Books and Documents

Islam and Pluralism

Pope Kyrillos V, born Yohanna in the town of Beni Sweif in 1831, lived through turmoil, revolution and wars. He became the 112th pope of the Coptic Church in 1874 and held the post until he died in 1927 at the age of 96, making him the longest-serving pope in the history of the Church. The name Kyrillos, which means master in Greek, is popular in the Coptic Church, where clerics associate it with biblical accounts of the life of Joseph.


Modern Pluralism Discourse: Imposed Tolerance Is Sick At Heart As It Harbours Hatred
Aziz Ali Dad

One of the challenges faced by modern societies was the issue of pluralism that is described as “a state of society in which members of diverse social groups develop their traditional cultures or special interests within a common civilisation.” The contours of the modern discourse on pluralism were shaped during the late 19th century in the United States of America. ...

The Raison D’être of Pakistan
Yasser Latif Hamdani

The ‘Destruction of Pakistan Council’ (DPC) is said to be behind the rickshaw marketing campaign that states: ‘Bharat se rishta kiya, nafrat ka intiqam kiya’... How then would this be Ijtihad? Remember there is a hadith of the Holy Prophet (PBUH) that the ummah cannot err in consensus. Can a few unelected public servants and their favourite religious scholars shape this consensus? No. It is tantamount to closing the door of Ijtihad altogether and empowering a few men with a divine mission to rule against the will of the majority based on selective religious interpretation....

Muslims are brothers of other Muslims wherever they are. The report says that countries must think twice before giving citizenship to any Muslim because even though he may be following customs and rituals of that country as a citizen, one day he will certainly come under the influence of militant teachings of Islam and follow this guideline of his religious book, Quran, “O YOU who have attained to faith! Do not take the Jews and the Christians for your allies: they are but allies of one another. (Surah: 5:51) It is a harsh reality that certain Ulema have, knowingly or unknowingly, done great damage to Islam. These Ulema are presenting Islam to non-Muslims, western countries and America as an intolerant and confrontational religion. We must bring basic changes in this attitude by reforming ourselves....

The Qur’an espouses harmonious inter-faith relations with Christians and Jews and all other faith communities
Islamic scholar Muhammad Yunus, New Age Islam

Executive Summary: The paper begins with an introduction to the Qur’anic warnings against the Christians and the Jews (1) but without going into details, comes straight to its concluding exhortations on religious tolerance (2) and to its concluding message on religious pluralism (3). Sub-heading (4) captures the Qur’an’s approval of some of the People of the Book (Christians and Jews). The discourse then jumps to the Qur’an’s common criteria of divine Judgment for all believing communities, (5) and complements this with arguments that refute any Qur’anic basis for inter-faith enmity or hatred (6). Its concluding sub-heading (7) demonstrates that there is no Qur’anic basis to prohibit the construction of churches, synagogues or any houses of pure worship in Muslim countries – an issue that concerns all minorities in the Muslim countries today and conceivably results from a deep fear of the Muslim theologians and leadership of their youth abandoning an exclusive, atavistic and globally trivialized faith to live more comfortably in the pluralistic and progressive society of the secular world without the tag of Islam branding them as anything but noble. The sub-headings speak for themselves and conclusively establish the theme of this article.

Understanding Qur’anic Verse 5: 51: ‘Do Not Take Jews or Christians as Your Friends’
Mike Ghouse

A few Muslim scholars from our past have duped us in believe that God is hateful to others... God ain't. God is neither a villain nor a bad guy. God is kind, merciful and just and wants his creation to get along and live in harmony. There are many verses that guide one to be righteous. We should not accept any translation of Quran that makes God a villain of his own creation. Those translations reduce him to Rabbul Muslimeen from Aalameen....

Political Islamism is the battle for Pluralism
Marwan Muasher

Today, a glance at headlines around the globe leads one to believe that Islamism is pitted against secularism in the battle for control over the new Arab world. This rise of Islamists clearly stokes fear in the West and leaves many clamouring for the good ol’ days when the good ol’ boys were in charge. This is not a clash between Islam and the rest — this is a battle for pluralism. It pits the believers in pluralism from both secular and Islamist camps against those who cling to outdated notions of exclusion or superiority....

