Books and Documents

Books and Documents

This week, Roberts traveled to Marrakesh, Morocco, alongside more than 250 Muslim religious leaders, heads of state, and scholars, for a groundbreaking summit. On Wednesday, the Muslim leaders released the Marrakesh Declaration: a 750-word document calling for religious freedom for non-Muslims in majority-Muslim countries.


Modernity, Identity, And Technology In Palestine Before The Nakba
Alex Winder

At the outset, Haiduc-Dale describes the book’s focus as “the variety and meaning” of Palestinian Christian “actions in response to circumstances created by the onset of British rule as a way of understanding the process of identification.” Yet by forcing most interactions into the framework of Muslim-Christian relations, Haiduc-Dale forecloses certain avenues of potential identification on the part of Palestinian Christians. Arab Christians would benefit,…


Muslim Women: From Victims to Suspects

Today, Muslim women face attack — not the horrors of fundamentalist regimes, obviously, but verbal abuse, spitting, minor assaults such as pulling headscarves off — on the streets of the liberal democracies in which they grew up or where they took refuge. Often with small children in tow, they are harassed as symbols of the very world view that is presumed to subjugate them.....


Tricked Into Cheating and Sentenced to Death
Shirin Ebadi

As promised, the cleric had issued a backdated marriage certificate that showed them, at the date of filming, to have been “Sigheh,” or temporarily married. Under Sigheh, the duration of the marriage is determined in advance; it could be as short as an hour or as long as a decade. If a child is born, he or she is a rightful child, with all legal entitlements from both parents. When the Sigheh expires, the couple should separate, unless the arrangement is mutually extended. ....

Anyone who dares to protest against the atrocities of Pakistani administration and its intelligence agencies is tortured, prosecuted and eventually eliminated. It may be recalled that innocent protestors were killed in Chilas, when they protested peacefully against the construction of Diamar Bhasha Dam on their land, the UN disputed territory without their consultation. Similarly, innocent protestors were killed in Hunza.  ....

Parenting—The Spiritual Way
Roshan Shah, New Age Islam

Parenting—The Spiritual Way

I was only one thing—the mother of my son”, she writes. “Nothing else mattered. No one else mattered. Definitely not me, my body, or my mind. Everything else could wait.” In this regard, Behl advises parents that they need to give time to each other and to themselves, too. “Your child will respect you more when he sees you have a life outside of him,”...

Love Story: Two Memoirs of Falling In Love with Syria

What is being lost as Syria bleeds? Not just lives, but a tradition of pluralism and tolerance, all too rare in the Middle East, and a rich cultural treasure-house. ....


Book Review: Purifying the Land of the Pure: Why Pakistan Has No Place For Minorities
Rana Banerji

In her book, Purifying The Land Of The Pure, Farahnaz Ispahani explains the plight of minorities in Pakistan.

Though Mohammed Ali Jinnah had re-assured Pakistan's minorities in his August 11, 1947, speech that they would be "free to go to your temples, mosques or any other place of worship" and that there would be "no discrimination, no distinction between one community and another", this vision remained unfulfilled.

"What about Hazrat Khadijah, the first wife of the Prophet? Wasn't she a businesswoman? She can only impress people who don't know history or culture. What "our" culture is she talking about? "Isn't Heer Ranjha part of Punjabi culture? It is the most celebrated folk story here. For centuries it has been sung and dramatised. It is essentially a celebration of love. How is it any different from the celebration of Valentine's Day?....


Unlike The Bible there is one version of the Quran inherited from generation to generation back to the prophet Mohammad. Any ancient manuscript that will be discovered will not be of any interest to the Muslim communities and will be rejected if it has a verse different of what we have in our present Holy Book.....


