Books and Documents
Islam,Terrorism and Jihad

The Many Shades of Anti-Terror Fight
Ayesha Siddiqa

The Army helps militant outfits set up their welfare infrastructure throughout the country, especially in natural disaster prone areas. This has strengthened Pakistan-based militant outfits which use such opportunities to enhance their support base and recruit people for various fronts. In any case, the Army seems to have kept its hands off what it considers as the “good Taliban.” The emphasis is on fighting “foreign terrorists,” mainly the Uzbeks, who conducted a major terrorist attack on Karachi airport in June this year. Furthermore, foreign terrorists are viewed as a new buzzword to get good ratings from the American government which naturally links it with al-Qaeda. However, North Waziristan is not the only place where Uzbeks are present…..

Zarb-e-Azb: Uzbek Challenge
Tushar Ranjan Mohanty

Zarb-e-Azb:  Uzbek Challenge
Tushar Ranjan Mohanty

As with past military operations against terrorist formations in Pakistan, sufficient prior warning was available, and a mass exodus of foreign, especially Uzbek, terrorists began before the start of Operation Zarb-e-Azb, creating the danger of these terrorists simply shifting to other parts of the country. Balochistan, which shares a porous border with the region, is under imminent threat. Naveed Khalid, a senior intelligence official based in Islamabad, conceded, "Our internal security wing revealed that a large number of IMU terrorists have fled .....


There Is Nothing Funny About the Declaration of the ‘Caliphate’
Nervana Mahmoud

It may be amusing to some, but there is nothing funny about the declaration of the “Caliphate” by the militant group the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL). The rise of rejectionist groups is testimony to an older, deeper struggle that still haunts the region today. It would be folly to dismiss Islamist rejectionism as a fringe ideology. The new Caliphate may be “ahistorical,” but there is growing support for this much-indulging myth among some Muslim youth. After a century of poisonous politics in the Middle East, many prefer to escape to the past instead of facing the painful present. Rejectionist radicals are not new in the Arab world……..


Jihadism and the Petroleum Industry: the Story behind the Rise of ISIS is an Oil War; the losers are British, Turks, Chinese; the Winners U.S., Israel, Saudi Arabia
Thierry Meyssan

While the Western media portray the Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant as a group of jihadists reciting the Qur’an, the ISIS has started the oil war in Iraq. With the help of Israel, it has cut off Syria’s supply and guaranteed the theft of oil from Kirkuk by the local government of Kurdistan. The sale will be assured by Aramco who will camouflage this diversion as increased "Saudi" production.... So the losers are the British, the Turks, and especially the Chinese, who were by far Iraq’s largest customer. The winners are the U.S., Israel and Saudi Arabia. The stakes are thus unrelated to a fight for the "true Islam.".....

Send Them to Abu Bakr Al-Baghdadi’s State
Abdulrahman al-Rashed

However, not all people consider ISIS a silly joke. Some people publicize the group and call for fighting in its ranks. Although most of the region’s countries ban travelling to Syria and Iraq due to the violence there and pursue anyone who dares to go to Iraq or Syria, some say the idea of sending over dozens of ISIS-supporting preachers and intellectuals is not bad. Most of those who defend ISIS’ ideology and its state project and encourage fighting among its ranks actually prefer the life which they enjoy in “infidel societies,” whether in the Gulf, or the Arab Maghreb or in Europe…..


ISIS Insurgents Wage War on History: Many Places of Worship Destroyed, Say Iraqi Residents
Praveen Swami

Generations of the young and lovelorn of Mosul have gazed at the Tomb of the Girl in Ras al-Jada, reputed to honour a beautiful girl who died of a broken heart. Historians believe the tomb in fact belonged to the great historian of medieval Islam, Ali ’Izz al-Din Ibn al-Athir al-Jazari, who died in 1260. In his masterwork, the al-Kamil fil’Tarikh, the History of the World, al-Jazari chronicled the epic wars of his times, from the Crusades to the Mongol invasions. Now, the Tomb of the Girl is a gaping hole, bulldozed by Islamic State of Iraq and al-Shams (ISIS) insurgents who captured Mosul less than a fortnight ago. The statue of the poet Mullah Uthman Ali Mussili, a nineteenth century Mosul poet whose lyrics still run through modern Arab music, has been removed from the al-Mahata area. The statue to iconic poet Abu Tammam in the Bab al-Tourb area, residents say, is gone......

