To: Respected Muslim Readers
@ New Age Islam
Subject: THE TRANSLATION OF QUR’ANIC VERSE 9:5
From the two words “Kill”
to “Slay” used by the Islamic scholars with reference to Surah:
Al-Tawbah – Verse: 9:5, except for:
Maulana Abul Kalam Azad used “put down,” and avoided using kill and
T. B. Irving used the word “Associators,” and not
Polytheists, Idolators, Pagans and Mushrikun.
Reading the translation of Qur’anic
Verse: 9:5, all of you will find the translations of these two Islamic scholars
to be far more balanced and sensible.
Here’s how T. B. Irving
translated the following Verse 9:6:
“If one of the associators
should ask for you for protection, then grant him aslyum until he has heard God’s
word. Later on escort him to where he can find safety. That’s because they are
folk who do not know anything.”
those people who associates other deities and do not worship “One God” alone.
Well then, there are many who remain gravely concerned over the use of the
words, Polytheists, Idolators, Pagans and Mushrikun.
Finally, I will personally
opt for both Maulana Abul Kalam Azad’s and T. B. Irving’s translations which do
not consists of the two words, “Kill” and “Slay.”
Thanks again for reading, I
Very truly yours,
Mohammed Rafiq Lodhia
SLAY, KILL, BELEAGER & BESEIGE
POLYTHEISTS, IDOLATORS, PAGANS,
MUSHRIKUN & ASSOCIATORS
Sūrah: Al-Tawbah (The Repentance) – Chapter: 9 – Verse: 5
Sahih International: And when the sacred months have passed, then
kill the polytheists wherever you find them and capture
them and besiege them and sit in wait for them at every
place of ambush. But if they should repent, establish prayer, and give zakah,
let them [go] on their way. Indeed, Allah is Forgiving and Merciful.
Pickthall: Then, when the sacred months have passed, slay the idolaters wherever ye find them, and take them
(captive), and besiege them, and prepare for them each
ambush. But if they repent and establish worship and pay the poor-due, then
leave their way free. Lo! Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.
Yusuf Ali: But when the forbidden months are past, then
fight and slay the Pagans wherever ye find them, an seize them, beleaguer them, and lie in wait for them in every stratagem
(of war); but if they repent, and establish regular prayers and practise
regular charity, then open the way for them: for Allah is Oft-forgiving,
Shakir: So when the sacred months have passed away,
then slay the idolaters wherever you find them, and take
them captives and besiege them and lie
in wait for them in every ambush, then if they repent and keep up prayer and
pay the poor-rate, leave their way free to them; surely Allah is Forgiving,
Muhammad Sarwar: When the sacred months are over, slay the pagans wherever you find them. Capture, besiege, and ambush them. If they repent, perform prayers
and pay the religious tax, set them free. God is All-forgiving and
Mohsin Khan: Then when the Sacred Months (the Ist, 7th,
11th, and 12th months of the Islamic calendar) have passed, then kill the Mushrikun (see V.2:105) wherever you find
them, and capture them and besiege them, and
prepare for them each and every ambush. But if they repent and perform As-Salat
(Iqamat-as-Salat), and give Zakat, then leave their way free. Verily, Allah
is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.
Arberry: Then, when the sacred months are drawn away,
slay the idolaters wherever you find them, and take
them, and confine them, and lie in wait for them at every place of ambush. But
if they repent, and perform the prayer, and pay the alms, then let them go
their way; God is All-forgiving, All-compassionate.
Maulana Abul Kalam Azad – But when the sacred months are passed, (the
state of war is resumed) (in this state) put down the polytheists (who are against you) wherever you find them, and
capture them and beleager them and lie in wait for them
at every ambush. But if they turn to God and observe prayer and pay the
obligatory poor dues, then do not pursue them any longer for God will
forgive them (their past) and admit them to His mercy.
T. B. Irving: When hallowed months have slipped away, then
wherever you may find them; take them and beseige them, and
waylay them at every outpost. If they should repent, keep up prayer and pay the
welfare tax, then let them go their way. God is Forgiving, Merciful.
Maulana Wahiddudin Khan: When the forbidden months have passed, kill the polytheists (who are at war with you)
whenever you find them. Take them
captive, and beseige them, and lie in wait for them
at every place of ambush. But if they repent, and take to prayer regularly and
pay the alms, then let them go their way. God is forgiving and merciful.
