Books and Documents

Islamic Society

Rewriting the Pakistani Script
Ayaz Amir

I have no problem with patriotism but I do have a problem with the myths and fantasies surrounding Muslim power in the Subcontinent. This power reached its zenith under Shah Jahan. Aurangzeb was also a great emperor but by his time the empire had begun to show signs of exhaustion.....


Ashura and Pluralism: The Spirit of Resilience, Valour and Bravery Is Awakened On the Day We Know As Yom-e-Ashura
Zeeba T Hashmi

Hussainiat is a strong phenomenon that the oppressed can identify with. It is inspiring for thousands of Muslims across the world; even non-Muslims and Sunnis are much impressed by it, which elevates the essence of Islam itself. To understand Hussainiat is to understand suffering and to keep the struggle against tyranny alive....


Madrasas and Militancy: Dogma in Education Leads to Intolerant Worldviews
Javed Hasan Aly

Studies show that the vast majority preached an inclusionary approach to Muslim social life with little prejudice against others, often associated with the Bareilvi School. The other faction, known as the Deobandis, was in a minority. Many were seen to have an exclusivist approach to Muslim life and were regarded as intolerant of other worldviews.....


Countering Negative Portrayal of Islam
Alaa Alghamdi

I do believe that humankind’s inherent need and desire for a spiritual practice will eventually translate into a more positive public image for Islam.  And then, perhaps, the world will find that a different term to describe its relationship with Islam is needed. In place of Islamophobia, it is not farfetched that the world may coin and new phrase, Islamophilia….


Women’s Day in Islamabad
Nuray Mert

I am interested in the modernization processes in Muslim countries, the politics of nationhood, modernity, secularism and Islamism, and Pakistan is a very interesting case in this respect. Nevertheless, for decades Pakistan has mostly been known for its ties with the Afghan jihad and the troubles of fundamentalism and corruption.....


Religious Fanatics Who Wreck Lives
Mariam Mokhtar

Are the fanatics claiming that it is better to be a bad Muslim, than be a good non-Muslim? Are fanatics more concerned about the total numbers of Muslims in the population, or are they more bothered about the person’s piety and compassion? To the fanatics, being a Muslim is more about quantity than quality......


Iconoclasm — literally, idol-smashing — is not the feature of any one faith. The ancient Hebrews developed a dislike for statues and images sometime in the first millennium BCE. Christians also recognise a rich pagan legacy of temples and statues, but most finally succumbed to the temptation to make icons, name churches after saints...


Does Luck Explain My Life As A Muslim?
Essraa Nawar

As a kid, my mum (a very modest Muslim woman) used to quote a very important verse from the Quran whenever I had questions about people of different faiths: “Unto you your religion and unto me my religion” (Quran, 109:6). According to Qazi Abdul Qadeer Khamosh, “this verse clearly forbids Muslims to interfere in other peoples religious affairs and affirms the freedom to live according to one’s faith.”….


The State and the Ulema: Comparing Indonesia and Malaysia
Norshahril Saat

The Indonesian and Malaysian experience shows the contrasting impact of contrasting strategies of state co-optation of the Ulema. Leaders in these countries had been committed to keeping Islamisation in check and in line with the goals of the state. Suharto and Mahathir envisaged Islam to be respectful of their respective countries’ multi-racial and multi-religious societies and wanted the Ulema to conform to their ideals....

Is Isma saying that I will be committing a crime if I go up to a non-Muslim who is being proselytised by a Muslim and tell the non-Muslim to think very carefully before he makes his decision to convert for converting to Islam in Malaysia is a narrow one-way street with no U-turn?....


Alexander Burnes, the 19th century Scottish traveller and explorer, had a fascinating impression of the Shikarpuri. He was in Kabul, where he met Shikarpuri bankers who offered to provide him with Hundis payable in Bukhara (Uzbekistan), Astrakhan (Russia), Nijni-Novgorod (Russia) or St Macaire (France). Burnes took up their offer on Bukhara, and as he writes, “to [his] complete satisfaction.” Burnes didn’t know at the time, but Shikarpur’s ancient trade and commerce network connected more than just Shikarpur and Kabul; it was the preferred route for merchants travelling from South Asia to Central Asia and vice versa throughout the 18th and 19th centuries......