Two other reports by Praveen Swami from the war zone:

Mosul Refugees Live In Fear, Uncertainty

Iraq Launches Ramadan Counter-Offensive

How Science Fiction Can Change the World from East to West
Dr. Nafeez Ahmed

I wrote critically about the rise of ISIS, a phenomenon which I anticipated in Zero Point. The story in my novel fasts-forward to a future in which Maliki’s Iraq is collapsing under the weight of its own lack of legitimacy, along with the rise of an al-Qaeda affiliated insurgency; post-NATO Libya has collapsed into full-scale civil war; U.S.-backed military expeditions to shore-up the falling dominoes of favored regional regimes ramp up to maintain a semblance of stability; and the threat of terrorism in Britain and elsewhere in the west….


The Making of Terrorism in the Middle East
Abdel Latif el-Menawy

Five years ago and particularly in June of 2009, American forces released Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi - the future leader of the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria- from Camp Bucca, south of Iraq. The reasons he was released remain unknown until this very day, but while leaving prison, Baghdadi turned to the American general accompanying him to the exit door and to the American soldiers standing close together and said: "I'll see you in New York."….

Is ISIL a Threat for Turkey?
Günay Hilal Aygün

Is ISIL a Threat for Turkey?
Günay Hilal Aygün

“Certainly Turkey is not facing a threat of permanent occupation as in Syria and Iraq, but it is not a far-fetched possibility for Turkey to become a target of assaults that will cause headaches.” He recalled that Turkey has been targeted by similar organizations before, noting that the November 2003 attacks by l-Qaeda in İstanbul are the bloodiest and most shocking acts of terror the country….

Extremism and Its Remedies
Dr Mohd Farid Mohd Shahran

In relation to man, extremism can be seen from a number of manifestations such as bigotry and intolerance, continuous commitment to excessiveness and applying pressure on others to do likewise, harshness in the treatment of others, occupation with side issues and excessive extension of prohibition. At the most extreme level, it will lead to aggression and terror. Yet, what is in man that causes him to be extreme.....


Do Not Let Terrorists Hijack Islam
Ram Jethmalani

Let me end on a philosophic note, literally. The word "philosopher" is derived from two Greek words: Philo, which means Love, and Sophia, which means wisdom. The Prophet Mohammed was a philosopher, not a fanatic. He would have been ashamed of the Taliban and others like them, who are committing the worst crimes against humanity in his name.….

Since the insurgents arrived, even if their forces of occupation are largely local Baathist remnants, they have posted rules for the implementation of their strict Sharia. These demand that women should be covered and only go outside “if necessary”. Drugs, alcohol and cigarettes are banned, and all shrines, monuments and graveyards - seen as idolatrous in Salafi forms of Sunni Islam - will be destroyed......


Understanding the ‘Good Taliban’ and ‘Bad Taliban’
Sultana Haider

There are two kinds of Taliban in this country. One who say that they are Taliban; the other who says any operation against them is wrong. I am eligible to be killed by the first. The second stays silent at the thought of speaking against military operation. We are combating the first one in North Waziristan today. The second one resides in our mind, in our history books, gradually imparting ideological hegemony of their beliefs on me…..

The Spirit of Zarb-e-Azb
S Iftikhar Murshed

The Spirit of Zarb-e-Azb
S Iftikhar Murshed

This is the connotation of the term Zarb-e-Azb which has appropriately been adopted as the code name for the military operation in North Waziristan. The battle of Badr transformed the early Muslims into a dynamic force determined to take on the formidable challenges that threatened the survival of their small community. This is the spirit that is sadly missing in Pakistan despite the launch of operation Zarb-e-Azb.......

Iraq Crisis: As the Sunni Terror Spreads, Its Fighters Look For Wives
Patrick Cockburn

The Iraqi army and the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIS) are battling for control of Iraq’s largest refinery outside Baiji north of Baghdad, with each side holding part of the complex. But in the town of Baiji itself, a few miles away, which is completely under the control of ISIS, residents say they are most frightened by ISIS militants going door to door asking about the numbers of married and unmarried women in the house….......