Muslim Ummah  مسلم امہ

مسلم امہ اور اس کے اتحاد کے بارےمیں ہماری تاریخی غلط فہمیاں ہیں کیونکہ جہاں تک ابتدائی دور میں مسلم امہ کا تعلق ہے وہ ہمیشہ سے اندرونی طور پر اختلافات کاشکار رہی ۔ سیاسی گروہ بندیاں ، فرقے عقائد کا اختلاف اور سماجی و سیاسی اختلافات نے اسے کئی ٹکڑوں او رجماعتوں میں تقسیم رکھا اور ہوا کہ بیرونی طور پر ان جماعتوں اور گروپوں کو معاشی و سیاسی مفادات نے جکڑے رکھا، مگر جیسے ہی یہ مفادات کمزور ہوئے مسلم امہ کا اتحاد اس کےساتھ بکھر گیا۔

Dispossessed in the Name of 'Security'
Robert J. Burrowes, New Age Islam

Dispossessed in the Name of 'Security'

'There are no military strategies that focus on the root causes of climate change and what should be done to change these, because the military's primary objective is to secure the current world order, no matter how unjust or unsustainable it is'.  And yet, despite everything that the military and corporations do to destroy the bonds of human solidarity in our world, many people still act selflessly...


Ulema and Social Welfare  علماء اور سماجی بہبود

مشنریوں کے سماجی بہبود کے کاموں کی وجہ سے ہندوستان میں روایتی عوامی بہبود کا تصور بری طرح متاثر ہوا کیونکہ اب تک لوگوں کی مدد ان پر ترس کھاکر کی جاتی تھی اور انہیں جو کچھ بھی دیا جاتا تھا وہ خیرات و صدقے کی شکل میں ہوتا تھا اس لئے غریب لوگوں کو اپنی غربت اورمحتاجی کااحساس ہوتا تھا۔ معاشرہ میں ایسے اداروں کا وجود نہیں تھاکہ جو لوگوں کی خدمت کریں، اور جہاں فرد کی اہمیت نہ ہو بلکہ ادارے کی اہمیت ہو۔


Behind the Veil: The Secret Lives of Young Women Who Are Transforming the Arab World

She acknowledges the problems with “many Salafi, or fundamentalist interpretations of Islam,” and she rightly notes, for example, that honour killings are “almost unknown outside the Islamic world and its diaspora.” Yet she goes on to say, in the next sentence, that “honour killings are not mentioned in the Qur’an.” This is typical of the kind of careful dance she does throughout the book....


A Truly Universal Message about a Truly Universal Issue
Pope Francis

A worldview that has no room for God, being purely materialistic, is thus a sure recipe for mindless hedonism that leads to environmental disaster because each thing produced and consumed is a depletion of the earth’s treasures. Obsession with a lifestyle based on consumerism can only lead to violence and mutual destruction, Pope Francis stresses. “In the end, a world of exacerbated consumption is at the same time a world which mistreats life in all its forms,”.....

Ulema and the Society  علما ء اور معاشرہ

مذہبی رواداری اور امن پسندی کا اس وقت خاتمہ ہونا شروع ہوا جب عیسائی مشنری تبلیغ کی غرض سے ہندوستان اٗٓ نا شروع ہوئے مشنریوں کی جماعتیں جدید تعلیم و تربیت ، تنظیمی ڈھانچہ ،ڈسپلین ،حکومت و عہدے داروں کی سرپرستی کی وجہ سے زیادہ فعال اور موثر تھیں ۔ انہوں نے اسلام اور ہندوستان کے مذاہب کا مطالعہ اس مقصد کے تحت کیا تھا کہ ان کی خامیوں کو اجاگر کیا جائے اور ان پر حملہ کر کے انہیں شکست دی جائے۔انہوں نے چھاپہ خانے کی ایجاد سے بھرپور فائدہ اٹھایا او ربڑی تعداد میں اپنے مذہبی عقیدوں پر کتابیں اور پمفلٹس لکھے اور ان کو اٗٓزادانہ طریقے سے لوگوں میں تقسیم کیا۔

The Struggle for Merdeka in West Papua
Robert J. Burrowes, New Age Islam

The Struggle for Merdeka in West Papua

....Indonesian elite ensures that West Papua is relatively isolated from media scrutiny, access to international agencies and diplomats (even though many western states are well known to oppose any indigenous struggle for self-determination, given it would only raise questions about their own subjugated indigenous populations)....


