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Islamic Society

Upon migration, the Sufis blended with local customs and traditions. While some Islamic societies frown upon music, keeping in mind the love of Indians for music, Sufis preached equality in the form of Qawwali, a form of music which developed in this country. While Qawwalis continue to be sung regularly at famous Sufi shrines...

 

Islamic banking is a banking system in accordance with the Shariat. In Islam, money has no intrinsic value – money, therefore, cannot be sold at a profit and is permitted to be used as per Shariat only. The Islamic Law or Shariat prohibits paying any fee for renting of money (called Riba) for specific periods of time. It also prohibits any sort of investment in businesses that are considered Haraam or against the principles of Islam....

 

How to Construct a Liberal Islam – Part One
Akbar Ganji

The major world’s religions are products of the ancient times and, thus, do not and cannot represent liberal ideologies, as liberalism was developed in modern times. It is not difficult to identify verses in the Torah, the Bible or the Quran that are in complete conflict with liberalism….

Moderate Islam at Stake in Jakarta in Ahok’s Blasphemy Case
Amanda Hodge

Indonesia has long been viewed by Western allies as a model of religious pluralism and stable democracy in the region, but mobilisation this month of more than 100,000 moderates and conservatives marching side-by-side to demand the once unassailably popular Ahok be punished for insulting Islam has raised questions about the direction of the country...

The Way of the Sufi
Marisha Karwa

The Way of the Sufi
Marisha Karwa

Pointing out that while the institution of whirling is deeply spiritual, it cannot be dissected — just as one cannot explain why one prefers salad with lemon dressing or salad with balsamic vinegar dressing. "You have to first learn the religious institution, then Islam, then Sufism, then Tariqat, which is the organised version of Sufism, and then Mevlevi (Rumi) Tariqat,"...

 

To extend the explanation of this, Jafar ibn Mohammed (Al-Sadiq) was approached by a man with a stomach ache and the heaviness of bowels; the Imam asked him to eat only twice a day, in the day and nights, as Allah (swt) prescribed for this as the food served for the people in heaven, “they will get their food prepared both times, morning and evening.” (19:62)...

 

When we fail to develop love for art literature, poetry, music and dance in our generations; we might as well deprive them of the instruments to think beyond the horizons we have established for them. The means to imagine cease to exist and their minds & souls are delved into harshness of the world. ...

Similarly, the Sufi made it clear that a proper spiritual life requires that the spirit or intellect rule over the passion of the Nafs or soul. At the same time, the hidden and the eternally unmanifest Essence of God, the God Beyond- Being, the Dhat, is also symbolically feminine.  If the Nafs may kindle man’s baser desires, the Dhat, or Essence, standing at the opposite end of the Sufi’s mystic path, is on the contrary the source of his greatest and most ennobling desire....

The sole purpose of sending the prophets was to establish Justice in the world and end injustice. Broadly speaking, doing justice means giving everyone his due. But this simple statement camouflages all the complexities of life in their myriad and ever-changing relations; all the temptations; all the apprehensions and concerns; all the conflicts and dilemmas....

 

The Debate on Triple Talaq Must be Based on Proper Research and Data
Faizan Mustafa

Should the Supreme Court or government take crucial decisions to reform personal law on the basis of such unscientific research? The apex court should ask the Law Commission to conduct a major comparative study on this subject to know the ground realities of women from various religious communities. On its part, the government should release all the data from the socio-economic- caste census. Let this research be used as a starting point for a truly informed debate on the plight of women in Indian society – all women, regardless of caste, region or religion....

 

It is in the spirit of diversity as Sunnatullah (divine providence) that we must understand the notion of jihad not in its offensive form or in the invocation of religious supremacy that closes the way to dialogue.

 

It is a trend that is in North America and in the UK, and is seems to have no clear goal other than convert everyone, even Muslims, to their very narrow and unsophisticated view of Islam. Islam historically has done very well with pluralism....

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The Holy Prophet (pbuh) praised him for his phased approach and raised his hands in supplication to Allah to bless Muad. We therefore need to use logic and reasoning to move forward. Look at the achievements of the philosophers, of old, rather polymaths, that followed later e.g Al-kindi, Al Razi (Rhazes), ibn Sina (Avicenna), Al Biruni, Al-Haytham (Hazen) and many others and they were not necessarily Muslims.....

 

Sufism in Russia: Pro Et Contra
Alfrid Bustanov

Many students who went on a long journey looking for knowledge in the East returned to their native settlements and opened madrasas and Khanqahs – a place where pupils were brought up and Sufi services took place. Mentor sheikh's location frequently became sacral: graves, springs and trees whose holiness was linked with Sufi mentors were situated near a village…

 
Talaq in India
A.G. Noorani

Talaq in India
A.G. Noorani

In 1943, Maulana Abul Ala Maududi opined: “[Triple divorce] is an innovation and a sin leading to many legal complications. If people knew that triple divorce is superfluous and even a single Talaq would dissolve the marriage, of course, leaving room for revocation during the next three months and remarriage thereafter, innumerable families could have been saved from disruption.”...

