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Books and Documents

Books and Documents

Islamic Economy During Khilafat-e-Rasheda (Part 7) خلافت راشدہ کا اقتصادی جائزہ حصہ 7

بہت سے قبائلی عرب جو عہد نبوی تک اونٹ اور بکریاں چراتے تھے اور جن کے بہت سے ریوڑ رِدّہ لڑائیوں  میں  مسلمانوں  کے ہاتھ  آگئے تھے جس کے ان  کی معاشی  راہیں تنگ ہوگئی تھیں نیز وہ عرب جو اپنی موجودہ پر مشقت معاشی  زندگی سے پریشان تھے اور اسلامی فتوحات کے سایے میں قسمت  آزمائی  کر  کے بہتر  معاش کی تمنا  رکھتے تھے اپنے دیہا توں سے نکل آئے اور ابو بکر صدیق رضی اللہ عنہ  کی فوجوں میں بھرتی ہوکر عراق اور شام کے مورچوں کو چلے گئے اور غنیمت کے جلد جلد ملنے والے سہام سے اپنی  معاشی  خوش حالی کی بنیادیں ہموار  کرنے لگے ۔

 

Beyond Stereotypes: Stories Of The Brave
Karima Bennoune

It is not in Pakistan alone that there are strong voices speaking out against the Islamists. As the author observes, they are coming from across the Muslim world, be it Algeria or Libya or Egypt. Bennoune says that “many groups in Muslim majority societies regularly denounce terrorism, even when doing so is dangerous and receives minimal international publicity. In the West, it is sometimes assumed that Muslims generally condone terrorism. The Right often presumes this because it views Muslim culture as inherently violent. The Left at times imagines this because it interprets fundamentalist terrorism as simply a reflect of legitimate grievances.”....

 

Islamic Economy During Khilafat-e-Rasheda (Part 6) خلافت راشدہ کا اقتصادی جائزہ حصہ 6

نقد کپڑے اور خوراک کے علاوہ جو ابو بکر صدیق رضی اللہ عنہ حسب  ضرورت لیتے تھے ، ان کی تصرف میں بیت المال  کی دو اونٹنیاں ، ایک غلام ، ایک کنیز اور ایک مخملی  چادر (قطیفہ) بھی بتائی گئی ہے ۔ اونٹنیوں کے دودھ سے ملاقاتیوں کی خاطر مدارات  کی جاتی تھی ، غلام اونٹنیوں  کی دیکھ بھال  کرتاتھا ، کنیز ان کے بچے  کو اپنا دودھ پلاتی تھی 1؎  اور مخملی چادر وہ غالباً رسمی ملاقات  کے موقع پر اوڑھتے تھے ۔

 

The Sufi Message: Excerpts from Hazrat Inayat Khan’s Discourses on the Unity of Religious Ideals: 56- More on Mental Purification
Hazrat Inayat Khan
Mind can be likened to water. Even to look at a stream of pure water running in all its purity is the greatest joy one can have, and drinking the pure water is so too. And so it is with the mind. Contact with the pure-minded is the greatest joy. Whether they speak with one or not; there emanates from them a purity, a natural purity, which is not man-made but belongs to the soul and gives one the greatest pleasure and joy. There are others who have learnt to speak and entertain, and their manner is polish, their wit exaggeration, and their speech is artificial. What does it all amount do? If there is no purity of mind, nothing else can give that exquisite joy for which every soul yearns……

 

Islamic Economy During Khilafat-e-Rasheda (Part 5) خلافت راشدہ کا اقتصادی جائزہ حصہ5

بعض رپورٹر بتاتے ہیں کہ ابو بکر صدیق رضی اللہ عنہ  کے عہد میں ایک لاکھ روپیہ ( دو لاکھ درہم) مدینے کے خزانے میں جمع ہوا، یہ اطلاع اس طرح بیان کی گئی ہے: رسول اللہ صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم کے زمانہ میں ایک شخص مدینے میں چاندی  سونے کے  سکّے تولا کرتا تھا ، یہی شخص ابو بکر صدیق کا نقد روپیہ بھی وزن کر تا تھا ، کسی نے اس سے پوچھا کہ ان کی خلافت میں کتنا روپیہ خزانے میں آیا تو اس نے جواب دیا : دو لاکھ درہم (ایک لاکھ روپیہ)

 

Toward An Islamic Enlightenment
Sahin Alpay

Enlightenment does not mean the rejection of religion; it essentially means using critical reasoning to understand society and the universe. Said Nursi (1878-1960) and Gülen are representatives of “Islamic enlightenment” who have interpreted Islam in light of reason and science to bring about reforms for the building of a more humane society.....