Salient Features of Progressive Muslim Thought –Social Justice, Gender Justice and Irreducible Religious pluralism
Dr. Adis Duderija
Great economic disparities between the majority world of the poor South and the minority world of the rich North. According to Safi this “Empire’ consists of a multitude of forces “among them the oppressive and environmentally destructive forces of multi-national corporations whose interests are now linked to those of neo-imperial, unilateral governments…..that put profit before human rights and ‘strategic interest’ before the dignity of every human being.”....

The term untouchable itself is vile word, and it can have a psychological impact on someone to whom it is being applied. It is a word which does not take into account the personal history of an individual. One can even suggest that a word like this can lead someone to suicide or to some criminal activity. Every religion of the world gives a message of peace, equality and unity. Religion and the secular thought teaches us that every man and woman is equal in the eyes of Lord…

Various Islamic scholars agree on the point that the meaning of the Ayats concerning close interaction and intimacy (Mawalat) should be considered in the true perspective and background of its revelation, taking it in a generalized way will not be appropriate, but it hampers its significance. “Allah does not forbid you to deal justly and kindly with those who fought not against you on account of religion nor drove you out of your homes. Verily, Allah loves those who deal with equity”. (Surah Al-Mumtahanah V-8) -- Waris Mazhari, Translated by NewAgeIslam.com Edit Desk

Such cross-cultural evidence in Maltese towns with Arabic names like Mdina (not Medina) and Rabat, and a statue of the Virgin Mary on a church's baroque facade described in the inscription as “Sultanah“, make one wonder whether this little Mediterranean archipelago of three small islands is the forerunner of global universalism in which languages enrich each other and racial frontiers slowly fade out.  - Sunanda K. Datta-Ray


Scholars will dwell upon his attribute of Rahmatalil Aalemeen (‘Mercy for all the worlds’ —including those of the birds and beasts, of insects and worms, etc.), because a Muslim is adjoined to not hurt any living being except in the way of God. Scholars will explain what the Prophet said to his followers about how to treat women, how to interact with people of other faiths and how to carry oneself in one’s everyday life. -- S G. Geelani


The event of the conquest of Makkah was another instance of the Prophet’s pluralistic and humanistic approach. After the conquest he not only granted amnesty to the people of Makkah but also declared the house of his bitter opponent Abu Sufyan as a place of asylum and peace, regardless of who accepted Islam and who didn’t. -- Muhammad Ali

He was perhaps the only prominent Muslim of his generation to publicly champion the radical thinking of Tilak, writing glowingly about him in his journal. He also wrote many verses praising him, including the following at his demise:

jab tak wo rahe dunyā meN rahā ham sab ke diloN par zor unkā

ab rah ke bahisht meN nizd-i-khudā hūroN pe kareNge rāj Tilak

There was one more way in which Hasrat was a maverick: he wrote verses expressing deep love for Krishna, and often went to Mathura to celebrate Janmashtami. -- C.M. Naim (Photo: Hasrat Mohani and Dr B R Ambedkar)

If this isn’t the society you wish for yourself and your children, why contribute in making it that way for the ‘other’? Why then the apathy when it comes the other? It’s the Christians, the Shias and the Ahmadis now. It will not be too long till this blind, raging hatred engulfs us all too. If we don’t find it in ourselves to stand against bigotry, to express outrage against this barbarism, to be compassionate towards those that suffer than we’d be well on our way towards self-destruction. Heck, we’re already there. -- Sana Saleem

In Britain, getting married is no longer a prerequisite for sharing a bed or living together. Marriage has become a 'partnership' and living together 'cohabiting'. According to the Office for National Statistics in 2009, 10 per cent of couples were cohabiting, most of whom were believed to be of 'no-religion'. Muslims, Sikhs and Hindus are unlikely to be cohabiting. As women assert more religious and cultural influence over children during their early socialisation, commonality of religious faith is considered particularly salient for women. In this respect, Muslim women show stronger religious commitment than Sikh and Hindu women. As religious affiliation declines, ethnic importance in marriage declines too, hence the likelihood of more inter-ethnic marriages in the future. -- Dr Ramindar Singh MBE


