Books and Documents

The War Within Islam

The Geopolitics of the Syrian Civil War
Reva Bhalla

Before the 1916 Sykes-Picot agreement traced out an awkward assortment of nation-states in the Middle East, the name Syria was used by merchants, politicians and warriors alike to describe a stretch of land enclosed by the Taurus Mountains to the north, the Mediterranean to the west, the Sinai Peninsula to the south and the desert to the east. If you were sitting in 18th-century Paris contemplating the abundance of cotton and spices on the other side of the Mediterranean, you would know this region as the Levant -- its Latin root "levare" meaning "to raise," from where the sun would rise in the east....


The AKP’s Test With al-Qaeda
Verda Özer

Criticizing al-Qaeda loudly and at the high ranks of the state is even more dangerous than getting identified with the group. Standing at the frontline in the front against al-Qaeda would turn Turkey into a tailor-made target. No need to mention that al-Qaeda is as the Turkish border when clashing with other Syrian rebels….


Anthropology, Not Politics, Rules in Egypt
Rami G. Khouri

When they become scared, they stop acting like individuals, and they move as a herd that instinctively seeks the closest water hole and food source. Thriving can wait. Survival is the imperative today, and order is its handmaiden….


Erdogan's Arab Allies Disappointed
Abdulrahman al-Rashed

Those who are defeated dream of a saviour coming even from afterlife. They exalt Salaheddine who died before 900 years and they carry the pictures of Turkish Prime Minister Tayyip Erdoğan. This is the state of some Arabs who invent images from the history or the present and decorate them, hoping that these will inspire change. Establishing a perfect image for leaders is a trap….


Libya’s Badlands: No Schools, Not A Single Health Clinic, People Die Of Scorpion Stings
Borzou Daragahi

The militia commander with the dazzling smile leads us through the desert towards the oilfields, his Toyota pick-up truck throwing up a cloud of exhaust and dust. Looming on the horizon are the steeply sloping mountain ridges surrounding the Owbari Valley. Overhead the midday sun is glaring down on the dunes, a sea of golden desert in what was once the ancient Roman province of Fezzan. The remote oil outpost we are aiming for, called the El Sharara fields, is part of the Murzuq basin and one of the most important in Libya, drawing out 350,000 or so barrels of oil daily from the parched earth….


Pakistan: The ‘Islamic’ Agenda of Saudi Arabia And Company Is Just As Damaging As a Western Agenda
Aasim Sajjad Akhtar

This ‘foreign hand’ is not of the American, or any other Western, variety. The ‘conspiracies’ hatched by this external power are presumably home-grown enough that our otherwise paranoid makers of public opinion simply do not feel the need to raise a ruckus. As such, when it comes to Saudi Arabia (and its clone Gulf kingdoms), we declare a holy exception....


Sorry, We Killed You Due To An Unavoidable Mistake!
Burak Bekdil

“Subconsciously (and sadly) the Muslim-Turkish thinking tolerates it if Muslims kill Muslims; does not tolerate it but does not turn the world upside down when Christians kill Muslims; pragmatically ignores it when too-powerful Christians kill Muslims; but is programmed to turn the world upside down when Jews kill Muslims.”…

Saudi Isolation Could Be a Threat to the Region
Samer Abboud

Western partners have refused to take much-needed action against them". Prince Nawaf's attempt to capture the moral high ground on the Syrian and Iranian issues conceals the Kingdom's growing isolation from the regional geopolitical scene. This isolation has manifest in increasingly tense relations with Western allies that have prompted calls for rethinking Saudi-Western relations and a growing distance between Saudi and its Arab Gulf neighbours on the Syrian and Iranian issues….


Can the Arab Revolutions Survive Syria and Egypt?
Hamid Dabashi

The Syrian debacle has put a damper on the Arab revolutions and beyond. Every country from Afghanistan to Iran to Morocco now points to Syria as a justification that all these revolutions were in vain, that the ruling regimes and all their atrocities are better than this carnage. This is a bogus binary….


Asymmetric War Extends to Syria and Saudi Arabia
Verda Özer

“Asymmetric warfare” is the war between two sides whose military power and strategies and tactics differ significantly. Such struggles often involve tactics of unconventional warfare and are characterized by extreme uncertainty. It is completely unknown how far this investigation can go. Yet it is certain that no symmetry will remain at all if this “asymmetric war” does not end soon….


