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Islamic Ideology (08 Mar 2015 NewAgeIslam.Com)




TOTAL COMMENTS:-   18


  • Yunus Sb,
    For all the different meanings of Kufr as the Quran uses the word, please read my article "who is a kafir in the Quran?"
    The article leaves out nothing as it is based on taking into account every verse that has Kufr or its grammatical variants.

    By Observer - 3/12/2015 8:26:53 PM



  • Kufr def. is as follows:
    kufr: Willful rejection or denial of any self-evident or irrefutable proposition. The Qur’an refers to its recalcitrant audience by the plural noun forms kafirun, kafirin, which, for want of any appropriate English counterpart have been rendered as disbelievers or deniers as appropriate. The Qur’an also connotes kufr with canceling or effacing something (29:7, 47:2), being thankless or ungrateful (17:27, 76:24). 

    By muhammad yunus - 3/12/2015 7:16:00 PM



  • Dear Observor,
    Sorry for the delay in response as I am travelling. The initial part of the write up is as follows:
    "There can be no debate that din al-Islam is the religion of the followers of the Prophet Muhammad: Islam. However, the Qur’an also uses the generic word Islam, and its different roots, and the word din, with various shades of meaning. Thus the Qur’an uses the word ‘din’ to denote judgment (1:4) [1], divine law (2:193) [2], law (of the land) (12:76) [3], obedience or devotion (39:3) [4], faith, religion, moral responsibility (107:1) [5], religion in the conventional sense (110:2) [6], etc. Based on these Qur’anic illustrations, the term din would appear to embrace the broader notion of obedience (to God) or compliance (with God’s commandments), as against religion in its popular sense.7  

    The Qur’an uses the word Islam (root – SLM) in noun and verb forms with the connotation of orienting, submitting, surrendering, or committing oneself to God or to be at peace with God.8 The Qur’an further declares:

    “Indeed! Whoever commits (asslama) his whole being [lit., face] to God, and does good deeds - will get his reward from his Lord. There will be no fear upon them nor shall they grieve.” (2:112).


    By muhammad yunus - 3/12/2015 7:11:29 PM



  • Thank you Yunus Sb for your comment.

    The beginning part of your comment which appears on the front page however appears to have got truncated. Could you please post that part once again?

    By Observer - 3/12/2015 12:41:42 AM



  • have been rendered as disbelievers or deniers as appropriate. The Qur’an also connotes kufr with canceling or effacing something (29:7, 47:2), being thankless or ungrateful (17:27, 76:24)."

    - Ref: Glossary.

    Muslim/ Islam:

    The Qur’an uses the word Islam (root – SLM) in noun and verb forms with the connotation of orienting, submitting, surrendering, or committing oneself to God or to be at peace with God. The Qur’an further declares:

    “Indeed! Whoever commits (Asslama) his whole being [lit., face] to God, and does good deeds - will get his reward from his Lord. There will be no fear upon them nor shall they grieve.” (2:112).

    “And who can be better in faith (din) than the one who orients (Asslama) his whole being [Lit., face] to God, and does good deeds, and follows the way of Abraham, the upright one, and God took Abraham as a friend” (4:125).

    “And who is finer in speech than the one who invites to God, does good deeds and says: ‘I am of those who submit to God (Muslimun)’” (41:33).

    In these verses, the Qur’an attributes the quality of doing good deeds to those who submit, or orient themselves to God (Asslama, Muslim).  

    ....Thus Islam may be connoted with a faith system that calls for orienting oneself (Asslama) to God for the doing of good deeds, or serving humanity.

    Re: Ch. 7, Essential Message of Islam

    Since the Qur'an complements the notion of Taqwa with the doing of good deeds, a good Muslim (regardless of his religion) is also active in Taqwa. The twin fundamental notions, good deeds and Taqwa, 'Amal Aor Nafisi Zabtagi, karma and dharma are the crux of all religions and the basis of divine criteria of judgment and the Qur'an is replete with verses that assure the believers in God who are active in good deeds that they don't have to fear from Him and that those active in Taqwa will be rewarded with Paradise.