Muslim Readers @ New Age Islam
here are some of the quotes which will help enlighten all of my fellow Muslims
about a mysterious personality named “Secular Logic”:
My being an
atheist has nothing to do with whether I find your answer satisfactory or
ridiculous, because though I don't personally believe in God,
I empathise with people's need for belief in God. Some of the people
I love most dearly are believers. Hindu, of course.
secularlogic - 3/31/2015 10:18:47 AM
do perform the rituals associated with idol worship. At that time, I strive to have
nothing but the purest thoughts in my mind and pray for peace, tolerance and
brotherhood of all mankind and say, if you exist, God, make the
earth worthy of being called your creation.
secularlogic - 3/30/2015 12:35:50 AM
shall certainly worship all the idols that exist in the world, whether you like it or not.
secularlogic - 3/28/2015 12:13:02 AM
do not think it is a sin to worship idols or several gods. One may worship, one, many, or none
so long as it brings him peace of mind and does not trouble others.
secularlogic - 3/27/2015 7:04:12 AM
sir, has to be earned.
I cannot force myself to respect anything. I do not place any religion to be
exempt from critical examination. Most religions, after a point,
require you to suspend disbelief, and believe in something because
some Prophet, some book tells you it is so. This does not appeal to me.
secularlogic - 3/26/2015 11:48:00 PM
Well, I do
love stone metal wood idols, because they are a part of my culture, many of
them are beautiful, and it is belief which endows them with godliness. Those
who don't believe that God pervades every atom in the universe will see the
idols as mere stones. Which is OK with me. The point is, if there is a
religion that has idol worship as a part of its belief system, secularism
demands that you respect it. Islam doesn't.
secularlogic - 3/26/2015 11:22:58 PM
Talking about “Insanity,” here
is a classic example of how “Secular Logic,” twist and turn using his “Unclean Heart.” That’s exactly where the problem lies. Forget
spirituality. Focus on insincerity on his/her part. Then he/she confirms that,
“some of the people I love most dearly are believers. Hindu, of course.”
Why not? Nothing wrong with having immense love for your own people.
Though, I did not read any comment on this particular forum that forced “Secular
Logic,” not to worship idols or to change his religion, or for the lack of
better word, “Secularism.” Hence, why is this person carrying nothing
but a personal vendetta against Islam and Qur’an?
remarkable is that he/she is relentless to compel Muslims to abandon Holy
Qur’an. Ask yourself, why would a person who boast about, “I strive to have
nothing but the purest thoughts in my mind and pray for peace, tolerance and
brotherhood of all mankind,” smear the religion of Islam and continue to
make insulting remarks about Muslims? After all, “What does all
these quotes tells us about ‘Secular Logic’ own moral character?”
Your guess is as good as mine, ladies and gentlemen.
This article was written
to counter the Sunni narrative according to which the Meccan pagans had no
alternative but to accept Islam or be executed irrespective of whether they had
fought against the Muslims or not although such a narrative runs counter to
what the Quran says on the subject.
Apart from words falsely
attributed to the Prophet, these people falsely attribute to the Quran what the
Quran does not say:
Take for example the
verse quoted by Secular Logic which is 8:38 translated by Mohsin Khan and highlighted
with bold italics:
Mohsin Khan Verily,
those who disbelieve spend their wealth to hinder (men) from the Path of Allah,
and so will they continue to spend it; but in the end it will become an anguish
for them. Then they will be overcomed. And those who disbelieve will be
gathered unto Hell.
those who disbelieve spend their wealth to hinder (people) from the way of
Allah. So they will go on spending it, then it will be to them a regret, then
they will be overcome. And those who disbelieve will be gathered together to
those who disbelieve spend their wealth in order that they may debar (men) from
the way of Allah. They will spend it, then it will become an anguish for them,
then they will be conquered. And those who disbelieve will be gathered unto
Mohsin Khan In
order that Allah may distinguish the wicked (disbelievers, polytheists and
doers of evil deeds) from the good (believers of Islamic Monotheism and doers
of righteous deeds), and put the wicked (disbelievers, polytheists and doers of
evil deeds) one on another, heap them together and cast them into Hell. Those!
it is they who are the losers.