Assessing the Conflicts in Syria and Egypt
Ramzy Baroud

The year 2013 has expectedly been terrible for several Arab countries. It has been terrible because the promise of greater freedoms and political reforms has been reversed, most violently in some instances, by taking a few countries down the path of anarchy and complete chaos. Syria and Egypt are two cases in point….


Turkey’s Post-Revolutionary Civil War between The Government Of Tayyip Erdoğan And The 'Community' Of Fethullah Gülen
Mustafa Akyol

This best-defence-is-offence attitude is not going to help the government much, however. Corruption is a serious matter and the real best defence would be to help bring those who are charged to justice. Meanwhile, the Gülen Movement, normally a civil society group, should help save itself from the image of secrecy and infiltration that it has been drawn into in the past decade….

Resurgence of Islam Today
Aiman Reyaz, New Age Islam

Resurgence of Islam Today
Aiman Reyaz, New Age Islam

Much of the 20th century saw that those countries which were more “modern” I.e., Western or secular like Turkey, Tunisia, Egypt, and Iran were seen as more advanced as compared to Saudi Arabia, Afghanistan, Bangladesh and Pakistan, which were regarded as religious and traditional and hence “backward.”.....

PAKISTAN’S Federal Interior Minister Chaudhry Nisar Ali Khan’s condemnation of the hanging of Quader Mollah for his war crimes of 1971 actually reinforces the proof that Mollah was indeed a collaborator of the Pakistanis and a war criminal, and that he should have stayed back in Pakistan. ... What the Pak minister said is actually a confession that till now it had not accepted a liberated Bangladesh and its independent political existence. So far, those who opposed Bangladesh’s independence are Pakistan’s heroes. And therefore, what we hear about Jamaat and Islamist groups getting support in various ways from Pakistan, are perhaps all true.


Dr Qadri won the only National Assembly seat for his party in the 2002 general elections, and used to claim that General Pervez Musharraf had promised him the slot of Prime Minister. In less than a year, he resigned and quit politics. In 2008, he sought asylum in Canada, claiming he was facing threats to his life from Lashkar-e-Jhangvi. He got the asylum, and later Canadian nationality, but violated his agreement with his new country’s government that he would not visit Pakistan owing to the threats….


Whatever Happened To The Arab Spring?
Madawi Al-Rasheed

Three years after the Arab Spring, the dominant narrative about this region remains articulated in terms of binary opposites: vanishing republics versus resilient monarchies, the secular versus Islamist divide and the Sunni versus Shiite schism……


War Criminal  And Leader Of The Jamaat-e-Islami Bangladesh, Abdul Quader Molla's execution: As a Pakistani, I am neither 'saddened' nor ‘grieved’ by Molla’s death
Yaqoob Khan Bangash

I am sure that there are millions of my fellow citizens of Pakistan who would never condone the killing of innocent people in the name of the country, and would in fact be glad that a heinous criminal has received the just reward for his actions. As a Pakistani, I am neither ‘saddened’ nor ‘grieved’ by Molla’s death….


The popular uprising in Libya was massively influenced by the NATO military intervention. And it is now clear that the country, still undergoing reconstruction, is confronted with far more complex challenges than those facing Egypt or Tunisia, for example. The euphoria that followed the overthrow of Gaddafi has long since evaporated. Two years after the end of the dictatorship, there are still no functioning state institutions in the country.....


Pakistan Needs to Tell the Story Right
Shaheera Syed

Couple up this entire mixture of variables with a heightened civic sense of the community and you’ll get the current state of affairs of Pakistan. The government is facing exuberant amount of pressure from all sides to clearly define its stance on issues of national and international importance. Pakistan has to realize the dangers of continuing with the war on terror in its narrative-less state. This is not a sustainable policy and if not rectified, it will backlash soon....


If I am not wrong, we were taught in school that Two Nation theory was the base behind the struggle for a separate home land. Quaid e Azam, said .... we want a piece of land, where we can practically implement Islamic Principles to spend our lives according to religion ISLAM. Our elders sacrificed millions of millions lives and finally Pakistan came into existence with the slogan .....

The piece of land called ""PAKISTAN"" that appear on the map of Earth on the name of religion Islam ... was thought to be  an ISLAMIC COUNTRY but now after 68 years of existence, we start our day with MUSIC broadcast on Radio Channels and when we turn on Television, we find anchors (half expired teenager aunties and aunty type uncles) doing acrobats (following and preaching Indian culture) in their respective morning shows. 

