Books and Documents
صوفیوں نے اگر چہ ترک دنیا تو کی ، مگر انہوں نے جنگلوں او رپہاڑوں میں رہنے کے بجائے شہروں میں رہنا پسند کیا کہ جہاں ان کی خانقاہوں کی تعمیر میں حکمراں اور امراء نے حصہ لیا تاکہ اس خدمت کے بعد وہ بھی ثواب میں حصہ بٹاسکیں ۔ یہ بھی ایک حقیقت ہے کہ خانقاہ کے اخراجات کی بڑی رقم حکمرانوں اور امراء کی جانب سےآتی تھی ۔ اس طرح سے ایک طرف تو امداد لی جاتی تھی اور دوسری طرف اسے دنیاوی طاقت واقتدار سے علیحدہ کر کے ایک متبادل قوت بنا دیا تھا کہ جہاں صوفی کو تمام روحانی اور دنیاوی اختیارات پر کنٹرول تھا اور وہ لوگوں کی ضروریات پوری کرتا تھا ۔
اکبر نے ہندوؤں میں اعتماد پیدا کرنے کی غرض سے اور مذہبی رواداری کا ثبوت دیتے ہوئے جزیے کو ختم کیا ہندوؤں سے یاترا ٹیکس اٹھایا اور حکومت کے اقتدار میں غیر مسلموں کو برابر کی شرکت دے کر مغلیہ سلطنت کے ڈھانچے کو بدل دیا اقتدار اب صرف ایک ہی طبقے میں محدود نہیں تھا بلکہ اس میں اہل ہندوستان مذہبی بنیادوں سے بالا تر شریک تھے ۔ اس کی وجہ سے ہندوستان کے عوام میں یہ احساس ہوا کہ مغلیہ سلطنت ہندوؤں او ر مسلمانوں کی مشترکہ سلطنت ہے۔
horrors that continue to be committed in the name of Islam by some self-styled
‘Islamic groups in different parts of the world today, it is hardly surprising
that many non-Muslims have serious misgivings about Islam and those who claim
to follow it. Harsh, extremely literalist, punitive, misogynist and hate-driven
interpretations of Islam and the brutalities that follow from them continue to
reinforce widespread negative stereotypes about Islam and Muslims across the
Dante had been central to Joe’s academic career but until Katherine’s death he had only experienced him as a scholar and an admirer. “Now, for the first time, I identified with him in a visceral way,” he says. “After Katherine died, I turned to books about death and loss but nothing I read really spoke to me: until I realised that Dante had experienced exactly what I was going through. His muse, Beatrice, dies, and she becomes his guide in The Divine Comedy....
ہندوستان میں مسلمانوں کی آمد کو تین ادوار میں تقسیم کیا جاسکتا ہے ۔ جنوبی ہندوستان کے ساحلی علاقوں میں بحیثیت تاجر، سندھ اور شمالی ہندوستان میں بحیثیت فاتح اور حکمران۔ جب مسلمان جنوبی ہندوستان کے ساحلی علاقوں میں تاجر کی حثییت سے آئے تو ان کا رویہ پر امن تھا وہ اس بات کے خواہش مند تھے کہ پر امن سر گرمیوں کے ذریعے زیادہ سے زیادہ تجارتی فوائد حاصل کریں ۔ ہندوستان کے ہندو حکمرانوں نے ان نووارد مسلمانوں کے ساتھ نہ صرف یہ کہ رواداری اور حسن سلوک کا رویہ اختیار کیا بلکہ انہیں ہر قسم کی سہولتیں دیں۔
no Qur’anic basis to extending any special favor or according any spiritual
superiority to an individual just because he or she is, or claims to be, a
descendent of the Prophet, and that there is absolutely no Qur’anic basis for
anyone, no matter his line of descent from the Prophet, to claim intercession
with God on anyone’s behalf as a spiritual guide. .....
