God, and let not your own hands throw you into destruction. Be beneficent! Indeed, God loves the doers of good. [You might throw yourselves into destruction by withholding contributions to this noble Cause]
4:74 Let them fight in God’s Cause, all those who sell the life of this world for the other. Whoever fights in God’s Cause, be he slain or be he victorious, We shall soon give him an immense reward.
4:75 What has happened to you that you do not fight in the Cause of God? Defenceless men, women, and children are being oppressed and crying, "Our Lord! Rescue us from this town whose people are oppressors, and raise for us protectors and helpers." [God does not fight in person, or send His armies or angels physically. 22:39]
4:76 Believers fight in the Cause of God, that is, for the removal of tyranny and in self-defence (benign aggression). And the rejecters of the Truth fight in tyranny and for their selfish desire to oppress people (malignant aggression). So fight against those friends of Satan. Surely, Satan's plan is feeble because the selfish desire fails before the Divine Law of Requital.
4:77 Have you seen those who have been told, “Curb your hands, and establish the Divine System and set up the just Economic Order?” But as soon as the Command came to fight, some of them feared men as they should have feared God, or even more. They say, "Our Lord! Why have You ordained fighting for us? If only You had granted us a little more delay!" Say, “Brief is the enjoyment of this world, whereas the life to come is the best for those who live upright. None of you shall be wronged a hair’s breadth.”
4:78 Wherever you may be, death will find you, even if you live in fortified castles. When something good happens to them, they say, “It is from God.” And when affliction befalls them they say to each other, “This is from you O fellow-man!” Tell them, “All things happen according to God’s Laws.” What is amiss with these people, they do not understand a thing?
4:84 (O Messenger) Fight in the Cause of God. You are responsible only for yourself. Inspire the believers (to conquer all fear). God may well curb the might of the unbelievers (who are bent upon destroying the System). For God is the Strongest in Might, and Strongest in the ability to deter. [2:151]
4:91 You will find others who desire peace for their people and make peace with you. But at the slightest opportune moment they come to fight against you. If they neither leave you alone, nor offer peace, nor hold their hands, subdue them regardless of which group they belong to. In their case, God has given you a clear Authority to fight.
5:33 The just punishment for those who wage war against God and His Messenger and endeavor to commit bloody crimes on earth, is that they be killed or crucified, or have their hands and feet severed on alternate sides, or be entirely banished from the land. Such is their disgrace in this world, and an awful suffering awaits them in the Hereafter.
8:43 God made them few in your vision. Had He made them appear more numerous (and you got intimidated by their great numbers), you would have been discouraged. And you would have disputed among yourselves (whether fighting them at Badr was a good idea). But God saved you from faltering. He is fully Aware of what is in the hearts.
8:44 When the two armies faced each other, He made them appear few in your eyes, and made you appear weak in their eyes (3:12). God willed that to be the Day of Distinction. All matters go back to God’s Laws as their source.
8:45 O You who have chosen to be graced with belief! Whenever you meet an army, be firm and remember God much, that you may be successful. [8:10]
8:57 When you encounter them in war, deal with them to set an example for those who come after them, that they may remember.
8:59 Let not the rejecters suppose that they can get away with their violations. They cannot escape the Law of Requital.
8:60 Make ready for them all the power you can muster, and all the equipment you can mobilize so that you may deter the enemies of God, and your enemies. And others beside them whom you know not, God knows them. Whatever wealth and effort you spend on your defences, will be your spending in the Cause of God, and it will be repaid to you generously. And you shall not be wronged.
8:65 O Prophet! Inspire the believers (to conquer all fear of death) in times of war. If there be twenty of you who are patient in adversity, they shall overcome two hundred, and if there be one hundred of you, they shall overcome one thousand of those who are bent upon denying the Truth. This is because the rejecters of the Truth are people who cannot understand (the Eternal rewards that motivate the believers).
8:66 For the time being, however, God has lightened your burden, for He knows that you are weak. And so, if there be one hundred of you who are steadfast in adversity, they should be able to overcome two hundred; and if there be one thousand of you, they should be able to overcome two thousand by God’s Leave. For, God is with those who are steadfast in adversity.
9:12 If they keep breaking their pledges after their treaty, and assail your System, then fight the chiefs of the disbelievers. They have no respect for their binding oaths. This action will help restrain them from aggression.
9:13 Will you not fight a folk who keep breaking their solemn pledges and did everything to drive out the Messenger, and did attack you first? What! Do you fear them? Nay, it is God alone Whom you should more justly fear, if you are truly believers.
9:14 Fight them! God will punish them at your hands, and He will humiliate them, and give you victory over them, and He will soothe the bosoms of those who believe.
9:16 Do you think that you will be left alone without God distinguishing those among you who strive in His Cause, and take none for ally except God, His Messenger, and the believers? And God is Aware of what you do.
9:29 Fight back against those who do not believe in God, nor in the Last Day, nor do they prohibit what God and His Messenger have prohibited, nor do they acknowledge the True Deen - among those who were given the Scripture, until they pay Jizya in humility.
9:32 They (Jews and Christians) seek to extinguish God’s Light (the Qur’an) by their utterances. But God will not allow this to pass, for He has willed to spread His Light in all its fullness even though the rejecters may detest it.
9:33 He it is Who has sent His Messenger with Guidance and the True Religion (Deen = The System of Life), that He may cause it to prevail over all religions and systems of life, even though the idolaters may detest it. [9:31-33, 13:31, 14:48, 18:48, 41:53, 48:28, 51:20-21, 61:8-9]
[Commentary by Dr. Shabbir Ahmed: “the Qura’nic Deen will prevail over all other systems of life. This refers to religions such as Christianity, Judaism, Hinduism and all other forms of religion, including the sects that are now present in Islam. But next to religions, the Qur’anic Deen will also prevail over all political systems of the world such as Communism, Secular Democracy, Theocracy, Monarchy and it will rule over all ways of life as Humanism, Socialism and so on. This will happen as humanity willingly realizes the supremacy of The Qur’an”.]
9:36 God has ordained twelve months in one year. This has been God’s Ordinance since the day He created the heavens and the earth. Four of these Months are Sacred, forbidden for all warfare. This is the Firm Religion, the right way. So, do not wrong yourselves by fighting during the Sacred Months. However, you may fight the idolaters in any or all these months if they fight against you in any or all of them (2:194). And know that God is with those who restrain themselves.
9:38 O You who have chosen to be graced with belief! What is amiss with you that, when called upon, “Go forth in the Cause of God,” you cling heavily to the ground? Do you choose pleasure in the life of this world rather than in the life to come? The enjoyment of this life is but a paltry thing compared to the Hereafter.
9:39 If you did not go forth in God’s Cause, He (His Law) will afflict you with a painful doom. He will replace you with another nation. You cannot harm Him in the least. All things transpire according to the Laws appointed by God. [Only the competent nations live honorably on earth. 21:105, 24:55]
9:41 Go forth lightly armed, or heavily armed and strive with your wealth and person in the Cause of God. This is best for you if you but knew.
9:44 Those who have conviction in God and the Last Day, do not ask you for exemption from striving with their wealth and persons. And God is Aware of those who live upright.
9:47 Even if they had gone forth they would have only caused trouble and run to and fro seeking sedition among you. In your ranks are some apt to listen to them and in your ranks are spies of the enemy. God knows the wrongdoers.
9:48 They have sought to create dissension among you before, and raised difficulties for you (O Prophet). They did that till the Truth came and the Decree of God prevailed, though they detested it.
9:49 Of them is he who says, “Grant me leave, and do not draw me into trial.” Have they not fallen into trial already? In fact, Hell is all around the disbelievers.
9:52 Say, "Can you expect for us other than one of two things?" - (Victory or martyrdom). On the other hand, we expect for you that God will send His retribution from Himself, or by our hands. Wait then expectant, and we shall hopefully wait with you.”
9:53 (Some hypocrites want to make financial contributions.) Tell them, "Your contribution is not accepted whether you pay willingly or unwillingly. You are a people who drift away from the System at the first opportune time."
47:4 If you meet the disbelievers in battle, then, strike at their Command centres. Until you have subdued them, then, bind them firmly. And thereafter, must be an act of kindness or ransom when the battle lays down its weapons. And if God willed, He could indeed punish them Himself, but that He may let you test one by means of another (as to which nation remains vigilant.) And, as for those who are slain in the Cause of God, He does not render their actions vain.
[8:37, 38:40. Commentary by Dr. Shabbir Ahmed (available at www.ourbeacon.com)]: “Free the captives as an act of kindness or ransom, such as in exchange for your men in their captivity. There is no third option. Fadharb ar-riqaab is usually rendered as ‘smite their necks.’ A little contemplation, however, makes it plain that in a battle of swords and arrows no commander would order his soldiers to aim for the necks alone. Therefore, the stated term has been used idiomatically, indicating knocking out the command centres. It is interesting to note that even in today’s encounters with high technology this principle is given a top priority.”
talking about the war-related verses as contextual, the Sufi-Sunni clerics and
great theologians of the past have already called them contextual. So we should
not say “no clerics have done that”. We Muslims are indebted to these great
scholars who produced the science of absab-e-nuzul and context. This is their
guidance as a result of depth study of Islam that has enabled me and others so
far to write numerous articles on refutation of the modern terrorism. This is
the guidance whereby the Sufi-Sunni minded Muslims around the world have
refuted the theology of ISIS, Taliban, Boko Haram etc, putting their lives at
stake. Most of them have even lost their lives. In Syria and Iraq, such
scholars and clerics are the target of the terrorism of ISIS, Al-Qaeda, Boko
Haram. So, we should not ignore that the reason of fight between ISIS and the
Sufi-Sunni clerics is the doctrinal difference. If there had not been any such difference,
the militants of ISIS would not have killed the clerics.
Of course, there is not a single “intolerant”
verse in the holy Quran.
It is merely a cause of misunderstanding
or wrong to use the bad word ‘intolerant’ with any verses of the holy Qura'n.
The war-related verses are defensive in
nature. But unfortunately not only do the modern terrorists misuse these verses
for their intolerant pieces of work but even some “progressive Muslims” too painfully
present these verses with the tag of “intolerant”. If our ‘progressive Muslims’
continue to call these verses ‘intolerant’, they have no ground to defend
Islam. They should stop calling ulemas or any anyone to refute the terrorists’
anti-Islamic theology. To me, this way our ‘progressive Muslims’ can only strengthen
the propaganda of the modern terrorism/kharijisim.
The sense that our “progressive Muslims”
are unfortunately using to understand these verses and call them ‘intolerant’
will not let them get free from their own intolerant attitude. From that sense,
I see everyone in the world is intolerant. If both defensive and offensive
attitude are meant to be intolerant, then no one is free from this intolerant attitude.
We are Muslims
with the extreme mercy of Allah but not to lose our religious dignity for the
sake of coexistence.