Turkey and ISIL: Turkey's policy on the Middle East in general and on Syria in particular has to be overhauled, dispassionately
Yasar Yakis

Since its inception several factors contributed to the organization's rapid growth. The defection of many Sunni officers from Saddam's army to the ranks of the Jama'at at-Tawheed wal-Jihad gave the organization a degree of professionalism. The security vacuum in Iraq was another factor. The alienation of Sunnis by Iraqi Prime Minister Maliki strengthened the ranks. When the Syrian crisis broke out, it provided the organization with the potential to further strengthen itself...


North Waziristan Agency: Pointless Symbolism
Ajit Kumar Singh

This is revenge for the killing of civilians, migrant women and their children. This is revenge for the violence of the corrupt Pakistani Government.” The statement signed by Usman Gazij, IMU emir, concludes, “The jihad already in place in Afghanistan should be extended to Pakistan’s territory as well. Jihad in Pakistan should be fought by the entire Muslim Ummah and not just a few people or groups.”....


Pakistan Is Fighting Back against Militants: Here’s why It May Not Win
Michael Kugelman
After many rumours and false starts, and after years of requests from US officials, Pakistan has finally launched a major military offensive in North Waziristan, ground zero for militancy in that country. Extremist organisations use North Waziristan as a base for attacks on US forces in Afghanistan and to mount assaults on targets in Pakistan…..


How Much Support Does ISIS Enjoy?
Abdulrahman al-Rashed

When a woman tries to sneak from Saudi Arabia to Yemen along with her kids in order to go to Syria and work with the Jihadists, then such an act represents ISIS’ capability to mobilize support. It also means that ISIS has agents that recruit members for it. When the number of Western Muslims who joined the fighting in Syria reaches the hundreds, then we are practically talking about the success of ISIS, the global organization and not just a group enthusiastic to the Syrian cause…….


Radical Islamists’ Ideology Marks Soccer as Enemy
Geoffrey York

A bomb in northern Nigeria killed at least 21 people as they watched the Brazil-Mexico match on television on Tuesday night. Another 48 people were killed in Kenya on Sunday night as gunmen attacked a crowd watching a World Cup broadcast. Similar bombings have killed dozens of Nigerians watching soccer matches before the World Cup began this year, and some districts have banned World Cup screenings for fear of further attacks…..

As Moderate Islamists Retreat, Extremists Surge Unchecked
David D. Kirkpatrick

Today, those politicians are in frantic retreat from Riyadh to Rabat, stymied by their political opponents, stalked by generals and plotted against by oil-rich monarchs. Instead, it is the jihadists who are on the march, roving unchecked across broad sections of North Africa and the Middle East. Now they have seized control of territory straddling the borders of Iraq and Syria where they hope to establish an Islamic caliphate.....


Over the course of the United States’ long entanglement in Iraq, many reporters from The New York Times have cycled through the bureau in Baghdad. As the country once again teeters toward sectarian warfare, we asked these reporters — now on other beats, in other parts of the world — which stories from their time in Iraq have been resurfacing in their minds. Several recalled ominous hints of what was to come, while others described the moment that pushed them to see just how deep-seated Iraq’s problems are......


Who Won Iraq: Lost Dreams, Lost Armies, Jihadi States, and the Arc of Instability
Tom Engelhardt

And $25 billion later, the last vestige of American Iraq, the security forces that, in the end, Washington built up to massive proportions, seem to be in a state of dissolution.  Just over a week ago, faced with the advance of a reported 800-1,300 militants from the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) and the opposition of tribal militias and local populations, close to 50,000 army officers and troops abandoned their American weaponry to Sunni insurgents and foreign jihadis, shed their uniforms by various roadsides, and fled.  As a result, significant parts of Iraq, including Mosul, its second largest city, fell into the hands of Sunni insurgents, some of Saddamist coloration, and a small army of jihadis evidently funded by Saudi Arabia and Kuwait, both U.S. allies……


Trojan Horse: Why Some 'Extremists' Are More Acceptable Than Others
Laura McInerney
And so the question is inevitably raised – why defend one type of "extremism" while chucking the other under the bus? It has already been noted that Jewish schools do not attract the same attention when they drift into the extremes……


Zarb-e-Azb: Good Luck, Pak Army
Marvi Sirmed

Named cleverly as Zarb-e-Azb (the sharp strike literally) after the name of the sword carried by Holy Prophet Mohammad (pbuh) during the battles of Badar and Uhud, the operation busts down the jihadist Takfeeri narrative of the militants at the outset.....

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