 

The Indus Raga: From Bulleh Ki Jana Mein Kon to Tarrin Paunda
Nadeem F. Paracha

Even though Islam has become the major faith along the Indus in the last 500 years, the dynamic history of the region has kept cultures largely heterogeneous and varied. A commonality was not attempted on the basis of a homogenous or monolithic idea of faith and culture here. Rather those preaching Islam in the region — especially from the 12th century onward — absorbed existing cultural traditions that had evolved for thousands of years along the river, and, in turn, expressed them through the more esoteric strands of Islam (Sufism)....

 

Sufism in the Service of Empire: the Case of the Maryamiyyah
Wahid Azal

One feature of the Maryamiyyah practice which they are noted for is that they pray to Schuon as well as the Virgin Mary; and, along with offering blessings (Salawat) to the Prophet Muhammad and the Madonna, the order also offers daily blessings (Salawat) to Frithjof Schuon –- a feature of their practice which would certainly scandalize any orthodox Muslim, Sunni or Shi’i. Much of the Maryamiyyah’s teachings and practices also seem to share common elements with the Indian Tantric Left-Hand Path tradition....

 

Triple Talaq Travesty: Why a Uniform Civil Code Could Be Advantageous To Muslims
Hanif Murad

The true triple Talaq, as ordained by the Holy Quran, is one of the more humane therapies to deal with a downward spiralling marital relationship. Importantly, the most significant injunction in the triple Talaq therein is that after each pronouncement of Talaq, there has to be compulsorily a period of waiting or Iddat that provides a timeout to reflect on the alternatives to a divorce....

 

The Uniform Civil Code Debate – Constitutionality, Not Sharia should Be the Focal Point
A.J. Jawad, New Age Islam

The entire argument on triple Talaq and polygyny is centred around the argument whether these practices are valid or not under the Sharia. The opinions of several medieval jurists are batted around to either justify or condemn these practices. The point that is being missed here is the geographical and political location of the issue. The debate should be on the rights of women within the geographical territory of India governed by a Constitution that promises equal rights to all its citizens and not on the religious validity of practices that impinge on such rights. The question should be not what is valid in a particular religion but what is valid under the Constitution….

All Talk and No Action on Domestic Violence in the Muslim Community Is No Longer Enough
Nikos Barbaressos

The advice they receive from family members or even Imams is quite saddening, especially if the abuser is the spouse. Family members tend to prevent the victim from speaking out against the spouse due to what the community would possibly say. They continue to try making the victim feel guilty by making remarks such as, “Who will marry you if you are divorced?” or, “What will the community say?” or even to extend it as far as asking, “What are they going to think about the family?”...

 

Islam Has No Conflict with a Uniform Civil Code That Provides Justice, Equality and Dignity for All
Sadaf Munshi

I do not think Islam as a religion is so weak that its foundations will be shaken by a very welcome decision of adopting a uniform civil code that provides justice, equality and dignity for all – notions that Islam has no conflict with. Abolishing an ages-old tribal practice such as triple-talaq, which finds no authenticity in the religion itself, is indeed a commendable step in this regard....

Islam prohibits any kind of harassment at the time of divorce if that becomes necessary but our men do the opposite. All these and more are the real reasons why Muslim women are left high and dry and are the victims of the oppression of their men. How is banning triple Talaq going to solve these problems?...

 

How the Ulema Are Jumping, Feet First, into the BJP’s Trap
Zafar Agha

Once the anxieties over aggressive Muslim unity is firmly planted in Hindu minds, what is sure to follow are even larger rallies mobilised by the VHP and other Sangh Parivar outfits with the counter ‘Jai Shri Ram!’ cry filling the streets.

Thus by the time the polls draw close, putting aside caste considerations they will rally behind those projecting themselves as “protectors of Hindus”. Hindus will then turn out in large numbers to vote for the BJP while the by now fear-gripped ordinary Muslims will stay behind closed doors praying to Allah to save their lives. And in that moment there will be no sign either of the Muslim Personal Board or of the self-appointed leaders who had earlier sworn to lay down their lives for the sake of Islam and the Muslim community....

In view of the complexity of the problem, the only ray of hope lies in the honest and unified efforts of liberal Muslims. Without a strong assertive Muslim leadership in the nationalist and secularist Indian tradition launching an aggressive movement for democratic liberalism to free the Muslim women from their plight, they would continue to cling to medievalist obscurantism. The need of the hour is to de-politicise all the Muslim issues and free them from the Mullahs....

'Talaq' and the Battle to Ban the Three Words That Grant India's Muslim Men Instant Divorce

Indeed, one of the reasons triple Talaq has remained legal so long is the fear, propounded by Muslim community leaders, that if the government is allowed to tamper with Islamic personal laws, it might one day scrap them completely, “and the majority will swallow you up”...

 


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