Islam,Terrorism and Jihad
In an emotive speech caught on video, Mr Qureshi told a crowd gathered at rally organised by Hizb-ut Tahrir, an Islamist group: “When we see the example of our brothers and sisters fighting in Chechnya, Iraq, Palestine, Kashmir, Afghanistan, then we know where the example lies. When we see Hezbollah defeating the armies of Israel, we know where the solution is and where the victory lies....
The images last year of James Foley, an American hostage, apparently being beheaded by a masked fighter for Islamic State (IS) who spoke with a British accent, horrified the world. Since then the same man, dubbed “Jihadi John”, is thought to have appeared in a number of videos, committing similar atrocities. On February 26th the BBC, the Washington Post and others identified him as Muhammad Emwazi, a Kuwaiti-born British man in his mid-20s....
The doctrines of Jihad and Takfir are central to the debate. Extremists interpret jihad as mandating offensive holy war, though they may disagree about when and against whom it should be waged. The evidence from the Hadith (the Prophet’s sayings) and renowned scholars that Islam is a religion of the sword is “so profuse that only a heretic would argue otherwise”, claims the most recent issue of Dabiq, the magazine of Islamic State (IS). Extremists differ, too, about Takfir, the process whereby Muslims declare other Muslims to be apostates or unbelievers, for which the penalty is death. Al-Qaeda applies the doctrine with some limits to avoid alienating Muslims from its cause; IS invokes takfir wholesale, especially against Shias, perhaps in the belief that cinematic gore is the stronger lure....
However, I doubt if the story inspired this generation of Jihadis to go on their book-burning spree as nobody has accused these semi-literate barbarians of being fans of modern fiction. Quite the contrary: to show their devotion to culture, the warriors of the Islamic State recently blew up the Mosul Public Library that contained, among other volumes, 8,000 old manuscripts. And lest anybody should think this act was an aberration, they also torched Mosul University’s main library, destroying thousands of books and precious manuscripts and documents. No wonder Unesco condemned these acts as “cultural cleansing”, and “one of the most devastating acts of destruction of library collections in human history”....
Even radical voices critical of the coalition have been forced to moderate their tone, likely fearful of public wrath or a spell in Jordanian prisons. Former al-Qaeda ideologue Abu Muhammad al-Maqdisi was released from prison to condemn Kasasbeh’s burning as un-Islamic, while prominent Jihadi Salafi leader Abu Sayyaf said that the execution “had no connection to Islam,” blaming the burning on ex-Baathist officers among ISIS ranks....
In July, during Ramadan, the state not only prohibited the religiously prescribed fast, but coerced many Muslims to eat. For example, some university students were forced to eat lunch with their professors. Beards and Mustaches have been banned. Women are barred from wearing veils and head coverings in public in much of Xinjiang -- including, as of Feb. 1, in the provincial capital, Urumqi....
Hizb ut-Tahrir nurtures extremism, justifies terrorism and inspires young people to join Isis. Hizb ut-Tahrir is banned in many countries and Australia should follow suit. Hizb ut-Tahrir spreads “discord and division” with impunity. As for Hizb ut-Tahrir being banned in “many countries” – that media favourite line, attached as an essential descriptor to evoke fear and suspicion – it is half a story....
Maqdisi taught Zarqawi, who went to war in Iraq with the older man’s advice in mind. In time, though, Zarqawi surpassed his mentor in fanaticism, and eventually earned his rebuke. At issue was Zarqawi’s penchant for bloody spectacle—and, as a matter of doctrine, his hatred of other Muslims, to the point of excommunicating and killing them. In Islam, the practice of Takfir, or excommunication, is theologically perilous. “If a man says to his brother, ‘You are an infidel,’ ” the Prophet said, “then one of them is right.” If the accuser is wrong, he himself has committed apostasy by making a false accusation. The punishment for apostasy is death. And yet Zarqawi heedlessly expanded the range of behavior that could make Muslims infidels....
The recent Islamist terrorist attacks on the Charlie Hebdo cartoon journalists in Paris and army children in Peshawar school perhaps prompted Sultan Shahin, Indian Editor of New Age Islam to write an advisory paper entitled “Muslim must confront Islamist terror ideologically –An Islamic reformation required”. While it is conceded that reforms within Islam will have to come from within, this paper examines whether at all it is possible when indications are to the contrary....
We know that in 2004 Abdul Aziz of Lal Masjid had issued a fatwa declaring haram the namaz-i-janaza of Pakistani soldiers killed while fighting in Waziristan. We also know that his disciples have professed allegiance to IS. We now know that terrorists who attacked APS were provided board and lodging facilities by a Masjid imam. We know that mosques and their bully pulpits are abused to preach hate. We know that seminaries and mosques around Islamabad parade ground have had to be vacated to ensure safety for Pakistan Day....
Only a few hours following ISIS’ release of a video showing its masked militants’ beheading of 21 Egyptian Coptic Christian workers, Egypt, in retaliation, sent its F-16 warplanes to Libya to hit the group’s hideouts there typically echoing Jordan’s vengeance following the burning alive of its pilot Moaz al-Kasasbeh. Exactly as Jordan did, Egypt accompanied its military action on ISIS with diplomatic efforts seeking to build a world consensus on the importance of eradicating the radical organization which is undoubtedly now the embodiment of all terror. Like Jordan, Egypt seems to be determined to hurt ISIS and “healing the chests” of its citizens, yet complications persist….
Islamic State’s use of technology has become ubiquitous: there are tens of thousands of supportive Twitter accounts, while Facebook and video sharing sites are used to disseminate propaganda, recruit fighters and organise. A policing and military response to Islamic State is already well under way, but this won’t address the obvious reality that technology is being used to facilitate extremism and an enduring, networked threat across our region....
The Lebanonisation of Libya is also evident in the outside meddling in the country. Today, many Arab countries are trading accusations of instilling chaos in Africa’s leading oil producer nation. The accusations include arming, funding militias and allowing foreign fighters into Libya. While this picture parallels with 1975 Lebanon, in the age of ISIS and proliferating terrorism, Libya cannot afford a repeat of Beirut’s long agony....
commentators have said these historical events are ancient history and therefore
not applicable to the conversation. Christianity isn’t considered a violent
religion because those events occurred in a more barbaric time. One day the
terrorist acts of ISIS will be ancient history. If history doesn’t matter when
one is talking about Christianity, then it technically shouldn’t matter when
one is talking about Islam....
before the rise of ISIS, analysts say, some Arab states in the region were
beginning to -- quietly -- work with Israel on various challenges including
Iran. Now with ISIS the singular force uniting a region notoriously riven by
tribal, religious and territorial differences, Israel is on the sidelines....
recent study found that family money and education could be social indicators
of inclinations toward terrorism. Released last year by Queen Mary University
in London, it found that "youth, wealth, and being in full-time education
were risk factors associated with radicalization." Maher said in his four
years inside Hizb ut-Tahrir, he found many of the most active members were
students or college graduates....
The core curriculum taught in Madrasas
of the South Asian subcontinent, known as Dars-e-Nizami, consists of about 80
books in 20 subject areas, broadly divided into: 1) “received” or revealed
knowledge (the Quranic exegesis, Hadith, and Fiqh); and 2) rational sciences
(Arabic language and literature, grammar, prosody, rhetoric logic, philosophy,
dialectical theology, mathematics and medicine). It is important to note that
out of the 20 subject areas of the Dars-e-Nizami curriculum, only eight can be
considered as solely ‘religious’. The remaining subjects are otherwise
‘secular’ subjects intended as aids to the understanding of religious texts….
enough, female jihadists have little idea what they are getting themselves into
in Syria. In the northern city of Bremen, sociologist Berna Kurnaz provides counselling
to the relatives of female Islamists who have returned to Germany. She's
familiar with their family problems and their sometimes precarious
circumstances. "The girls are often revolting against a home in which they
are misunderstood or a society in which they don't feel appreciated." She
says that Salafist preachers offer simple solutions to myriad problems,
basically sending out the message that all that matters is being a "good
Muslim woman." But once they arrive in the war zone, the girls are sealed
off from what's going on around them. "They don't even understand just how
dangerous the situation they have placed themselves in really is," Kurnaz
the recent past and this week there has been a notable rise in the number of
explosive devices planted across Egypt, most of which were home made and had
limited impact, if real at all. Many of these bombs, reported on a daily basis,
were apparently aimed at civilians, and not security personnel who have borne
the brunt of bombings that have grown rife since the ouster of Islamist
president Mohamed Morsi in July 2013....
The world has become familiar, these past three months, with this aesthetic, which has flowered in the Islamic State’s execution videos, culminating with the macabre immolation of the Jordanian pilot, Moaz al-Kasasbeh. But the slaughter recorded in the seven-minute video took place in Mexico, half a world away from the IS.....
From the 1970s, as France pedal-pushed capitalism, Wolinski's left-wing commentaries took flight to publications like Le Journal du Dimanche, L'umanite, Paris Match and Charlie Hebdo among others."I could draw anything I wanted. Before this thin-skinned age, you could joke about religion and paedophilia," he said. With freedom came threats, but mild ones….
Instrumentalising Islam, and especially sponsoring and propagating radical interpretations of its sacred texts, in an international conflict with wealthy powers, like the United States, proved to be disastrous. Both the United States and its Saudi partner have paid a high price for the unintended consequences of this misguided foreign policy. ...
Decades ago, the British extreme far right and fascism were the forces behind anti-Semitism. But on the face of it, the figures are now pointing to widespread anti-Jewish feelings among some Muslims in Britain. This analysis is shared by many leading progressive Muslim thinkers….
Aijaz Zaka Syed
Comparisons are odious. But if all lives are equal in the eyes of the world, why do we not see the same global outrage and outpouring of grief and solidarity with the victims that one witnessed following the Charlie Hebdo carnage? Where are the righteous statements from London, Washington and Paris, condemning the act of terror in this case?....
The bigger school of Islamic thought is believed to be that of the
Deobandis, a conservative interpretation of Islamic law that governs teaching
in almost half of Britain's mosques…..