Ulema after the Establishment of Pakistan  علماء پاکستان کے بعد

1946ء میں مسلم لیگ نے مشائخ کی ایک کمیٹی کو قائم کیا اس کےبارےمیں سلیم ۔ ایم ۔ قریشی نے اپنے مقالہ ‘‘پاکستان میں مذہب و سیاست’’ میں لکھا ہے کہ ‘‘نواب ممدوث’’ سر فیروز خاں نون ’ اور سردار شوکت حیات جیسے لوگ بھی کہ جو کسی طور سے مذہبی نہیں تھے۔ انہیں مذہبی خطابات دیئے گئے جیسے ممدوٹ شریف، دربار سرگودھا شریف وغیرہ تاکہ عام مسلمانوں کو یہ تاثر دیا جائے کہ ان کے حامیوں میں بڑے بڑے مشائخ بھی ہیں۔


Colonial Era and Ulema  نو آبادیاتی دور اور علماء

علما ء کا نقطہ نظر ان بدلتے ہوئے سیاسی حالات میں ایک نہیں تھا ۔مثلاً ان میں کچھ اب ہندوستان کو دارالحرب سمجھتے تھے ، جب کہ کچھ اسے اب تک دارلامن یا ان دونوں کے درمیان قرار دیتے تھے اور اس لئے انہوں نے مسلمانوں کو ہدایت کی کہ وہ ہجرت کر کے دوسرے ملک میں نہیں جائیں اور ہندوستان ہی میں رہیں کہ جہاں انہیں مذہبی امور کی آزادی ہے۔ لیکن کچھ علماء کی تعداد ایسی تھی کہ جنہوں نے اس چیز کوذہن میں رکھتے ہوئے کہ ان کا رابطہ انگریزوں سے نہ ہوجائے ۔ ہندوستان سے حجاز ہجرت کرلی اور اور وہاں پر ہی مستقل سکونت اختیار کرلی ۔

How To Be A Happy Muslim Insha Allah
Nigar Ataulla, New Age Islam

How To Be A Happy Muslim Insha Allah
Nigar Ataulla, New Age Islam

How To Be a Happy Muslim Insha’Allah is a book by trained counselor Sheima Salam Sumer which intends to guide you in achieving inner peace and joy by combining Islamic teachings with mental and physical health concepts. This book will empower you to feel content and in control of your emotions, no matter what is happening in your life, and to be able to cope with and solve any problems that you face. ...

Madrasa and Curriculum  مدرسہ اور نصاب تعلیم

مدرسہ رحیمیہ کے اس ماڈل کو 1867ء میں دیوبند میں اختیار کیا گیا۔ اس میں جو مضامین رکھے گئے تھے وہ یہ تھے صرف و نحو، بلاغت، عربی، ادب، اسلامی تاریخ ، منطق، یونانی و عرب فلسفہ، علم مناظرہ ، علم کلام، اقلیدس ، طب یونانی، فقہہ ، اصول فقہہ حدیث، تفسیر ۔ بعد میں منطق اور فلسفہ کو نصاب سے نکال دیا گیا ۔ اس پورے نصاب میں جدید تقاضوں کے تحت علوم کو شامل نہیں کیا گیا اور نہ ہی کسی یورپی زبان کو نصاب کا حصہ بنایا گیا۔


Auranzeb and Ulema  اورنگ زیب اور علماء

علماء کی اس کمزوری اور ان کی نااہلی کا احساس شاید اورنگ زیب کو بھی ہوگیا تھا، اس لئے اس نے فقہہ عالمگیری کی تدوین شروع کرائی اور جب یہ مکمل ہوگئی تو اس بات کا اظہار کیا کہ یہ اس قدر مکمل اور جامع فقہہ کی کتاب ہے کہ اس کے بعد مسلمانوں کو علماء سے فتویٰ لینے اور مشورہ کرنے کی ضرورت نہیں رہے گی اور یہ انہیں علماء کی ضرورت سے آزاد کرادے گی۔


Ulema and Politics by Dr Mubarak Ali: Selection  انتخاب

ہندوستان کے دو بڑے حکمرانوں میں جن میں علاء الدین اور اکبر کے نام قابل ذکر ہیں انہوں نے واضح طور پر شریعت کو مسترد کرکے اپنی پالیسی عملی تقاضوں کے تحت تشکیل دی اور یہی وجہ تھی کہ ان کے دور حکومت میں جو استحکام اور خوش حالی و امن و امان تھا وہ کسی اور زمانہ میں نہیں تھا انہوں نے خصوصیت سے علماء کے اثر و رسوخ کو بالکل ختم کردیا اور سلطنت کو خالص سیاسی بنیادوں پر چلایا۔ دوسرے حکمرانوں نے اس کے بجائے یہ راستہ اختیار کیا کہ ان سے مفاہمت رکھی مگر انہیں سیاسی معاملات میں دخل نہیں دینے دیا۔