Also Read:  Lords Of The Land: In Karachi, Some Mosques and Madrasas Have Slowly but Surely Drifted Away From Being Part of the Community to Becoming Power Brokers


Muslims Need Respectful, Tolerant, All-Encompassing and Socially Cohesive Society
Rumy Hasan

Rather than a new respectful, tolerant, all-encompassing and socially cohesive society envisaged by advocates of multiculturalism and multifaithism, with accommodation of separate cultural and religious demands, instead we see segregation, ghettoisation, resentment, alienation, communal stress to the point of hostility…..

Shrinking Space for Muslims
Usman Shaukat Eshai

Shrinking Space for Muslims
Usman Shaukat Eshai

Muslims have been coexisting with the believers of other faiths in the past as Islam believes in plurality. The political and intellectual leadership across the Muslim world has been unable to convey the point of view of the ordinary Muslim to the rest of the world. The leadership looks hapless in the wake of terrorism, slow to form a counter narrative that opposes these extremist ideologies. It is time we came up with a clear and unified narrative to counter these ideologies of hate, which subvert the fundamental teachings of Islam: compassion, justice and peace....

It was not that long ago that the Pakistani Ulema were openly stating a position on the blasphemy law that said blasphemy does not mandate a fixed penalty, and is a pardonable offense. The clearest example of this was when Taseer was assassinated for requesting a presidential pardon for a blasphemy accused, and members of the public hailed his killer as a hero and approved of the murder....

The root of Juma’ comes from JMA’ and is a derivative of jamaa’-come together, congregate, assemble. In the days of Messenger Muhammad, it was any day the small community was needed to gather for a meeting to discuss important matters affecting the communityand decide on the action to be taken. A call was put out for this purpose for people to attend, which later became the ritualistic religious Adhan, a call for prayer….

The Muslims’ Case
Maulana Wahiduddin Khan for New Age Islam

The Muslims’ Case
Maulana Wahiduddin Khan for New Age Islam

The Prophet lived in the first half of the 7th century C.E.. At the time that he received prophethood, Makkah was controlled by polytheists and Madinah was under Jewish domination. Large parts of the Arabian peninsula were under Byzantine and the Sassanian rulers, who were opposed to Islam….


Growing European Concerns about Muslim Migrants: Their Faith and Their Culture Isolates Muslims from the Host Community When They Should Be Building Bridges
Irfan Husain

And while other migrants generally dress like locals and blend in, Muslims tend to stay apart, with religious and cultural factors perpetuating this divide. Every few weeks, incidents to do with the sexual exploitation of young white girls, alleged terror plots, or the willingness of many young Muslims to join the Islamic State enhances the negative image many Brits have of Muslims and Islam….

Ignorance & Decline
Irfan Husain

Throughout his peripatetic life, pan-Islamism and anti-imperialism were the major themes in his speeches and writings. Apart from appealing to Muslims, he also attracted Jewish and Christian followers due to his stance against foreign dominance. Despite his name, Afghani was actually born in a Shia family in Persia, and educated in Tehran before going to a famous seminary in Najaf, and then to India. In order to reach a wider Muslim audience, he adopted his Afghan persona; indeed, his supposed remains were laid to rest in Kabul after lying in an unmarked grave in Istanbul for years. The Afghans now claim him as their own....



They are far from radical. Married to two brothers, Hanna, 34 years old, has four children, while Alite, 33, has seven. Neither has an advanced education. Both are deeply observant, and embrace the importance of religion and the traditional role of Djerban Jewish women as wives and mothers. But they are also critical of their culture’s failings with respect to women and feel that even within the confines of Djerba’s conservative beliefs, there is much room to evolve. Educating girls hasn’t been a high priority in Djerba’s Jewish community. Historically, in fact, they weren’t educated at all, and most were illiterate until well into the 20th century....