Calcutta Book Fair:  the Culture of Reading
Aakar Patel

Gujarat has its charms and the ability to make money is chief among them but it is not the place to nourish the intellect.

The New York Times’ website described it:”Organised by the Publishers and Booksellers’ Guild at the Milan Mela Ground, the annual book fair, which begins Wednesday at noon and runs through February 9, is the largest retail book fair in the world and an important event in Kolkata’s literary and cultural scene....

 

Islamic Economy During Khilafat-e-Rasheda (Part 4) خلافت راشدہ کا اقتصادی جائزہ حصہ 4

زکاۃ کو چھوڑ کر باقی مدوں کی آمدنی کا کچھ حصہ رسول اللہ اپنے اور اپنے متعلقین نیز  اپنے ہاشمی  اقارب پر صرف کرتے تھے اور باقی ماندہ بڑا حصہ جہادی  سرگرمیوں اور فوجی طاقت  کی توسیع کے لئے مخصوص تھا ۔ عام بغاوتوں  کے پیش نظر ابو بکر صدیق رضی اللہ عنہ  نے ان مدوں  کی آمدنی رسول اللہ کی نسبت  زیادہ بڑے پیمانے پر فوجی تیاری اور مفاد اسلام کے کاموں  پر صرف کی  او راپنی نیز اپنے متعلقین  کی ضروریات  بھی اس سے پور ی کیں لیکن جہاں تک ہم تحقیق  کرسکے رسول اللہ صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم کے اُ ن سینکڑوں من غلے اور کھجور کے سہام کے علاوہ جو انہو ں نے خیبر کے خالصہ پیداوار سے اپنے ہاشمی  اقارب کے لئے مقرر کردیئے تھے اور غنیمت  و جزیے کے ان حصوں  کے علاوہ جو عہد صدیقی میں  اہل مدینہ  میں تقسیم ہوتے رہتے تھے ابوبکر صدیق نے ہاشمیوں کو سرکار ی املاک اور آمدنی سے او رکچھ نہیں دیا

 

Islamic Economy During Khilafat-e-Rasheda (Part 3) خلافت راشدہ کا اقتصادی جائزہ حصہ 3

ابو بکر صدیق رضی اللہ عنہ 12؁ ھ کے حج سے فارغ ہوکر لوٹے تو جزیرہ نمائے عرب سے باہر جہاد کا ارادہ مصمّم کر چکے تھے ۔ مدنی قرآن  میں لفظ جہاد اسلام کی مذہبی اشاعت، مسلمانوں کی اقتصادی خوش حالی اور سیاسی استعلاء کے لئے غیر مسلموں سے جنگ وقتال کے معنی میں استعمال  ہوا ہے ۔ جزیرے  نما کے ایک پڑوسی ملک میں جہاد کی مہم پہلے ہی شروع ہوچکی تھی اور فارسی حکومت کی کمزوری کے باعث برابر کامیاب ہوتی  جارہی تھی ابوبکر صدیق نے دوسرے ملک شام کی طرف مبذول کی ۔

 

Maulana Azad s Tragic Contradictions
C P Bhambhri

Azad believed it was every Muslim's religious duty to participate in politics against "oppressors" and colonialists. Therefore, the Khilafat movement, which was launched in India against the enemies of Islam, was naturally aligned with Mahatma Gandhi's non-cooperation movement and the first five years of the 1920s witnessed a unity in struggle against both the destroyers of Muslim holy places and the struggle for India's independence….

 

“Men without space? It sounds absurd. After all, men dominate corner offices and the upper echelons of leadership and power…but what about the emotional space to be honest and vulnerable about the matters of the heart, without jeopardizing notions of masculinity and manhood?”...

 

Islamic Economy During Khilafat-e-Rasheda Part 2 خلافت راشدہ کا اقتصادی جائزہ حصہ 2

اس سنگین  اور سخت تشویشناک صورت حال  میں ابو بکر صدیق رضی اللہ عنہ  کو اسلام کے اقتصادی استحکام نے سب سے زیادہ تقویت پہنچائی جس کی عمارت رسول اللہ صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم اپنی زندگی  میں مضبوط بنیادوں  پر اٹھا گئے تھے ۔ ابو بکر صدیق رضی اللہ عنہ  نے عربوں  کا چیلنج قبول کرلیا اور تہیہ

کیا کہ باغیوں کو تلوار کے ذریعے رام کریں گے جیسا کہ ان کے اس مشہور قول سے ظاہر ہوتاہے : نجدا اگر عربوں نے زکاۃ کے اونٹ کاایک بندھن تک  روکا تو میں اُن سے لڑوں گا۔ 1؎

 

Centenary of Krishan Chander
Dr Ishtiaq Ahmed

Krishan Chander was born a Hindu but lived his life only as a human being who rejected tribalism in favour of humanism. It is a choice we all too can make. On this 100th anniversary year we in Lahore can try to trace the places where he lived, socialised and worked, and talk to those people who are still around and remember him. This much respect and faithfulness to an old and loyal Lahoria is the least we can do to pay homage to him. Let communalism not privilege Muslim writers at the expense of Hindu or Sikh writers. I am afraid it does in Pakistani literary circles even among professed leftists — so deep-rooted is that disease….