Allah may separate the wicked from the good, and put the wicked one upon
another, then heap them together, then cast them into hell. These indeed are
008:038 Khan Say to those
who have disbelieved, if they cease (from disbelief) their past will be
forgiven. But if they return (thereto), then the examples of those (punished)
before them have already preceded (as a warning).
008:038 Maulana Say
to those who disbelieve, if they desist, that which is past will be forgiven
them; and if they return, then the example of those of old has already gone.
008:038 Pickthal Tell
those who disbelieve that if they cease (from persecution of believers) that
which is past will be forgiven them; but if they return (thereto) then the
example of the men of old hath already gone (before them, for a warning).
Maulana is literal and he does not add
anything to say what the kafaru who had fought with the Muslims in the battle
of Badr should “desist” from.
Mohsin Khan adds on his own that they
should desist from disbelief
Pickthal says that they should desist from
persecution of believers. Pickthal is closer to the truth but for a
literalist the answer is in 8:36. They should desist from hindering men from the path
Mohsin Khan is not an exception. Even Yusuf
Ali has got it wrong. Rashad, Sarwar and Sherali has translated like Maulana
and Sarwar has translated as desist from evil deeds.
A literalist when asked the
question desist from what, would pick up the answer from 8:36 as I have done, “desist
from hindering men from the path of Allah. You can see how different this is
from “desist from disbelief”
Take verse 2:193
Mohsin Khan And
fight them until there is no more Fitnah (disbelief and worshipping of others
along with Allah) and (all and every kind of) worship is for Allah (Alone). But
if they cease, let there be no transgression except against Az-Zalimun (the
polytheists, and wrong-doers, etc.)
fight them until there is no persecution, and religion is only for Allah. But
if they desist, then there should be no hostility except against the
fight them until persecution is no more, and religion is for Allah. But if they
desist, then let there be no hostility except against wrong-doers.
Verse 2:191 describes what Fitnah is being referred
to in verse 2:193 and taking Mohsin Khan’s own rendering of 2:191
kill them wherever you find them, and turn them out from where they have turned
you out. And Al-Fitnah is worse than killing. And fight not with them at
Al-Masjid-al-Haram (the sanctuary at Makkah), unless they (first) fight you
there. But if they attack you, then kill them. Such is the recompense of the
Fitna is “turning people
out of their homes” or persecution. Specifically in this case, since it was driving
people out of their homes for their faith, it is religious persecution. However
Khan in 2:193 turns this into “disbelief and worshipping others along with
So if Khan and his ilk
are to be believed, the wars were not to fight against oppression and religious persecution but to end
disbelief. Unfortunately, this is what goes for most Muslims and even the
moderate ones since this is woven into Sunni theology. I could quote from the books of acclaimed moderates to provide further proof.
I am not surprised
therefore, that only Muhammad Yunus and Siraj have appreciated this article.
The implications are
obvious. If the Prophet was fighting to end disbelief and not to end oppression
and injustice, then the extremists are carrying on that tradition and Political Islam is true Islam! The
difference between the moderate and the extremist is not in the ideology then
but in their commitment to that ideology. The Islamophobes are not off the mark
when they describe the extremists as better or more committed Muslims when the underlying
a) All non-Muslims are Kafir
b) The wars of Islam were to end disbelief and not
to end oppression and injustice.
It is high time the
Ulema come out clean on the above two points and until such time, the extremist
ideology cannot be defeated. There is no point in Al Azhar making merely noises without attacking the roots of the defective theology based on falsifying the Quran and perhaps also by concocting a few ahadith.
FOR THE SAKE OF BLEEDING
afford in this heart-breaking time of crisis, to indulge in mutual
recrimination; but let us appeal to all God-fearing Mohammedans for the sake of
their own great religion and culture and for the sake of bleeding humanity, to
join hands with us in dealing with evil which may grow into a permanent source
of futility bringing upon our unfortunate country the disgust and derision of
the whole world.
September 5, 1931
Dear Muhammad Yunus,
The revelations were
exactly what were needed for the moment. They could not have appeared as
disjointed to its audience. On the contrary, to get the real sense of the
revelations one must put oneself in the shoes of the Quran's immediate
audience. That is what I have attempted to do which brings alive the story in a
light in which others do not appear to have seen it.
The Meccans could not
have missed the significance of the stories of the Prophets Noah, Hud, Salih,
Shoaib, Lut and Moses especially since 32 of the Meccan Surahs in which these
appear have only one purpose, and that is to warn its immediate audience which
were the Meccans. As the Quran says, the Meccans dismissed the stories as “Mere
Tales of the Ancients” even though the generation following Noah viz the people
of Hud also dismissed the story of Noah likewise and the people of Salih similarly
dismissed the stories of Noah and Hud and so on. The Quran even points out to
the sites where these events took place and especially the site of the people
of Lut which is covered with brimstones when the neighboring sites have no
traces of such stones. And yet, the haughty Meccans chose to dismiss the
stories as the ranting of a madman or a man possessed.
The implications of
109:6 “To you (peaceful rejecter of the faith) be your way and to me mine” also
could not have been lost on the people and the significance of the stories of
the prophets Yusuf and Yunus (pbut) but the mighty Meccans were not willing to
show any accommodation except if the Prophet agreed to dilute his message with
Dire warnings of a
punishment which will come from directions that the people cannot even conceive
is given in Surah 2 in chronological order. This makes clear very early in the prophetic
mission that the form in which the punishment would come will be different from
what came to the people of Noah, Hud, Salih, Shoaib, Lut and Moses.
When the Prophet migrates
to Medina and the people are not destroyed by a shower of stones like the
people of some of the earlier generations, the Meccans exult! They are pushed
deeper into their way of thinking.
Surah Al Hajj an early
Meccan Surah, gives permission to fight and makes clear that the warnings
delivered through the stories of the Prophets was about to come true. This, at
a time when the Muslim numbers may have been less than 10% of the non-Muslim
populations and the Muslims had to be ‘tricked’ into fighting the battle of
Badr against heavy odds. At the end of the battle, there is an offer of peace “if
you desist from hindering people from the path of Allah, the past will be
forgiven”. The Meccans however return for the battle of Uhud in which they gain
the upper hand although the battle finally ends in a stalemate. Encouraged,
they form alliances and come with a 10,000 strong army to annihilate the
Muslims and besiege their city. As the Quran describes:
Behold! they came on you from above you and from below you, and behold, the
eyes became dim and the hearts gaped up to the throats, and ye imagined various
(vain) thoughts about Allah!
that situation were the Believers tried: they were shaken as by a tremendous
And behold! The Hypocrites and those in whose hearts is a disease (even) say:
"Allah and His Messenger promised us nothing but delusion!"
The people, imagined the
worst and yet were saved by a most unseasonal hurricane that raged as long as the
Meccan army lay siege and forced them to withdraw.
(33:25) And Allah turned back the Unbelievers for (all) their
fury: no advantage did they gain; and enough is Allah for the believers in
their fight. And Allah is full of Strength, able to enforce His Will.
This battle made the allies of the Meccans to desert
them and join the Muslims making them strong enough to attempt performing the
Haj for the first time after migration. They are stopped but they realize that
the Muslims are in a position to push through their way through and enter into
a treaty. The situation is described in the Quran thus:
(48:26) While the Unbelievers got up in their hearts
heat and cant - the heat and cant of ignorance,- Allah sent down His
Tranquillity to his Messenger and to the Believers, and made them stick close
to the command of self-restraint; and well were they entitled to it and worthy
of it. And Allah has full knowledge of all things.
On paper it was a one-sided treaty heavily favouring
the Meccans. In its outcome, it was a victory for the Muslims although they had
to return without performing pilgrimage, but they could return the following
year. This in itself was a mighty blow to the prestige of the mighty Meccans.
People sensed which way the wind was blowing and started entering Islam in
hordes. Women deserted their husbands and crossed over and sought asylum with
When the Prophet performed haj the following year
and the Meccans had to clear out of Kaba to allow him to do so and when Bilal a
former slave performed the call to prayer atop the Kaba, the sense of
humiliation was complete.
The treaty was for 10 years signed in 628. The
Prophet died in 632. The treaty was meant to outlast the Prophet. But this was
not to be. The Meccans could not control their rage at the turn of events and
attacked a tribe in alliance with the Prophet and killed several people. The
Prophet marched with his people into Mecca and the Meccans dared not oppose
him. The Meccans had their chances to go the way of the People of Yusuf or
Yunus (pbut) but in their arrogance they chose to violently oppose. They had
their chance after the battle of Badr but they were still very powerful. They
had their chance after the treaty of Hudaybiah to avert the ultimate
humiliation but like anyone who has lost so much, they preferred losing everything
rather than salvaging what could be salvaged. In the end, the following verse from
Surah Al-Anfal (early Medinian) came true.
(8:36) The Unbelievers spend their
wealth to hinder (man) from the path of Allah, and so will they continue to
spend; but in the end they will have (only) regrets and sighs; at length they
will be overcome: and the Unbelievers will be gathered together to Hell;-
The annihilation of polytheism in the
Arabian Peninsula was achieved without violating the General Principles
mentioned in the article and in complete justice by secular standards.
Nothing could be more coherent than this!
As regards the switching of the topic or covering
the same topic over widely separated Surahs is concerned, this is not to
impress upon the grandeur of the Quran. The Quran is not a flat text but a Book
of great subtlety and deals with truths that are multi- dimensional. Muliti-dimensional
truths can never be delivered through a flat text. If you have some idea of
multi-dimensional databases (MDB), you can get an inkling of what I am trying
to say. The subtlety will be lost if anyone tries to convert it into a flat
text which of course every scholar does when he focuses on a single subject
which is fine for that limited purpose. Because the Quran is a Book of great subtlety,
it retains its power to fascinate even though I cover the entire Quran 6 times
a year. My reading is not a simple reading of the text but very thorough and it
takes two hours for me to complete 1/30 of the Quran. If you have actually used
an MDB, you will realize how fascinating it is to explore the myriad forms in
which the same data speaks to you and see the similarity with the Quran. For
every question however, the MDB has only one answer but the number of questions
for which it has answers are limited only by the imagination of the one asking
the question and the data covered by the database and how detailed or granular
the data is. The more granular the data, the more flexible the MDB is to answer
more questions but the greater the complexity of the MDB and its size which
grows exponentially. Technology can handle complexity and large sizes (but only
now and not in the recent past) but the Quran is meant to be understood by
humans. I achieve what would have taken others a lifetime with effort of a few
days only because I am an expert in the technologies that I have just
mentioned. That is not entirely true because my study of the Quran also spans a
I will cover some of these aspects by way of finding
answers to specific questions just as many of my articles do that. My
methodology is to bring all the relevant verses in the Quran to bear on any
subject and then write on that subject ignoring nothing. That is exactly how an
MDB functions. Depending on the question the answer varies but for every
question there can be only one answer (unless you ignore some of the data). For
example, for a Muslim “shirk” is an unpardonable sin. A Mushrik is however a
kafir only if he rejects the sole Creator and sustainer of the Universe and
dies a rejecting Him. However, if a Mushrik has never rejected for lack of
knowledge or ability to comprehend or whatever, he is not a kafir. There is no
direct answer to this question but the answer can be proved with a great deal
of certainty. Then there are those in between positions of Christians etc. How
can these questions be dealt with in any flat text without appearing to grant a
loose rope to polytheism defeating the very purpose of revelation of the Quran?
Deep contemplation of the Quran while guiding you to
the straight path makes you a liberal as far as other people are concerned.
Those who turn narrow minded fanatics are far, far away from the message of the
Quran and to answer Secular logic, these are some of the people who have gone astray.
Maybe I am not alone in my misgivings. This is the FB post of Francois Gautier, a journalist.
Francois Gautier shares Historic Quotes on Islam:
Every world leader is looking for a Moderate Islam so as to be able to dialogue democratically with Muslims. Its it possible?
Read some of these below quotes by eminent thinkers, many of whom cannot be accused to be 'Hindu fundamentalists'.
A very important factor which is making it almost impossible for Hindu-Muslim unity to become an accomplished fact is that the Muslims cannot confine their patriotism to any one country. I had frankly asked many Muslims whether, in the event of any Mohammedan power invading India, they would stand side by side with their Hindu neighbours to defend their common motherland, I was not satisfied with the reply I got from them.
We want to draw a veil over our past to appease the Muslims…. We have done it for a long time. It is time we lift the veil from our eyes.
Lala Lajpat Rai:
I have devoted most of my time during the last six months to the study of Muslim History and Muslim Law and I am inclined to think that Hindu-Muslim unity is neither possible not practicable… I do honestly and sincerely believe in the necessity and desirability of Hindi-Muslim unity. I am also fully prepared to trust the Muslim leaders, but what about the injunctions of the Koran and Hadis. The leaders cannot override them.
Sarat Chandra Chatterji:
If we go by the lessons of history we have to accept that the goal of the Hindu-Muslim unity is a mirage. When Muslims first entered India, they looted the country, destroyed the temples, broke the idols, raped the women and heaped innumerable indignities on the people of this country. Today it appears that such noxious behavior has entered the bone marrow of Muslims. Unity can be achieved among equals…. I am of the view that Hindu-Muslim unity, which could not be achieved during the last thousand years, will not materialize during the ensuing thousand years.
Annie Besant (The founder of the Congress Party):
The inner Muslim feeling of hatred against ‘unbelievers’ has spring up naked and unashamed…. We have seen, revived, as guide in practical politics, the old Muslim religion of the sword…. In thinking of an independent India, the menace of Mohammedan rule has to be considered.
I am sorry they are making a fetish of this Hindu-Muslim unity. It is no use ignoring facts; some day the Hindus may have to fight the Muslims and they must prepare for it. Hindu–Muslim unity should not mean the subjection of the Hindus. Every time the mildness of the Hindu has given way to barbarism of Islam. The best solution would be to allow the Hindus to organize themselves and the Hindu-Muslim unity would take care of itself, it would automatically solve the problem.
You can live amicably with a religion whose principle is toleration. But how is it possible to live with a religion whose principle is ‘I will not tolerate’? You cannot build unity on such basis. Perhaps the only way of making the Mohammedans harmless is to make them lose their faith in their religion.
Dr. B.R. Ambedkar:
To talk about Hindu-Muslim unity from a thousand platforms or to give it blazoning headlines is to perpetrate an illusion whose cloudily structure dissolves itself at the exchange of brickbats and desecration of tombs and temples….Nothing I could say can so well show the futility of Hindu-Muslim unity. Hindu-Muslim unity up to now was at least in sight although it was like a mirage. Today it is out of sight and also out of mind.
The brotherhood of Islam is not the universal brotherhood of man. It is brotherhood of Muslims for Muslims only. There is a fraternity but its benefit is confined to those within that corporation. For those who are outside the corporation, there is nothing but contempt, slavery and enmity.
Religious harmony is a desirable thing. But it takes two to play the game. Unfortunately such a sentiment holds no position in Islamic theology.
Shiv Prasad Roy:
Pakistan and Bangladesh are their fixed deposits. Those are Islamic states. No one else can lay claim on them. India is a joint account. Plunder it as much as you please.
This is a profession of faith of a Muslim: ‘I certify that there is no God other than Allah, of whom Mohammed is the only prophet’, which means in effect: After and before Mohammed, there is nobody else…’Thus the whole religion of Islam is based on negation: nobody but us, no other religion but ours’. And if you disagree, you shall die. This puts a serious limitation to tolerance and from this strong belief sprang all the horrors of the Muslim invasion of India.
Let it be said right away: the massacres perpetrated by Muslims in India are unparalleled in history, bigger than the holocaust of the Jews by the Nazis; or the massacre of the Armenians by the Turks; more extensive even than the slaughter of the South American native populations by the invading Spanish and Portuguese in early days of America.
The Mohammedan conquest of India was probably the bloodiest story in history.
From the time Muslims started arriving, around 632 AD, the history of India becomes a long, monotonous series of murders, massacres, spoliations, and destructions.
Their minds filled with venom against the idol-worshippers of Hindustan, the Muslims destroyed a large number of ancient Hindu temples. This is a historical fact, mentioned by Muslim chronicles and others of the time.
Savages at a very low level of civilization and no culture worth the name, from Arabia and west Asia, began entering India from the early century onwards. Islamic invaders demolished countless Hindu temples, shattered uncountable sculpture and idols, plundered innumerable palaces and forts of Hindu kings, killed vast numbers of Hindu men and carried off Hindu women..….. But many Indians still do not seem to recognize that the alien Muslim marauders destroyed the historical evolution of the earth’s most mentally advanced civilization, the most richly imaginative culture, and the most vigorously creative society.