Companionship of the Prophet
Maulana Wahiduddin Khan for New Age Islam

Companionship of the Prophet
Maulana Wahiduddin Khan for New Age Islam

If the true spirit is alive in you, and you sincerely desire to follow the Prophet, even today you can experience the Prophet’s companionship. For example, the Prophet’s practice was never to hate his enemies. Instead, he used to treat them in a very noble way. He would beseech God for their guidance. Now, if you have an enemy and you do not respond to him with enmity, but, instead, think “I should behave with my enemy in the same way as the Prophet of God did with his enemies”, and if you do precisely this, at that moment you will develop a special relation with the Prophet….

The escapism that mainstream Islam has nothing to do with those atrocities does not hold water anymore because Wahhabism and Islam have become indistinguishable. To understand the crisis of Muslims today, one has to remember that Wahhabism exists in several textbooks containing the alleged sayings of the Prophet Mohammad, or books of “Hadith”, revered by so many….

Sharia Law, Apostasy and Secularism
Gita Sahgal

Movements are built when those who are under attack refuse to be the victim and stand for all. Movements are built when people lose their fear and stand up. I believe that we should stop despairing of the left and criticising their absence. We are an anti-fundamentalist progressive movement. And it is this extraordinarily diverse movement that will produce a better account of the possibilities - as well as the problems - of religion....

In Manto’s Words, This Is What Pakistan’s Relationship with Saudi Looks Like
Raza Naeem

Saadat Hasan Manto’s Eighth Letter to Uncle Sam reserves his sharpest pen for Saudi Arabia – and by extension for organised religion – with whom Pakistan’s ruling elite has forged a close relationship, to the detriment of both its politics and culture in subsequent years. And while it talks of the same, now-deceased, King Abdullah (there is apparently still an abundance of Abdullahs ruling in the Arab world) in the closing paragraph, it is thus a witty dismissal of Saudi expansionism in Pakistan, equally applicable to the 21st century…..


An Overdue Awakening of Moderate Muslims: Islamic Extremism Can Only Be Defeated By the Condemnation of Co-Religionists
Tom Ridge

The taking of innocent lives is always difficult to comprehend, let alone to reconcile with the tenets of a great world faith. But strategically and tactically, the assaults against a defenceless captive and the publication Charlie Hebdo represent a disturbing new trend in global religious terrorism…

Building a New Arab Mindset
Mohammed Fahad al-Harthi

Building a New Arab Mindset
Mohammed Fahad al-Harthi

What has happened to the Arab world? If looked at objectively, it appears that people here have become numb to the images of wanton destruction, death and bombings served up to them daily on news channels. People’s lives are now measured in numbers by media houses….


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  • The Quran's challenge to produce a Sura which can match its Sura does
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • Disagreement is Not Intolerance What exactly are all those nasty atheists doing that causes religious believers to complain about....
    ( By Ashok Sharma )
  • The issue is whether there is a hypothesis of the theists which says that moral precepts can be created only by the Divine. There is ...
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • All rules of conduct are human made. They are the result of requirements necessary for cooperation in maintaining social order. The higher animals, including....
    ( By Ashok Sharma )
  • Excellent piece of scholarly writing enlightening our faith, strengthening our bond further with the Lord of the universe.'
    ( By Raihan Nezami )
  • Mr Rashid Samnakay. Do you mean these European countries and Americans who are bombarding in Syria are Muslims? Who destroyed Palestine, Afghanistan, Iraq, Libya etc ...
    ( By Raihan Nezami )
  • (24:35) Allah is the Light of the heavens and the earth. The Parable of His Light is as if there were a Niche and within ...
    ( By Naseer Ahmed )
  • Aayinaji, I have fallen in love with your language, half of which I do not understand. I thought you were Hindi medium, but now I ...
    ( By Manzurul Haque )
  • GM Sb suffers from an incurable disease of reframing what is said. In what we are discussing, the hypothesis of the theist can therefore be framed ...
    ( By Naseer Ahmed )
  • Triple Talaq is not in the Quran The Process for Divorce in the Quran ...
    ( By Naseer Ahmed )
  • At least Ulema and Imams, if not others, must be punished in accordance with Shariah criminal code. And if it cannot be delivered ...
    ( By Anand Kumar )
  • Guys like tarek fart, Tufaan ahmed and hey sultan have never any good things to say about a beautiful religion . They know that if ...
    ( By Ravi Kumar )
  • Do Muslims of India have such problems only i.e. 'triple talaq, halala, polygamy, entrance of women in shrines and graveyard, madarsa textbooks etc etc? ' ...
    ( By Raihan Nezami )
  • Firstly Javed Akhtar is self claimed atheist .And as such forfieted the right to speak as Muslim on Muslim matters.Secondly the aimplb is inviting trouble ...
    ( By Syed Qamar Hasan )
  • I always thought so and wondered.'
    ( By Anand Kumar )
  • The clerics questioning Supreme Court’s jurisdiction should understand that the Muslims are as much subject to the Indian Constitution and its ....
    ( By Deepa Natarajan )
  • On criminal side, want the soft,reformist Western laws but on civil side want Sharia ! And what muslims are willing to give Kafirs ....
    ( By Sahadev Kunapuli )
  • Today's 'The Indian Express' reports: "The Centre is set to inform the Supreme ...
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • Though am from other religion i wanna say that every religion some core value i.e. love humanity.besides this all laws are according to external....
    ( By ଜ୍ୟୋତିର୍ମୟ ପଣ୍ଡା )
  • The medieval punishments of flogging, amputation and beheading can not be implemented in India by AIMPLB as the constitution has given very limited powers to ...
    ( By Raihan Nezami )
  • Thanks God, Mr Naseer Ahmed Islam may be different than Manzural Haque Islam, he still likes word Basterds.....
    ( By Aayina )
  • Thanks to All who thinks that animals killed for eating is controlling population of that animals.....
    ( By Aayina )
  • The article has raised a recurring issue of “Triple Talaq” which has been under debate for so long, but the outcome has been zero till ...
    ( By Raihan Nezami )
  • There is nothing divine. There is no proof of that except conflicting claims. Dinosaurs ruled this planet for 180 million years. Humans have arrived on ...
    ( By Ashok Sharma )
  • There is no theist hypothesis which says moral principles can be of only divine origin. Theists are usually not so insecure as to need such ...
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • Good article!
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • Atheist Sam Harris is not the only one to see Islam as a violent creed. Many of our ulema see it the same way. Scriptures ...
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • There is no Muslim personal law. There are family laws of every community. Every law needs to be reviewed from....
    ( By Manzurul Haque )
  • While all laws should be man made, they should follow the Quranic requirement that laws have to be fair, just, rational and egalitarian.
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • i totally agree with Riahan and GM, there is no need for us to reconcile science and religion. They both are in their own spheres ...
    ( By Prisha )
  • I believe there is nothing wrong in thinking sharia is a divine law. All religions seems to have their own version of sharia but majority....
    ( By Prisha )
  • For Ayina's reading: Is A Woman’s Testimony Worth Half That of A Man?
    ( By Naseer Ahmed )
  • Truth written by you,Islamic terrorist ideology is big threat to india.'
    ( By Abhishek Singh )
  • religious morals may be divine, but many of them are immoral and evil. what is the morality of hellfire for the unbeliever? where is the morality ...
    ( By hats off! )
  • Moral Principles are divine. Science is a utilitarian discipline and product of human effort. There would have been no progress on the civilizational scale without the ...
    ( By Naseer Ahmed )
  • people whose faith is on the brink and are holding on to it for life, need some pseudo-scientific balm to hold it all together...
    ( By hats off! )
  • Lot of friends here blame only the Muslims for atrocities on humans but what about the RSS and the bjp bhakts? Look how they treat ...
    ( By Mohammed Naeemullah )
  • Animals are costly than muslims. ....this is new world order....keep it up.....mehdi will kill muslims at first.....
    ( By Faisal Nadeem )
  • Science and faith cannot be reconciled and they do not need to be reconciled. Any attempt to do so is likely to be dishonest....
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • Beautifully written.Any kind of slaughtering should be stopped....as we human.....
    ( By Elena Dasgupta )