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Books and Documents

Islamic Culture

Peer, who I have a fleeting memory of in rediff.com’s office, strokes the script with unflinching scenes of terror and tension that afflicted the population of Kashmir, caught in the crossfire between militants and army. I haven’t read his acclaimed Curfewed Night but I do recall this heart-breaking diary, which offers a disturbing glimpse of the horror he encountered personally. He even appears in a brief cameo doing what may seem amusing at first but is mostly a painful reminder of scars left on a tortured psyche.......

 

The liberal democratic system allowing individual freedom of speech, freedom of expression etc. is fine, but there must be limits to such freedom, particularly when there is an undeniable tendency to take advantage of it. If Sharia Law is attempted to be introduced surreptitiously under the guise of religious freedom, then such attempts should be considered to be thwarted; otherwise bigger problems may arise in future which may threaten the very fabric of the society.....

 

Ibn-e-Safi, the Man:  Stranger Than Fiction
Nadeem F. Paracha

I don’t anymore though, outgrowing the fantastic sounding cities and countries full of quirky spies, strange gadgets and racy plots that Safi offered in his novels, making him one of Pakistan’s most popular and best-selling Urdu novelists of all time.....

 

Shahid Sajjad:  A Study in Bronze
Irfan Husain

It is unsurprising that art has little place in a society as racked by violence and as warped by greed as Pakistan is today. Artists, too, are marginal figures unless they are good at self-promotion. And Shahid Sajjad was the very antithesis of a pushy person blowing his own trumpet: modest to the point of becoming a recluse in his last few years, he let his work speak for itself.....

 

Mehdi Hasan may not be with us, but his repertoire will continue to enthrall music lovers in all times to come……

 

12 Songs from Pakistan’s Mountains, Deserts, Shrines and Streets
Nadeem F. Paracha

Interestingly, though both, the 20th century secular Pakhtun nationalists, as well as the more religious and conservative expressions of Pakhtun identity, celebrated the Pakhtun culture’s militaristic tenor, Pakhtun folk music is remarkably romantic and poetic in nature, with the singers mostly voicing sagas of longing for their beloveds (who are in some foreign land), or for the mountains and rivers of the Pakhtun lands that the singer misses.....

 

He had come from Bombay where he had been leading a hard but fruitful life for twelve years. In the preface to his collection of short stories titled Yazeed, Manto mentioned that he considered Bombay his Doosra Watan – after Amritsar where he spent his boyhood and early youth – and called himself Chalta-Phirta Bambai. “Wherever I stay, I’ll make my own world.”....

 

Women, Urdu and Bollywood
Aijaz Zaka Syed

It’s not possible to disagree with the argument that if Indian Muslims are at the bottom of the heap in many ways, their women are at the bottom of this bottom. I could understand why my friend was appalled though. The expression employed was crude even if candid.  The Progressive Writers’ Movement, to which Kaifi belonged, tended to use such strong language to shock and awaken the sleepy social conscience…..

 

Pahela Baishakh: Beyond Kurtas and Saris
Afsan Chowdhury

Baishakhi is a festival of harvesting and commercial year launching. It has been in Bengal and in many parts of India since the time of Akbar the Mughal during whose rule the revenue system was reorganised. It’s the time of renewal, promises and inclusion of all in a socio-economic system. It’s therefore a festival without religious overtones….

 

It could be argued that these fine Islamic arts are more advantaged nowadays in Turkey, blossoming along with the recent spiritual revival in the country. Anyone visiting or living in Turkey nowadays is certain to encounter the different genres of these fine arts of Islam. This is clear from many examples of Turkish architecture in the form of mosques and former palaces, great poetry….

 

Sufi Music Makes Comeback in Iraq
Amal Sakr

When reading or hearing about Sufi music, one immediately imagines a “spiritual session” during which Mouwashshas (a form of classical Arabic poem) are sung, as Sufi music in Iraq is linked to the Kasnazani order — known for their performances involving “whirling dervishes” — in addition to the Qadiri order. During their evening performances and religious occasions, Sufis usually recite poems and beat drums to create rhythm. ....

 

Shah Abdul Latif:  The Voice of Love
Sadia Dehlvi

The young poet fell in love with the daughter of Mirza Mughal Beg, a proud scion of the Afghan rulers. Although Shah’s family happened to draw their lineage from the family of Prophet Muhammad, there was a difference in the social status of the families. The ruling family was aristocratic, while the Shahs came from a family of mystics. In 1713, robbers assassinated Mughal Beg and decamped with all his riches. Reduced to poverty, the Mirza family eventually agreed to give their daughter in marriage to Shah, who had by then gained fame as a poet…..

 

The 10 Best Pakistani Political/Social Parody Songs … Ever!
Nadeem F. Paracha

Aziz Mian was the wild man of Pakistani Quawwali. Long-haired, almost always sloshed on his favourite brand of whisky, and punctuating his Quawwalis with sudden spoken-word interludes that he would shout out as if he was having an argument with God and the conservative clergy. Though the Sabri Brothers too came from the same Sufi-music background as Aziz Mian, they were more subdued and harmonious in their approach towards their music.....