The Muslim heroes who figure larger than life in our history books committed many dreadful crimes. Mahmud of Ghazni, Qutb-ud-Din Aibak, Balban, Mohammed bin Qasim, and Sultan Mohammad Tughlak, all have blood-stained hands that the passage of years has not cleansed. Indeed, the presence of Muslim historians on their various campaigns has ensured that the memory of their deeds will live long after they were buried…..Seen through Hindu eyes, the Muslim invasion of their homeland was an unmitigated disaster.
Dr. Younis Shaikh
….eighty million were slaughtered and millions of women were raped…..it was standard practice for Islamic warlords like Ghori and Ghazni to unleash the mass rape and enslavement of hundreds of thousands of women after the slaughter of all males. An extremely large percentage of Muslims in South Asia today are the progeny of forcible conversions and systematic rape campaigns by marauding Muslim invaders.
..the number of victims of the persecutions of Hindus by Muslims is easily of the same order of magnitude as that of the Nazi extermination policy, though no one has yet made the effort of tabulating the reported massacres and proposing a reasonable estimate of how many millions exactly must have died in the course of the Islamic campaign against Hinduism (such research is taboo). On top of these there is a similar number of abductions and deportations to harems and slave-markets, as well as centuries of political oppression and cultural destruction……
Dr K D Prithipal
Muslims will only live as an oppressive majority and a turbulent minority.
Sardar Ballavbhai Patel A nationalist Muslim is only a contradiction in terms.
The revelation came like ad hoc passages, without any continuity of theme or rhythm. Moreover, no attempt was made by the scribes to record the revealed passages in a chronological order: the Prophet directed their exact location in the Qur'an. This led the Prophet’s Meccan enemies to question his claim to be God's messenger. The revelation responded by challenging its audience to produce a chapter like it (2:23/24):17
“If you (O people,) are in doubt concerning what We have revealed to Our Servant, then produce a chapter like it; and call on your witnesses besides God – if indeed you are truthful (2:23). But if you do not do (it) - and you can never do (it), then heed hellfire, whose fuel is human beings and stones - prepared for the disbelievers” (2:24).
The Qur’an also claims that no one can even forge it (10:38),18 and asserts that it is of such a literary grandeur that only God Almighty could be its Author (10:37):
“This Qur'an could not possibly have been devised by (anyone) other than God – rather, (it) is a confirmation of what was (revealed) before it; and a fuller explanation of the Book in which there is nothing doubtful, from the Lord of the worlds (10:37). Do they say, he [Muhammad] forged it?’ Say (to them): ‘Then bring a chapter like this, and call upon anyone besides God you can - if indeed you are truthful’” (10:38).
At the height of literary eloquence, the Arabs had great poets and poetry was big part of their lives, but they recognized in the Qur’an, the most eloquent language they had ever heard. The Qur’an virtually cast a spell on the listeners, so much so that the Quraysh asked people to chat and make noise during Qur’anic recitation, understandably, to foil its magical effect.19
The Qur’an also challenged the priests and the learned among its audience to probe into it and find any contradiction in it (4:82) and asserted that its self-consistency is yet another illustration of its divine character (18:1):20
“Don’t they ponder over the Qur’an? Had it been from (someone) other than God, they would have surely found much contradiction in it” (4:82).
“Praise be to God who has revealed to His devotee the Book, and did not put any distortion in it” (18:1).
Quranic Revelation and Compilation: From the Book 'Essential Message of Islam'
By Muhammad Yunus & Ashfaque Ullah Syed
Siraj, You ask questions that require research before
they can be answered! But thanks, I have found them useful in further exploring
This is all I found on the subject of
repetitions in the Quran:
What is the reason why some anecdotes,
verses, and sentences are often repeated in Quran?
cited response completely misses the point that I have made that these were
repeated warnings (32) to the people of Mecca of the fate that awaited them if
they continued to hinder people on the path of Allah and found only in the
Mr Muhammad Yunus may know if there are
other works by scholars which have touched on the subject of the repetitions.