Pakistan has also kept its occupation the area as a pretext of fraudulent agreement between Pakistan and 2 of its stooges from occupied Jammu & Kashmir without the knowledge and consent of people of Gilgit Baltistan on 28th April 1949 on the same date, when UNCIP had asked Pakistan to withdraw its forces from this disputed part. In 1963 Pakistan illegally conceded 7000 Sq KMs area of Shimshal, part of Hunza (Occupied Gilgit Baltistan) to China for the construction of Karakorum Highway (KKH) which is being used extensively by both China and Pakistan for economic as well as military purposes....
Exposing Lies, Telling the Truth
Robert J. Burrowes, New Age Islam
Robert J. Burrowes, New Age Islam
He shows, again
and again, that the one recurring legacy of violence is more violence. Time
after time, he shows that even when the war ended, 'the violence never
stopped'. He also illustrates how those secondary beneficiaries of Empire –
those of us in western countries who benefit from the violence and plunder of
'our' elites and who are too afraid to challenge, let alone confront, these
generalization of the noted Qur’anic verses to foment hatred against
contemporary Christians and Jews will be tantamount to distorting the message
of the Qur’an. To the critic however, this may sound apologetic, as it
contradicts the ground reality of the present day Muslim world, where
anti-Semitic sentiments run high. It may therefore be useful to clarify this by
drawing on modern secular scholarship. Thus to quote Karen Armstrong:
“Anti-Semitism is a Christian vice. Hatred of the Jews became marked in the
Muslim world after the creation of the state of Israel in 1948. It is
significant that Muslims were compelled to import anti-Jewish myths from Europe
and translate into Arabic such virulently anti-Semitic texts as the Protocols
of the elders of Zion......
The historical narrative of the “woman question” in Iran is an intricate labyrinth, not a story that can be accurately recounted by portraying women as either “oppressed” or “liberated” during a particular historical period. In fact, that audacious history winds through unexpected twists and turns, gains and losses, triumphs and defeats....
Contrary to what many atheist commentators had predicted, the march of ‘modernity’ in the 21st century has not led to the extinction of religion. Belying their hopes, modern science miserably failed to disprove God. In fact, today there is an increasing convergence between science and religion, something that was considered absolutely impossible by many ‘progressives’ just a few decades ago....
what many believe, science definitely has not disproven God. This myth draws
its sustenance in part from the way atheist scientists have defined what
science and the ‘scientific method’ are, leaving out the question of God in
what they regard as science. That is why, Guillen says, God will never be part
of science’s so-called theory of everything, given the way atheist scientists
have defined what science and is not. But that does not at all mean that
science has or can ever disprove God.....
fully clarifies itself in a passage dating from the late Medinite period that
asks the Muslims to be just and virtuous to those who did not fight against
them over religion, nor expelled them from their homelands (60:8), and reminds
them that their enemies could eventually turn their friends (60:7), thus
predicting the eventual friendship of the Medinite Muslim community with their
Meccan foes. The revelation also clarifies that it forbade the Muslims to
befriend only those who fought against them over religion, and expelled them
from their homelands and helped (others) in their expulsion (60:9).....
Maulana Wahiduddin Khan
A couple of days after I started reading Fatah’s book, I received a couple of books penned by Maulana Wahiduddin Khan, as soft-spoken a man as one can come across. Also, a proponent of enduring peace who never tires of reminding Muslims – and the world – that Islam stands for peace, he is an intellectual who believes that Jihad begins not with fighting the enemy in battle but overcoming your own ‘nafs’. This does not necessarily mean that everybody within the community or the larger polity happily soaks in what he says....
Hirsi Ali identifies her audience as “Mecca Muslims”, her label for non-radical, religious Muslims, a category few Muslims will understand unless they read her book. She writes: “I hope to engage (Mecca Muslims) … in a dialogue about the meaning and practice of their faith. I hope that they will be one of the primary audiences for this book....
Addressed to a
largely unlettered people and aimed at bringing about a quantum change in the
social order of the world under the ambit of its monotheistic discourse, the
Qur’an does not talk about pursuing universal knowledge in a direct and
straightforward way. However, its broader message resonates with exhortations
and inspirations to acquiring universal knowledge.