Islamic Economy During Khilafat-e-Rasheda Part 1: The Age of Abu Bakr Siddique (rta)   خلافت راشدہ کا اقتصادی جائزہ حصہ اول عہد صدیقی کا اقتصادی جائزہ

ابوبکر صدیق رضی اللہ عنہ  نے پہلے دلیل و برُہان پھر سختی ، ترشی اور اقتصادی  دباؤ ڈال کر دونوں پارٹیوں کے اکابر کو رام کرنے کی کوشش کی لیکن وہ پوری  طرح کامیاب نہیں ہوئے ۔ علی حیدر رضی اللہ عنہ  کی بیوی فاطمہ رضی اللہ عنہ  بنت رسول اللہ صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم ابوبکر صدیق رضی اللہ عنہ سے سخت ناراض تھیں اور علی حیدر کی بیعت  کی راہ میں سنگ گراں ۔ ان کی ناراضگی  کی ایک وجہ تو یہ تھی  کہ ابو بکر صدیق رضی اللہ عنہ  اس عظیم منصب پر فائز  ہوگئے تھے جو ان کی رائے  میں ان کے شوہر کا حق تھا او ردوسری وجہ یہ تھی کہ ابو بکر صدیق رضی اللہ عنہ  نے انہیں رسول اللہ صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم  کے خالصہ املاک دینے سے انکار کردیا  تھا جو مدینہ سے نکالے ہوئے یہودیوں  ، خیبر  اور قدک کے زراعتی فارموں اور نخلستانوں  پر مشتمل تھے اور جن کا بی بی فاطمہ خود کو قدرتی وارث  تصور کرتی تھیں۔۔۔۔۔۔

 

Imran Khan: From Playboy Cricketer through Believer and Charity Worker to Politician
Imran Khan

Khan’s religious awakening was further stimulated by physical vulnerability. In 1982 Khan was at his peak as a fast bowler. Pakistan was becoming a force in international cricket and had ‘thrashed Australia and India comprehensively’. Khan felt invincible, but a stress fracture suddenly meant he was unable to bowl for two and a half years. Most of the doctors he saw said that he would never bowl again. His ‘whole world came crashing down’. After an astrologer and a couple of clairvoyants failed him, he says, ‘in my state of uncertainty and vulnerability, despite all my doubts, I would turn to God’….

 

Islam Will Not Teach My Son That Wife Beating's OK
Ranya Tabari Idliby
These are Muslims who understand that, first and foremost, the Quran needs to be read as a whole in the context of the time and culture of its revelation. When there are seemingly contradictory or ambiguous verses, they read them in deference to the most important value expounded in the Quran: justice. They take heart in the fact that the Quran has an overwhelming number of verses calling on its faithful to use their heads and minds, reminding us that the Quran itself asserts that "there are some verses that are absolute and unequivocal, and others that are allegorical and equivocal." The wife-beating verse clearly belongs to the latter. Wife battering knows no religion. In America, 22 percent of marriages cite domestic violence as the cause of divorce.....

Beyond Mullahs and Marxists

Precisely because they don’t suffer from the sort of identity crisis their parents did, they feel less inhibited about flaunting their ‘Muslim-ness’. That explains the proliferation of beards and Hijabs; and the rush to the Masjid, a growing global trend among young Muslims. But they insist that this assertion of their ‘Islamic identity’ does not diminish their Indian-ness, which is what ultimately defines them. Allama Iqbal wrote, ‘Hindi Hain Hum Watan Hai, Hindustan Hamara.’ And that pretty much sums up the modern Indian Muslim. Damn the beard....

Mir’s research on Muslim college women’s struggle to whittle out an identity for themselves is one of the few of its kind. A quick read over the references shows that Mir has a vested and long relationship with the subject matter, and with this experience comes the important finding that women will create unique, multidimensional identities “with religious, ethnic, racial, and gendered aspects- that fly in the face of the identities expected of them....

