Books and Documents
The War Within Islam

‘The Good News Is That There Are Millions of Modern and Open-Minded People in the Middle East’
Tony Blair

The events that led Egypt’s military to remove President Mohamed Morsi confronted the army with a simple choice: intervention or chaos. Seventeen million people in the street is not the same thing as an election. But it is an awesome manifestation of people power. Morsi’s Muslim Brotherhood was unable to shift from being an opposition movement to being a governing party. Of course, governments govern badly or well or averagely. But this is different. Egypt’s economy is tanking. Ordinary law and order has virtually disappeared. Services are not functioning properly….

The Power of Religion

These killings barely nudged the daily toll from Syria’s civil war, a war that has warped into bloody attrition between the majority Sunni and better-armed Shia Muslims. Yet they generated unusual outrage. Neither victim had played a role in Syria’s fighting. One was a Sunni, the other Shia. Both were killed not just by members of their own sects but by groups posing as their most zealous guardians. The killers in both cases saw themselves as punishing traitors to the faith…….


Brotherhood on the Brink
Aijaz Zaka Syed

The choice is clear. It’s time for the Brotherhood to step back from the brink and not provide an excuse to its detractors to repeat history. This is a temporary setback. If the party still retains faith in democracy, it should go back to the people and live to fight another day. It would be a shame if this democratic experiment is killed in its infancy....


What If Mursi Was Still Egypt’s President?
Bassem Youssef

What if we are living in an alternative reality and parallel universe where the June 30 events failed to oust President Mohamed Mursi? What would such a parallel universe be like? I cannot answer this question without bringing up the president's last speech on June 26. Yes, that famous speech that lasted for more than two hours and a half. Yes, that speech in which Mursi named and shamed alleged “thugs” in Egypt seeking to wreak havoc……


The Future Of Islamism- Part Three: What Will Become Of The Muslim Brotherhood?
Nicholas Gjorvad
Perhaps the failures associated with the Brotherhood’s control over the political dealings of the FJP will serve as the impetus for the separation between the proselytising efforts of the Brotherhood and the political endeavours of the FJP.  This is precisely what several Brotherhood reformists have demanded for years and has driven scores to leave the group in the past. …


Egypt Needs Help To Avoid a Civil War
Mustafa Aydin

The crisis in Egypt started in late 2012 with the protests against Morsi’s policies, which was perceived by some Egyptians as the “Hosni Mubarakisation of Morsi.” The coup d’état that toppled the first legitimately elected president of Egypt cannot be condoned or legitimized. One should also acknowledge that a year in power is a very short time to turn around a country like Egypt with its severe economic problems and political divides….


Egypt Continues To Struggle between Two Forces – The Islamists and the Military
Nervana Mahmoud

Meanwhile, the Brotherhood has continued using the same approach that they have been using for the last 60 years – a victimhood mentality. Highly charged statements, accusations of conspiracies, playing with emotions and claiming to be the representative of Islam are all among the Brotherhood’s favorite cards. This is all without even mentioning the fatwa by their scholar Qaradawi that supports their “legitimacy,” which is a must for every Muslim....


No Second Revolution on the Nile
Loay Mudhoon

Even the opportunistic participation of the Salafist al-Nour party ("the Party of Light"), as a representative of the Islamist camp in the militarily organized "disempowerment ceremony", does not change that. For this reason it is important that we give this seizure of power by the Egyptian military its rightful name: it was an illegal putsch and a blow to the democratization process....


Transformation of the Syrian conflict into a Shia vs. Sunni sectarian confrontation across the Middle East has been aggravated by extremists within both religious factions. The patron of Assad in Syria, Iran, and its Shia followers in numerous countries, have appealed insistently for support to the Damascus dictatorship, although the Alawite sect that rules Syria has only been considered within Shia ranks since the 1970s, and until the 20th century was viewed as outside Islam altogether…….


The Future Of Islamism- Part Two: Where Does Islamism Go From Here?
Nicholas Gjorvad

Could the recent overthrow of Morsi lead to widespread violence by Islamist groups as some have suggested?  There have been rumblings in the social media lately that some Islamists have felt betrayed after accepting democracy and have questioned whether it was the correct decision to get involved in politics in the first place. ...

The Collapse of Legitimacy: How Egypt's Secular Intelligentsia Betrayed the Revolution
Khaled Abou El Fadl

In short, after a revolution that overthrew one of the oldest dictatorships in the Middle East, and after six different popular elections, Egyptian intellectuals seem to be hopelessly chaotic in their understanding of what legitimacy is, and how one goes about acquiring it in a democratic system....


The Revolution in Egypt Turns from Tragedy to Farce
Tariq Ramadan

I never shared the widespread "revolutionary" enthusiasm. Nor did I believe that events in Egypt, any more than in Tunisia, were the result of a sudden historical upheaval. The peoples of these two countries suffered from dictatorship, from economic and social crisis; they rose up in the name of dignity, social justice and freedom. Their awakening, their "intellectual revolution" and their courage must be saluted….

Survival Kit for the Egyptian Military
Ayesha Siddiqa

General AlSissi will realise soon that with most things in his favour, hard coercion will take him a long way until he could turn to soft coercion, which is easier to hide and to fool people in believing that the military has the country’s best interest at heart. This way he can ensure that a “superman” is never born in Egypt.....


Political Islam's Failure
Kanwal Sibal

If the overthrow of President Mubarak by the mass of protesters in Tahrir Square in 2011 was a surprise, the ouster of President Morsi by even larger protests in Tahrir Square and across Egypt in recent days is equally dramatic….


The Future of Islamism Part 1: A Difficult Year for Islamists
Nicholas Gjorvad

The electoral victories of Islamists after the Arab Spring were not surprising in light of the organisational superiority possessed by Islamist groups.  The question for many was not whether Islamists would score impressive electoral victories, but whether or not they would live up to the democratic ideals they voiced and promised to support….

Nile of Democracy Will Flood Jihadists of Egypt
Walid Phares

As soon as the Egyptian military asked President Mohammed Mursi to step down and dismantle his Muslim Brotherhood regime, millions in the streets of Cairo and other Egyptian cities and towns celebrated the end of what they felt was a dangerous fascistic regime. But despite an overwhelming popular support for the ousting of the Ikhwan (Muslim Brotherhood) from power, some U.S. leaders, starting with President Barack Obama and later...


Why I Cannot Rejoice in Morsi’s Downfall
Yasmin Alibhai Brown

Ramadhan starts tomorrow, a month of fasting and giving, a good time for such charities and to reaffirm the best aspects of our faith. But events intervened as always, and instead of tranquillity and goodwill in the room, at many tables people were arguing heatedly about the crisis in Egypt, some supporting the military takeover, others lamenting the quick, callous demolition of a freely elected government.....


Ideological Divide in Egypt
Irfan Husain

The Egyptian army, with its extensive corporate interests and sense of entitlement, was probably glad of a pretext to return to centre stage. Even though it has installed a judge to be the interim president, nobody is fooled by the façade. Egyptians should be careful what they wish for: many in Pakistan welcomed the army and believed their promise of early elections....


If The People of Egypt Really Want a Pluralistic Country, the Brotherhood and Other Islamists Will Have To Be an Integral Part of It
Arundhati Ghose

...military did not act alone; the meeting which approved the ‘road map’ which started with the removal of Mohamed Morsi, included the Sheikh of al Azhar, the Coptic Patriarch, el Baradei, representative of the Salafi al Nour Party, a member of the judiciary and a representative of Tamarod, the youthful rebel organisation behind the protests. The Brotherhood Freedom and Justice Party refused to attend. Power was handed over to the chief justice immediately and the army has made clear its mandate to protect all Egyptians, including Islamists and members of all parties. Clearly not the usual ‘military coup!’...


Egypt: Is Political Islam Dead?
Khaled Abou El Fadl

A recent image coming from Egypt shows a large group of people praying in the city of Arish, and suddenly, as they lie on the ground, prostrate, the security forces unleash a volley of live bullets at them, injuring and killing several people. Still more recently, security forces shot into a group of people as they prostrated in prayer at dawn in Cairo...


Tunisia’s Nonviolent Salafists Can Mitigate the Threat of Salafist Jihadists
Sherelle Jacobs

The Salafist jihadist threat in Tunisia is taking on a new dimension, pitting the moderate Islamist government against Salafists of all stripes – groups long suspected of posing a serious threat to the country’s security. But in the problem may lie part of the solution. Non-jihadist Salafists, particularly those who have a real inclination toward moderation, can play a key role in minimizing the jihadist threat and in addressing the future of Salafism...


Egypt’s Second Revolution: Storming Heavens
Lal Khan

The most striking aspect of the second Egyptian revolution has been that it has laid bare the falsity of the notion propagated by the bourgeois media and intelligentsia that the Arab Spring was about a democratic change. In fact, the self-immolation of Boazizi in Tunisia that ignited the mass revolutionary movements was a protest against unemployment and socio-economic injustices....

Did The Military Really Save Egypt?
Khaled Abou El Fadl

As incredible as it might sound, in the year leading up to the overthrow of the Egyptian President, countless intellectuals and journalists insisted that President Morsi was brought to power by the United States, and that he received his orders from the White House. More incredibly still, intellectuals on the right and on the left speaking in opposition television channels portrayed the United States and the Muslim Brotherhood as partners in a devilish scheme…

The circumstances in Egypt should make the democratic forces of Egypt cautious as there are great possibilities that in near future the Muslim Brotherhood may try to spread anarchy and political mayhem because they still enjoy the support of political Islamist outfits like Hamas. The unity of revolutionary democratic forces is extremely necessary. If it happens, it will have its positive effects in other countries of the region.

Pakistan is not Egypt but....
Syed Mansoor Hussain

Pakistan is not Egypt but....
Syed Mansoor Hussain

It is indeed true that Pakistan is not Egypt. The one lesson our new Prime Minister (PM) has hopefully learnt from his own past experience, of Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto before him, and from Mohamed Morsi now, it does not matter whom you appoint as the new head of the army. The new head of the army will not be ‘loyal’ to you but to the force he leads....


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