If only Pakistan imposes a true Islamic system, we’ll be able to get rid of the hypocrisies committed in its name.’ Of course, such suggestions are proposed by fellow Pakistanis. The other comment is usually from readers in India or the West. It’s a simple question: ‘Why are Pakistanis always so engrossed in religion?’ We have to finally recognise (on an official level) that we live in a land of many ethnicities and multiple interpretations of Islam. This phenomenon has to be harnessed and celebrated, not repressed or be afraid of. This very repression has produced nothing but an ideological neurosis that we suffer from today. -- Nadeem F. Paracha

Activism and spreading the awareness of how much communalism and Zionism can be detrimental to democracy and world peace, are the keys to defeating these ideologies said experts……. “There is a great deal of confusion in the terms, Hinduism and Hindutva. Hinduism is a religion, a collation of multiple traditions prevailing in the subcontinent. Mr. Faizur Rahman accused the Zionists and their right wing Christian supporters of manipulating the Bible to suggest that it preaches racism. -- A Special Correspondent, TCN (People in the photograph From Right to Left: Rev. Viji Varghese Eapen (welcoming the gathering), Mr. A. Faizur Rahman, Dr. Ram Puniyani and Mr. M.M. Philip)

Israeli soldiers told to 'cleanse' Gaza - C4 News exclusive


The beloved Prophet (peace be upon him) said, "Whoever violates the rights of the People of the Book, I will complain against them on the Day of Judgment." Violence against religious minorities should outrage every Muslim with a conscience because such violence is a misrepresentation of our beloved Prophet Muhammad and transgression of the core of our beliefs. We pray that God will help us to stand for what is right and leave all that is evil and promote understanding and harmony amongst each other. Let us work together to stop violence of all forms against all people. -- Imam Mohamed Magid

History stands testimony that power-intoxicated nations in the hour of their victory forced conversion or opened Inquisition Courts. But, let it be recognized, no Muslim ruler was ever known to have burnt Kafir to death on religious grounds. And that is why in the centres of Muslim power for centuries like Delhi, Lucknow, Agra, Bhopal, Hyderabad etc the overwhelming Hindu majority maintained its growth rate. With pronouncing la ikraha fi deen (there is no coercion in your religious affairs) and lakum dinakum walya deen (to you your religion and to me mine) Islam - some 1450 years before - guided humanity to peaceful coexistence, universal brotherhood, tolerance and accommodation.-- Hassan Zainagairee

As international criticism has mounted, an Iranian official has alleged that Nadarkhani is being prosecuted not for his faith but for crimes including rape and extortion. Nadarkhani's attorney, however, says the only charge the pastor has faced is apostasy, and court documents support this assertion. Although Iran's penal code does not include a specific provision for apostasy, judges are given a fairly wide degree of latitude to issue rulings based on their own interpretation of Islamic law. -- Roxana Saberi

They feel it is anti-Hindu bill meant to harass Hindus and as many Dalits use untouchability law against upper caste Hindus this bill will be used by Muslims against Hindus. As Gujarat like riots had not taken place before this bill become necessary. I also told them that I have personally investigated most of these riots in which more than 35 thousand innocent people were killed and found that with few exceptions administration and police were biased.  Not only that I told them how in Hashimpura, Meerut in 1987 the PAC Commandant Tripathi and his cohorts pulled out 54 people from their houses , all between 20 to 25 years old, shot them dead in cold blood and threw their bodies into Hindon canal two of which survived to tell the tale. But not one of them has been so far punished. -- Asghar Ali Engineer

Multiculturalism has come under increasing attack in the last few years in Europe, as societies struggle to make sense of how to bring together communities of diverse backgrounds. Establishing justice is also a priority for all religions, as well as for modern society. If multicultural societies hold the key to realising a more just society, then the only wise option is to harness their vitality. Muslims are inherently connected through the concept of the Ummah, the global multicultural Muslim nation. Future leaders will need to deal with the diversity of its population of 1.6 billion, as well as with the diversity of the entire global community. Furthermore, most Muslim countries have large minority populations, or are themselves significant minorities increasingly taking up leadership positions. -- Shelina Zahra Janmohamed


Through religious programs, TVs are bringing into everyone’s living rooms strict interpretations of religious teachings in a modern context, which could jeopardize pluralism and religious tolerance. The head of the Indonesian Broadcasting Commission (KPI), Sasa Juarsa Sendjaja, said Indonesian media was generally doing a good job promoting pluralism. “However, there are attempts, here and there, from the majority to dominate the minority,” he said. The majority of people in Indonesia are Muslims. The Indonesian Ulema Council (MUI) has often stipulated divisive edicts or fatwa. In 2005, the MUI released an edict stating that pluralism, liberalism and religious secularism were haram.  Since then, a number of Fatwas have been released, including a ban on smoking, women riding on the back motorcycles, hair straightening, hair-dyeing and on taking pre-wedding pictures. “That’s why Islam in Java has rituals such as sekaten… because of the mix of culture,” he said of the ritual welcoming the Islamic New Year. Television is a very important media to promote pluralism, Syafi’I said. Religious leaders in TV programs should use a persuasive method that will give religion a friendly face.  Progressive Islamic scholar Maman Imanulhaq Faqieh who leads the Islamic boarding school Al-Mizan in Yogyakarta said intolerance stemmed from religious leaders applying religious teachings out of context. “Some religious leaders lack wisdom when examining the problems plaguing society,” he said. -- By Prodita Sabarini

These two frames sound and look so unusual and extraordinary because we, as a state and society both, have outsourced our moral and constitutional responsibilities to provide guarantee of freedom of faith and practice for our religious minorities to the murderous militant mullahs. These odious men do not tolerate even a slight difference of view among themselves, let alone other religions. No Muslim society, other than possibly Afghanistan and Somalia, may have shown such callous disregard to its rights and duties, particularly towards religious minorities as we have. The irony is that there seems to be little official or public remorse, resentment or a sense of loss visible anywhere. Conversely, there are completely inconceivable public rallies to support coldblooded unrepentant killers like Mumtaz Qadri and Malik Ishaq. Where on earth do people ever take out support rallies to glorify killers except in our country? How do you explain or condone this sub-human public behaviour and on what religious, ethical or legal grounds? Will any faqih (expert in Islamic jurisprudence), any mufti — the keepers of our public morality — please speak up? -- Mehboob Qadir