An important principle that can be derived from this early history of Islam is that war can be waged by a state, not by non-state actors. There is no room for non-state warfare in Islam. Also, war in Islam is for defensive purposes alone, when the option of peace and negotiations has failed. The book enumerates various incidents from the life of the Prophet that shows the founder of Islam always made effort for avoidance of conflict. “The position of peace is sacrosanct in Islam,...

The Illegal War on Libya
Dr. Ludwig Watzal

The Illegal War on Libya
Dr. Ludwig Watzal

All the wars and attacks, which were started by the U. S. and its so-called allies in the wake of 9/11, have wreaked havoc. You name it, you got it: Afghanistan, Iraq, Libya, Syria, Yemen, Somalia and perhaps even Iran. The Islamic Republic is not yet off the hook. There are strong forces in the U. S. and in the Middle East that prefer war to peace at the expense of the U. S. Right now, there is a war going on in Libya against the Western installed puppet government, without notice of the corporate media…..

 

Away from the sensational headlines about Islamic extremism, a quiet revolution is taking place. The Muslim discourse has moved on from an obsessive focus on sectarian demands (does anyone remember the last big debate on Muslim Personal Law, for example?) to the more secular bread-and-butter issues. Where once the dinner table talk in Muslim households was unremittingly negative and pessimistic…

Blogging the Qur'an by Ziauddin Sardar- Part 55: Gender and the Veil: Part 1
Ziauddin Sardar

It is clear that verse 33:53 takes a general principle we have already considered and applies it to a very particular context: the special status of the Prophet Muhammad within the community, and by extension that of his wives. Obviously, the prophet was a person with whom everybody wished to spend time. But, the meaning of the verse is that even prophets need privacy and time to themselves. The case of the prophet's wives is rather different…..

 

The Sufi Message: Excerpts from Hazrat Inayat Khan’s Discourses on the Unity of Religious Ideals: 55 - On Mental Purification
Hazrat Inayat Khan

In as much as it is necessary to cleanse and purify the body, so necessary, or perhaps even more necessary, is it that the mind be cleansed and purified. All impurity causes diseases as well as irregularity in the working of the physical system. The same applies to the mind. There are impurities belonging to the mind, which may cause different diseases, and by cleansing the mind one helps to create health both in body and mind. By health I mean the natural condition. And what is spirituality but to be natural?...

 

Why Islamic Feminism Is Not a Contradiction
Asghar Ali Engineer

Engineer did commendable work in separating the grain from the chaff to advocate the rights of the modern Muslim women lost in the nebulous labyrinth of religious doctrine. His brand of feminism was intertwined with other peoples’ struggle for peace, justice and dignity. For champions of women’s rights as well as world peace his presence and energy will be sorely missed…..

 
A Lucid Translation of the Quran
Yoginder Sikand, New Age Islam

A Lucid Translation of the Quran
Yoginder Sikand, New Age Islam

The Maulana cites some examples to illustrate this difference between his and that of some other translations. For instance, he points out that the widely-read Abdullah Yusuf Ali translation renders a Quranic verse (2:129) as ‘Our Lord! send amongst them a messenger of their own, who shall rehearse Your signs to them and instruct them in Scripture and wisdom, and sanctify them’, while the Maulana’s rendering, which is in more contemporary language, is as follows: ‘Our Lord, send forth to them a messenger of their own to recite your revelations to them, to teach them the Scripture and wisdom, and purify them.’....



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  • Gender issues are very real. It is really sad that Muslim males (not all for sure) generally don't think it is important. Ignoring the ...
    ( By Listener )
  • Gender issues are very real. It is really sad that Muslim males (not all for sure) generally don't think it is important. Ignoring the ...
    ( By Listener )
  • It's not about disagreeing with Noor Zaheer janab!It's about the categorical usage of the word 'heresy'. I do have problems with Zaheer's s book ...
    ( By Ayesha Hareem )
  • ما شا ء الله مقالة جيدة يستحق القراءة والنشر في الأوساط الإرهابية التي تنفذ الهجمات الانتحارية تحت شعار الدين
    ( By Abu Muhaiman )
  • This is the best chapter in the book.
    ( By Naseer Ahmed )
  • Ayesha Saheba, Heresy is not such a bad word nor even inappropriate for Noor Zaheer's book and why should I not criticise her if ...
    ( By Naseer Ahmed )
  • Waah Naseer sahab! If you agree that you acknowledge these problems are there so please let me know where lies the problem as well ...
    ( By Ayesha Hareem )
  • Ayesha Hareem says: “While Mr Naseer seems to be ignorant or don't want to acknowledge the inequalities present in the Muslim community.” And goes ...
    ( By Naseer Ahmed )