The very first
revelation of the Qur’an is a commandment to reading and an affirmation of the
intellectual potential of man (96:1-5/Ch. 1.2). With the progress of the
revelation the Qur’an declares that: i) man is assigned the role of God’s
deputy on earth and endowed with the intellectual faculty to identify and
characterize every object individually (2:30-35/Ch. 5.1), ii) granted special ‘favours’
above much of the creation (17:70), iii) fashioned in the finest model (95:4),
and iv) whatever is in the heavens and the earth is made serviceable to
him (31:20, 45:13)....
together, the foregoing verses and those in the last two chapters bring across
the Qur’anic vision of a universal brotherhood of humanity that will allow
people of diverse faith, culture, colour and language to live together, to know
each other and to assist each other to make life easy and peaceful for all
human beings. Some Muslim scholars, however, advocate that the non-Muslims (in
its present day sense), who do not believe in the Prophet Muhammad, will not
qualify for God’s mercy.....
He also wanted to talk to her on Skype but Erelle put him off until the next day. The next evening she was ready for him, her hair covered by a Hijab, the traditional headcovering - and with a photographer positioned out of sight to take pictures of the terrorist on the computer screen....
Ziya Us Salam
it strike her that in Islam no woman is expected to change her name following
marriage and she can even walk out of it without giving any reason whatsoever?
The prophet’s wives retained their maiden names. And a woman enjoys three times
the rights of the man over her children. These nuances would not have struck
her mind. In the season of Islam bashing, she adds to the din. Full of
contradictions and anomalies, low on facts....
Maulana Ziya Us Salam
Zakaria, then a 10-year-old, is baffled when her aunt Amina's husband, Sohail, takes a second wife, something unheard of in their family till then. Zakaira tells parallel stories of Amina's polygamous marriage and Pakistan's hopes and betrayals through this book....
There can be no debate that din al-Islam is the religion of the followers of the Prophet Muhammad: Islam. However, the Qur’an also uses the generic word Islam, and its different roots, and the word din, with various shades of meaning. Thus the Qur’an uses the word ‘din’ to denote judgment (1:4), divine law (2:193), law (of the land) (12:76), obedience or devotion (39:3), faith, religion, moral responsibility (107:1), religion in the conventional sense (110:2) etc. Based on these Qur’anic illustrations, the term din would appear to embrace the broader notion of obedience (to God) or compliance (with God’s commandments), as against religion in its popular sense.....
This book is not without its flaws. A drawback of the anecdotal style in which it is written is that Ahmad’s life is presented with neither chronological nor thematic consistency. Comprehensive indices would make this a minor irritant, but since the index here is rather incomplete, reviewing material on any particular event or subject necessitates paging through the entire book....
The Qur’an is alive with reflections on the beauty and
harmony of nature and on its relationship with life as part of its ontological debate.
These reflections are in the form of statements, which capture the laws of the
cosmos in expansive open ways that captivate and beguile us by their beauty,
majesty and accuracy. Thus for example, the following Qur’anic observations are
picturesque and imaginative, and at the same time clearly indicative of the
axial and the orbital rotations of heavenly bodies that science discovered many
According to Pakistani law, a man can have up to four wives, which could leave a woman devastated and publicly humiliated after her husband decides to exercise this legal right. It’s this interplay between the private and public that journalist and human rights activist Rafia Zakaria explores in her first book, The Upstairs Wife: An Intimate History of Pakistan….
Muhammad Yunus, New Age Islam
An unqualified and wholesome belief in the One Almighty God (tawhid), without the slightest association of anything with Him (shirk) distinguishes the Qur’an as the epitome of the purest form of monotheism. The Qur’an repeatedly asserts the transcendence of God and uses a rosary of attributes to convey the multifarious manifestations of His Words (kalimat). It recounts almost a hundred attributes of God such as, the Sustainer (Lord), the Sovereign, the Holy, the (source of) Peace, the Secure, the Preserver (of safety), the Mighty, the Inexorable, the Supreme, the Eternal Source (of everything), the Complete, the Fearless, the Exalted, the Wise, the Permanent, the Merciful, the Independent, the Omnipotent, the Originator of Heaven and Earth etc. The Qur’an however makes it clear that all Words are due to Him….