 

Dhaka: The Enduring City
Milia Ali

Beneath Dhaka's unattractive façade lies a compassionate soul. The city and its people have a great ability to accept and adapt. From a quaint town of the '70s it has transformed into a bustling city -- reinventing itself to accommodate the rapid changes. But, despite all its urbanisation Dhaka still retains touches of its rustic self… The other day I was shopping in Gulshan 2. A hawker sitting with his basket of Dhaka cheese offered me a big chunk. When I told him I had no cash left on me he said: “Aapa, please take it, you can pay me tomorrow....

 

Iran has already tried to block Western music and movies and social media. But they cannot block them successfully. These technological influences are even more powerful and more effective and corrosive than the invasion of Western fast food. No radar system and no Internet block and no diet can possibly protect Iran from the real secret weapons of the West. It just won’t work. Freedom cannot be blocked. Here’s to a year free of fear and filled with freedom.....

 

There Is No Single Islamic Culture
Mohamad Jebra

What most converts to Islam seem to miss is that Islam is a spiritual and religious system, it is not an alternative to one’s cultural and national identity. In fact, wherever you go in the world you will find a unique and harmonious merging of Islamic and local values. Sub-Saharan Africa has a unique Islamic culture, which greatly differs from Chinese Muslim culture, which, likewise, greatly varies from Balkan Islamic culture…..

The ‘Evil’ In Our Textbooks
Madiha Afzal

Our penchant for conspiracy theories also falls into place. We are taught that Muslims were victimised before Partition. The British conspired with the Hindus and the Congress to do so. One of the reasons given for “the fall of East Pakistan” is “international conspiracies”, with players as diverse as Russia, India and America conspiring against us. Little wonder, then, that we have an unhealthy sense of national paranoia….

 

The ‘Swinging Seventies’ In Pakistan: An Urban History
Nadeem F. Paracha

The shrine culture, pertaining to the devotional, recreational, and economic activity around the shrines of ancient Muslim saints, had been around in the subcontinent for almost a thousand years. The saints’ Islam was more accommodating than dogmatic, and a largely permissive culture of ecstatic devotional music, innovative rituals and indigenous intoxicants started to take shape around the shrines, mostly involving poor farmers, the dispossessed, (and later,) the urban lumpen proletariat....

 

My Name Is Pakistan and I’m Not an Arab
Nadeem F. Paracha

The point is, instead of assimilating the finer points of the diverse religious and ethnic cultures that our history is made of and synthesise them to form a more convincing and grounded nationalism and cultural identity, we have decided to reject our diverse and pluralistic past and instead adopt cultural dimensions of a people who, ironically, still consider non-Arabs like Pakistanis as second-class Muslims....

 
Religion and Rituals
Dilnawaz Qamar

Practices of rites and rituals without changing lives confine the religion to the precincts of a mosque, a church, a temple or holy place. Religion is practical that changes one inside out, not only a set of actions performed daily, weekly, monthly or yearly. It is our choice to become either an ignorant dummy or one seeking the will of God....

 

The Truth behind ‘Arabisation’ Of Pakistani Culture
Aasim Sajjad Akhtar

‘Arabisation’ not only flies in the face of the more liberal and fluid cultural practices that have prevailed in this region since antiquity, but also more damningly is the primary impetus behind the militant Jihadi upsurge. I largely agree with this perspective, although such general hypotheses necessarily oversimplify social reality....

Timbuktu Libraries in Exile
Community – Seattle, Washington, United States

In 2012, under threat from fundamentalist rebels, a team of archivists, librarians, and couriers evacuated an irreplaceable trove of manuscripts from Timbuktu at great personal risk. The manuscripts have been saved from immediate destruction, but the danger is not over. A massive archival effort is needed to protect this immense global heritage from loss....

 

The Islamisation of a Culture
Rana Allam

I do not want to imagine what kind of culture this minister will enforce in our cinemas, books, music, arts and cultural centres! These, along with their censorship committee, are under the leadership of the Islamist Alaa Abdel Aziz. But will they be able to censor Egyptian youth?...

 
Connecting Minds — Creating the Future
Mohammad Bin Rashid Al Maktoum

Connecting Minds — Creating the Future
Mohammad Bin Rashid Al Maktoum

More than 1,200 years ago, while Europe was in its Dark Ages, the Muslim world was ruled by a dynasty of Islamic leaders who embraced free thought and creativity from all corners of the globe. Never before had history witnessed such cultural openness and symbiosis as during the reign of the Abbasid Caliphs. They built the world’s first university, named it Bayt Al Hikma (House of Wisdom) and filled its library with the finest cultural, scientific and literary creations known to mankind....

 

Muslim women do need liberating — not from Islam — from their indigenous cultural practices, often conflated with Islam. Muslims must not be reticent; they need to bear the responsibility for the liberation of Muslim women and ensure that they are not deprived of the rights granted to them by Prophet Mohammad (PBUH) more than 1,400 years ago....

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NEW COMMENTS

  • Hats Off says, "nothing (nothing) ever went away by everyone ignoring it."....
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • I support the same reforms that the Muslim Reform Movement stands...
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • Qanta saheba, expecting Trump to be able to know the difference between....
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • This is a more balanced article than Hats Off would like us to believe...
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • Good article! Upholding any part of our theology that allegedly excuses terrorism, and mincing words when condemning...
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • Excellent article! Yunus sahab's 14 point anti-radicalization narrative is comprehensive and on target.
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • IT IS GOOD THEY HAVE REALISED THEIR FAULT & NOW WANT TO PUNISH THE MAN WHO COMMITS THIS VULGER...
    ( By ZAHEER HUSAIN KHAN )
  • Dear Ammar Anwar, You say: “Scripture is the main driving force and inspiration...
    ( By muhammad yunus )
  • dear mr muhammad yunus, kindly do a google search for rabwah times and please read the report on the raid conducted by the...
    ( By hats off! )
  • the fact that no arabic scholar or koranic scholar on this site has ever bothered...
    ( By hats off! )
  • Lifting the unlawful religious ban from the Ahmadis. Good that Nawaz Sharif has honored Dr. Salam by issuing directive to name after him ...
    ( By muhammad yunus )
  • another islamophobe! whats going on?
    ( By hats off! )
  • islamophobe?'
    ( By hats off! )
  • Hat Off says “divine revelations are fiction. god does not talk to people. he never has. and precept always drives practice. tribal culture is far ...
    ( By Naseer Ahmed )
  • sorry! i need to share this, but i do not know where to post it. therefore. this brought tears to my eyes. the only hope for ...
    ( By hats off! )
  • nothing (nothing) ever went away by everyone ignoring it. passing of time softens slavery. it blunts the edges of a date rape. it even legitimizes bloody ...
    ( By hats off! )
  • "closure is essential for reconciliation of some sort." You do not bring about closure by endless confrontations which usually ....
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • Sir: Pakistan is a nation of Hypocrites, there is one law for the rich and the privileged, and another for the less fortunate.....
    ( By Syed Ali )
  • by all means. such questions are essential. unless and until such questions are asked all round, there is going to ....
    ( By hats off! )
  • It's almost four years since you wrote this aticle, I am speechless at the magnanimity of the mass murder. One question to....
    ( By R.Raman )
  • Jews and Muslims have more to fear from the rise of white supremacists in Europe and America than from each other.
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • Affirmation of the rightfulness of intercommunal friendships is more important than either exaggerated....
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • Using human rationality as a filter for revelations is what most intelligent believers do. What blind believers or frenzied haters..
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • does the koran ask us to love idol worshipers?" The same question can be asked
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • So Tufail Ahmad is an expert on international relations now? What next?
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • May Allah protect those children.
    ( By Basheer Ahmed )
  • more more post to educate on personality - family - social managements required. How to stop disturbance in Gulf - Africa..
    ( By Kolipaka Sudeep Kumar )
  • It is because of the perverted teachings of Islam , that the Whole World is in such...
    ( By Jayaraman Subri )
  • A pity, this article has not been included in the subsequent issue of NAI.
    ( By Asif Merchant )
  • does the koran ask us to love idol worshipers? or the polytheists? or the jews? or the christians? the fire worshipers?...
    ( By hats off! )
  • no they haven't been rebutted. they cannot be rebutted because divine revelations are fiction. god does not talk to people. he never has. and precept always ...
    ( By hats off! )
  • Hats Off, Your Islamophobic talking points mixing up tribal culture with religion and precept with practice have been rebutted many times.
    ( By Naseer Ahmed )
  • A very thought provoking scholarly article. Shadi Hamid's book is most probably worth reading. I hope to see more of his writings here.
    ( By Asif Merchant )
  • The denial of religious basis for discrimination is worse than the actual discrimination. The denial is hypocrisy. Actual discrimination is painful but at least it ...
    ( By hats off! )
  • Divine guidance is anti-women, anti-rationalist, deeply harmful and one of the major sources of immorality among the believers.....
    ( By hats off! )
  • During my stint in the Middle East, I used to greet everyone enthusiastically “Assalamu Alaikum”. Muslims particularly Pakistanis do not respond to me ....
    ( By Royalj )
  • the first, second and third generation muslims in france drive the anti-semitism. they are supported by the anti-semitism symbolized and normalized ....
    ( By hats off! )
  • In the beginning there was only Islam and Muslims and then came the divisions - Sunni, Shia and sects within these main divisions. The Mutazili school ...
    ( By Naseer Ahmed )
  • Good article. However, the author appears to be unaware that the Quran, in every verse that speaks of the kafaru, makes a distinction between the ...
    ( By Naseer Ahmed )
  • Good decision. I wish every other country will follow the same.'
    ( By Naseer Ahmed )