    Re:

    The Qur’an’s Broader Notion of Taqwa – An Irrefutable Testimony to Its Universalism

     http://newageislam.com/islamic-ideology/muhammad-yunus,-new-age-islam/the-quran-s-broader-notion-of-taqwa-–-an-irrefutable-testimony-to-its-universalism/d/7889

    The Broader Notion Of Din Al-Islam Is Inclusive Of All Monotheistic Faiths.

    http://newageislam.com/islamic-ideology/by-muhammad-yunus,-new-age-islam/the-broader-notion-of-din-al-islam-is-inclusive-of-all-monotheistic-faiths/d/8054


    By muhammad yunus - 3/11/2015 10:13:14 PM



  • Yes, Raihan Sb. That is precisely the clear message of the Quran. As far as Hoqooq-Al-Ebad are concerned the rules are both clear and secular. These  apply to people of all faiths equally  The clear rights of a citizen are:

    1. Right to follow one's faith unhindered as long as one remains peaceful.
    2. Right to life and property
    3. Rights emanating from agreements, norms of civil society and just laws of the land
    4. Right to justice from the ruler.
     

    By Observer - 3/10/2015 4:53:08 AM



  • Dear Observer Sahab: We must try to follow  the righteous path and abstain from any sort of supremacist theory in religion; the success lies in performing Hoqooq-Allah and Hoqooq-Al-Ebad. I fully endorse all the four points of yours: 
    1. Hinder other people  from following their religion
    2. They should not wage war against others for their faith.
    3. They should  not mock and ridicule the religion of other People
    4. They should honour their agreements,  respect ties of kinship and the rights of others.

    By Raihan Nezami - 3/10/2015 4:02:55 AM



  • The Quranic injunctions deal with both the secular (the temporal and the worldly) and the spiritual dimensions. People who fail to make this distinction fall prey to interpreting the injunctions one way.

    The obverse of “who is a kafir in the Quran” is “Who is a Muslim in the Quran?” which provides the basic bench mark criteria for a person of any faith to be considered not a kafir. A Muslim also has to satisfy this criterion.  His journey for trying to become a good Muslim in the Spiritual dimension can begin only after he satisfies this basic requirement. 

    The article “who is a Muslim” shows that the Quran is against all forms of coercive interference in the matter of faith. These are the secular values of the Quran and it defines kufr in the secular or temporal dimension which is common for both the “believer” and the “non-believer”. For the believer, in addition to Kufr in the temporal dimension, he has to guard against Kufr in the spiritual dimension besides practicing good deeds detailed in the Quran.

    The other topic (who is a kafir?) is both important and relevant in the context of escalating Islamic extremism. The definition of “kafir”, (loosely translated in English as infidel) sets the tone of a Muslim’s relationship with the outside world. In Sunni theology, the word is loosely defined, but is commonly understood to include all those who are not the followers of Prophet Muhammad (pbuh). The Qu’ran forbids friendship with a kafir but there are other verses which enjoin treating those who are not enemies of the Muslims with kindness and justice. It is therefore, the choice that a Muslim makes, of either treating non-Muslims as kafir and therefore ‘enemy’ or as ‘not enemy’ that sets apart an extremist from a moderate. For the same reason, it is difficult for a moderate to refute the extremist ideology. 

    The Qu’ran has been mined to derive the precise meaning of Kafir and kufr (kufr is what makes a kafir or what a kafir does). It turns out that Sunni theology has erred grievously in treating a non-Muslim as kafir because the Quran does not do so. The Qu’ran uses the word in a faith neutral way. A correct understanding of the terms Kafir and Kufr would make these terms inapplicable based on the other persons faith or belief system. The effect is to render the rest of the world as ‘not enemy’ unless proved otherwise. For enemy also, the Quran advises utmost restraint. The article in 4 parts provides the necessary theological argument against treating ‘non-Muslims’ as enemy or as Kafir, which can end theological support to extremism.

    Who Is A Kafir In The Quran? (Part 1): 'Kafir,' 'Mushrik' and 'Idolater' are not synonyms

    Who Is A Kafir In The Quran? (Part 2): Muslim– Non-Muslim Relationship

    Who Is A Kafir In The Quran? (Part 3): Why Kufr Is A Relative Concept While Shirk, Idol Worship Etc. Have Fixed Meanings

    Who is a Kafir in the Quran? (Part 4) Defining Kufr


    By Observer - 3/10/2015 2:15:03 AM



  • Let us all go cherry picking in March. And make sure you pick only the sweet ones.
    By secularlogic - 3/10/2015 1:16:05 AM



  • Professor Naim,

    The definition of Kafir has been derived from the Quran and covered in my part 1 of my article “who is a Kafir in the Quran?" This article is referred to in my article above as the "cited article" but in the editing, the part which contained the reference was deleted. The link to the article is below:

    Who Is A Kafir In The Quran? (Part 1): 'Kafir,' 'Mushrik' and 'Idolater' are not synonyms

    URL of Part 1: http://www.newageislam.com/islam-and-pluralism/by-observer-in-new-age-islam/who-is-a-kafir-in-the-quran?-(part-1)---kafir,---mushrik--and--idolater--are-not-synonyms/d/101509

    Who Is A Kafir In The Quran? (Part 2): Muslim– Non-Muslim Relationship

    URL of Part 2:  http://www.newageislam.com/islam-and-pluralism/observer-in-new-age-islam/who-is-a-kafir-in-the-quran?-(part-2)--muslim–-non-muslim-relationship/d/101525

    Who Is A Kafir In The Quran? (Part 3): Why Kufr Is A Relative Concept While Shirk, Idol Worship Etc. Have Fixed Meanings

    URL of Part 3: http://newageislam.com/islam-and-pluralism/observer-for-new-age-islam/who-is-a-kafir-in-the-quran?-(part-3)--why-kufr-is-a-relative-concept-while-shirk,-idol-worship-etc-have-fixed-meanings/d/101618

    Who is a Kafir in the Quran? (Part 4) Defining Kufr

    URL of Part 4: http://newageislam.com/islam-and-pluralism/observer-for-new-age-islam/who-is-a-kafir-in-the-quran?-(part-4)-defining-kufr/d/101695


    By Observer - 3/9/2015 9:24:13 PM



  • Raihan Sb asks:

    "Let’s start thinking of how can we live in a multi-religious, multi-lingual and diverse and dynamic society?"

    Where would you like to start Raihan Sb?

    I have stated that the starting point is that the Muslims should not:

    1. Hinder other people  from following their religion

    2. They should not wage war against others for their faith.

    3. They should  not mock and ridicule the religion of other People

    4. They should honour their agreements,  respect ties of kinship and the rights of others.

    What according to you should come before this?


    By Observer - 3/9/2015 9:14:33 PM



  • Professor Naim,
    How the Quran defines a kafir is given in the article:
    1. A person who hinders the Muslims from following their religion

    2. Those who wage war against the Muslims for no other reason other than their faith.

    3. Those who mock and ridicule the Prophet or Islam.

    4. Those who do not honour their agreements or respect ties of kinship or the rights of others.

    As can be seen, it is a secular definition if you substitute the particular condition prevailing in Mecca then with the general as follows:
    1. A person who hinders other people  from following their religion

    2. Those who wage war against others for no other reason other than their faith.

    3. Those who mock and ridicule the religion of other People

    4. Those who do not honour their agreements or respect ties of kinship or the rights of others.

    Is it not a secular definition which is understandable by any reasonable person


    By Observer - 3/9/2015 8:56:49 PM



  • Prof. Naim's comment is thought provoking. The crucial question is, "What does it mean to be a good human being?"
    By Ghulam Mohiyuddin - 3/9/2015 1:40:13 PM



  • Dear Observer Sahab: What is the use of talking of what was told to the Pagan and their ancestors in the early stages of Islam. Let’s start thinking of how can we live in a multi-religious, multi-lingual and diverse and dynamic society? The world at present is waiting with mysterious silence as to how the Muslims will adjust themselves in the present scenario of highly inflammable situation of terrorism in 21st century. 
    By Raihan Nezami - 3/9/2015 1:10:54 PM



  • I must be in a minority because, while agreeing with the fundamental urge underlying the essay -- a desire to make Muslims introspect -- I was not able to follow the logic of the opening paragraph that launches the rest. It reads: 
    ---There is a definition of Kafir that the Quran applies to the pagan Arabs who are described in the Quran as a people “whose fathers had received no admonition, and who therefore remain heedless (of the Signs of Allah)”. This is a secular definition and applies to all mankind. The absence of the characteristics of Kufr in this secular definition is an excellent starting point to begin to understand the most basic requirement for anyone to be considered not a Kafir by secular standards. A Muslim should satisfy this basic requirement that was applied by the Quran to the pagan Arabs or else be considered a Kafir. ---

    Now if the ancestors of the Arab pagans had not received any admonition, how can they or their children be blamed for anything? Secondly, a definition that explicitly is mentioned as found in a sacred revelation be described as "secular" definition?  
    I'd rather have Muslims introspect without any reference to any Pagan or Kafir. They should ask what moral benefits have they gained -- as opposed to power and glory and special status above other people -- from believing in Allah and the revelation he bestowed on us through His Prophet. How they can become better human beings by being good Muslims -- that should be the goal of the introspection. 

    By C M Naim - 3/9/2015 11:41:37 AM



  • Thank you Siraj for your comment:"This will force Muslims to introspect."

    Hope so. The arrogance of the Muslims has reached such levels that they now satisfy the description that is applied to the obstinate rejecters of the "truth" in the Quran:

    (36:8) We have put yokes round their necks right up to their chins, so that their heads are forced up (and they cannot see).
    (9) And We have put a bar in front of them and a bar behind them, and further, We have covered them up; so that they cannot see.
    (10) The same is it to them whether thou admonish them or thou do not admonish them: they will not believe.
    (11) Thou canst but admonish such a one as follows the Message and fears the (Lord) Most Gracious, unseen: give such a one, therefore, good tidings, of Forgiveness and a Reward most generous.

    A person will introspect only if he is open to feedback. What when he deliberately shuts out all avenues of feedback?

    People ask the question "Why does God who claims to be merciful  allow evil?" Backbiting is an evil. This evil however is what keeps most of us on our toes and avoid doing things which we may not avoid but for the fear of backbiting. We are worried about what people will think and say behind our backs. Backbiting which is an evil, plays an important function in ensuring good behaviour. The Backbiters are however not motivated by trying to promote good and prevent evil. They have the option of openly trying to stop the evil or of voicing their opinion openly if their motives are good. Evil  plays a role in advancing what is good. Backbiting is not made punishable in this world for a good reason.  

    Criticism of Islam is blasphemy to the Muslims. For a non-Muslim, Islam is what a Muslim does and what a Muslim does these days is more worthy of criticism than praise. However any criticism is treated as blasphemy. Pakistan has framed blasphemy laws that blaspheme the Quran and these have vociferous and violent support of the masses. Criticism is essential to discover one' faults and correct them. The Muslims are making themselves deaf to all feedback and criticism by enforcing their blasphemous anti blasphemy laws  in such a manner that it has become an instrument to not only shut out all negative feedback but as an instrument for terrorizing the minorities.

    If people introspect, they do not become arrogant. The religious arrogance of the Muslims has reached dangerous levels. The kind of levels for which nations become deserving of exemplary punishment.

    (17:4) And We gave (Clear) Warning to the Children of Israel in the Book, that twice would they do mischief on the earth and be elated with mighty arrogance (and twice would they be punished)!
    (5) When the first of the warnings came to pass, We sent against you Our servants given to terrible warfare: They entered the very inmost parts of your homes; and it was a warning (completely) fulfilled.
    (6) Then did We grant you the Return as against them: We gave you increase in resources and sons, and made you the more numerous in man-power.
    (7) If ye did well, ye did well for yourselves; if ye did evil, (ye did it) against yourselves. So when the second of the warnings came to pass, (We permitted your enemies) to disfigure your faces, and to enter your Temple as they had entered it before, and to visit with destruction all that fell into their power.
    (8) It may be that your Lord may (yet) show Mercy unto you; but if ye revert (to your sins), We shall revert (to Our punishments): And we have made Hell a prison for those who reject (all Faith).
    (9) Verily this Qur´an doth guide to that which is most right (or stable), and giveth the Glad Tidings to the Believers who work deeds of righteousness, that they shall have a magnificent reward;


    By Observer - 3/9/2015 4:24:17 AM



  • It is reassuring to read the following concluding paragraphs of the article that the Muslim deniers of the Qur'anic revelation today hate to accept.

    "Yes the extremists and countries like Pakistan; Saudi Arabia etc. are violating these (Qur'anic) norms in a major way."

    "Sunni (Islamic) theology over the last 1400 years has been systematically corrupted to suit the ruler who in turn allowed the scholars to have their way and find ways and means to exercise illegitimate power and control over the lives of others."

    The article referenced below attempts to construct why and how the dynastic rulers and the nexus of clergy/ Ulema and jurists subverted the Qur'anic message:

    "The social, moral and ethical paradigms of the Qur’an conflicted with the political ambitions of the rulers and their craving for wealth, power, glory, lavish Haram life and distinctive privileges. Thus, since early centuries of Islam, the dynastic rulers manipulated and even coerced the Ulema to obfuscate the egalitarian, humanistic, gender neutral and pluralistic message of the Qur’an." ..."Furthermore, as Islam entered new cultures and civilizations, it encountered customs and juristic norms that contradicted the Qur’anic paradigms. To accommodate them into Islam – a historical necessity for the era, the doctors of law declared: “Any Qur’anic verse which contradicts the opinions of ‘our masters’ will be construed as having been abrogated, or the rule of preference will be applied thereto. It is better that the verse is interpreted in such a way that it conforms to their opinion” [5]. ... Over time, this notion has been dogmatized in Islamic societies which conflate the Qur’anic message with the Hadith and the Classical Sharia of Islam."

    Challenging And Shed Of Its Literary Glory in Translation, the Qur'an Offers Clear Clues to Exploring Its Core Commandments - Now Obscured, Corrupted and Distorted By Secondary Theological Sources

    http://www.newageislam.com/ijtihad,-rethinking-islam/challenging,-and-shed-of-its-literary-glory-in-translation,-the-qur-an-offers-clear-clues-to-exploring-its-core-commandments---now-obscured,-corrupted-and-distorted-by-secondary-theological-sources/d/9039

    The segment of Muslim Ulema, Muftis, intellectual elite and so-called rationalists of this era who conflate the secondary sources (notably Hadith) with the Qur'an may be counted as Kafirin in the divine court as this writer in constantly warning through his commentaries and articles. It is hoped that truth will finally efface falsehood and the Religion of Islam will be largely be cleansed of the accretions, perversion and corruption that has reached such a peak or low that the Head of the monotheistic communities of the world, Barack Obama had to finally intervene - shame upon Islamic theological scholarship.

    The article is driven by an in-depth research into the Qur'an and reflects the twilight of a much awaited pedagogic study of the Qur'an to help cleanse Islam of the perversion as wittingly or unwittingly mentioned by Obama in the recent violent extremism summit and expounded in the following article:   

    The Twin Growing Menace: Petrifaction And Radicalization In Islam And Islamophobia – Are They Interconnected? How Best They Can Be Diffused? An SOS To The Muslim Intelligentsia, Leadership And Ulema!

    http://newageislam.com/the-war-within-islam/muhammad-yunus,-new-age-islam/the-twin-growing-menace--petrifaction-and-radicalization-in-islam-and-islamophobia-–-are-they-interconnected?-how-best-they-can-be-diffused?-an-sos-to-the-muslim-intelligentsia,-leadership-and-ulama!/d/8686
    By muhammad yunus - 3/9/2015 3:18:36 AM



  • Very Original! This will force Muslims to introspect. 


    By siraj - 3/9/2015 1:59:04 AM