Hoisted by its own petard, Pakistan has a story to tell. Decades ago, nobody believed the militants tasked by America with defeating the Soviet Union in Afghanistan would one day become Pakistan’s most implacable foes, turn into sectarian hounds, demoralise the armed forces, and eat into its vitals. In the Arab world, the fragrance of the Spring has turned into an overpowering stench enveloping the Fertile Crescent....

Culture of Impunity in Pakistan
Huma Yusuf

There is no romance of martyrdom or jihad in being incarcerated — there is just the fact of the violent crime. Given that the lure of militancy lies in the rhetoric of faith, mission, and martyrdom, what better way to undermine it than with the reality of criminality and justice? It is high time we highlighted that Pakistan’s pervasive culture of impunity is the root cause of its many woes, and addressing it — rather than its symptoms — is the only way forward....


The 1974 Ouster of the ‘Heretics’: What Really Happened?
Nadeem F. Paracha

Applauded for successfully regenerating a demoralised and fractured country’s pride (after the 1971 East Pakistan debacle), and igniting within the working classes a sudden sense of political consciousness, Bhutto is also remembered as the man who (to remain in power) continued to play footsie with reactionary political outfits and (thus) ultimately betraying his own party’s largely secular, democratic and socialist credentials. Not only did he attract fierce opposition from the right-wing Islamic parties, over the decades, the left and liberal sections of the Pakistani intelligentsia have also come down hard on him for capitulating to the demands of right-wing parties on certain theological and legislative issues....


Pakistan Inter-Services Public Relations and Liberals on One Side, Jamaat-e-Islami on the Other
Yaqoob Khan Bangash

The recent furore over the remarks of Syed Munawar Hassan, the Amir of the Jamaat-e-Islami, and the unprecedented reply of the Inter-Services Public Relations (ISPR), is significant in several respects. First, this has been one of those rare moments that the so-called ‘liberals’ in Pakistan have stood behind the ISPR in its scathing remarks against the comments of Mr Hassan. For a section of society, which always argues for the non-involvement of the military in civilian affairs and the freedom of speech, this support of the ISPR is startling. So, why this change?....


Saudi Prince Bandar’s Mideast Crusade
Catherine Shakdam

Left reeling from his failure to promote yet another senseless war in the Middle East by encouraging Washington to launch a military assault against Iran under the pretext that Tehran is developing a nuclear bomb - such fantasy has been flaunted by both Saudi Arabia and Israel as to promote their Zionists agenda in the region and bring down the last bastion of Islam - Saudi Prince Bandar and his brother, the Deputy Defense Minister Salman bin Sultan have been actively supervising the establishment of a new special military unit: Mohammed Army, which will act as an extraterritorial military force to the Kingdom and by extension its Zionist allies…..