Akbar and Ulema  اکبر اور علماء

اکبر کے دربار کے دوسرے بڑے عالم مخدوم الملک عبداللہ سلطانپوری تھے، جن کی عزت و شہرت سوری خاندان کے زمانہ سے تھی مگر یہ مذہبی معاملات میں اس قدرمتشدد تھے کہ اپنے مذہبی مخالفوں کو اذیتیں دےکر مروا دیتے تھے ۔ ان کی یہ بھی شہرت تھی کہ انہوں نے بڑا مال جمع کرلیا ہے۔ اسی لئے ان کےمرنے کے بعد ان کے ترکہ کی جانچ کےلئے بھیجا تو پتہ چلا کہ انہوں نے سونے کی اینٹوں کو اپنے گھر میں قبروں میں دفن کر رکھا تھا، بعد میں یہ اینٹیں اور ان کی کتابیں ضبط ہوئیں اور شاہی خزانے میں داخل ہوئیں ( بدایونی’ II ۔ ص۔ 321)


Ulema during the Reign of the Kingdoms  علماء عہد سلطنت میں

مخدوم الملک اس ضمن میں ان تمام علماء کے خلاف تھے کہ جن کے عقائد پر انہیں شبہ تھا ان میں ابو الفضل و فیضی کے والد شیخ مبارک بھی شامل تھے ۔لہٰذا ان کی اس پر تشدد پالیسی کے خلاف علماء کئی گروہوں میں تقسیم ہوگئے’ ان میں سے کچھ نے خود کو سیاست سے بالکل علیحدہ کرلیا او رکچھ اپنے مفادات  کےلئے ریاستی علماء سے مل گئے۔


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  • Hats Off says, "nothing (nothing) ever went away by everyone ignoring it."....
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
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    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • Good article! Upholding any part of our theology that allegedly excuses terrorism, and mincing words when condemning...
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • Excellent article! Yunus sahab's 14 point anti-radicalization narrative is comprehensive and on target.
    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
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    ( By muhammad yunus )
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    ( By hats off! )
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    ( By hats off! )
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  • another islamophobe! whats going on?
    ( By hats off! )
  • islamophobe?'
    ( By hats off! )
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    ( By Naseer Ahmed )
  • sorry! i need to share this, but i do not know where to post it. therefore. this brought tears to my eyes. the only hope for ...
    ( By hats off! )
  • nothing (nothing) ever went away by everyone ignoring it. passing of time softens slavery. it blunts the edges of a date rape. it even legitimizes bloody ...
    ( By hats off! )
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    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • Sir: Pakistan is a nation of Hypocrites, there is one law for the rich and the privileged, and another for the less fortunate.....
    ( By Syed Ali )
  • by all means. such questions are essential. unless and until such questions are asked all round, there is going to ....
    ( By hats off! )
  • It's almost four years since you wrote this aticle, I am speechless at the magnanimity of the mass murder. One question to....
    ( By R.Raman )
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    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
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    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
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    ( By Ghulam Mohiyuddin )
  • May Allah protect those children.
    ( By Basheer Ahmed )
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  • A pity, this article has not been included in the subsequent issue of NAI.
    ( By Asif Merchant )
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    ( By hats off! )
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    ( By hats off! )
  • Hats Off, Your Islamophobic talking points mixing up tribal culture with religion and precept with practice have been rebutted many times.
    ( By Naseer Ahmed )
  • A very thought provoking scholarly article. Shadi Hamid's book is most probably worth reading. I hope to see more of his writings here.
    ( By Asif Merchant )
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    ( By hats off! )
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    ( By hats off! )
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    ( By Royalj )
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    ( By hats off! )
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  • Good article. However, the author appears to be unaware that the Quran, in every verse that speaks of the kafaru, makes a distinction between the ...
    ( By Naseer Ahmed )
  • Good decision. I wish every other country will follow the same.'
    ( By Naseer Ahmed )