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  • mr naseer ahmed is behaving like liars generally behave when they are caught. being caught he would rather write a stupid illogical haiku on hats.....
    ( By hats off! )
  • ha ha ha.. as usual Ghulam Mohiyuddin... Anything from Taufil Ahmed is condemnable. Keep it up Taufil Ahmed
    ( By Aayina )
  • Jn GM sb, oh yes, you have asked a brilliant question about Allah. Kindly apprise us with your answer too.'
    ( By Manzurul Haque )
  • Yassir Morsi's article in the Guardian makes some very good points. Islamophobia has become an excellent cover for racism. This applies to many of ...
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • As usual, Tufail Ahmad has nothing to say in praise of 99% of Muslims who were never radicalized.
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • Would God Almighty, the Master of the Universe, lay down such conditions for the vanquished who had a different belief system than the one preached ...
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • Naseersaab again quotes me, "GM Sb says: you find yourself in a territory where you stand alone, proclaiming principles which no one agrees with and ...
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • When you want to stop using rational mind than also you can convert to Muslim, it is not only necessary to convert when love happen ...
    ( By Aayina )
  • why doesn't mr naseer ahmed explain the sequence from the point where mr ghulam mohiyuddin commented with....
    ( By hats off! )
  • Hats Off, I can understand that having been flattened out in the previous article, you have no desire to comment on this article.....
    ( By Naseer Ahmed )
  • Hats off ji, frankly speaking, I am also facing melt-down at the hands of...
    ( By Manzurul Haque )
  • Why do we have to know the location of "Forbidden Tree" and the place of "the Dialogue of God with Adam, Satan, Angels, and ...
    ( By T.O. Shanavas )
  • Only static thing in this entire Universe is Sharia Laws. So 21st or 22nd Century does not make any difference to this most static phenomenon.' ...
    ( By Prashant Rakshit )
  • Yeh islam ka ek miracle hi to hai ki 1400 sadiyon se ek qanoon vyavastha k tahat chala aa raha hai aur yahi ek aisa ...
    ( By Hasnain Zaidi )
  • Mr. Sultan Shaheen is talking absurd. He is trying his best to divert Muslims attention from mecesssary progressing and development and to indulge and involve ...
    ( By Aamir Rizvi )
  • Islam has more to do with the Caliphas who changed laws even the holyKuran to suit their convenience ,they were no holy apostles ...
    ( By Anil Kumar Sharma )
  • The sharia needs a re look which is more inclained to medivial oeriod. If islam preaches to consider others as kaffirs and should b killed, ...
    ( By Subbarayan Ramasethu )
  • Religion is considered failed when the belivers are bad as a result practicaly. Exam result not important but sucess in career is considered.' ...
    ( By Yusuf Shaikh )
  • Brave man Surprised no one has killed him yet'
    ( By Latha Tampi )
  • Ulemas who had ulterior motive misinterpreted quarantine to suit their interests this microscopic minority is holding the whole society to ransom'
    ( By Shakil Nawab )
  • sobreqet Wahabi has been coined by Britishers in India. It is strange Mohammad bim Abdul Wahab who was the founder of Salafi movement was the ...
    ( By Mohammad Nazir Fida )
  • Binash kale biparit buddhi.the law" every action has equal and opposite reaction"is working here ,after somedays its opposite force will be earthed by Allah...
    ( By Khageswar Das )
  • why does mr naseer ahmed so studiously avoids directly addressing 1) how the adrian bishop misquotation exposed him...
    ( By hats off! )
  • GM Sb, The lesson is: 1. They were not enslaved on being vanquished. 2. They were not killed....
    ( By Naseer Ahmed )
  • GM asked “When did you show that Confucius's moral principles were from earlier religions?”...
    ( By Naseer Ahmed )
  • My response is a very clear response to what GM said. Is my response a lie or GM’s allegation? What he actually said and what ...
    ( By Naseer Ahmed )
  • the adrian bishop misquotation. there are others, but let us deal with them once we finish with this. by the way, you were never able to prove ...
    ( By hats off! )
  • Naseersaab says: "GM Sb replies: You lie blatantly when you allege that I dismiss moral principles as unnecessary. I have never said that. "Who is ...
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • Naseersaab, Where is the "lesson" in, "Then when the Sacred Months have passed, then kill the Mushrikun wherever you find them, and capture ...
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • Which misquotation have you exposed Hats Off? Why don't you quote what was misquoted? You won't because your lie will get exposed. '
    ( By Naseer Ahmed )
  • GM Sb, There is a way of correcting the distortions in the understanding of people and their misuse of any verse. The Surah is a lesson ...
    ( By Naseer Ahmed )
  • GM Sb says: you find yourself in a territory where you stand alone, proclaiming principles which no one agrees with and which are not even ...
    ( By Naseer Ahmed )
  • Hindi Idol: The implementation Shariah Laws as a whole in all spheres of life will positively affect the Muslims as it will become a deterrent ...
    ( By Raihan Nezami )
  • Calling a lie a lie is not rude. It is statement of a fact. Here is the proof: ...
    ( By Naseer Ahmed )
  • I think only a Muslim should talk about it, who fears Allah and love Muhammad(SAW) and read and follows noble Quran....
    ( By Mastan Shaik )
  • Most of the religious codes are drafted bu exponents based on exposure to time frame and the extent of foresight at the relevant time. Technological ...
    ( By Parthasarathi Ramaswami )
  • the forbidden tree is being planted by the acres by the israelis. this is the gharqad tree. it can speak and understand arabic. the israelis are ...
    ( By hats off! )
  • dishonest scholarship can only be defended by more dishonesty. after mr naseer ahmed's misquotations have been exposed, he is unable to defend himself except by more ...
    ( By hats off! )
  • Hindus would be more than happy to implement Sharia ONLY for muslims. It would end the lawlessness and riots from....
    ( By Hindi idol )
  • Naseersaab says, "Your capacity for brazen faced lying is unbelievable." Rudeness implies defeat. When did you show that Confucius's moral principles were from earlier religions? ...
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )