Radical Islamism and Jihad
So the Exalted declared takfīr upon the person due to him taking a
rival which are partners in worship. And there are many similar verses.
So a person cannot be a muwahhid (Islāmic monotheist) except if he
negates shirk, frees himself from it and declares takfīr upon whoever commits
Then he said – rahimahullāhu ta'ālā: The second: Warning against shirk in the worship of Allāh, being harsh
in this, having enmity based on this and declaring takfīr on whoever commits
The uneasy fact
is that Islam is in desperate need of internal reforms that have been delayed
to this point where the religion is being damaged from within causing serious
identity crisis amongst the Muslim youth. And it is this very identity crisis
that is at the core of radicalisation problem leading young Muslims to fall
prey to terrorist propaganda joining Islamic State and other militant groups.
As long as those at the helms of power in the Muslim community remain in
constant denial blaming the government, the "environment"......
In the end, the
biggest threat of the IS isn’t its pursuit of statehood but its cultivation of
a global constituency of alienated and intolerant Muslims, mostly young, who
assure the IS of an inexhaustible supply of fighters and operatives. Spread out
in 80 countries, these have been seduced by the viral promise of a paradisal
caliphate. If they can’t go to the Middle East to fight, they can wreak havoc
on their own societies.....
ISIS has suddenly got this momentum because it is supported by Sunni tribes and groups. The latter did not ally themselves with ISIS because they shared its inhumane dogma but because they sought liberation from the sectarian persecution and policy of exclusion that the Iraqi government has been exercising for years. This sectarianism got worse when the Americans left Iraq and the Iraqi fanatical politicians got a free hand to carry out their oppressive and exclusive agenda. Nouri al-Maliki and his governments have played a major role in the creation of the current sectarian Iraq. They might be Shia fanatics, but they are also responsible for the creation of Sunni fanaticism....
What is the root cause of terrorist violence? What makes someone disturbingly eager to orchestrate merciless rampages? Both Abdulazeez and Saad had been described as ‘normal’ kids before they plummeted into a wave of darkness. Saad reportedly received special training for the style of executions he carried out in Safoora Goth. In his case, it appears as if a pervading extremist ideology somehow managed to infiltrate his conscience. This comes as no surprise when men like Maulana Abdul Aziz, the hate-spewing Lal Masjid cleric, are allowed to roam free regardless of the numerous arrest warrants that have been issued against them.....
Prime Minister David Cameron delivered a remarkable speech in Birmingham
outlining a stepped up government campaign against Islamist extremism. India
could learn a thing or two from him on how to address a sensitive subject
without either flinching from the truth or carelessly tarring an entire
blunders notwithstanding, the media can do a lot more to even the playing field
between extremist and moderate voices. Thanks in part to television; the likes
of the rabble-rousing Akbaruddin Owaisi and the fundamentalist preacher Zakir
Naik wield a megaphone in India’s public square. Few people have even heard of
the insightful anti-extremist scholar Sultan
Shahin, or of Tufail Ahmad, who doggedly tracks contemporary Islamist
thinking in the Indian subcontinent.
In sum, what
Cameron calls “the struggle of our generation” isn’t confined to a Britain
roiled by home-grown Islamist extremism. It’s a global phenomenon whose lessons
apply as much to India as to any other democracy.....
Even Afghan Taliban insurgents led by Mullah Omar is facing a fundamental problem of how to react to a fast growing ISIS influence in the Middle east, Africa and now in the territories where Taliban traditionally are in power. Although Taliban initially welcomed the formation of ISIS and its objectives,...
“In the ISIS model it’s all about social media and them interacting with people in the United States and quickly trying to get them to launch attacks,” said one of the officials, who spoke on the condition of anonymity because he did not want to jeopardize his access to sensitive information. “This case appears to be much more like the old model, where he was interested in radical Islam and sought to learn more about it online by looking at videos and readings.....
The Islamic State, also known as ISIS, ISIL and Daesh, initially functioned solely as a terrorist organization, if one more coldblooded even than Al Qaeda. Then it went on to seize land. But increasingly, as it holds that territory and builds capacity to govern, the group is transforming into a functioning state that uses extreme violence — terror — as a tool. That distinction is proving to be more than a matter of perspective for those who live under the Islamic State, which has provided relative stability in a region troubled by war and chaos while filling a vacuum left by failing and corrupt governments that also employed violence — arrest, torture and detention...
Hussein said signs of highly effective brainwashing are already evident among new students arriving from those areas to his school in Turkey. “It will take a miracle to make these kids normal again,” Hussein said. “In years ahead, each student will be like a new Baghdadi,” referring to the leader of ISIL, Abu Bakr Al-Baghdadi. Hussein said one 6th grade student, recently arrived after being schooled under ISIL in Raqqa, scrawled on his Turkish examination paper: “All the 6th graders are Kuffar,” meaning disbelievers. “This is what it is like after just two years,” said Hussein, “Imagine what it will be like in 10.”....
In Pakistan, a significant and disturbing number of suicide bombers were between 12 and 18 years of age, with one estimate placing that number at 90%. Although young militants are generally teenagers when asked to carry out suicide attacks, the indoctrination of children often starts at a much younger age. In the PBS documentary Children of the Taliban, journalist Sharmeen Obaid Chinoy interviewed Taliban commander Qari Hussain, who boasted that he also recruits children as young as five, six and seven years old, emphasizing, “Children are tools to achieve God’s will. And whatever comes your way, you sacrifice it.”.....
authorities continue to downplay the IS presence in the country that may have
very serious ramifications for the country’s security. Though most of the
IS-affiliated TTP dissidents have fled across the border and are concentrating
their activities in Afghanistan. IS footprints have been found in some of the
recent sectarian-based terrorist attacks in the country....
fact that India’s sizeable Muslim population has not yet reacted with any
vigour to the ideological inducements offered by the IS — thanks probably to
our democratic system — must not be taken for granted. The IS is reportedly
already knocking on the doors in Pakistan-occupied Kashmir. India, therefore,
needs to urgently look at pro-active and out-of-the- box solutions that will
help them integrate and achieve Muslim aspirations through the democratic
system. One measure that could be given serious consideration is Singaporean
housing system — wherein the law there requires each locality and housing
community to have specific quotas for every section and ethnicity of the
population. This enhances inclusiveness among all sections of society.....
Following the ban on ISIS in India, Urdu
media has shown a slight change in its reporting style, though not in its
editorial policy, but the Sunni ulema
have continued to maintain a mysterious silence over ISIS claim to represent Islam,
with Khalifa Baghdadi presenting Islam
as a religion of permanent war, continuous violence and strife. Even the Baghdadi
claim that Islam has not been a religion peace, even for a day, did not bring
out any response from Indian Muslim ulema or Urdu media. ....
The following steps and initiatives can
be taken by the government if it seriously wants to contain the growing
sectarian and radical inclination among the Muslim youth.
1. A joint statement of prominent Indian ulema
from all Sunni sects should be acquired, condemning the ideology and violent
theology of terrorist organisations like ISIS, Taliban, Boko Haram, etc by name.
General statements criticising extremism have not worked. Ulema will have to be
ISIS: Un-Islamic State?
Kunwar Khuldune Shahid
Kunwar Khuldune Shahid
that Daesh (داعش) is an Arabic acronym for الدولة الإسلامية في العراق
والشام which translates into Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS),
which is what it is popularly known as, or that ‘ISIL’ also has ‘Islamic State’
as a part of the acronym, the nit-picking over what to call ISIS is
But even if we
suppose that ISIS will collapse, the idea of the Caliphate won’t disappear. It
will stay and will continue to threaten stability and the future of the region
and of the world, especially in the case of the continuing creation of an
unfavourable climate and attitude towards the West among the Muslim communities
all over the world. Moreover, ISIS’ collapse will lead to the return of ISIS
foreign fighters back to their homelands, bringing the extremist ideas with
though 62 nation-states are now engaged in fighting the IS, its reach — and
lethality — have grown, apparently inexorably. D’Aguilers’ chronicle of his
times reminds us that the IS is not a unique pathology: like other millenarian
movements through history, it has been spawned by a political crisis, and will
need political responses…..
which is derived from the preaching of Muhammad Ibn Abd al-Wahhab, an 18th
century religious scholar, denounced as un-Islamic many of the popular beliefs
and practices prevalent among the Arabs those days. Wahhab rejected Muslims
worshipping the dead or having any saints and making pilgrimages to tombs or
special mosques. He asked his followers to return to the “fundamentals” of
Islam, condemned practices of Shia, Sufi and other Muslims as invalid
interpretations of the religion, and emphasised that his version of Islam alone
had validity. The modern-day Islamic State uses Wahhabi ideals to explain its
represented a new civilisation in the seventh century CE, but civilisations too
decay and become redundant over the course of centuries as their members
acquire new beliefs, attitudes and outlooks. Civilisations that don’t accord
with change harm the interests of their people. The failure of Islam as
commonly practised to accommodate change means it is damaging the interests of
Muslims everywhere. If Muslim teenage girls are migrating to Syria to wed
jihadists, it is reasonable to infer that their attitudes were shaped at least
partly by their parents at the dining table…..
Reflect on this
critical point. Whenever ISIS kills in the name of Islam, claims to follow the
Holy Quran, or uses the Holy month of Ramazan to spread anarchy across the
globe, know that Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) explicitly warned us of these
imposters, and entrusted us to root them out. The only people who refuse to
reflect on this point are ISIS, ISIS sympathisers and anti-Islam extremists who
want the world to believe that ISIS is legitimate. Intelligent people,
meanwhile, see Prophet Muhammad’s (PBUH) prophetic wisdom and thus remain
united against both ignorance and extremism.....
varied tactics. In the Gulf, IS members have targeted Shia mosques to foment
sectarian strife. In places such as Yemen and Afghanistan, IS seeks to
undermine strong branches of al-Qaeda, its jihadist rival. Elsewhere
spectacular attacks, such as the massacre in Sousse, have helped IS live up to
its slogan of “remaining and expanding”; conveniently diverting attention from
the group’s losses not only in Syria and Iraq but farther afield. ....
But Rezgui had
recently been radicalised and Salhi had been on a watch list in the past. That
these massacres, as well as the suicide bombing of a mosque in Kuwait, were
seemingly perpetrated in the name of religion, however, only underlines once
again that it is more essential than ever that the true Islam – moderate,
tolerant and peaceful – asserts itself and makes its presence in the world
known more and more loudly…..
The struggle in
Iraq is to redress balance between an oppressed Sunni population in post Saddam
Iraq and the oppressing Shiites who were installed in power due to Western
intervention and later Iranian clout and influence. But it is the Sunni Iraqis
that are displaced and Sunni Iraqi cities and heritage that they continue to
destroy after looting them. In Libyan town, Kuwaiti and Saudi mosques the
victims are innocent civilians, in Somalia, Egypt and Yemen too.....
Ghulam Rasool Dehlvi, New Age Islam
An ideology of
hatred and terror can only be countered by an ideology of love and peace.
Moderate Islamic preachers can play a proactive role in countering extremist
discourses and promoting progressive and moderate ones. Although civil society
activists also have an important role to cover this area, Ulema and other
religious scholars can best work out strategies to control extremists’ preaching. First and foremost, they must exhort their
youths not to leave doors open to any religious preacher trying to fill their
minds with hate-filled sermons. The state also has an important responsibility
in preventing radical preachers from spreading their nefarious influence.....
State, consequently, will eventually follow the same strategy as the Taliban,
al Shabaab, al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula and al Qaeda in the Islamic
Maghreb. The group will abandon its territorial gains to return to an
amorphous, low-level insurgency and terrorism campaign. It is, of course, the
same strategic shift the group made in 2010. If it had not done so, it would
not be here today. If the Islamic State does not abandon its here and now attitude,
deciding to stand its ground and defend its caliphate to the end, it will be