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  • Kuchh logon ko duniya ke halaat ka kuchh pata hi nahin hai woh usi par iman late hain jo unhein bataya jata hai lekin ...
    ( By Nehal Sagheer )
  • "Most of the conflicts around the world, domestic and inter-state, are the direct or indirect consequence of either injustice or poverty. Despite the United Nations ...
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • These crazed killers further reinforce the point that ISIS must be destroyed both militarily and ideologically. A greater prevalence of justice....
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • "We have to appreciate that Muslims remain a vulnerable and backward minority. Improving their lives means strengthening India. Yet, any serious attempt to improve their ...
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • One may celebrate a particular day as the Prophet's birthday if one wants to. One may not celebrate the Prophet's birthday if one does ...
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • Dear Raihan Nezami Saheb, I think It will help if you were to educate yourself a little about whay is taught in Saudi madrasas. Would ...
    ( By Sultan Shahin )
  • Raihan Nezami Saheb, if madrasas in India cannot teach anything different from what is taught in Saudi madrasas, then we should demand that they be ...
    ( By Sultan Shahin )
  • Dear Haq Saheb, perhaps you missed the following response: Dr Haq Saheb, how does it matter whether we have municipal records of Prophet Mohammad Sallallahe wasallam's ...
    ( By Sultan Shahin )
  • You would prefer a maulana over me. Take it from me.
    ( By Manzurul Haque )
  • Muslim Moderates are a scared lot. They keep quiet when fanatics take up leadership of community and surrender before ....
    ( By Arvind Bhel Manit Srivastava )
  • Well written.
    ( By Prakash Thekkadeth )
  • Thats necessity now'
    ( By Vijay Kulkarni )
  • Islam preaches peace and prosperity of humans and for its defance they can use as much force as others use againt it but still instructs ...
    ( By Gulam Nabi Sheikh )
  • @Dhananjay Srivastava ji do you know the area covered by nexalites and do you have any count of killings. Don't treat isis as Muslims they ...
    ( By M Sultan Lone )
  • @Karthikrajan Alagesan Not difficult at all. Another matter some of the hereditary practitioners due to ignorance or ...
    ( By Manzurul Haque )
  • How can muslims create another narrative without repudiating the existing one in the form of quran ?'
    ( By Karthikrajan Alagesan )
  • @Nateshan Kumaran It is for us to make it into religion and not a totalitarian ideology but that is not possible until we reflect more ...
    ( By Manzurul Haque )
  • It is important to note that Trump's call is not directed at Islam, but at Muslims -- a subtle yet important distinction that got obscured ...
    ( By Nateshan Kumaran )
  • Agree with you, that is why, we r humans. Hopefully, we will stand as one.' ....
    ( By Santi Veersa Singh )
  • agree with this text fully but wish that Hindus must also curb radicalization taking route in the name of Hindutva among themselves'
    ( By Afsar Husain )
  • Islam is facing Transition Phase just like Christianity. Thinks will become better 4 sure.
    ( By Nitish Kumar )
  • Islamic fundamentalism is more dangerous than hindutva nationalist propoganda.Islamic fundamentalism is diabolical and global and clashing with non ..
    ( By Dhananjay Srivastava )
  • It's all bull shit produced by a hireling of anti-Islam and anti-Muslim forces. There's ...
    ( By Mohammed Mahmood )
  • سمجھ سمجھ کے جو نہ سمجھے وہ بھی ایک نا سمجھ ھے....... مسلمان کبھی بھی دھشت گرد نھی ھوتا ھے...
    ( By Farooq Bhat )
  • Ref: Comment by Mr. Sultan Shahin of 15.1.16 and my comment of 16.1.16. I am still waiting for the response of Mr. Sultan Shahin on ...
    ( By Dr. M.A. Haque )
  • Haque Sb, Is celebration of the birthday forbidden only because the exact date of birth is not known? The exact date could be important to ...
    ( By Naseer Ahmed )
  • Ref: Comment by Mr. Sultan Shahin of 15.1.16 and my comment of 16.1.16. I am still waiting for the response of Mr. Sultan Shahin on ...
    ( By Dr. M.A. Haque )
  • To Iqbal Husian I repeat my first question through some light on it. 1)How about only one (Saud)family has became Hereditary custodian of Mecca with Might ...
    ( By Aayina )
  • In the above comment Mr. Ghulam Mohiyuddin wrote ... "Hindutva is a right wing ideology which is centered around the beliefs: the entire Indian subcontinent (which ...
    ( By Nandakishore N )
  • Mogherini claims that aversion against Islam and Muslim immigrations comes from “fear” and is a sign of “weakness”. And she openly admits that EU “fights” ...
    ( By Iftikhar Ahmad )
  • @Amit Kumar first read Dr Ambedkar again his famous words at the time of conversion "I WAS BORN AN A HINDU but i will NOT ...
    ( By Iqbal Husain )
  • @Iqbal Hussein.lol.guru ravidas was from cobbler caste and you better upgrade your knowledge./wiki/Dalit_saints_of_Hinduism I know coming from madarsa it is difficult for you to understand
    ( By Amit Kumar )
  • Iqbal Husain will you stop abusing ayesha and let the world live in peace in this war between peaceful shia and peacefuk Sunnis
    ( By Amit Kumar )
  • What about 100% reservation for a particular caste for the post of pujaries mahants. even distribution of charity is monopolized in favour of one caste. ...
    ( By Iqbal Husain )
  • Firts of all l would like to say that tablighi jamat does't say to kill any innocent people or to envolve in any terror outfit. ...
    ( By Syed Mohd Quatadah )
  • To: Iqbal Husain How about only one (Saud)family has became custodian of Mecca with Might and now dictating whole world.
    ( By Aayina )
  • Muslim Personal Law Flows from the Holy Quran, SC Can't Question It: Jamiat-Ulema-i-Hind" . . . . Do the Jamiat or the AIMPLB ...
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • Not only women but men too must fight all restrictions against women limiting or reducing their full access to Muslim or Hindu places of worship...
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • FGM must be criminalized in every country. A ban on FGM must be monitored by an appropriate UN agency.
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • The so-called judicial system in Saudi Arabia is nothing but an oppressive system designed to nip all the cries for freedom in the bud....
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )